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Dossier Presidential Elections Venezuela 2013


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Dossier Presidential Elections Venezuela 2013

  2. 2. Venezuela Presidential Elections 2013 2General Characteristics of the Project 3Scale 3Technology 3Services 5Audits and Tests 6Voting Process 8Relevant news 9Appreciation of the Venezuelan voting system 17About Venezuela 1901DOSSIERTable of ContentsPRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONSVENEZUELA 2013
  3. 3. DOSSIERVenezuela Presidential Elections 201302Venezuela held its closest presidential election in 40 years this past Sunday, April 14. Withan auditable, automated voting system featuring several technical resources, the capabilityto perform multiple verifications of the election results is guaranteed.Since 2004, Venezuela has seen 12 national elections with Smartmatic’s electoral solution.360 million votes have been cast and correctly counted, certifying the successful performanceof the automated voting platform, with which every political figure in the country has wonand lost.This presidential election underwent 15 audits, certified by all political parties in the race.After the polls closed on Election Day, 53% of the voting machines were audited (approx.21,000), verifying that the will of the voters reflected on the voting vouchers matched theprecinct counts, which were printed out before results transmissions took place.For the third time in a national election, Smartmatic’s biometric voter authentication systemwas used, in order to prevent identity theft and to guarantee the “one voter, one vote”principle. The preparation of some 47,000 voting machines, together with the same numberof biometric authentication devices and e-ballots; and the deployment of all the electoralmaterials to 13,557 polling centres in just 34 days - those were the challenges that Smartmaticsuccessfully faced.A voter turnout of approximately 79%, of a total of 18,802,834 citizens able to vote, representsa good measure of the level of trust that Venezuelans have on their e-voting system.PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONSVENEZUELA 2013
  4. 4. 03DOSSIERGeneral Characteristics of the ProjectScaleDuring these presidential elections, just like in the two previous elections in 2012, Venezuelamade electoral history by carrying out a fully automated election. This meant automatingevery step, from the preparation of the voting instruments, to the biometric authenticationof voters, up to the publication of results.The electoral platform used had the following extent:39,018 voting machines (models SAES-4000, SAES-4200 and SAES-4300) plus 7,394contingency machines distributed among 2,466 polling centers for contingencies.39,322 polling stations distributed in 13.557 polling centers. Of these, 304 were in the126 diplomatic offices Venezuela has around the world, where 100,309 Venezuelanvoters living overseas cast their ballots.The electoral platform was configured to capture, count and securely transmit the votesof the 18,802,834 registered voters nationwide.77,452 operators performed tasks such as: system integration, tech support, inventorycontrol, totaling, etc.47,924 pieces of equipment were deployed, including voting machines, emergencymachines, and laptop computers.The States with the most voters, and therefore the most polling centers/stations, were:Zulia, with 1,215 polling centers and 4,580 stations; Miranda: 1,040 polling centers and3,852 stations; Lara: 990 centers and 2,537 stations; and Distrito Capital, with 899 pollingcenters and 3,207 stations.TechnologyAlthough the Smartmatic voting machines are the most visible evidence of the arsenal of electoraltools in use in Venezuela, they’re not the only ones. Others, such as the E-Day Monitor or theReal-Time Electoral Information System, were key in guaranteeing the electoral platform’saccurate performance and the project’s success. What follows are descriptions of the technologiesused in the process:E-Day Monitor: Key tool monitoring and controlling thousands of variables, such aslogistic and operational processes that happen before and during the election.Election Day Management System (EMS): Application in charge of generating allthe necessary instruments for an electronic election, from the postulation of candidatesto voter registration and ballot layout.PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONSVENEZUELA 2013
  5. 5. DOSSIER04PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONSVENEZUELA 2013SAES-4300: Touch-screen voting machine featuring auser-friendly interface, that records and transmits votes.It has a built-in printer for voting vouchers and precinctcounts.SAES-RSA (Remote Session Activator): Our tool tobiometrically identify voters, in order to activate votingsessions. As it eliminates voter impersonation, it guaranteesthe “one voter, one vote” principle.VP-1500 e-ballot: Electronic voting pad resemblinga traditional paper ballot, which makes it easy for thevoter to enter choice(s) while guaranteeing error-freeinput for all votes collected.1475802369Real-Time Electoral Information System (REIS): System in charge of processingelectoral results, including consolidation, publishing, and other related tasks.
