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  1. 1. Imperialism….Imperialism…. how the US acquired territorieshow the US acquired territories
  2. 2. The Need for More MarketsThe Need for More Markets Productivity created surplusesProductivity created surpluses  Export to foreign marketsExport to foreign markets  Spurring of US expansionismSpurring of US expansionism Acquisition of new landsAcquisition of new lands  Increase American glory and prestigeIncrease American glory and prestige  Led to growing involvement in Latin AmericaLed to growing involvement in Latin America and Hawaii and Samoaand Hawaii and Samoa
  3. 3. CubaCuba Cuba under Spanish ruleCuba under Spanish rule Seen as natural expansion for US territorySeen as natural expansion for US territory US imposed sugar tariff caused economicUS imposed sugar tariff caused economic chaoschaos Cuban rebels launched revolution againstCuban rebels launched revolution against SpainSpain  Caused economy to fall apartCaused economy to fall apart  Massive destruction of countrysideMassive destruction of countryside American concerns roseAmerican concerns rose  $50 million invested in sugar industry$50 million invested in sugar industry  Exports to US plummetedExports to US plummeted
  4. 4. Spanish-American War 1898Spanish-American War 1898  USS Maine in Havana HarborUSS Maine in Havana Harbor  Exploded February 1898Exploded February 1898  Spanish blamed, although was determined anSpanish blamed, although was determined an accidentaccident  US troops sent inUS troops sent in Battle of San Juan HillBattle of San Juan Hill Theodore Roosevelt and Rough RidersTheodore Roosevelt and Rough Riders First and last major battleFirst and last major battle  Treaty of ParisTreaty of Paris Cuba gained independenceCuba gained independence US acquired Guam and Puerto Rico andUS acquired Guam and Puerto Rico and purchased Philippinespurchased Philippines
  5. 5. Roosevelt’s PolicyRoosevelt’s Policy ““Speak softly and carry a big stick”Speak softly and carry a big stick” Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe DoctrineRoosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine  Asserted right of US to act as international policeAsserted right of US to act as international police power in Latin Americapower in Latin America Hay-Pauncefote Treaty signed with GreatHay-Pauncefote Treaty signed with Great Britain gave US exclusive right to build andBritain gave US exclusive right to build and control any proposed canal through Centralcontrol any proposed canal through Central AmericaAmerica
  6. 6. US assisted with presence-only inUS assisted with presence-only in Panama’s fight for independencePanama’s fight for independence US recognized Panama as independentUS recognized Panama as independent nationnation  Signed treaty to build canalSigned treaty to build canal Viewed construction of canal throughViewed construction of canal through Central America as vital to American worldCentral America as vital to American world powerpower
  7. 7. William H. Taft’s PolicyWilliam H. Taft’s Policy ““Dollar Diplomacy”Dollar Diplomacy”  Encourage US businesses to invest in foreignEncourage US businesses to invest in foreign regionsregions  Use dollars—not bullets—to advance USUse dollars—not bullets—to advance US authority and prosperity while promotingauthority and prosperity while promoting worldwide economic stabilityworldwide economic stability
  8. 8. Woodrow WilsonWoodrow Wilson US should champion democracy aroundUS should champion democracy around globe and help maintain world peaceglobe and help maintain world peace ““Moral Diplomacy”—self-determinationMoral Diplomacy”—self-determination  Allowed US to meddle in Latin America andAllowed US to meddle in Latin America and AsiaAsia
  9. 9. Understanding ImperialismUnderstanding Imperialism Industrial RevolutionIndustrial Revolution  surplus productssurplus products  export goodsexport goods  foreign trade (expansion offoreign trade (expansion of economic markets)economic markets) Cuba—area of expansionism for many US businesses;Cuba—area of expansionism for many US businesses; sought independence from Spain;sought independence from Spain; Explosion ofExplosion of U.S.S. MaineU.S.S. Maine led to Spanish-Americanled to Spanish-American WarWar  Cuban independence and US gained PuertoCuban independence and US gained Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines thus becoming imperial nationRico, Guam, Philippines thus becoming imperial nation
  10. 10. The EndThe End