Alternative Narratives Narrative = ________________The same story can be told in many different ways.When studying and creating narratives for film andtelevision drama, we do not focus on the story, but theway the story is told.How did Vantage Point (2008) offer an alternative narrative?How was information given to the audience manipulated?Did your understanding or relationship to any character change throughout the film?How did your experience of watching Vantage Point differ to watching a traditionalnarrative?What other films or TV dramas are you aware of that contain an alternative narrative?
Classical NarrativeFor thousands of years stories have been told following verysimilar patterns. These same techniques and structures areused by media texts to tell a story and connect with anaudience.The 4 main theorists we will examine are:TodorovProppLevi-StraussBarthesUsing Shrek (2001) as an example of a classical narrative, how many of the above theoriescan you apply to the film?Todorov: Structuring NarrativesPropp: Characters and their functionsLevis-Strauss: Binary Opposites and ConflictBarthes: Enigmas
Narrative devicesIn your own productions, distinction quality workis that which demonstrates:CreativityFlairOriginalitySurprising use of codes and conventionsA narrative device is a technique used to tell a story. Narrative devices have the ability to: Move the story forward Organise time and space Manipulate audience understanding of events and charactersLinearNon-LinearFlashbackFlash-forwardMulti-strand NarrativesPoint of View1st Person Narration3rd Person NarrationOpen and Closed narrativeCliff hangersSplit ScreenReal timeRealist/Anti RealistHow many of these can you recognise in the texts we have studied so far? How could youincorporate them into your own ideas?