Storm Preparedness: Before, During, After!


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It seems that having significant natural and weather related events in the tri-state area is now becoming the new normal. Join Summit Medical Group and the American Red Cross as they present how to prepare yourself, your homes, and your families for these types of events! Discussion will also include information about how to avoid common disaster-related scams.

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  • New Jersey is prone to a variety of disaster situations. The goal is not to get you to move to San Diego, but to help you be ready for a disaster if one should occur.
  • Learn what disasters or emergencies may occur where you live, work and play. These events can vary from those affecting only you and your family, like a home fire or medical emergency, to those affecting your entire community, like an earthquake or flood.Identify how local authorities will notify you during a disaster and how you will get importantinformation, whether through local radio, TV or NOAA weather radio stations or channels.Learn what you can do to prepare for disasters by contacting your local Red Cross chapter to ask about first aid, CPR and disaster training. Learning simple first aid techniques can give you the skills and confidence to help when someone in your home, your neighborhood or workplace is injured.When a major disaster occurs, your community can change in an instant. Loved ones can be hurt, and emergency response can be delayed. Make sure that at least one member of your household is trained in first aid and CPR and in how to use an automated external defibrillator (AED). Disaster preparedness presentations will provide more specific information on how to prepare for disasters in your community.Contact your local American Red Cross chapter for details.Share what you have learned with your family, household and neighbors and encourage them to be informed too.
  • Source:, 2011, 1992In addition to the steps you would normally take in your family disaster plan, there are special considerations for flooding. Let’s look at how you can prepare for a flood by making a plan, building a kit and taking action.
  • Speaker’s Notes:After the storm, continue listening to local radio or television stations or a NOAA Weather Radio for updated information and instructions.Access may be limited to some parts of the community or roads may be blocked.Help a neighbor who may require special assistance — infants, seniors and people with disabilities.Seniors and people with disabilities may require additional assistance. People who care for them or who have large families may need additional assistance in emergency situations. Avoid driving and other travel until conditions have improved.Roads may be blocked by snow or emergency vehicles. Avoid overexertion.Heart attacks from shoveling heavy snow are a leading cause of deaths during winter. Follow forecasts and be prepared when venturing outside.Major winter storms are often followed by even colder conditions.Volunteer – Your local Red Cross offers assistance to those impacted by the disaster; Your neighbors, friends and family. We also help communities take steps to lesson the impact of future disasters. You can take part in serving your community by contacting your Red Cross BEFORE a disaster to take training on how to volunteer your time, talent and resources.
  • Storm Preparedness: Before, During, After!

    1. Hank Bernstein BeRed CrossReady Brian Natale, CPPLive Well, Stay Well Presentation to the Summit Medical Group January 9, 2013
    2. TheRed CrossMissionThe American RedCross, ahumanitarianorganization led byvolunteers, willprovide relief tovictims of disastersand help peopleprevent, preparefor, and respond toemergencies. 2
    3. The American Red Cross• Across the U.S. • 650 Chapters • 1 Million volunteers, 30,000 staff = 97% volunteers• Northern NJ region • 4,500 volunteers, 65 staff = 98 % volunteers 3
    4. Your Community...Your Red Cross• The only government chartered disaster response organization that is not federally funded • All response services are provided at no cost to the individuals and families affected• Funds raised are applied to community disaster response and safety awareness• The premier trainer for lifesaving skills and disaster response in the local community 4
    5. 2012 Northern NJ Region Activities• Response; 400 local disasters, 900 families displaced by home fires.• Education; 15,000 community members about disaster preparedness.• Blood drives; Collected over 28,500 units of blood.• Training; 143,500 individuals in lifesaving skills (CPR, AED, first aid and aquatics).• Military assistance; • Helped 900 military families send emergency messages, receive financial assistance, and get counseling and referrals. • Informed 850 military members and families facing deployment on accessing our services anywhere in the world. 5
