Bulgarian heritage


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Bulgarian heritage

  1. 1. Bulgaria:cultural and natural heritage ‘LITBUL- the inheritance of two old European cultures’ Vocational High School of Veterinary medicine, Dobrich, Bulgaria
  2. 2. World Heritage Sites in Bulgaria
  3. 3. MADARA RIDER An early medieval large rock relief carved on the Madara PlateauThe Madara Rider, representing the figure of a knighttriumphing over a lion, is carved into a 100-m-high cliff nearthe village of Madara in north-east Bulgaria. Madara was theprincipal sacred place of the First Bulgarian Empire beforeBulgaria’s conversion to Christianity in the 9th century. Theinscriptions beside the sculpture tell of events that occurredbetween AD 705 and 801.
  4. 4. RILA MONASTERY Medieval monastery, one of the regions most significant cultural, historical and architectural monumentsRila Monastery was founded in the 10th century by St John of Rila,a hermit canonized by the Orthodox Church. His ascetic dwellingand tomb became a holy site and were transformed into a monasticcomplex which played an important role in the spiritual and sociallife of medieval Bulgaria. Destroyed by fire at the beginning of the
  5. 5. THRACIAN TOMB OF KAZANLAK Discovered in 1944, this tomb dates from the Hellenistic period, around the end of the 4th century BC. It is located near Seutopolis, the capital city of the Ancient tomb, part of a large Thracian king SeutesThe tholos has anecropoliscorridor III, and is part of a Thracian narrowand a round burial chamber, both large Thraciandecorated with murals necropolis.representing Thracian burialrituals and culture. Thesepaintings are Bulgaria’s best-preserved artistic masterpieces
  6. 6. THRACIAN TOMB OF SVESHTARIThe tomb is a unique monument of Thracian and Hellenistic artof the first half of the 3rd century B.C. It was discovered in1982 during arcaelogical excavations of a Thracian tumulusnear the village of Sveshtari. The tomb comprises a corridorand three chambers of an almost square shape, covered by asemi-spherical vault. The tomb at Sveshtari is a brilliantevidence of the Thracian’s contribution to the world culturalheritage. A Thracian tomb dating back to 3rd century BC
  7. 7. BOYANA CHURCH Located on the outskirts ofA medieval Bulgarian Orthodox churc Sofia, Boyana Church consists of three buildings. The eastern church was built in the 10th century, then enlarged at the beginning of the 13th century by Sebastocrator Kaloyan, who ordered a second two storey building to be erected next to it. The frescoes in this second church, painted in 1259, make it one of the most important collections of medieval paintings. The ensemble is completed by a third church, built at the beginning of the 19th century. This site is one of the most complete and perfectly
  8. 8. ROCK-HEWN CHURCHES OF IVANOVO Monolithic churches,In chapels and monasteriesthe the valley ofRoussenski of solid rock in hewn out Lom River,north east Bulgaria, acomplex of rock-hewnchurches, chapels,monasteries and cellsdeveloped in the vicinity ofthe village of Ivanovo. Thisis where the first hermitshad dug out their cells andchurches during the 12thcentury. The 14th-centurymurals testify to theexceptional skill of the
  9. 9. ANCIENT CITY OF NESSEBAR Ancient part of town, situated on a peninsula (previously an island).Situated on a rocky peninsula on the Black Sea, the more than 3,000-year-old site of Nessebar was originally a Thracian settlement(Menebria). At the beginning of the 6th century BC, the city becamea Greek colony. The city’s remains, which date mostly from theHellenistic period, include the acropolis, a temple of Apollo, anagora and a wall from the Thracian fortifications. Among othermonuments, the Stara Mitropolia Basilica and the fortress date fromthe Middle Ages, when this was one of the most importantByzantine towns on the west coast of the Black Sea. Wooden houses