  6. 6. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONSVENEZUELA 2013ServicesFor these elections, Smartmatic performed a series of services that went beyond the technicalaspect of voting:Selection, hiring and training of field personnel (Voting Machine Operators, SupportTechnicians, Information Station Operators, Operators of the National ContingencyTransmission Center, Totaling Technicians, Inventory Operators, Special Operators, andOperators of the National Support Center); staff for the National Support Center (CNS),the Regional Attention Centers (CAR), Regional Coordinators and staff for the Pre- andPost-event Audits.National Support Center Operation, which provided technical support to the variouscomponents involved in the process, to ensure a smooth and flawless performance.Operation of Quick Care Centers, which provided logistical support in each region. Thedeployment and withdrawal protocols of voting equipment were carried out there, andtheir status was checked as well. Also, monitoring and attendance reporting for eachof the field operators were conducted. Furthermore, the progress of the process wasmonitored through the Election Day Management System, in order to activate contingencyplans if necessary.Supplies for the voting machines and any other supplies/equipment requiredSupply and distribution of batteries as backup energy sourcesInstallation of the Contingency Transmission CentersPrinting of guides, manuals and protocols for the field personnelControl and follow-up of performance indicatorsPreparation of some 47,000 voting machines, operator training, voter education, engi-neering tests and mock electionsExecution of engineering testsProject management services and execution of the exclusive Smartmatic ProjectMethodology05DOSSIER
  7. 7. DOSSIERAudits and Tests06Although we only had 34 days to prepare and execute the elections, our 100% auditablevoting platform allowed performing all necessary technical tests to guarantee legitimateresults. All audits were certified by the different political parties participating. The followingis a summary of the audits and tests performed:1. Audit of the Electoral Data in the Voting Machines, March 13th to 15th. In this test,the information contained in the voting machines was checked and their configurationvalidated.2. Audit of the Voting Machine Software, March 14th. During this source code audit, itwas verified that the machine’s application program was in working order so as to save,tally, and transmit the votes correctly.3. Engineering Test, March 17th. The operability and fault-tolerance of the transmissionplatform was evaluated with favorable results.4. Audit of the Production of Voting Machines, March 21st to April 8th. This auditverified that the voting machines were primed and configured with the source codepreviously certified during the software audit. The process included a number of votingmachines (previously selected at random by the political organizations) and the subsequentexecution of the voting process in them, validating their correct operation.5. Audit of the Totaling Software, April 1st. This audit checked the source code of thesoftware used in the totaling center servers. This audit was most important, becausethis system receives the data, tallies it, awards the winners and publishes the results.6. Audit of the Technological Infrastructure of the National Totaling Center, April 8th.This was where technicians from the political parties checked the entire infrastructure(servers and communication components) in the data centers dedicated to totaling thevotes.7. Pre-dispatch Audit, April 9th. A full test of the electoral process, including voting,transmission, counting, totaling and later verification of the results by opening theballot boxes. This audit took place in the presence of representatives of the politicalparties.PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONSVENEZUELA 2013
  8. 8. 07DOSSIER8. Pre-election Telecommunications Audit, April 13th. This audit validated that theCANTV and MOVILNET networks used in the election to transmit the results operatedproperly (these are utility networks, completely isolated from the Internet).9. Citizen Verification, Phase I, April 14th. This took place after the polls closed, whenthe citizens checked that the will of the electorate (backed by voting vouchers) matchedthe data on the precinct counts. This verification was performed on a random sample ofover 50% of the voting machines.10.Post-electoral Telecommunications Audit. April 15th. In this process, it was verifiedthat the telecommunications network had the same configuration as during the pre-eventaudit, in order to guarantee that there were no changes during the election.11.Citizen Verification, Phase II, April 18th. Technicians from the National ElectoralCouncil and the political organizations verified that the will of the electorate (backed upby voting vouchers) matched the data on the precinct counts and the results in theNational Totaling Center at the end of Election Day. This test was performed on 1% ofthe polling centers, randomly chosen.PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONSVENEZUELA 2013
