Urban Design Portfolio


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Oversight of my Urban planning and design projects from 2004 - 2010

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Urban Design Portfolio

  1. 1. *Graphics and urban design+31 (0)6 285 33 582ralph@mghia.nlRalph Smit | Portfolio
  2. 2. Personal CompaniesName: Smit, R.First name: Ralph HCP Architects & Planners For three months I was an assistant designer in this AhmedabadDate of birth: April 10, 1972 based firm, lead by the internationally acknowledged architectAddress: van der Duynstraat 186, 2515 NM / Den Haag Bimal Patel, but foremost I introduced 3D modelling to this firm,Telephone: +31 (0)6 - 285 33 582 and tutored two collegues in using 3D modelling software.Email: ralph@mghia.nl Kaap 3 ontwerpbureau I have been working with this small Rotterdam-basedfirm forProjects in this portfolio * urban and landscape design from 2001 untill KOW in The Hague took over the company in 2006.IIM Ahmedabad Indian Institute of Management, campus extension for the I worked as a (head) draftsman, (assistant) urban designer and DTP institute designed by Louis Kahn Sketch design, 3D model (2000) KOW Stedenbouw KOW is a large firm for architecture and urban design. The former KAAP3 was instated the urban design devision and over time I became increasingly responsible for the overall planning and coordinatio of the department. Besides urbanParkstad, Kop van Zuid Urban plan for the final stage of the ‘Kop van Zuid’ area designer I have been project leader since 2008, and was also in Rotterdam responsible for most graphical outages of the firm. Design, Masterplan and Land use plan (2001-2005)Hoeksche Waard Studies for Regional working area of 180 ha south of Rotterdam * Note: Most, but not all of the graphics in this portfolio were created by me. design & design engineeringKansen voor de Kust Workshop and report, coastal development for the Delfland coast Organising workshop, manufacturing and editing report (2007-2008)VNO-NCW West Think Tank and Publication, Vision of VNO-NCW West, The Hague circuit on the spatial and economical development of The Hague Membership of Think Tank, Co-author, designer and editor of final reportHoogeland Urban plan, working-out of image quality and supervision Plan of 700 dwellings in former glass-house area Sketch design, Preliminary Design, Final Design, Image quallty, assistant in supervisionKickersbloem 3 Working area in Hellevoetsluis, about 40 ha Urban plan, Image plan and Land use plan (2005-2009, KAAP3 / KOW)Groote Markt Urban rules and constraints and design vision for public space for restructuring of innercity area in Vlissingen Sketch design, Prelim inary design, Definitive design and design vision for public spacePortfolio | Contents
  3. 3. HCP Architects & Planners - AhmedabadSeptember 2000 - January 2001Assistant designer3D modelerinstructor 3D Studio VIZHCP Architects and Planners Ahmedabad
  4. 4. HCP Architects & Planners - AhmedabadIIM Ahmedabad, IndiaNew Campus: classbuilding + 9 dormitories, ca 3 haclient: IIM Ahmedabad2000 (1999 - 2005)3D-modeling + assistant in designIndian Institute of Management Ahmedabad
  5. 5. Under a national competition HCPDPM was awarded the project for the design of an extension to Louis Kahn’s IIMA, an institute of international repute devoted to management education. The 39- acre campus houses an International Management Centre and accommodates additional hostels for an expanded postgraduate program in management. The new extension campus provides teaching & residential facilities for the Institute’s postgraduate programme, an International Management Centre for Innovation & Incubation and sports facilities. Other facilities include 9 dormitories for 340 students; an academic block with 5 classrooms and seminar rooms; administrative facilities; IMDC Hostels; 20 blocks for married students; 6 VIP suites; a sports complex; kitchen & dining facilities; a CIIE Block and 100 guestrooms. Disability access has been provided to all public areas. The new campus’ buildings have been designed in exposed concrete & brick and fenestrations in a combination of mild steel and wood.Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad
  6. 6. Original IIM Campus by Louis Kahn - 19743D modelstudy and contest applicanceIndian Institute of Management Ahmedabadhttp://www.hcponnet.com/projects/architecture/publicbuilding/iim/IIM.html
  7. 7. KAAP3 ontwerpbureau - Rotterdamapril 2001 - june 2006(1st) draftsman AutoCAD HOV Recreatieve poort Beekdal(assistant) urban designer Trein Overkluizing Grasland 0 PL HOV/Trein-Station Landmark groen/rood Bos Transferium Kunst/branding Heide BRKOW Stedenbouw - The Hague Slowlane Landschapsontwikkeling Water Con ictvrije Kruising Bedrijventerrein in ontwikkeling Laanbomenjune 2006 - july 2010 Centrumgebied in ontwikkeling Hoofdweg Hoofdweg in ontwikkelingurban designerproject leaderproject coördinator of the urban planning departmentKAAP3 ontwerpbureau / KOW Stedenbouw A-12 zone Diagonale parkzone
  8. 8. KAAP3 ontwerpbureau - RotterdamMasterplan Parkstad, 2nd phase ‘Kop van Zuid’ area - Rotterdam3000 dwellings, 180.000 m2 officespace and facilities, redesign of infrastructureclient: Municipality of Rotterdam2001 - 2005 (1997 - 2006)deisgn, design engineering, assistant projectmanagementParkstad Kop van Zuid Rotterdam
