What are storyboards?• Alongside the screenplay they are the first stage of planning and designing a film.• They are a visual text depicting a scene or action – they convey a visual story.• The purpose of doing them is to give the director a sense of how the film will look before the camera starts shooting. It saves time and money and is also useful for all the crew.
What are storyboards?• They involve accurately drawn images of the shots and written directions for sound, SFX, mise en scene and editing (duration of shot and types of cut . )• Directors use storyboards on set to shoot the film and also in the edit suite to help edit the final version of the film.• Some directors animate their storyboards and screen them to give the cast and crew an idea of what the final film should be like (animatics)• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xA8yNSVuYxo&fe ature=related• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rE6-iDDlWNI
Think Visually!• The key is to think visually• Also to think creatively – a birds eye view or aerial ELS may be more interesting to establish a scenes location than a standard ELS.
Storyboard Images• You do not need to be the best at drawing in the world!• However the characters need to go beyond stick men.• Above all they need to show the shot accurately – a close up if it is a close up and a medium shot if it is a medium shot!• You must include backgrounds also – show the settings!
• Try to abide by the ‘Rule of Thirds’ also to make well framed shots!
Movement in Storyboards• Arrows should be added to the images drawn to show either …• movement of the camera• Or movement of objects within the frame
Storyboard Layouts• There are different ways of laying out your storyboards• The way we will do this is outlined here…
Your image should demonstrate the You must include a description of your Describe the diegetic use of technical codes (camera and non-diegetic shot/angle/movement and cinematography – you can use abbreviations to do this sound - including lighting)and the use of visual codes. dialogue quickly INT: Inside Trinity’s hotel room Non – diegetic ECU of Trinity – eyeline 9 Low key lighting match dramatic dance style soundtrack. Trinity ( in a black Diegetic sirens leather jacket) with MS of police man places her arms in centre of shot behind her head Dialogue:Policeman through her held up #1: “Stick em up.” but looks angry and determined. arms The policeman is behind her looking determined and is 2 seconds Straight cut moving forward to handcuff her. Include a description of all mise en sceneYou must number your and lighting.shots so you know the This is to show the You should alsoorder and it will help to This will show the pace type of cut that include INT/EXT toshow if the narrative define the location of of the editing needs to be usedstructure makes sense. the shot at the end of the shot (editing)
Abbreviations and written details• ECU, CU, MS, LS, ELS• OS – over the shoulder shot• POV – Point of view shot• Pan/track – left /right/ forward
Storyboarding Task• In groups storyboard the opening of this film:• A woman walks down the high street at night• She hears a noise from behind her and looks around• She looks scared and continues walking but faster• We can hear footsteps behind her and she