  9. 9. DOSSIERVoting Process081. The voter provideshis or her ID to a pollingstation official, who checksthis information againstthe registry.2. If the personis registered, his or herdetails will appear,including a phototo confirm identification.3. Then an authenticationdevice checks the voter’sfingerprint. If it’s a match,he or she can now vote.4. The voter proceedsto the voting machine.An operator pressesthe ‘activation’ buttonso voting can begin.5. Using the e-ballot,the voter simply pressesthe candidate or partyof his or her choice.6. Once selected,the voter verifieshis or her choiceon the voting machine’stouchscreen.7. The voter confirmshis or her choiceby pressing the ‘vote’button.8. The machine printsa paper voting voucher,reflecting the voter’schoice. The voter placeshis or her voucherin the ballot box.PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONSVENEZUELA 2013
  10. 10. El UniversalSuccessor of President Hugo Chávez will be chosen in 35 days | 03.10.2013April 14th 2013. This is the date agreed by the rectors of the National Electoral Council(CNE) to carry out elections to choose the political successor of Hugo Chávez. The candidatechosen in this process will be President for the 2013-2019 term. Some 18,903,143 voterscan participate in the elections, including 100,495 Venezuelans registered to vote overseas.án Yépez: Voting system is reliable | 03.10.2013When speaking of the current Venezuelan voting system, Yépez stated that it is “the mostup-to-date there is, the one with the greatest number of audits, guaranteeing that there isonly one vote per person, and has a fingerprint capture device that works as a controlmechanism”. expects Unasur visit before elections from March 17 to 22 | 02.13.2013Socorro Hernández, main rector of the National Electoral Council (CNE), ratified Wednesdaythat the invitations for the international accompaniment missions have been sent, and it isexpected that the South American Union of Nations (Unasur), one of the most importantorganisms summoned, will perform a pre-electoral visit on March 17-22, necessary to carryout revisions prior to the voting. Hernández also stated that the accompaniment missionproper will begin on April 7 and that preparations to sign an agreement with the organismare underway.ónInternational technicians witnessed engineering test at the CNE | 03.17.2013Electoral technicians from countries belonging to the Electoral Council of the South AmericanUnion of Nations (Unasur) and the Interamerican Union of Electoral Organisms (Uniore) arein the country to take part in the scheduled pre-electoral activities.This was informed by the president of the National Electoral Council, Tibisay Lucena, duringa statement criticising the interventionist opinions Roberta Jacobson, United States AssistantSecretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs. Lucena stated that last Sunday’s engi-neering test intended to verify the system’s proper operation was passed with flying colours. newsPRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONSVENEZUELA 2013
  11. 11. DOSSIER10CNEGuarantees for the April 14 elections are greater | 03.27.2013The National Electoral Council decided last Tuesday, March 26, to expand the voting guaranteesfor the April 14 elections by adding new measures to those decided last week. In a follow-upof the organism’s permanent session, the rectors agreed to invite representatives from theCarter Center as part of the international accompaniment program. The CNE reviewedapplications and postulates by political organizations partaking in the election in order to addnew guarantees that strengthen the transparency of the voting system. Among thesesuggestions, for instance, we have the addition of a witness per candidate in the transmissionroom of the Voter Information System (SIE). Chief: Venezuelan voting system is “critics- and doubt-proof” |03.29.2013For Carlos “Chacho” Álvarez, Chief of the Unasur Accompaniment Mission, the country’svoting system is “critics- and doubt-proof”, which translates into “great strength” for theupcoming presidential elections of April 14. Álvarez expressed his confidence in heading themission in Venezuela on April 14, since the South American nation has a trustworthy andreliable system. al DíaCNE: Last audit to the technological platform took place without incidents |04.09.2013The president of the National Electoral Council (CNE), Tibisay Lucena, informed that the lastaudit carried out on the technological process before the election took place “without anyproblems” and “in absolute tranquility”.