Contemporary policiesViolence against women: the numbersStudies done by the British Crime Survey showthat:* nearly one in three women have experienceddomestic violence* nearly one in four women have experiencedsome form of sexual assault* 39 per cent of women say that the fear of crimeimpacts on their quality of life* nearly one in ten women say they have beenstalked* 40 per cent of victims of serious sexual assaulttell nobody. The Forced Marriage Unit (FMU) is a joint-initiative with the Home Office. In 2009 FMU gave advice or support to 1682 cases. 86 percent of these cases involved females and 14 percent involved males.
Surveillance:Football banning ordersDesigned to stop potential troublemakers PR OACTIVEfrom travelling to football matches - bothat home and abroad. A PPROACHBanning orders are issued by the courtsfollowing a conviction of a football-related offence, or after a complaint bythe Crown Prosecution Service or a localpolice force.For an order to be issued, it must beproved that the accused person hascaused or contributed to football-relatedviolence or disorder and that an orderwill prevent them from misbehavingfurther.
Counter Terrorism Act 2008* Removal of the prohibition on post-chargequestioning. PR OACTIVE PPROACH* Longer terrorism sentences.* A register and monitoring for those convicted Aof terrorism related offences, similar to theViolent and Sex Offender Register.* Changes to some of the rules surrounding theuse of "intercept evidence".* Powers to seize the assets of convictedterrorists.* Police will be able to remove documents froma property search to decide whether or not theyneed to be legally seized as part of aninvestigation.* Greater use of DNA samples, and powers toallow the police to take fingerprints or DNA fromthose subject to a control order (these ordersare civil restraints, not criminal offences).
CCTV* There are around 1.5 million cameras in airports, stations, city centres andbig shops in the UK.* Each person in the UK is captured up to 30 times a day on CCTV.* Their efficacy is debateable: a 2008 study from the Metropolitan Police,indicates that only 3% of crimes are solved with CCTV evidence; one crimesolved per 1,000 cameras. DE TERRENT A PPROACH
Neighbourhood WatchPeer Visiting Programme – Neighbourhood Watch.Aims to strengthen the community by joining the forces of a number ofagencies to tackle neighbourhood issues.Developing key partnerships with other Neighbourhood Watch schemesnearby, it also wants greater involvement of younger people.In their short existence, they have already achieved some great things –such as improving their communal environment by pulling down a blockof garages that was attracting antisocial behaviour. PR OACTIVE A PPROACH
Nacro reduces crime by changing lives. Working with the most disadvantaged people, offenders and those at risk of offending, to help them find positive alternatives to crime.Nacro works with young people at risk of getting caught up in crime and withoffenders to help them participate positively in society.Nacro wants a safer, more inclusive society by implementing comprehensivepreventive and resettlement services available across England and Wales.Helping people access basic services, such as housing and education, andproviding opportunities for rehabilitation offer them the best chance of turningtheir lives around. RES TORATIVE JUSTICEhttp://www.nacro.org.uk/
Anti-Social BehaviourPolice have the many tools at their disposal, including:* warning letters and interviews, contracts and agreements* fixed penalty notices and penalty notices for disorder* parenting orders* individual support orders* noise abatement notices* injunctions* dispersal powers* anti-social behaviour orders*‘crack house’ closure orders and premises closure orders* possession proceedings* arrest and jail sentences.http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20100418065544/http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/anti-social-behaviour/