NCC Millennials Presenation


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Slides from my April 24 talk about teaching the Millennials, given at Nassau Community College, Long Island.

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  • Hello! Funny Introduction – Take it slow… I’m no expert – Keep the tone light… Think of this as a sharing session I want to hear YOUR stories and I want us to share stories and ideas as we go
  • NCC Millennials Presenation

    1. 1. Reaching & Teaching the Millennials One cynical Gen-Xer’s view… Stewart Brower, MLIS, AHIP University at Buffalo Health Sciences Library
    2. 2. What is a “generation?” <ul><li>A grouping of people, typically by birth years, that are defined by the historical and sociological experiences they have shared </li></ul><ul><li>Howe & Strauss, Millennials Rising </li></ul>
    3. 3. Defining the Generations <ul><li>Four major generations are currently at play (war?) in the world of learning: </li></ul><ul><li>Silent – born 1925-1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Boomers – born 1946-1963 </li></ul><ul><li>Gen-Xers – born 1964-1982 </li></ul><ul><li>Millennials – born post-1982 </li></ul>
    4. 4. Who are the Silent Generation? <ul><li>Described by William Manchester as &quot;withdrawn, cautious, unimaginative, indifferent, unadventurous and silent.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Stuck between the get-it-done G.I.s and the self-absorbed Boomers </li></ul><ul><li>David Foot, economist, argues that this is actually the most successful generation </li></ul><ul><li>Famous Silents: Colin Powell, Walter Mondale, Woody Allen, Martin Luther King, Jr., Sandra Day O’Connor, Elvis Presley </li></ul>
    5. 5. Who are Boomers? <ul><li>Defining events include the birth of television, the Civil Rights Movement, and fiscal prosperity </li></ul><ul><li>Also deaths of President Kennedy, Bobby Kennedy, and Dr. Martin Luther King; the Vietnam war and related protests; and the Watergate scandal </li></ul><ul><li>Boomers value health and wellness, personal growth, and involvement </li></ul>
    6. 6. Who are Gen-Xers? <ul><li>Characterized by an economic and psychological &quot;survivor&quot; mentality </li></ul><ul><li>Grew up very quickly amid rising divorce rates, latchkeys, violence and low expectations </li></ul><ul><li>The Challenger explosion, AIDS, hostage crises, Desert Storm, Nike (“Just Do It!”) </li></ul><ul><li>Independent, skeptical of authority, cautious in their commitments </li></ul>
    7. 7. Who are Millennials? aka… <ul><li>Millennials </li></ul><ul><li>“ Don’t Label Us” </li></ul><ul><li>Generation Y (or Gen Why) </li></ul><ul><li>Generation Text </li></ul><ul><li>Generation Next </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Generation 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Echo Boom </li></ul><ul><li>Boomer Babies </li></ul><ul><li>Generation Wired </li></ul>
    8. 8. Who are Millennials? <ul><li>Result of a backlash against the “hands-off” parenting of the 1970s – a protected ( coddled? ) generation </li></ul><ul><li>Raised in the 80s & 90s, Mils have only known economic prosperity and opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>College-age Mils mostly children of Boomers; younger Mils mostly children of Gen-Xers </li></ul><ul><li>Columbine, Power Rangers, cell phones, DVDs, Olsen Twins and 9-11 </li></ul><ul><li>“ They’re the most numerous, affluent, and ethnically diverse generation in American history.” - Strauss </li></ul>
    9. 9. Some Mil Statistics <ul><li>Numbering over 80 million, the Millennials outnumber the Boomer Generation by roughly 20 percent (78 million births 1980 – 99) </li></ul><ul><li>One Mil in five (20 %) has an immigrant parent </li></ul><ul><li>8 Mils in 10 plan on attending college </li></ul><ul><li>Over the next ten years, approximately 300,000 new freshmen will enter college each year </li></ul><ul><li>Pew Internet defines a “young tech elite,” averaging 22 years of age, that spends $161 a month on information goods and services </li></ul>
    10. 10. Americans Under 18 Years Old ~32% ~96.4 2005 25.9% 69.8 1998 25.7% 64.2 1990 28.0% 63.7 1980 34.0% 69.8 1970 35.7% 64.5 1960 31.1% 47.3 1950 Percent of Population Millions Year
    11. 11. More Mil statistics <ul><li>87 percent use e-mail regularly </li></ul><ul><li>28 percent of Mils under 12 have their own cell phones (going up) </li></ul><ul><li>Mil tweens (up to 13 years old) influence $190 billion in purchases annually </li></ul><ul><li>Mil teens (13 and over) influence $50 billion and spend $100 billion of their own money </li></ul><ul><li>$100 per teen per week on average </li></ul>
