Funding Inpatient Care
Containing costs but maintaining quality of care
Dr Chantal Licoppe
Belgo-lebanese week – February 2013
Hospital care represents a large part of public health
Hospital expenses account for almost 50% of health
Allow access to care to each citizen
At moderate cost
Public funding must
Use public money adequately
Respect equity between care institutions
Promote responsibility of providers
Allow use of innovating techniques
Evolution of Belgian Funding model
1963-1982: ‘normal’ price per day, based on real expenses
1975: choice between normal price revisable afterword's, and
‘expected price’, non modifiable.
Issue: the more days of care, the more resources allocated
1982: introduction of new concept called
‘budgetary envelope’ to limit increasing LOS
Budget = Quota of patient-days x fixed per diem price
‘Quota’ : maximum nr of days = 95% of observed days in
reference year (1980)
Issue: method was too restrictive
1986: start of a new and different financing system.
Quota of days becomes normative instead of historical
System accounts for differences between hospitals
Hospital - Enterprise
‘AR n 407 of 8 August 1987 ‘
principles of the ‘Hospital-Enterprise’ concept,
Applicable to all hospitals, public & private
Clearly defines 2 levels of job responsibilities:
Managing Director at general strategy level
Managing Director at daily managing activities level
Via law, the Authorities will promote more succesful
hospital management for sustainability, with
continuous cost reduction and better use of public
Efficacy of regulation based on
Budget of financial means before 2002
(quota in fn of beds)
/ Agreed beds
Financing the hospital structure
6 Nor patient nor medical necessity is taken into account
Reformation of hospital financing - 2002
« Le principe d’efficacité requiert qu’on ait recours de
la manière la plus économique possible aux soins de
santé, en tant que bien social financé
solidairement, et que l’octroi et l’affectation des
moyens se fassent sur la base de considérations
relatives à l’utilité.
Cela suppose qu’on se base sur les besoins du patient
(…). L’essentiel de cette politique consiste à
responsabiliser davantage les acteurs du système des
soins de santé (…) ».
Ministre Fédéral de la Santé
BMF after 2002
• influences all parts
of hospital financing
• Allows global
CASE MIX reporting
Norms – NLOS…
(Age categories …)
Allocation of justified LOS
based on Case Mix,
modulated by type of
pathology and severity
Financing is centered on the patient & his needs, with regulation
‘BUDGET’ & RISK MANAGEMENT
Unit of Payment
source: N. Goldfield
Activity Per Diem Per Case Episode Capitation
Risk shift = f(financing system).
Financing based on pathologies
Startpoint: law of 25 April 2002 (BS 30/05/02)
1. The nr of agreed beds as financing unit is obsolete.
The new metric is the ‘justified beds’.
2. A bed justification depends on its use.
The treated pathologies are grouped in 3M APR-DRGs
3. The classical funding based on ‘per diem’ is replaced by a
Budget of financial means (BMF).
4. The BMF depends on the number & the type of patients
treated ; they translate into ‘justified activities’.
5. How the BMF is computed and used in Belgium is the
topic DR Mehalaine is going to explain to you now.
La semaine Belge au Liban 26 February 2013