  10. 10. PIRIN NATIONAL PARK Natural reserveSpread over an area of over 27,000 ha, at an altitude between 1008and 2914 m in the Pirin Mountains, southwest Bulgaria, the sitecomprises diverse limestone mountain landscapes with glacial lakes,waterfalls, caves and predominantly coniferous forests. Theextension now covers an area of around 40,000 ha in the PirinMountains, and overlaps with the Pirin National Park, except fortwo areas developed for tourism (skiing). The dominant part of theextension is high mountain territory over 2000m in altitude, and
  11. 11. SREBARNA NATURE RESERVE The Srebarna Nature Reserve is a freshwater lake adjacent to the Danube and extending over 600 ha. It is the breeding ground of almost 100 species of birds, many of which are rare or endangered. Some 80 other bird species migrate and seek refuge there every winter. Among the most interesting bird species are the Dalmatian pelican, great egret, night heron, purple heron, glossy ibis and white spoonbill.A nature reserve and lake on the Via Pontica bird migration
  13. 13. TSAREVETS STRONGHOLD is located on a hill in Veliko Tarnovo and its castle was the main stronghold of the former Bulgarian capital. Today there are remnants of the old fortress, which have been restored and preserved. The old fort was built on the ruins of ancient settlements, the first of which was built in the 4thOn these ancient ruins was built in millennium BC. In the earlyIX century and the Bulgarian Middle Ages this was thefortress. Today you can see the biggest city in Bulgaria.ruins of the citadel of the ancientcity, which were inhabited by thekings palace throne room, thePatriarchate and the Patriarchsresidence. Because of the beauty ofthe fort, on its ruins is organizedarchitectural museum reserve
  14. 14. SHIPKA MONUMENT During the Russo-Turkish War (1877-1878) on Shipka peak was played one of the most decisive battles which determined the victorious outcome of the war which liberated Bulgaria. Along with the Russian army about 6ooo Bulgarians took part in the fighting. On the top of Shipka peak stands the Monument to Freedom. The monument is 32 meters high and 894 steps lead to the top. Above the main entrance a bronze lion stands proudly. On the ground floor of the monument, a marble sarcophagus holds the bones of the heroes fallen in the battle. On the remaining 7
  15. 15. CATHEDRAL OFST ALEXANDER NEVSKY, SOFIAThe Church of St Alexander Nevsky is maybe the mostpopular symbol of the Bulgarian capital city of Sofia andBulgaria as a whole. It is located in the heart of the cityand is the cathedral of the Bulgarian Orthodox Patriarch.Built in Neo-Byzantine style and it is the second biggestcathedral located on the Balkan Peninsula.
  16. 16. PANAGYURISHTE TREASURE The Panagyurishte Treasure is a Thracian treasure excavated on December 8, 1949 by three brothers near the town of Panagyurishte, Bulgaria. It consists of a phiale, an amphora and seven rhytons with total weight of 6.164 kg of 24-karatAll of the objects are richly and skilfully decorated with gold.scenes of Thracian myths, customs and life. It is datedfrom the 4th-3rd centuries BC. As one of the best knownsurviving artifacts of Thracian culture, the treasure hasbeen displayed at various museums around the world.
  17. 17. BELOGRADCHIC ROCKSThe Belogradchik Rocks (Belogradchishki skali) is one of themost famous and most impressive nature phenomenon inBulgaria. They are a group of bizarre sandstone and limestonerock formations with different and amazing shapes, reachingup to 200 m in height. The natural phenomenon has amazingshapes - rock castles, palaces, fortresses, silhouettes of people,
  18. 18. SEVEN RILA LAKESThe Seven Rila Lakes are a group of lakes of glacial origin,situated in the northwestern Rila Mountains in Bulgaria.They are the most visited group of lakes in Bulgaria. Thelakes are situated between 2,100 and 2,500 metres elevationabove sea level.
  19. 19. The Baikushevs PineThe Baikushevs Pine is a coniferous tree from the speciesBosman Pine situated in Pirin mountain, southwesternBulgaria. It is named after its discoverer, forest rangerKostadin Baikushev. With an approximate age of about1,300 years, Baikushevs pine is one of the oldest trees inthe world and is a contemporary of Bulgarias first khan,Asparukh. It has a height of 26 m, is 2.2 m in diameter and