    12. 12. Seven Core Traits As identified by Howe & Straus in Millennials Go to College : <ul><li>Special </li></ul><ul><li>Sheltered </li></ul><ul><li>Confident </li></ul><ul><li>Team-Oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Conventional </li></ul><ul><li>Pressured </li></ul><ul><li>Achieving </li></ul>
    13. 13. Core Trait: Special <ul><li>Each parent thinks their child is special </li></ul><ul><li>Parents are more directly involved in their children’s college education than ever before (i.e. “Helicopter” Parents) </li></ul><ul><li>Mils want to think that their experiences, though shared, are special and unique to themselves </li></ul>
    14. 14. Core Trait: Sheltered <ul><li>Security, in homes and schools, has been a constant for Mils </li></ul><ul><li>Along with physical safety, Mils anticipate personal success in terms of career: high salaries, strong benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Technology as protector – trust-based relationships built with tech </li></ul>
    15. 15. Core Trait: Confident <ul><li>8 out of 10 Mil teens plan on attending college </li></ul><ul><li>Ninety percent of teens are “excited and happy about the future” </li></ul><ul><li>Eighty percent anticipate making over $50K by the time they turn 30 </li></ul><ul><li>3 out of 5 Mil children believe they could be President of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Confidence in the classroom: Mils will often strongly contest weak or less-than-perfect grades </li></ul>
    16. 16. Core Trait: Team-Oriented <ul><li>Unlike previous generations of learners, Mils often do work in small groups and have done so since kindergarten </li></ul><ul><li>Mils form political structures quickly and divide work accordingly </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes Mils will cover for each other’s weaknesses by doing each other’s work </li></ul><ul><li>This does not, however, indicate that Mils prefer group learning! </li></ul>
    17. 17. Core Trait: Conventional <ul><li>They “believe in Brand” – i.e. “Old Navy” </li></ul><ul><li>However, they will “change brands” easily to find the fit they want, including transferring between schools (“Swirling”) </li></ul><ul><li>They want to be “regular” students </li></ul><ul><li>Assignments that stress “originality” may be disturbing to them </li></ul>
    18. 19. Core Trait: Pressure <ul><li>Mils are worried about their grades </li></ul><ul><li>Mils recognize that school performance may reflect their future success or failure </li></ul><ul><li>The Holy Trinity: Job, Car & School </li></ul><ul><li>Mils highly structured and busy lifestyles often add to the pressure and they will often try radical measures to find relief – including cheating on exams or plagiarism </li></ul>
    19. 20. Core Trait: Achieving <ul><li>High expectations, demanding schedules, and competitive parents </li></ul><ul><li>Most Mils (60.2%) expect to earn a B average or better in college </li></ul><ul><li>More and more Mils are going for advanced degrees </li></ul><ul><li>Mils do not necessarily connect their goals to their efforts – Clear guidance must be given to Mils to help them understand the amount of work required to achieve in higher education </li></ul><ul><li>The Myth of Multitasking Millennials </li></ul>
    20. 21. Millennials and Tech <ul><li>Grew up on videogames, PCs, cell phones </li></ul><ul><li>Have been online a “long time,” averaging between five and seven years </li></ul><ul><li>Assumption among Boomer and X-er faculty that this generation of students is information-savvy </li></ul>
    21. 22. Tech Change & Fragmentation <ul><li>Accustomed to rapid technological change in communications, and have come to expect this type of change in all aspects of their lives </li></ul><ul><li>Postmodern conditions in which they have been raised, characterized by consumerism, superficiality, and knowledge fragmentation </li></ul>
    22. 23. Mil Learning Style Preferences <ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comfort levels in using technology as a tool of learning are high </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potentials for abuse are likewise high – Plagiarism, for example </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the web to teach things that are best learned independently and that require some degree of evaluative skill </li></ul></ul>
