Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Modernism & Post Modernity

45,676 views

Published on

Published in: Spiritual, Technology
  • DOWNLOAD FULL. BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD FULL. BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • You might get some help from DigitalEssay.net Success and best regards!
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Modernism & Post Modernity

  1. 1. A2 Theory and MethodsModernity and Post- Modernity
  2. 2. Mass Production Community life Family Science aided progress and finding the truth Social class Modernity Nationhood A belief incontinuity and Overt social situation control A role for A one-way education media Structure/security/place/stability YOU KNEW WHO YOU WERE
  3. 3. Fragmentation of social life Globalisation Search for has narrowed truth time and People less space likely to Modern age has lost the enlightenment follow rigid ideology Consumerism is all Postmodernism Greater pluralism in modern life The impact of ICT on social life No absolutes Culture andTransformation Traditional labels structures are of the self and categories fragmented (‘pick ‘n’ mix’) loose relevance Less predictable Confusion/lack of structure/ incessant choice YOU CREATE WHO YOU WANT TO BE
  4. 4. Post-modernism illustrated – ‘reality TV’ & ‘Disneyland’Reality TV illustrates the interchangebetween the consumer and the mediaThey are ‘real people’ who can beobserved and scrutinised. Disneyland is a simulacra. It is They do not entertain – rather than simulated reality. It is artificial – yet exist…they are a mish-mash of cctv ‘real’. surveillance and game show In the real world they are talentless It is a place that exists and is nobodys who are treated as stars accepted because our imagination makes it so. The fine line between reality and fantasy is ‘greyer’. The power of the symbol over substance
  5. 5. Modernity & Globalisation The Enlightenment Project• Modernist theories e.g. Marxism are part of the project- the idea that through reason and science, we can discover true knowledge and progress to a better society
  6. 6. Find evidence of your own contact with globalisation:1. Look at the labels in your clothes/shoes and find four different countries in which they have been produced.2. Identify four events in distant parts of the world that you have seen on TV in the last month.3. Identify four global brand names you have seen advertised in this country or, if possible, seen in other countries.
  7. 7. Globalisation- growing interconnectedness of societiesOccurring for several reasons:1. Technological changes e.g. Internet/ air travel2.Economic changes e.g. Growth of transnational companies (TNC’s)3.Political changes e.g. Fall of communism & growth of transnational bodies have created opportunities for global capitalism4.Changes in culture and identity
  8. 8. Rapid changes linked to globalisation have led to new questions:• What kind of society do we now live in- modern/ new postmodern society?• What kind of theory can explain today’s society?- postmodernism/new version of modernism?• The Enlightenment project- can we achieve true knowledge to improve society? Three theories offer answers: PM, theories of Late modernity, Marxist theories of PM
  9. 9. What is PM?http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QqsP0vQJJ44&feature=related
  10. 10. Postmodernism• We now live in a new era• There are no objective criteria to prove whether a theory is true therefore any theory claiming to have the truth about how to create a better society e.g. Marxism is a meta narrative- someone’s version of reality. They are no longer sufficient to make sense of our changing world• We should celebrate the diversity of views rather than seek to impose one version of the truth
  11. 11. • They do not accept the ideas of the Enlightenment project- do not believe in the power of Science to solve all social and environmental problems.• Media produces an endless stream of images, making culture unstable and fragmented; there is no longer a coherent set of shared values. People cease to believe any one version of the truth• Identity becomes destabilised: we can change it simply by changing our consumption patterns, picking and mixing media-produced images to define ourselves
  12. 12. What criticisms of PM are there? Page 255
  13. 13. Theories of Late Modernity• Unlike Postmodernism, theories of late modernity (TLM) argue that today’s rapid changes are not the dawn of a new postmodern era, but a continuation of modern society.• We are now in late or high modernity. Key features of modernity have now become intensified; e.g. change has always been typical of modern society, but now it has gone into overdrive.• TLM subscribe to the Enlightenment project.
  14. 14. Giddens reflexivity and high modernity• High modernity has two key features that encourage globalisation and rapid change:• Disembedding – no longer need face to face contact in order to interact. Disembedding breaks down geographical barriers and make interaction more impersonal.• Reflexivity: Tradition and custom no longer serve as a guide to how we should act.• We are thus forced to become reflexive – to reflect on and modify our actions in the light of information about risks.• This means we are continually re-evaluating our ideas. Under these conditions, cultures becomes increasingly unstable.
  15. 15. • Disembedding and Reflexivity account for rapid and widespread nature of social change in high modernity• By enabling social interaction to spread rapidly across the globe, they help to drive the process of globalisation
  16. 16. Beck: risk society• We now face new high consequence risks, e.g. environmental harm. Beck calls these ‘manufactured risks’ as they result from technology, not nature.• Like Giddens Beck sees late modernity as a period of growing individualisation, in which we become increasingly reflexive. Tradition no longer governs how we act. As a result we have to think for ourselves and reflect on the possible consequences of our choice of action
  17. 17. Evaluate TLM pg 257
  18. 18. Marxist Theories of Post modernity• Like Beck & Giddens (& unlike PM’s) they believe in the Enlightenment project for achieving objective knowledge and using it to improve society• However they agree with PM’s that we have moved from modernity to postmodernity• But do not see it as a new society but merely the most recent stage of capitalism• To understand modernity we must examine its relationship with capitalism
  19. 19. Flexible accumulation• Postmodernity arose out of the capitalist crisis of the 1970’s (end of the economic boom) which gave rise to a new way of achieving profitability (Flexible accumulation)• It involves the use of ICT, an expanded service and finance sector, job insecurity and working ‘flexibility’ to fit employers needs.• It involves production of customised products for ‘niche’ markets (rather than mass markets) and brings many of the features of postmodernity
  20. 20. The features include:• Customised products promote cultural diversity• Easy switching of production from one product to another• Leisure, culture and identity become commodities produced for profit• Global finance markets and ICT produce compression of time and space• It brings about political changes, especially the weakening of the WC movement. In its place, a variety of oppositional movements emerge e.g. feminism, environmentalism
  21. 21. Summary• We have moved from modernity to postmodernity however Marxist views differ in two ways:1. They retain a faith in Marxist theory as a means of explaining these changes2.They argue that the goal of Enlightenment project- to change society for better- can still be achieved

×