  9. 9. In close collaboration with the municipality of Rotterdam a new urban development plan was designed for the southern part of the Kop van Zuid area in Rotterdam. The area is designated as ParkStad (Park City) because the housing quality will be greatly determined by the future central park. Unlike the northern part of the Southbank area where the qualitie was ‘automatically’ raised by the existing docks and the river, a high-quality environment needs to be reinvented here. This plan fits the previously relatively isolated residential areas of the south of Rotterdam and the new districts of Kop van Zuid together. Building a new third city bridge makes way for acompact public transportation hub that connects the railway station ‘Zuid’ to the urban network of tram lines. Various infrastructural lines in the area like the river dyke, the railway line Rotterdam-Dordrecht and the various city roads are intelligently intertwined so that new opportunities are created to connect the area to the surrounding residential areas and the river. The plan ParkStad is a strong impulse for the urban renewal on the south shore, creating a series of city parks with a new orientation of Rotterdam South towards the Maas river.Parkstad Kop van Zuid Rotterdam
  10. 10. KAAP3 ontwerpbureau - RotterdamUrban plan, MER-procedures en Image quality plan180 gross ha of new regional industrial area in a rural surroundingclient: Province of South-Holland2004 - 2006design & design engineeringRegional Industrial Area Hoeksche Waard
  11. 11. Rural surroundings Commisioned by the province of South-Holland we have performed a study on the possible development of a new industrial site of 180 ha in the rural area of the Hoeksche Waard, just south of Rotterdam. The planning area largely coincides with the search area for open water storage and peak storage. Along with green structure, water is a powerful design tool to further shape the landscape. Water can be used as the element that either defines the edges of the industrial area or a large central element in the area. In designing the edges of the area one must choose to either mask or manifest the new industrie. We believe that in either case the connection of the area with the existing rural landscape should be explicit. The water, as well as elements such as hedges, dykes and rows of trees, can bind the highly differentiated, large buildings together and provide the entire industrial area with a clear context. Net gross ratio Within the program of the gross180 ha for the new business there is certain amount of net allocable lots. The remaining space, required for infrastructure, landscaping and water retention, is usually not sold or let out and remains under the management of municipality or industrial community. It is this structure, or spatial framework, that defines the quality and appearance of the entire site. The site will greatly gain in quality if a solid and robust main structure can be put down. Thus this space is put to use to comprise aa clear and comprehensive green structure, centrally placed in the area. The infrastructure is bound together with this central axis, while the industrial plot are compressed into highly efficinet working islands, surrounded by green edges.Regional Industrial Area Hoeksche Waard
  12. 12. KOW Stedenbouw - Den HaagWorkshops, vision and report / initiation plan,on the future coastal defense of the Delfland coastal areaclient: Stichting Nieuw Holland, formed by (among others) AM, Bouwfonds MAB, ING and KOW2007 - 2008communications, editor, graphics and layout designSeeing and using opportunities, the Delfland coast“Kansen zien, Kansen Benutten, De Delflandse Kust” ,
  13. 13. The ‘Stichting Nieuw Holland’ (the New Holland Foundation) Between Hoek van Holland and The Hague, a large natural The Dutch business seeks to bring these two proposals intohas developed a vision for the future of the Delfland coast area. reserve area is proposed with some modest recreational realization with the Dutch government. The governmentNot a complete, finished plan or acomprehensive investment functions. Two concrete proposals are: is invited to further initiatiate the process. In this way, thechallenge, but an approach that focuses on improving the government’s previously publicly issued ambition to developexisting qualities of the coastal area or creating new ones. 1. Dune Expansion / Nature development Ter Heijde. a multifunctional coast between Scheveningen and Hoek vanSome steps have alreay been taken, like the development of The goal is to achieve rapid realization of more nature that can Holland can be achieved, partly aided by private parties.the ‘Zandmotor’ (‘sand engine’, a way of naturally supplement (partly) also can be used recreationally, in line with the Weak-sand on the dutch coast)and the redevelopment of the harbor link Approach and following the Zandmotor initiative. The Stichting Nieuw Holland is a private initiative that takes onof Scheveningen with the associated “cruise port” development. an initiating role in achieving a higher quality of the coastalThe Stichting Nieuw Holland believes that nature can move 2. Development of Hoek van Holland Beach Town location Scheveningen - Hook of Holland. The Stichting Nieuwhand in hand with leisure and modest residential function, to New dunes, a bay with adjacent marina and residential real Holland is formed by: AM NV, Ballast Nedam, Bouwfonds MABinitiate a seaward offensive that makes our country not only estate provides Rotterdam with an attractive seaside resort. Development BV, Grontmij, KOW, ING Netherlands and Sunergysafer, but at the same time more attractive and competitive. Innoplan.Seeing and using opportunities, the Delfland coast“Kansen zien, Kansen Benutten, De Delflandse Kust” ,
