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Haiti smith


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Haiti smith

  1. 1. Haiti<br />Women, Life, and Reality<br />
  2. 2. Some Facts<br />Population: 9,035,536 (July 2009 estimate)<br />Capital: Port au Prince Area: 10,714 square miles (27,750 sq km) <br />Bordering Country: The Dominican Republic<br />Coastline: 1,100 miles (1,771 km) <br />Highest Point: Chaine de la Selle at 8,792 feet (2,680 m)<br />
  3. 3. A Little Bit of History<br />40 years of research<br />Women and children still the focus of violence<br />Political wars<br />Natural Disasters<br />Floods<br />Earthquakes<br />
  4. 4. A Little Bit of History<br />Until the early part of the twentieth century, the lakou, an extended family defined along male lines, was the principal family form. <br />By the mid-twentieth century, the nuclear family had become the norm among peasants. <br />The lakou survived as a typical place of residence<br />the cooperative labor and the social security provided by these extended families disappeared. <br />Family life among the traditional elite is extrememlydifferent from that of the lower class<br />Civil and religious marriages were the norm <br />
  5. 5. Haiti Today<br />2004 - a rebel group of anti-government gangs and demobilized soldiers began to seize towns<br />President Jean-Baptiste Aristide forced into exile<br />Not sure if the rise in cases is due to widespread violence, or asking women to speak out<br />At least 35,000 women were subject to sexual violence around the capital from 2003 to 2005<br />more than half were younger than 18 years<br />
  6. 6. Haiti Today<br />Before 2004 the Gheskio Centre saw a handful of requests HIV testing due to sexual assaults<br />In 2006 numbers rose to between 40 or 50 cases a month<br />many of them gang rapes<br />In the beginning the victims didn’t know their attackers<br />Now many of the victims know their attackers <br />
  7. 7. Haiti Today<br />In 2005 rape was reclassified as a stand-alone crime carrying a maximum sentence of life imprisonment<br />previously it was categorized as part of the wider crime of sexual molestation<br />Adultery had gender double standards<br />For a man it was only recognized if it was actually committed in the marital bed<br />For a woman the location did not matter <br />This distinction has now been done away with. <br />
  8. 8. Haiti Today<br />Most cases of violence against women are never formally investigated, prosecuted and punished by the justice system <br />This sends the message violence and discrimination against women will be tolerated<br />The prevalence of discrimination against women is an additional barrier for women victims of violence to access justice<br />
  9. 9. Haiti Today<br />Sexual violence perpetrators enjoy impunity<br />women are often too ashamed to testify against their attacker<br />when the assailant is a man in uniform, too scared.<br />14%of sexual assault were attributed to the police<br />Police insist they "do not tolerate such acts“<br />Behavior of the police on the streets has been denounced by human rights organizations and sex workers.<br />
  10. 10. Haiti Today<br />For survivors of sexual violence, certain free services, including free medications, need to be in place. <br />Women first need access to medical care, and then to the police, should they elect to report the crime<br />They also need to be directed to other necessary services such as counseling and psychosocial support. <br />The ingredients for these treatments exist in very few clinics<br />obtaining PEP and emergency contraception–the key contents of the United Nations post-rape kit–remains contentious<br />
  11. 11. In Summary<br />With years of struggle, political up rise, and natural disasters – years of battles to come<br />The women of Haiti have just begun their battle<br />Work on prevention, acceptance, independence<br />L'UNION FAIT LA FORCE (Union Makes Strength) is the motto associated with flag<br />
  12. 12. References<br />Inter American Commission on Human Rights. “The Right of Women in Haiti to be Free from Violence and Discrimination.” Executive Summary and Introduction (March 10, 2009): 26. April 2, 2011.<br />IRN Global. “HAITI: Treatment centre reports rising sexual violence and HIV .” PlusNewsGlobal Version (2007): 2. April 1, 2011.<br />
  13. 13. References<br />OHCHR.“OHCHR in Haiti (2008-2009) .” OHCHR (2009): Pages. April 1, 2011<br />OHCHR. “OHCHR in Haiti (2006-2007) .” OHCHR (2007): 1. April 1, 2011<br />United Nations Human Rights Office of the High Commissioner. “UN Independent Expert on Haiti: “Impunity must end”.” Display News (2011): 1. April 1, 2011<br />