“We are ready, prepared, very happy and satisfied with the Electoral Power, with the workthat we’ve done. The platform works perfectly and to its fullest capacity”, she stated. al DíaVicente Díaz: the Venezuelan voting system is very reliable | 04.10.2013Vicente Díaz, rector of the National Electoral Council (CNE), said that the Venezuelan votingsystem is “very reliable” and its technological aspects have been evaluated. He added thatthis is “the only 100% auditable e-voting system in the world”. He also stated that the CNE´smain strength is its technical side. ELECTIONSVENEZUELA 2013
  12. 12. 11DOSSIERCorreo del OrinocoDíaz Rangel: The Venezuelan voting system cannot be objected to | 04.10.2013“The voting system cannot be objected to, it’s bullet-proof, it’s the safest system in theworld”, stressed the director of Venezuelan newspaper Últimas Noticias, Eleazar Díaz Rangel,during an interview on Cruce de Palabras (Telesur). Díaz Rangel mentioned the recentpraises to the Venezuelan voting system by President Jimmy Carter, who characterizedit as “the best in the world”. OrientePre-dispatch audit done at the CNE | 04.10.2013In the presence of the diplomatic corps accredited in the country, and the accompanimentmissions of both the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) and the Inter AmericanUnion of Electoral Organisms (UNIORE), the pre-dispatch audit took place in the warehousesof the National Electoral Council. During this activity, the proper operation of 195 votingmachines was verified, which represented a sample of 0.5% of the 39,018 machines distributedthroughout the country; these machines were chosen at random by the representatives ofthe political parties each day of the manufacturing audit.ónRector Díaz guarantees that elections are ready from a technical standpoint |04.12.2013Vicente Díaz, rector of the National Electoral Coucnil (CNE), guaranteed that everything isready from a technical standpoint for next Sunday’s elections, despite the short preparationtime available. Díaz stated that the process is technically impeccable.ón RadioAlmost 600 observers will be deployed on 4/11 | 04.12.2013The observation duties will be concentrated on an instrument that shows that machines areonline only when results are transmitted, the random selection of ballot boxes for audits andvoter mobilization. ELECTIONSVENEZUELA 2013
  13. 13. DOSSIER12El UniversalInsulza designates special envoys for this Sunday’s elections | 04.12.2013Representing General Secretary Insulza, Bill Richardson, Governor of New Mexico, will betravelling as a special envoy together with the Secretary for External Relations of the OAS,Alfonso Quiñónez, as per a press release from the institute. 2013/130411/insulza-designa-enviados-especiales-para-elecciones-del-domingoPanoramaKnow the technological novelties the CNE has in store for the 4/14 PresidentialElections | 04.01.2013In order to keep strengthening the transparency of Venezuelan electoral processes, theNational Electoral Council (CNE) ratified their guarantees for the upcoming April 14 elections,and also passed additional measures that had been enforced in previous elections.During a press conference at the CNE headquarters the president of the electoral authority,TIbisay Lucena, detailed the following additions: the generation of a non-duplicity votingreport, the generation of a statistical report of the Integrated Authentication System (SAI),and the publication of the functions of electoral coordinators and officials working for thePlan República (military safeguarding of the process) in all polling centres.ía SuperzE-voting – a true technological revolution in politics | 04.12.2013Few countries in the world use e-ballots for their elections. The USA and some Europeancountries do, but in many parts of the world, Latin America included, e-voting is a long wayfrom being implemented. However, in Venezuela we can find one of the most perfecte-voting systems in the world; in a country with little over 30 million people, where in 14years there have been 15 elections. NacionalThe vote is secret and totally safeguarded | 04.13.2013The voting machines are programmed to make impossible to correlate the voter’s info to hischoice. Voting is direct, universal and secret, and there is no technological mechanism thatcan jeopardize it. The whole structure of the automated system is designed to guarantee it’sPRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONSVENEZUELA 2013