  14. 14. In collaboration with KOW Stedenbouw -The Hague and VNO-NCW West, The Hague circuitThink Tank and PublicationVision of VNO-NCW West, The Hague circuit on the spatial and economical development of The Hagueclient: VNO-NCW West, The Hague circuit2007Membership of Think Tank, Co-author, designer and editor of final reportThe Hague, Chances for a dynamic economical development“Den Haag, Kansen voor economische diversiteit en dynamiek”
  15. 15. “Sound vision makes for sound policy” Focal pointsBy VNO-NCW West, Haaglanden circuit a think tank was initiated designed to formulate a spatial- - Classification of the Hague into distinct focus areas, ‘quality zones’economic vision for the development of The Hague. Participants were regional members of VNO- - Core zone: a focus on ‘international city’, leisure, office locationsNCW and a number of experts in the fileds of spatial development and economy. In a series of - Coastal zone: focus on high quality housing, coastal recreationsessions a variety of subjects passed. The result is a report produced by me in collaboration with - Working zone area: A4 - N211, interlocal cooperationthe Secretariat of VNO-NCW West. The report reads like a spatial-economic vision in addition to - Residential: employment possibilities in restructuring areasthe Structural Vision of The Hague, which was published in 2007. Using quotes from the think - Residential: dynamic development, mixing live and worktank members a number of priorities are defined that form the basis for the text served. The - Strengthening public transport for the core, strengthen road infrastructure for bordermajority of these quotes can be found below - Public Transport: link line 1 - line 11 - HS - Scheveningen (tram “ring road”) - Car infrastructure: complete ring road, clear entrances to the city“The Hague needs a clearly defined core, as a single focus point for future development in - Core Zone Projects: Norfolk, NCC / World Forum, CS, ICC, Binckhorstleisure, “international city” and high-quality housing.” - Working Zone Projects: Zichtenburg, Sion / Harnaschpolder, Forepark- Many current and future developments are already located in central region- The different qualities of the city can gain from one anotherAccessibility first!- Link the core developments with good infrastructure Core zone kernzone- Strengthening public transport for the centre (including tram “ring”), strengthen roadinfrastructure for the “working zone” Working Zone werkzone- “Missing Link”: construction of a radial line southwest (Ockenburg) - Southeast (Delft / Coastal zone/ kustzone / hoogwaardig wonenZoetermeer) high quality housing belangrijke- Strenthen the underlying network by unbundling local and through traffic Main development locations ontwikellocaties- Completion of ring road around The Hague Basic housing area woonstad- Reduce demand for mobility by bringing working - living and working - working closertogetherBusiness and labor- Consistency with surroundings: urban restructuring industrial areas according to Binckhorstprinciple (facilitating dynamic developments)- ‘Anti-cluttering Policy’: (Re) development organization as is done in housing areas- Planning for combining living and working in urban renewal areas- do not focus unilaterally on the highly educated. Taking in account composition of population- Westland: cherish connections with the Greenport harbor, many jobs for the less educated.Housing- Expatriates: a sound living environment is important. The focus of this group is wider than just Core zone: Working Zone:the Haaglanden region focus on international city, leisure, office A4 - N211, interlocal collaboration.- Not just ‘stacking bricks’ in urban areas: pursuing an integrated approach with a focus on locations. Projects: Zichtenburg, Sion / Harnaschpolder,workplaces within each housing district. Projects: International Forepark Zone, CS / Beatrixkwartier, InternationalPolicy renewal Criminal Court (ICC), Binckhorst Residential:- Pursuing of a ‘socio-economic impact’ study for each structureplan or building plan. jobs in restructuring areas.- Strong regional approach to major themes (spatial planning, employment, accessibility) Coastal zone: Projects: dynamic development, mix of- Expansion of industrial cooperation groups focus on high quality living, coastal recreation. housing and work Projects: Scheveningen HarbourThe Hague, Chances for a dynamic economical development“Den Haag, Kansen voor economische diversiteit en dynamiek”
  16. 16. KOW Stedenbouw - The HagueUrban plan, working-out of image quality, supervision on architects’ plans700 dwellings in former glass-house areaclient: Ceres Project Development2006 - 2008 NoordSketch design, Preliminary Design, Final Design, Image quallty, assistant in supervisionHoogeland Naaldwijk
