When do I write about representation ?• You should be writing about representation in• Question 1: Unseen analysis• Question 2: may ask you for the short answer questions• Question 3: Will either focus on Representation OR Audience.
Question 3• This is the second long answer question.• If you get asked to write about representation here – they will focus on one social group/place/idea.• Your case studies include:- Gender (men and women)- Ethnicity ( Asian heritage characters)- National Identity (India)- Regional Identity (London)- Age (teenagers and old people)- Issues- Events (The summer Riots)- In January’s exam the students got GENDER but this does not mean that you will not get MEN or WOMEN in the exam so make sure you revise these social groups as well.
Revision• Look over you homework essays• Look over and organise your class notes• Watch and read through your case studies for each topic again – so they are fresh in your minds!• Many of these are on the MS1 blog
How to answer questions• You will have around 45 minutes to answer this questions• For any question you must include the minimum of 3 case studies!• You must state for the examiner what the group/place/idea that you will be exploring is – in your introductions.• Always include an introduction and conclusion- you can prepare these and learn them for the exam!
How to answer questions• The examiner will be looking for the following things….- A well argued essay- A clear understanding of representation (and stereotyping) and why the media uses them!- A clear understanding of your case study (e.g. India) with the traditional stereotypes outlined and also maybe progressive contemporary representations/stereotypes too- early on in your essays.- WHY the media texts are representing the group/place this way.- That your points are well supported with detailed evidence from the media texts (3) –showing off your media terminology (VAT codes)- Also introduce each media text (briefly) and reference well with date of release and director – remember they must be contemporary so prove it!
Group Task: Introductions• What you must include in any representation question introduction….- What representation is – define it- What are stereotypes?- Why does the media use stereotypes so often?- Introduce the group you will be exploring (choose one)- If you want to be really clever – you can explore what MEDIATION is also when defining representation!
Useful Quotes for Introductions! • “The media is not a window on the world – it is a distorting mirror.” • (John Pilger – media critic)• “The media is the most powerful entity on earth. They have the power to make the innocent guilty and the guilty innocent, and that’s power. Because they control the minds of the masses.” ( Malcolm X) “All media exists to invest our lives with artificial perceptions” (Marshall McLuhan)“We are so cleverly manipulated and influenced by the media that the truth has become hopelessly lost.” (Jules Carlysle) LEARN ONE AND USE IT!!
Writing about case studiesa) Introduce the case study: Four lions (2011) is a controversial British film directed by Chris Morris that focuses upon four hopeless Asian suicide bombers (Omar, Waj, Faisal, Barry and Hassan) living in the north of England and making plans to bomb the UK.
Writing about case studiesb) Outline the representation within the media text.At the beginning of the film the four characters appear to fit one of the traditional stereotypes of Asian men that we often see in the media – The Terrorist (evil, clever and calculated, serious and brutal – often very religious.)However as the film progresses we begin to realise that Morris’ representation is actually challenging this stereotype by the use of satire (Comedy genre) and the characters appear stupid, inept and their plans to bomb the London Marathon fall apart due to their idiocy. We laugh at the idea of the stereotype.
c) Prove your point!This is where you need to include evidence(key scenes) from the media text to support the previous points – don’t forget to use your VAT codes!
d) Then finally ( to get the top marks) you need to explore WHY the producer represented this group this way.Morris has deliberately aimed to get us to laugh at the idea ( and our preconceptions) that all young Asian men are terrorists- trying to get the white British audience to see the truth!He does this though the use of Comedy (satire.)Could link to the issue of Islamaphobia in British society.