Region I referred to as the Ilocos Region
mainly because it is home to a majority of
Ilokanos and the seat of the Ilokano culture,
heritage and language.
There are two distinct versions as to were
the word “Ilocos” originated. In Isabelo de
los Reyes ‘Historia de Ilocos’ (1885), he
said that it evolved from the word “ilog”
Ilocos means “people in the river”, very
much like the Tagalog’s “taga-ilog” which
referred to the early settler’s living along
• Among the highest mountains in the region
are: Mount Sicapoo (2,360m), Mount
Malaya (2,352m), and Mount burnay (2,
• Total land area of Region I: 13,013 square
• Several offshore Islands belong to the
region, the largest of which are Anda and
Santiago, including renowned cluster of
Islands and islets known as Hundred
Several modern presidents of the Republic of
the Philippines hailed from the Region: Elpidio
Quirino, Ferdinand Marcos, and Fidel V.
Before the formation of the Cordillera
Administrative Region, Region 1 also included
the provinces of Abra, Mountain Province, and
Benguet. Before Region 1 was modified by
Ferdinand Marcos, Pangasinan was not part of
• The dialect or language that is use in this
region are Ilocano and Pangasinense.
• Tagalog and English are the medium of
instruction in schools.
• Ilocano is widely used by the majority
people while Pangasinense is spoken in
the central towns of Pangasinan.
• Total 4,545,906
348.2/km2 (901.9/sq mi
• Located in the northwest of Luzon.
• It Administrative Region and Cagayan
Valley borders to the east the regions of
the Cordillera and to the south the region
of Central Luzon.
• To the west north is the South China Sea,
otherwise known as the West Philippine
• Region I occupies the narrow plain
between the Cordillera Central mountain
• Occupies the northern portion of the Central
Luzon plain, to the north-east of
the Zambales Mountains.
• Lingayen Gulf is the most notable body of
water in the region and it contains a number
of islands, including the Hundred Islands
• To the north of the region is Luzon Strait.
• The Agno river runs through Pangasinan and
empties into the Lingayen Gulf. The river
flow into a broad delta in the vicinity
- Aboriginal tribes (22,000 years ago)
- Malays (Christian era – 13th century)
- Engaged trade with Japanese, Chinese
and Arabs (around 13th century)
Emperor Yung Lo, of
Dynasty (A.D. 1402-
- Puerto de Japon
- Martin de Golti (1571)
- Juan Salcedo (1572)
- Villa Fernandina (3rd of the earliest
Spanish settlements to be named cities
after Cebu and Manila)
- Provincia de Ilocos
- Miguel Lopez de Legaspi
- Pangasinan was created a province (1580)
- Founded the town of Bacnotan (1590)
- Magsingal (1676)
- Santa (1713)
- Lapog(now San Juan) and Cabugao
- Sto. Domingo (1742)
- Sta. Maria (1760)
- San Ildefonso (1769)
- Sta. Catalina and San Vicente (1795)
- and Caoayan (1825)
- Dingras Revolt (1587)
- Mallong Rebellion (1660)
- Pedro Almazon Revolt (1661)
- Diego Silang Rebellion (1762-63)
- Juan de la Cruz Palaris Revolt (1762)
- Laoag Uprising (1782)
- Basi or Ambaristo Revolt (1807)
- and many others
Ilocos Norte Ilocos Sur
of La Union
- Lepanto in
the old Mt.
- ABRA was detached from Ilocos
with LEPANTO as its
- Northern coastal towns from Agoo to
Bacnotan were severed from
Pangasinan and merged with the
southern part of Ilocos Sur TO FORM
the present province of LA UNION.
- Pangasinan’s territory was further reduced
when three of its southern towns were
carved out to form part of the new province
- A group of rebels led by Frederico Isabela
Abaya (Kapitan Belong) seized the town of
Candon, Ilocos Norte and revolted against
= “IKKIS TI CANDON” (Cry of
Gregorio del Pilar Tirad Pass
- American civil government was
established in the region
- Aguinaldo transferred the seat Philippine
First Republic to various provinces in
Central Luzon and finally to Bayambang,
Pangasinan where he disbands his army
and organized guerilla units to escape
American Liberation Forces
also landed on Lingayen Gulf.
- The Ilocos provinces were organized as
such by the virtue of Act 2711
- Ilocos region thrown to historical limelight
when the Japanese landed at Lingayen
Gulf on December 21, 1941.
Ilocos Region was officially established
under PD No. 742 or the Recognition
Plan with the province of Abra, Benguet
and Mt. Province including its territories.
However, with the creation of autonomous
region of Cordilleras through RA 6766 and
a plebiscite on January 30, 1990, the said
provinces were severed from Region I,
leaving it with the present four provinces
which comprise its territory.
•Pangasinan alone produces more than a
half of Region 1’s rice output .
•Ilocos Region is basically a tobacco
country. Ilocos Sur has the largest area in
region and perhaps in the country for
tobacco production .•The region also yield a sizeable amount of
corn, garlic, sugarcane, cotton, cassava,
onion, vegetables and fruits, such as grapes
which are extensively grown in Bauang, La
•Pangasinan has the largest volume of fish catch
in the region and has extensive
fishponds near its coasts for bangus, prawn and
oyster cultivation. It is also known
for its salt-making, bagoong (fish salt) and
shrimp paste industry.
•Cottage Industries abound in the region and
become an income –generating
enterprise for families.
•The vast Lingayen Gulf is a rich fishing grounds
especially for La Union and Pangasinan.
•Most notable of these is the region’s cotton cloth-
weaving industry , known traditionally as “Abel
•Basi-making industry which is derived from
fermented sugar cane juice.
•Tourism is fast catching up as a source of
livelihood due to the region’s fine beaches, scenic
mountain and sea vistas and historical landmarks
which dotted its landscape.
Paoay, Ilocos Norte
FormationBurgos, Ilocos Norte
Badoc, Ilocos Norte