    6. New Jersey Potential Disasters + Earthquakes, hazardous materials, nuclear power plants events! 6
    7. Hurricanes and Tropical Storms thatAffected New Jersey, 1900 to the Present25 2020 1715 1110 9 7 65 4 4 2 1 1 00 1900 - 1910 - 1920 - 1930 - 1940 - 1950 - 1960 - 1970 - 1980 - 1990 - 2000 - 2010 - 1909 1919 1929 1039 1949 1959 1969 1979 1989 1999 2009 2012 Source: Wikipedia, 7
    8. Precipitation Extremes, New York, 1869 to PresentCENTRAL PARKLast updated: Feb 3rd 2012Wettest Years Wettest Months1983 80.56 Aug 2011 18.952011 72.81 Sep 1882 16.851972 67.03 Oct 2005 16.731989 65.11 Apr 1983 14.012007 61.7 Oct 1903 13.311975 61.21 Apr 2007 13.051990 60.92 Oct 1913 12.972006 59.9 Nov 1972 12.412003 58.56 Aug 1990 12.361903 58.32 Nov 1977 12.26Source, National Weather Service, 8
    9. Disaster PreparednessThe actions that individuals, families,companies and governments do tomitigate, prepare for, respond to andrecover from disasters.The Red Cross approach helps Youprepare with three actions … 9
    10. 10
    11. Get a KitGet a kit for:• Your home – if you need to shelter-in-place: A “Stay” Box• Your closet – if you need to evacuate your home: A “Go” Bag• Your car – if you need to shelter-in-place in your vehicle: A Car Kit 11
    12. Get a Kit: A “Stay” BoxA disaster supplies kit for sheltering-in-place in your home should include:• Water• Non-Perishable Food and a manual can opener• Non-Battery Flashlights and Glow Sticks• First aid kit• Battery-powered or crank radio• Tools• Duct tape and plastic sheeting 12
    13. Get a Kit: On The Move Kits Disaster supplies kits for: • Evacuating your home • Sheltering in your carKit Items “Go” Bag Car KitA Preparedness Kit, including Food and  water for all members of your familyClothing and bedding Rx and non-Rx medications Pet supplies Cash and coins  Sanitary supplies  Important papers Contact information and a map  Cell phone charger 
    14. Get a Kit Family First Aid kits (Deluxe soft case)For more information and to purchase productsfrom the family of Emergency Supplies kits andFirst Aid kits please go 14
    15. Get a Kit Adult 3-day Emergency Preparedness kitFor more information and to purchase productsfrom the family of Emergency Supplies kits andFirst Aid kits please go 15
    16. Make a Plan 16
    17. Make a Plan• Talk• Plan• Learn• Tell• Practice 17
    18. Make a PlanMake plans to evacuate your:• Home – to another home or site near your home.• Town – to another town, if your town needs to be evacuated.• State – to another state, if New Jersey needs to be evacuated. 18
    19. Be Informed 19
    20. Be Informed• Know what may happen and prepare• Identify how local authorities will notify you• Learn what you can do to prepare• Share what you have learned 20
    21. Be InformedNew Jersey Alerts – County Alerts – www.ucfirstalert.orgSummit OEM - and Functional Needs Registry System – 2-1-1 for informationCall 9-1-1 for an emergency 21
    22. Be Informed – there’s an App for thatRed Cross Mobile AppsFirst Aid AppThe official American Red Cross First Aid app puts expert advice for everydayemergencies in your hand. Available for iPhone and Android devices, theofficial American Red Cross First Aid app offers videos, interactive quizzesand simple step-by-step advice it’s never been easier to know first aid.Hurricane AppMonitor conditions in your area or throughout the storm track, prepare yourfamily and home, find help and let others know you are safe even if the poweris out – a must have for anyone who lives in an area where a hurricane maystrike or has loved ones who do.Shelter Finder AppThe Red Cross Shelter Finder is available in the iTunes store and works oniOS devices. The Shelter Finder displays open Red Cross shelters and theircurrent population on an easy to use map interface. 22
    23. Common Local Hazards;• Floods• Winter Storms• Disaster Scams 23
    24. Common Local Hazards; Floods• Most costly, deadly natural disaster • 90% of natural disaster damage • From 1/3 to 1/2 of natural disaster fatalities• 6” of fast moving flood water can cause you to fall• 2’ of water will float your car! 24
    25. Floods: Get a Kit• The following kit supplies are of greater importance during a flood: • NOAA Weather Radio • Flashlights and extra batteries • Extra drinking water 25
    26. Floods: Make a Plan• Learn about your area’s flood risk and elevation above flood stage. If you are at risk for floods: • Talk to your insurance agent. Homeowners’ policies do not cover flooding. Ask about the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). • Tell everyone in your family where they need to go if you need to evacuate your home in the event of a flood. • Discuss your plan. 26
    27. Floods: Make a Plan• If at risk for floods, protect your property: • Keep insurance policies, documents and other valuables in a safe-deposit box. • Seal walls in basements • Consult with a construction professional. • Install check valves in building sewer traps. • Raise your furnace, water heater and electric panel to higher floors, or the attic. 27
