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Plagiarism 5.3

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ECI 716

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Plagiarism 5.3

  1. 1. 5.3 Guidelines for Selecting In-text or Parenthetical Citations<br />
  2. 2. 5.3 Guidelines for selecting in-text or parenthetical citations<br />Avoiding unintentional plagiarism requires you to follow so many rigid rules that this lesson should be a relief.<br />There are no absolute rules about whether to use in-text or parenthetical citations.<br />There are some general guidelines that should help you decide which to use.<br />
  3. 3. 5.3 Guidelines for selecting in-text or parenthetical citations<br />Use a parenthetical citation when:<br />You have not appropriately identified the author, or title of the work if no author is provided, in an in-text citation and you need to provide information about the location of information in your source.<br />(Required information might include page, paragraph, section, act, scene, or line numbers.)<br />
  4. 4. 5.3 Guidelines for selecting in-text or parenthetical citations<br />Use a parenthetical citation when:<br />You have appropriately identified the author, or title of the work if no author is provided, in an in-text citation, but you still need to provide information about the location of information in your source<br />
  5. 5. 5.3 Guidelines for selecting in-text or parenthetical citations<br />Use a parenthetical citation when:<br />You have cited the author in the text but need to specify which work because you are using more than one work by the same author.<br />
  6. 6. 5.3 Guidelines for selecting in-text or parenthetical citations<br />Use a parenthetical citation when:<br />You have identified the original source in your text but could only find the information quoted in a secondary source. <br /><ul><li>According to Samuel Raines, the crime rate in Peoria has sky-rocketed in the last ten years (qtd. in Jones 33).</li></li></ul><li>5.3 Guidelines for selecting in-text or parenthetical citations<br />Use a parenthetical citation when:<br />Your information comes from more than one source (in-text citations would be too bulky).<br />
  7. 7. 5.3 Guidelines for selecting in-text or parenthetical citations<br />It isn’t wrong to use a parenthetical citation instead of an in-text citation, but there are some situations in which you might prefer an in-text citation.<br />
  8. 8. 5.3 Guidelines for selecting in-text or parenthetical citations<br />Use an in-text citation when:<br />You are referring to the author of your source, and identifying his or her credentials would lend authority to information that seems opinion-based.<br />
  9. 9. 5.3 Guidelines for selecting in-text or parenthetical citations<br />Use an in-text citation when:<br />You are citing a work with a corporate author (e.g. government agency, professional organization) and want to avoid a distractingly long parenthetical citation.<br />Note: If you are using APA format, you are probably writing in a discourse community such as the social sciences that does not mind long parenthetical citations.<br />
  10. 10. 5.3 Guidelines for selecting in-text or parenthetical citations<br />Let’s practice.<br />Select a scholarly, peer-reviewed article from your field of interest.<br />Locate three in-text citations and three parenthetical citations.<br />Explain what considerations might have influenced the author’s decisions about when to use an in-text or parenthetical citation.<br />If your source only uses one kind of citation, do not look for another source. Explain why you think this may be the case.<br />

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