  14. 14. 13DOSSIERtamper-proof. There is no way to know who people voted for in the machines, since there isspecific software that makes retrieving that information impossible; that data is alsoencrypted. NacionalAnswers to the most common myths | 04.13.2013The voting machines are bidirectional: true. Every telecommunication device is bidirectional.This bidirectionality allows for the votes to be modified: false. The transmission of informationis unidirectional. If the machine sends data, it needs to receive a confirmation that thisencrypted data was received correctly (feedback). The audits carried out by the politicalparties certified that the information only arrives at the National Tallying Center of the CNE,and there is no information coming into the machines. The vote is not secret and informationabout the voter can be retrieved through the SAI: false.Últimas NoticiasOver 15 audits make the voting on 4/11 bullet-proof | 04.14.2013Fifteen technical audits are performed on the different components that make up the votingsystem. These include the Integrated Authentication System (SAI), the voting machine, thee-ballot, the Voter Identification System (SIE), the transmission mechanisms and the votetallying system. There is a piece of software that scrambles the sequence in which the votesare stored in the machine. The candidates have two additional witnesses at each poll. For theauthorities of the Electoral Power, and for the representatives of the political parties actingon behalf of their candidates at the CNE, there is no doubting that the vote is secret, andthat the voting system is unbreakable.Últimas NoticiasLucena: Voting system is invulnerable | 04.14.2013The limited time the National Electoral Council had to organize today’s presidential electionsdidn’t prevent the competing political parties from having the same guarantees as usual. Atleast 17 audits took place before the voting, and following requests from the representativesof the parties, new formulas that increase the observation of the several stages of theprocess are now in place. The president of the Venezuelan Electoral Power, TIbisay Lucena,PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONSVENEZUELA 2013
  15. 15. DOSSIER14PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONSVENEZUELA 2013told Últimas Noticias that “the vote is bullet-proof”, the automated system is invulnerableand beyond the political arguments to which the CNE has been dragged to, the organism hasworked with other institutions and the political parties themselves to guarantee that theelection takes place without incidents. UniversalThe secrecy of the vote is guaranteed | 04.14.2013Voting in Venezuela was and will be a secret affair; there is no evidence to the contrary. Thisstatement is backed up not only by technicians of the National Electoral Council (CNE)¸butalso the auditors accredited by the opposition to verify the operation of the voting system.All voters will have to use the Integrated Authentication System (SAI) before voting. Theapplication running on the machine never handles the vote and the voter’s identity at thesame time. UniversalLucena: election results will be a faithful representation of the will of the people |04.14.2013The president of the National Electoral Council (CNE), TIbisay Lucena, stated Saturday nightthat the results coming from the electoral organism after the polls close on April 14 will be afaithful representation of the will of the people. “The results will be, as always, a faithfulrepresentation of the sovereign will of the people”, she said during a national TV and radiobroadcast. Lucena ratified that there are guarantees for the election and that the process istransparent. For this reason, she insisted that the country’s political figures should respectthe results since “acknowledging (the results) is respecting the choice of all Venezuelans”. UniversalObservers are deployed throughout the country | 04.14.2013National and international members of the accompaniment missions accredited by the CNEare deployed throughout the national territory, in order to observe the voting process takingplace today to choose the President who will guide Venezuela for the 2013-2019 term.
