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  1. 1. By Maria SolisWorld History Per.6
  2. 2. Alexander the Great The earliest recorded Egyptian dynasty united the kingdoms of the upper and lower Egypt around 300 B.C. In 525 B.C. , Egypt came under the control of the Persians. Alexander the great conquest Egypt in 332 B.C. Muhammad Ali successfully governed and reformed Egypt . Egypt has been in two wars that evolved Israel in 1956 and 1967, and then lost the Sinal Peninsula in 1967
  3. 3.  Egypt covers an area of 386,662 square miles Egypt is larger than the states of Texas and New Mexico put together. Most of Egypt is dry and arid desert Summers are hot and humid reaching 108 degrees The winters the temperature is moderate with the lows of 40 degrees.
  4. 4.  About 90% of all the Egyptians are Sunni Muslims Muslims accept and revere all major Judeo-Christian prophets from Adam to Jesus, by claim Muhammad as the last and greatest prophet. Muslims are obliged to pray five times daily , away facing Makah, Saudi Arabia Egypt has a population of 77.5 million people Cairo the capital of Egypt has between 16-20 million inhabitants. Arabic is the official language even though English is also part of the national curriculum. Islamic symbol An Islamic person kneeling
  5. 5.  Month of Ramadan, Muslims go without food or drink from sunrise to sun down and then eat only in the early morning and evening. Eid al-fitr is 3 days feast held at the and of Ramadan. Eid al-Adha(feast of the sacrifice, it commemorates Abrahams willingness to sacrifice his son . Muhammads birthday Labor Day(May 1st) Anniversary of Kev. (July 23) Armed forces day (Oct. 6) Sham El-Nasseem(beginning of spring)
  6. 6.  Traditionally marriages were arranged between heads of families. Both families help prepare the wedding housing is expensive so if the couple don’t have enough money they have to wait to get married. Weddings are lavish and costly, lasting up to 3 days. One of the critical can women make is to choose her future husband.
  7. 7.  Egyptians prepare elaborate and expensive meals when they have guests. Sometimes a person will not eat all his or her food to show a symbol of abundance When they eat they will sit on the floor on a carpet, and when they go out to eat they will sit around a low wooden table. Egyptians eat wit there finger on the right hand. Most important to the Egyptian people is the bead loaf. One of their main dishes is the foul.
  8. 8.  has a republican form of government since 1952. President designates a prime minister and a council of ministers. Parliament is for five years(has 222 constituencies). Has a dominant party Women are and can be elected to the Egyptian parliament.
  9. 9. 1. 2011 November - Violence in Cairos Tahrir square as security forces clash with protesters accusing the military of trying to keep their grip on power. Prime Minister Essam Sharaf resigns in response to the unrest. Start of parliamentary elections.2. 2012 April - Crisis in relations with Saudi Arabia over the Saudi detention of an Egyptian lawyer briefly threatens the substantial aid that the Saudis provide Egypt.3. 2012 May - Muslim Brotherhood candidate Mohammed Mursi tops the first round of voting in first free presidential elections, narrowly ahead of Mubarak-era prime minister Ahmed Shafiq. Official media put turnout at a low 43%.4. 2012 June - Court sentences ex-President Mubarak to life in prison for complicity in the killing of protesters during the 2011 uprising. The acquittal of four senior interior ministry officials sparks anger.
  10. 10. 1. 969 - Cairo established as capital.2. 1517 - Egypt absorbed into the Turkish Ottoman empire.3. 1952 January - At least 20 people are killed in anti-British riots in Cairo.4. 1953 June - Egypt is declared a Republic by Najib5. 1973 October - Egypt and Syria go to war with Israel during Israels celebration of Yom Kippur to reclaim the land they lost in 1967. Egypt begins negotiations for the return of Sinai after the war.6. 1979 March - The peace treaty between Egypt and Israel is signed. Egypt is then condemned by other Arab nations and excluded from the Arab League
  11. 11. 7.1981 6 October - Anwar al-Sadat is assassinated by Jihad members. A National Referendum approves Hosni Mubarak as the new president8.1997 - 58 tourists are killed by gunmen in front of the Temple of Hatshepsut near Luxor. It is alleged that Egypts Islamic Group (al-jamaah alislamiyah) is responsible.9.2004 October - Bomb attacks target Israeli tourists on Sinai peninsula; 34 people are killed.10. 2005 February-April - Pro-reform and opposition activists mount anti-government demonstrations.
  12. 12. •Hoodfar, Homa.”Marriage and politics.”2001.<http://www.TheCulture of (June 1 2012)-- I got information on thelife of an Egyptian when in process of getting married.•Ibrahim, saa eddin.”Egypt, Islam, anddemocracy.”2006.<http://www.the democratic government (June 1 2012)--I got information about the democracyof the Egyptian culture.•“Egyptian profile”. Timeline. June 52012.<—from here I got a basic idea of a time line for my timeline aboutthe events going on in the mid-east.