News SourceNews SourceSyed Mahfujul Haque MarjanSyed Mahfujul Haque MarjanLecturer, Department ofLecturer, Department ofJournalism and MassJournalism and MassCommunicationCommunication
What is News SourceWhat is News SourceIn Journalism a source is a person, publication, or otherIn Journalism a source is a person, publication, or otherrecord or document that gives timely information.record or document that gives timely information.What do you think?What do you think?
Keeping the SourceKeeping the Source• Source is the reporter’s life blood.• No information, no report.• The source will provide the informationand brief the reporter.• The reporter will write a fair account of thematerial.• Day by day, reporter’s dependence onsources increases.
Be Careful in Protecting SourcesBe Careful in Protecting Sources• Sometimes a reporter is asked to protect a source’sidentity.• Newspapers and journalists are bound to disclose thename of sources. If it is needed, according toBangladesh Press Council Act 1974.• But reality is different.• You can not disclose the name and identity of sources.• Friendship not dependence on sources. Otherwise youcan lose your objectivity. Best Example??? AnyIdea????
Sources to BewareSources to Beware• The Liars If you tell a lie for hundred times, it becomestruth.Sometimes, sources lie.They want publicity by a story starved reporter.They want favorable stories for his clients.Most of the cases lawyer, police, politicians telllie.
The HoaxstersThe Hoaxsters• Engaged in sick humor• Any idea?• They call the reporters the death of people whoare alive.• What should you do?• Cross check the information.
The PromotersThe Promoters• He/She is a pushing guy• It may be forCommercial ventureProductPolitical candidateBe careful with the specialists
LeaksLeaks• Officials, agencies, departments, ministers-everyone leaks information• But no one wants his/her name as a source• To serve leaker’s purpose is the most commonpractice• It can be whistleblower• Try to maintain a line between the leaker’s purposeand the public’s needs• Few suggestions- Be skeptical Cross check the information from other two sources
Online CautionsOnline Cautions• Over information anddeceptive information• Don’t depend toomuch on web• Cross check again
Types of SourcesTypes of Sources• Reporters- Try to make a good relationship withthe reporters. Use night shift.• Primary Sources - Who is in center of an event.• Written Sources- Not all primary sources will bespoken. Written reports can make an excellentsource of information for a journalist.• Leaked Documents- Leaked documents areoften excellent sources of news stories becausethey can contain information which someonewants to keep secret.
Types of Sources (continued)Types of Sources (continued)• Secondary Sources- Secondary sources are those people who do not makethe news, but who pass it on. Ex. eyewitnesses, police.• Tip-offs- Anonymous (meaning "no name"). These are the most dangeroussources of information and should only be used with extreme caution.• Attribution- On the record, which means you can use both their words and their name• Non-attributable, which means you can use the information, but not thesources name;• Off the record, which means you cannot use either the information or thesources name.