  16. 16. 15DOSSIERPRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONSVENEZUELA 2013Primicias24@primicias24P24: Carlos Álvarez: Venezuelan voting system is critics- and doubt-proof Mundial@YVKE_MUNDIALSandra Oblitas: We have created a voting system that guarantees the will of the peopleis expressed (+Audio) Radio del Sur@laradiodelsurPresident Maduro: Venezuela has the most transparent and perfect voting system in theworld, quoting Jimmy CarterDecodingTheVote@DecodingTheVoteManual vote should generate more (a lot more) fear than automated voting. Here’s why. G. Martínez@puzkasNowhere in the machine’s memory is there a record that correlates the voter’s informationwith his choice. #14ARed Social Unidad@LaRedUnidadYou can’t “strike a deal with this machine or the other” to destroy votes or change a precinct countón@globovisionÁlvarez: We must separate political confrontation from the actual operation of the votingsystem #Presidenciales2013
  17. 17. DOSSIER16PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONSVENEZUELA 2013Noticias Venezuela@NoticiasVenezueÁlvarez: There is a guarantee on the secrecy of the vote and the voting system is highly reliable Patilla@la_patillaUnasur Accompaniement Mission: The Venezuelan voting system is solid, efficient andreliableélix Arroyo: "There is no risk that the voting system will be altered”
  18. 18. 17DOSSIERPRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONSVENEZUELA 2013Appreciation of the Venezuelan voting systemTibisay Lucena. President of the CNE. 03.09.2013.“The Electoral Power guarantees the robustness of the system as awhole and of the process. The April 14 elections will be transparent,reliable, efficient, swift, and above all, they will guarantee the willof the people expressed through their votes”.Vicente Díaz. Main rector of the CNE. 03.18.2013.“There’s no possibility of fraud concerning the will of the people. Theresults we get are real. The problem in this election is not of a technicalnature, it’s political”.Jacqueline Faría. Head of Government of the Capital District.03.18.2013“We have the world’s best voting system, all its modalities have beenimproved and modernized after each election; this is our 18th electionand the system is safer, bullet-proof, and more versatile. It’s the bestvoting system available”.Sandra Oblitas. Vice president of the CNE. 03.19.2013.“The Venezuelan voting system guarantees that the results we getafter the polls close is a faithful representation of what the votersexpressed”.Nicolás Maduro. Acting President of Venezuela. 03.19.2013“We have the world’s most advanced voting system. This is so. Peoplesuch as the President Jimmy Carter, who said some months earlier:Venezuela has the most perfect and transparent voting system in theworld. Carter said: I’ve been to 98 countries around the world toobserve elections, and I can say that Venezuela has the most perfectvoting system in the world.Luis Lander (Professor of the UCV). 03.19.2013."We’ve come a long way in technological advances for the country’selectoral processes”.
  19. 19. DOSSIER18PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONSVENEZUELA 2013Sobella Mejías, former rector of the National Electoral Council04.12.2013.“The choice of the voters has never been changed by the votingmachines. The technical side of the system is excellent. The times theopposition has won elections is because they’ve gone to the polls inmassive numbers. The vote is secret”.Vicente Bello. Electoral coordinator of UNT (political party)for the CNE. 04.05.2013.“The secrecy of the vote, the results and their transmission aresafeguarded for April 14. The software is protected by security codesshared by all political parties and the electoral authority”.Wilfredo Penco. General coordinator of the Union of SouthAmerican Nations (Unasur). 04.12.2013.“As a consequence of the intense work we’ve done in these past twoweeks, we can responsibly affirm that the Venezuelan voting systemis solid, efficient and reliable. Therefore, the conditions are in placefor the upcoming April 14 elections to take place in the best possible way”.
  20. 20. 19DOSSIERPRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONSVENEZUELA 2013Country:Bolivarian Republic of VenezuelaCapital:CaracasPopulation (estimated):28,000,000Territorial Division:23 states, 1 Capital Districtand Federal DependanciesType of State:Federal descentralizedProject:Presidential Election 2013(for the 2013-2019 term)Electoral Registry:18,802,834Voting Centers:13,557Electoral Authority:National Electoral Council (CNE)About Venezuela