    28. Be informed If a Flood WATCH is Issued • If your home is in a flood-prone area: • Fill bathtubs, sinks and plastic bottles with clean water • Bring outdoor furniture in, indoor furniture and valuables up. • Fill your car’s gas tank. • Watch = might occur w/i 12 to 36 hours. 28
    29. Be informed • If a Flood WARNING is Issued • Listen for updated emergency information. • Evacuateif you live in a flood-prone area. • When advised to evacuate, do so immediately. • Follow advice of local authorities, including recommended evacuation routes. • Warning = occurring or imminent w/i about 30 minutes to an hour. 29
    30. Protect yourself from danger • Do not drive into a flooded area! • Roadways near streams and rivers are most dangerous • If your vehicle becomes surrounded by water (or the engine stalls), use caution when leaving your vehicle. • 80% of flood deaths occur in a car • Remember the power of flowing water • If outdoors, move away from flood waters. • Avoid any flowing stream above your ankles. 30
    31. When it is safe to return home: • Enter with caution, sturdy boots, flashlight. • Be alert for: • Structural damage, fire hazards, electrical issues, gas leaks, loose plaster and ceilings • Animals, snakes • Discard food that has come in contact with water. • Follow advice of health officials on treating water. • Pump out flooded basements gradually. • Take pictures of the damage. • Report broken utility lines • Help a neighbor. 31
    32. Common Local Hazards; Winter Storms• Deaths are rare, but most occur in cars and most are males• Figures can be deceiving • Winter storms may lead to icy roads and white outs, flooding, power outages, avalanches, heart attacks, hypothermia 32
    33. Winter storm fatalities• Related to ice and snow: • About 70% occur in automobiles. • About 25% are people out in the storm. • Majority are males over 40 years old.• Related to exposure to cold: • 50% are people over 60 years old. • Over 75% are males. 33
    34. Winter Storms: Get a Kit• Make sure your emergency preparedness kit contains the following winter storm-specific items: • A warm coat, gloves or mittens, hat and water-resistant boots • Extra blankets and extra warm clothing • Non-clumping kitty litter or sand 34
    35. Winter Storms: Make a Plan • Understand the hazards of wind chill. • Service snow removal equipment before winter storm season. • Keep your car’s gas tank full for emergency use and to keep the fuel line from freezing. • Discuss with your family what to do if a winter storm WATCH or WARNING is issued. 35
    36. Winter Storms: Make a Plan Protect your property: • Make sure your home is properly insulated. • Install storm windows or cover windows with plastic from the inside. • Wrap pipes in insulation. • If the pipes freeze, remove any insulation or layers of newspapers and wrap pipes in rags. • Consider emergency power and heating equipment. • But follow safety guidelines! 36
    37. Be informed• Listen to a NOAA Weather Radio, or local radio or television stations for updated information.• If a Storm Watch or Warning is Issued: • Be aware of changing weather conditions. • Move animals to sheltered areas. • Avoid unnecessary travel. • Stay indoors• Watch = might occur w/i 12 to 36 hours.• Warning = occurring or imminent w/i about 30 minutes to an hour. 37
    38. Driving Precautions• Have your car(s) winterized before the winter storm season.• Keep your cell phone battery charged.• Keep a windshield scraper and small broom.• Keep gas tank full.• Be aware of hazardous conditions; sleet, freezing rain, freezing drizzle and dense fog. 38
    39. Driving PrecautionsIf you get stuck, stay with the vehicle:• Display a trouble sign to indicate you need help.• Keep warm! • Run engine 10 minutes each hour. • Minor exercise, huddle together, use any covering • Let in air. • Put on overhead light so that you can be seen.• Watch for signs of frostbite and hypothermia.• Eat, drink for energy, heat, preventing dehydration.• If more than one person, take turns sleeping.• Avoid overexertion 39
    40. After the storm• Continue listening to media or a NOAA Weather Radio. – Access may be limited to some parts of the community or roads may be blocked. – Major winter storms are often followed by even colder conditions.• Avoid travel until conditions have improved.• Avoid overexertion, .e.g., shoveling• Help a neighbor 40
    41. Possessions & Documents• Keep these records in a waterproof, portable container:  Will, Insurance policies, contracts deeds, stocks and bonds  Passports, social security cards, immunization records  Bank account numbers  Credit card account numbers and companies  Family records (birth, marriage, death certificates)
    42. Possessions & Documents• Inventory your home 1 time per year for insurance• Take pictures of home contents & valuables• Store pictures on disk or files outside of your home.
