ADHD and Student Achievement Saul Mendiola EDCI 6300.62 Project Four Dr. Herrera Spring 2012
Problem StatementThe problem is that elementary students in Texas with ADHD have low academicachievement in standardized state exams as specified by the Texas state standards.
PurposeThe purpose of is to discover if students without ADHD have higher academic achievement.
NeedThe need is to prevent and give interventions to elementary students in Texas.
Literature Synthesis What is ADHD?“Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of themost commonly diagnosed and widely studied behavioral disorders in children” (Lorch, 2010).
Literature Synthesis ADHD & Academic Achievement “It is well documented that children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have significant academicdifficulties, which include higherrates of school failure and grade retention than nondiagnosed peers” (Freer, 2011).
Literature Synthesis Interventions According to Schottelkorb(2009), early interventions are important to help students be more successful in school and help decrease the ADHD symptoms that negatively impact student learning.
Literature Synthesis Studies “Many group studies have reported poor academic performance for children with ADHD compared to theirtypically developing classmates” (McConaughy, Volpe, Antshel, Gordon, & Eiraldi, 2011).
Literature Synthesis Conclusion In conclusion, it is evident that ADHD and low academic achievement go hand in hand. ADHD appears at a young ageand affects elementary students’ academic performance instandardized tests. Elementary students with ADHD are at a disadvantage compared to elementary students without it.
Literature Synthesis Reasons for Reviewing a Literature“A researcher begins by identifying a broad problem area” (Pattent, 31). “A researcher examines the literature about the problem area” (Pattent, 31).
Literature SynthesisOrganizing a Literature Review “A straighforward approach for beginning a literaturereview is to identify the broad problem area and indicate why it is important” (Pattent, 35).
Literature Synthesis Creating a Synthesis“A key to creating a synthesis is to write a review thatmoves from subtopic to subtopic (not from one study toanother), while citing whatever studies are relevant for each topic” (Pattent, 39).
SourcesLorch, E. P., Milich, R., Flake, R. A., Ohlendorf, J., & Little, S. (2010). A developmental examinationof story recall and coherence among children with ADHD. Journal Of Abnormal ChildPsychology, 38(3), 291-301.Freer, B. D., Hayden, A., Lorch, E. P., & Milich, R. (2011). The stories they tell: Story productiondifficulties of children with ADHD. School Psychology Review, 40(3), 352-366.Schottelkorb, A. A., & Ray, D. C. (2009). ADHD symptom reduction in elementary students: Asingle-case effectiveness design. Professional School Counseling, 13(1), 11-22.Patten, M. L. (2009). Understanding research methods (Seventh Edition ed., p. 35 & 39).Glendale, CA: Pyrczak Publishing.Microsoft PowerPointGoogle Images