Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Temporomandibular Joint Disorder


Published on

Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD), or TMJ syndrome, is an umbrella term covering acute or chronic inflammation of the temporomandibular joint, which connects the mandible to the skull. The disorder and resultant dysfunction can result in significant pain and impairment. Because the disorder transcends the boundaries between several health-care disciplines — in particular, dentistry, neurology, physical therapy, and psychology — there are a variety of treatment approaches.

  • Be the first to comment

Temporomandibular Joint Disorder

  1. 1. Temporomandibular Joint Disorder For more details visit
  2. 2. Temporomandibular Joint Disorder Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMD), or TMJ Syndrome, is an umbrella term covering acute or chronic inflammation of the temporomandibular joint, which connects the mandible to the skull For more details visit http://
  3. 3. Temporomandibular Joint Disorder <ul><li>The disorder and resultant dysfunction </li></ul><ul><li>can result in significant pain and </li></ul><ul><li>impairment </li></ul><ul><li>Because the disorder transcends the </li></ul><ul><li>boundaries between several health-care </li></ul><ul><li>disciplines — in particular, </li></ul><ul><li>- Dentistry </li></ul><ul><li>- Neurology </li></ul><ul><li>- Physical therapy </li></ul><ul><li>- Psychology — there are a variety of </li></ul><ul><li>treatment approaches </li></ul>For more details visit http://
  4. 4. Temporomandibular Joint Disorder The temporomandibular joint is susceptible to many of the conditions that affect other joints in the body, including ankylosis, arthritis, trauma, dislocations, developmental anomalies, and neoplasia. For more details visit http://
  5. 5. Predisposing Factors <ul><li>Modification of chewing surfaces of the </li></ul><ul><li>teeth through dental neglect or accidental </li></ul><ul><li>trauma </li></ul><ul><li>Speech habits resulting in jaw thrusting </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive gum chewing or nail biting </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive jaw movements associated </li></ul><ul><li>with exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Repetitive subconscious jaw movements </li></ul><ul><li>associated with bruxing or clenching </li></ul><ul><li>Size of foods eaten </li></ul>For more details visit http://
  6. 6. Signs and Symptoms <ul><li>Jaw pain and/or stiffness </li></ul><ul><li>Headaches, usually at the temples and </li></ul><ul><li>side of head </li></ul><ul><li>Vague tooth soreness or toothache </li></ul><ul><li>which often move around the mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitive teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Painful or tender jaw joint </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty in opening jaw </li></ul><ul><li>Pain and fatigue when eating hard or </li></ul><ul><li>chewy foods </li></ul>For more details visit http://
  7. 7. <ul><li>Clicks, pops, or grinding sound in jaw joint </li></ul><ul><li>Ear pain </li></ul><ul><li>Cervical neck tension and pain </li></ul><ul><li>Tooth wear </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness of grinding/clenching teeth </li></ul><ul><li>while sleeping or awake (Bruxism) </li></ul><ul><li>A pattern of breaking or cracking teeth </li></ul><ul><li>with no other cause, i.e. tooth decay or </li></ul><ul><li>trauma </li></ul><ul><li>History of medically diagnosed migraine </li></ul><ul><li>headaches (common  incidence of </li></ul><ul><li>concurrent TMD </li></ul>Signs and Symptoms For more details visit http://
  8. 8. Treatment The key words to keep in mind about TMD treatment are &quot; conservative &quot; and &quot; reversible &quot; For more details visit http://
  9. 9. Treatment Conservative Treatments <ul><li>Conservative treatments are as simple as </li></ul><ul><li>possible and are used most often because </li></ul><ul><li>most patients do not have severe, </li></ul><ul><li>degenerative TMD </li></ul><ul><li>Conservative treatments do not invade the </li></ul><ul><li>tissues of the face, jaw or joint </li></ul>For more details visit http://
  10. 10. Treatment Reversible Treatments Reversible treatments do not cause permanent, or irreversible, changes in the structure or position of the jaw or teeth For more details visit http://
  11. 11. TMJ Symptom Relief Heat and Cold Packs Heat and cold packs applied to the side of the face and temple for 10 minute intervals may reduce the intensity of the pain affecting the muscles and surrounding area of the jaw. For more details visit http://
  12. 12. TMJ Symptom Relief Limit Jaw Movement <ul><li>It is important to avoid large </li></ul><ul><li>movement of the jaw such as singing </li></ul><ul><li>and wide yawning </li></ul><ul><li>Do not apply pressure with your hand </li></ul><ul><li>against your jaw for an extended time </li></ul><ul><li>period during sleep </li></ul><ul><li>Limit the pressure you apply with a </li></ul><ul><li>phone receiver </li></ul>For more details visit http://
  13. 13. TMJ Symptom Relief Diet Choose soft food and stay away from foods requiring repetitive chewing or the mouth to open wide. In particular, avoid chewing gum, taffy, pretzels and raw carrots For more details visit http://
  14. 14. TMJ Symptom Relief Dental Treatment Continue to receive dental treatment for any teeth requiring restoration. Tooth decay may affect the bite, a contributing factor to TMJ . For more details visit http://
  15. 15. TMJ Symptom Relief Physical Therapy, Biofeedback, and Massage In some cases, physical therapy, biofeedback and massage provide temporary relief from TMJ For more details visit http://
  16. 16. TMJ Symptom Relief Medications <ul><li>Some doctors may prescribe non- </li></ul><ul><li>steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs </li></ul><ul><li>(NSAIDs like ibuprofen), muscle </li></ul><ul><li>relaxants, anti-anxiety medications </li></ul><ul><li>and in some cases anti-depressants </li></ul><ul><li>The choice of medication depends on the </li></ul><ul><li>intensity of the disorder and your </li></ul><ul><li>medical history </li></ul><ul><li>However, the need for medication is </li></ul><ul><li>greatly reduced when treatment is </li></ul><ul><li>received by an experienced TMJ dental </li></ul><ul><li>professional </li></ul>For more details visit http://
  17. 17. Dental Appliances TMJ Symptom Relief <ul><li>Your dentist may prescribe a dental </li></ul><ul><li>appliance such as a mouth guard or </li></ul><ul><li>splint to reduce the effects of tooth </li></ul><ul><li>grinding and clenching </li></ul><ul><li>Such appliances may also help improve </li></ul><ul><li>your bite and the ability for the lower jaw </li></ul><ul><li>to fall properly into the </li></ul><ul><li>temporomandibular joint socket </li></ul>For more details visit http://
  18. 18. About Smile Care Author Name : Dr. Kripa Shetty Smile Care® has spearheaded the cause of modern dentistry in India through its multitude of activities in the field of dentistry. Smile Care® is involved in Clinical Services, Continuing Education, Clinical Research, Public Awareness and Scientific Publication in the field of dentistry and offers the synergistic benefit of these activities to all its clients. For more details visit
  19. 19. Contact Details Smile Care Clinic Bandra, Vashi, Nashik, Kolhapur Email: [email_address] Tel: 91 -22-26400188 / 83 Fax 91-22-26416342 For more details visit
  20. 20. For more details visit
  21. 21. Issued in Public Interest by For more details visit For more details visit