  17. 17. Based on an existing image-quality and zoning plan KOW was asked by by developer Ceres to make a financially feasible plan that answers to the stated preconditions. Ceres requires a high percentage of social housing (20-30%). Also the high costs of acquiring the former greenhouse soil conduct pressure on the plan. Therefore the result is a dwelling scheme withEastern entrance a fairly high density (40 dwellings per hectare). Location in larger context dwelling quarters The design Centrally placed in the plan is the central canal which divides the western part of the area into two long parts that recall the rural landscape that characterizes the region. This central axis is further accentuated by a solid strip of apartments with terraces directly on the water. The elongated character isislands strongly pronounced by long green lines., In the southern part these lines are only briefly interrupted by a green playground. In the northern part the interruption is formed by free plots and townhouses around a former Hoofentree met groene begeleiding Groene laan access path to the gardeners houses, of which Parkstrook Groene ruimte two remain. The watercourse ends in the Green structure and tree plan central park, flanked by urban villas rising five to seven layers. These in turn highlight the central green axis north-south direction. OnCentral canal the east side the plan debouches in court-like islands, which reflect the individual lots of the former gardeners. Despite the high density of the plan, the green lines, differentiated architecture and the various open spaces and water provide a clear setup and a diverse living environment. Building was commenced in mid 2011. ETW met verzamelfunctie ETW met verblijfsfunctie ETW, semi-openbaarNorthern quarter Vrijliggend etspad Infrastructural hierarchy Trottoir / voetpad Achterpad Service / calamiteitenHoogeland Naaldwijk
  18. 18. KAAP3 ontwerpbureau - Rotterdam / KOW Stedenbouw - The HagueUrban plan, Image Quality plan en Land zoning procedures44 gross ha new working area in a rural contextclient: Municipality of Hellevoetsluis2003 - 2009Sketch design, Preliminary Design, Final Design, Image quallty, landuse planKickersbloem 3 Hellevoetsluis
  19. 19. IntroductionWorking area Kickesbloem 3 primarily provides for the demand for newbusiness locations. Objective in the design of the site is to construct adurable structure that such strong and extensive that there is unity inthe design of the whole area is created. The location and design of the Green lineswhole area takes into account the very different landscape conditions.A robust frameworkIndustrial sites often lack a robust green structure with a counterweightto the very different corporate buildings. The starting point for thedesign of this area is therefore a clear and spacious green structure Watercoursesthat is capable of private land to provide a solid framework. Along theCanal through Voorne and on the southeast side of the site was chosenunsparing park areas, the main design of the site determined.Focal points Kickersbloem 3 Sustainability of the development Parking out of sight Representative lots Well accessable; within close reach of the harbor of Rotterdamse A solid green framework, integrated in the rural surroundings A clear and high-quality design of public space Park management and collective facilities Lots of attention for safety, security and intrusion prevention Recreation zone Overall planBird’s eye view on Kickersbloem 3 Profile of the green representative edges along the rural surroundingsKickersbloem 3 Hellevoetsluis
  20. 20. KOW Stedenbouw - The HagueUrban rules and constraints, design vision for public spaceRestructuring of innercity area in Vlissingenclient: Marsaki Project Development / Municipality of Vlissingen2009 - 2010Sketch design, Prelim inary design, Definitive design and design vision for public spaceGroote Markt area Vlissingen
  21. 21. Introduction The urban design The area to the west of the Spuistraat and Bellamy In the initial phase, shape and structure characteristics Park in the center of Vlaardingen has known many of the area were analyzed. These serve as a starting transformations in history. The main transformations are: point for the reconstruction. For each site we examined how, and on which principles the transformation of the • Transition from ‘natural harbor’ to ‘urban area within current situation to the new urban interpretation takes the walls’ in the 15th century; place. Consequently, in the plan development positions • Transition ‘natural part of the city ‘ to ‘shelter-area ‘ in and volumes of new construction were determined. the reconstruction period after WW II. Future architectural effects will move within these constraints and the specified alignments, building Because of the damage thh area suffered during volumes, et cetera. The partnering architect established the second world war the urban quality of the area the architectural constraints that the future buildings was partly lost. Now, some 60 years later, by housing must conform to. association flats built then up for replacement. The objective is to built the replacing dwellings with a This spatial framework was designed to enrich the quality that provides the area with ways to restore its design, from which the historical and urban contexts innercity character. could significantly benefit. Reference for design of the public spacePrinciple profileDesign skecth for the ‘Groote Markt’ Map of the urban characteristics map of rules and constraintsGroote Markt area Vlissingen