Grammar explanation Sentence construction in the Present Simple Tense affirmative sentence negative sentence I I You volleyball. You do not volleyball. play We football. We don’t football. They basketball. They play basketball. He the piano. He the piano. does not She plays the drums. She the drums. doesn’t It It interrogative sentences I I you volleyball? you volleyball?Do pla we football? When do we football? y they pla basketball the Where basketball? he y ? yDoe she the piano? How he the piano? doe pla s the drums? she the drums? it s y itRules of forming the 3rd person singular:The verbs in the 3rd person singular get –s ending. There are some spellingrules you have to learn. 1) Y changes into –i in the end of the verbs if there is a consonant before it. e.g.: try tries 2) If the verb ends with –ss, -sh, -ch, -o or –x, it gets –es ending in 3rd person singular. e.g. : wishes, mixes, matches, watches, misses, goes, does
Signal words: every day, week, every usually month, every year ever rarely never generally always seldom often sometimes on Mondays … in the mornings …The use of the Present Simple Tense: 1) We use Present Simple if we want to express a repeated action. These times we use the signal words mentioned above. E.g.: I always get up at 6 o’clock. 2) We use Present Simple if we want to say a general information or natural law. E.g.: The Earth moves round the Sun. 3) We use Present Simple if the action is the person’s characteristic. E.g.: The Simpson’s eat a lot. 4) We use Present Simple if we ask someone about his/her provenance. E.g.: Where are you from? I’m from Hungary. 5) We use Present Simple if we can’t put the verb into the Present Continuous. E.g.: Sam wants to eat now. I love you. I believe in miracle. 6) We use Present Simple in zero and first conditional sentences. E.g.: If the sun shines, it is warmer. If you visit me, I will be happy. 7) We use Present Simple if we say a fixed arrangement or a scheduled event, programme in the future. E.g.: The bus starts at half past 6 tomorrow. 8) We use Present Simple in a narration. E.g.: The Stuarts go on holiday. They go by car. They like travelling. They pack their luggage, and then they prepare some sandwiches. … 9) We use Present Simple if we want to introduce reported speech in the present. E.g.: Tim asks Mary if she marries him. 10) We use Present Simple in a time-clause sentence to express a future action after when, before, after, as soon as, until, till, by the time … E.g.: When the children arrive home, they will have dinner.