    43. Make sure you are covered..Read the fine print of your insurance coverage!
    44. Cell Phones & 9-1-1 • Home phone/landline vs. Cell Phone • 911 calls placed from cell phones are routed to NJ State Police – Trenton • Stating your exact location is very important. • Calls are transferred to local town authorities by State Police Operators.
    45. Bathing Tip + =No power, no hot water….No Problem!
    46. Cooking TipBuy it and put in the back of the cabinet! It will be there when you need it!
    47. Generator Safety Tips • Never run a generator inside a home or garage. • Don’t Overload the generator. • Don’t fuel while it’s running. • Don’t get burned, it’s hot! • Keep children & pets away to avoid injury. • Never try to connect a generator directly to you home’s wiring.
    48. Fuel Storage• Use only approved fuel containers.• Never store inside your home.• Store in well ventilated area with no open flames or electrical equipment.
    49. Home Utility Disconnects• Know where your homes utility disconnects are located. Electric, Water, Gas.• Know the phone numbers to each utility company & how to report an outage.• Always call in an outage.• Unplug and turn off items when power is out.• If power outage or spikes are anticipated, protect your home’s wiring by turning off breakers in advance!
    50. Downed Power Lines • Consider all wires ENERGIZED and dangerous. Even lines that are de-energized may become energized at any moment! • Electricity can travel through the ground. • Electric can arch as far as 10 feet! • If power line falls on car? • Call 9-1-1 for any downed wires.
    51. Another Type of Disaster, Disaster Scams
    52. Disaster Scams• Home and auto repair• Charities• Price gouging
    53. Home Repair• Take the time to shop around• Be wary of transient “contractors”• Obtain a written contract• Check with appropriate agency  Better Business Bureau  Consumer affairs, 973-504-6200  Board of Examiners • Electricians, 973-504-6410 • Plumbers, 973-504-6420• If anyone claims to have already performed work on your property and is demanding payment, contact your local authorities immediately.
    54. Home Repair• Red flags: • Expects cash, large payment in advance • Avoids written contract • No permanent address • Is not licensed • No official ID -- avoid entry to home!
    55. Auto Repair• Check with Consumer Affairs on complaint history• Rely on personal references• Get written estimate• Consider a 2nd opinion if price seems high or unsure about proposed work
    56. Charities“More than 1,100 Internet addresses related to HurricaneSandy have been registered since last Friday.” Quote from US Justice Dept Briefing Nov 2, 2012
    57. Charities• There are over 1 million charities in the U.S. and 10,000 in NJ• So, be wary if; • Name is very similar to well known charity • Caller applies pressure, won’t answer questions • Unsolicited requests for credit card info, even if claiming to be from known charity, i.e., phishing • If the charity claims you have made a donation pledge but you have no record or recollection
    58. Charities• Keep in mind: • Trinkets and other items accompanying donation requests are gifts to you • Never send cash. Write a check directly to charity • Keep a record of your donation, noting the date and amount of the donation • If unsure about a charity, check if registered with or exempt from Consumer Affairs’ Charities Registration Section, 973- 504-6215 • Check charity evaluation sites, (
    59. Price Gauging
    60. Price Gauging• All you need to know!• N.J.’s Price Gouging Law:• Up to 30 days after a State of Emergency excessive price increases on necessary goods or services are illegal.• “Excessive” is 10 percent higher than the price before the State of Emergency.• Report to NJ Division of Consumer Affairs
    61. Disaster PreparednessNow that you have learned how to – Get a Kit – Make a Plan – Be InformedDo you think you can help others? 61
    62. Give Blood 62
    63. Blood Donations Save LivesPlease consider becoming a regular andfrequent blood donor.How to become a donor:On the Web at www.RedCrossBlood.orgOr call 1-800-Red-Cross, Option 2 63
    64. Volunteer 64
    65. VolunteerRed Cross volunteer opportunities• Disaster relief operations/Disaster Action Team• Services to Armed Forces• International tracing services• Blood services• Disaster and emergency preparedness training• Healthy & Safety courses• Community Outreach and Youth programs• Contact: Michelle Esposito, Volunteer Director, 973-746-1800 65
    66. 66