    23. 24. <ul><li>Visual Learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mils grew up with sophisticated multimedia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Average student retains 20 – 30 percent of what they see versus 10 percent of what they read </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Nonlinear, nonsequential” holistic modes of learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give instructions with flowcharts or graphics (especially when the instructions are detailed) </li></ul></ul>
    24. 25. <ul><li>Customization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Think the (ugh) “Microsoft” way: pull-down menu vs. button bars vs. keyboard shortcuts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give them choices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider developing two or three different kinds of assignments for a course module, so students can select the kind of assignment that works best for them </li></ul></ul>
    25. 26. <ul><li>Group Activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unlike previous generations of learners… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peer-to-Peer Learning significantly enhances Active Learning principles in the classroom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can we take “Think-Pair-Share” to a new level? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engage the students every ten minutes </li></ul></ul>
    26. 27. The “Nintendo” Factor How do Mils really learn? Trial and Error!
    27. 28. Connectivism: The major points <ul><li>A new learning theory being developed by George Siemens: </li></ul><ul><li>Learning has an end goal - namely the increased ability to &quot;do something&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Learning is a process of connecting specialized nodes or information sources. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning happens in many different ways – Courses are not the primary conduit for learning </li></ul>
    28. 29. Subject-Centered Learning <ul><li>Significantly different from the “Student-Centered” model </li></ul><ul><li>A model supported by connectivism theory </li></ul><ul><li>Put the “thing” in the middle </li></ul><ul><li>Engaged, interactive, working students who consult with the instructor </li></ul><ul><li>Dissect, identify, understand, explain </li></ul><ul><li>Let students discover the connections and report them back to you </li></ul><ul><li>Expect chaos in the classroom </li></ul>
    29. 30. “Sage on the Stage” is dead… <ul><li>Use technology to teach “small stuff” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Screencasting, blogging, podcasting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For online tutorials, think “quick & easy” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reserve classroom time for the “big stuff” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discussions (not just lecture) on thought-provoking topics and issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In-class hands-on activities linked to specific learning objectives – Learning by doing/Case study methods </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Evaluate and assess constantly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Courseware for quizzes and assignments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Turningpoint” audience response systems </li></ul></ul>
    30. 31. “Teaching Naked…” <ul><li>Use Email to Create More Class Time </li></ul><ul><li>Use Online Tests to Create More Class Time </li></ul><ul><li>Quizzes before Classes: No More Unprepared Students </li></ul><ul><li>The Inverted Classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Lectures of Wonder </li></ul>
    31. 32. Motivate, guide, and give them the benefit of your wisdom… <ul><li>Share in their optimism </li></ul><ul><li>Take advantage of their comfort in using technology </li></ul><ul><li>Tell them plainly what you expect them to learn and why it will benefit them </li></ul><ul><li>Students are still motivated by their grades, but poor grades do not necessarily motivate better behaviors </li></ul>
    32. 33. One other thing about the Mils…
    33. 34. “ They will listen when faculties tell them there is a base of knowledge that [they] should have…” “ They will tend to take more of the long view, which reflects their optimism. They are prepared to lay the foundation for something that comes later.” Q&As from Neil Howe and William Strauss, authors of Millennials Rising
    34. 35. Thanks for Listening!