Smart Grid in Europe
Graham Ault
Smarter Grid Solutions

London
16th October 2013

Essential Engineering Intelligence

1
Overview


European smart grid landscape:





Vision and roadmap: European Electric Grid Initiative (EEGI)
Standardis...
The European Smart Grid
Landscape
EERA

CIGRE

CENELEC
ENTSO-E

ETP
SmartGrids

CIRED
EURELECTRIC
CEER/ACER

EDSO4SG

EU/E...
European Electricity Grid Initiative
(EEGI)
 ‘Research & Innovation Roadmap’
and ‘Implementation Plan’
 Key challenges:
...
‘System of Systems’

Essential Engineering Intelligence

5
EEGI: Innovation Roll-Out

Essential Engineering Intelligence

6
Research and Innovation Plan

Essential Engineering Intelligence

7
Smart Grid Architecture Model
(SGAM)
 Standardisation framework requested as
EU directive:








Means to communic...
Smart Grid Architecture Model

Essential Engineering Intelligence

9
Example: DER Reactive Power Control

Essential Engineering Intelligence

10
SGAM: Use Case Mapping

Essential Engineering Intelligence

11
SGAM: Component Layer

Essential Engineering Intelligence

12
SGAM: Business Layer

Essential Engineering Intelligence

13
SGAM: Functional layer and design

Essential Engineering Intelligence

14
SGAM: Business  Information Layer

Essential Engineering Intelligence

15
SGAM: Information Layer

Essential Engineering Intelligence

16
SGAM: Communications layer and options

Essential Engineering Intelligence

17
Ireland: Wind power voltage support

Paul Cuffe,
Paul Smith,
Andrew Keane

 Large distribution connected wind
power portf...
Reactive support from Distributed
Wind Generation

Cuffe, P: ‘Reactive Power From Distributed Generators: Characterisation...
Wind power voltage support
(Qnet) here









Each generator locally
maximising reactive power
Dispatch active power...
Essential Engineering Intelligence
Capability with enhanced LDC

Essential Engineering Intelligence
United Kingdom
Accelerating Renewable Connections (ARC)



Scottish Power Distribution £8M+ LCNF T2 Project
Aims to offe...
ANM-enabled
Grid Supply Point

ANM-enabled
Grid Supply Point

ANM-enabled
Grid Supply Point
Essential Engineering Intellig...
Circuit Rating:
Summer:
90MVA
Spring/Autumn: 100MVA
Winter:
110MVA

Circuit Rating:
Summer:
90MVA
Spring/Autumn: 100MVA
Wi...
Reinforcement Options
Circuit Rating:
Summer:
90MVA
Spring/Autumn: 100MVA
Winter:
110MVA

Circuit Rating:
Summer:
90MVA
Sp...
Reinforcement Options
Circuit Rating:
Summer:
160MVA

Circuit Rating:
Summer:

160MVA

132/33kV
60MVA

132/33kV
60MVA

GSP...
Circuit Rating:
Summer:
90MVA
Spring/Autumn: 100MVA
Winter:
110MVA

Circuit Rating:
Summer:
90MVA
Spring/Autumn: 100MVA
Wi...
ARC – Challenges at the
DNO/TO/SO Boundary






Multiple Stakeholders
New Commercial Agreements
Understanding the im...
Belgium: East Loop
Comblain

62 MVA
70.360
62 MVA
70.359

84 MVA
0.9 km
298 AMS

30 MVA

10 MVA
20 MVA
T2A

3.9 km
93 AMS
...
Belgium: East Loop
Comblain

62 MVA
70.360
62 MVA
70.359

84 MVA
0.9 km
298 AMS

30 MVA

10 MVA
20 MVA
T2A

3.9 km
93 AMS
...
Summary
 Major European efforts on coordination, stimulus
and standardisation
 Clear market statements of need (e.g. EEG...
www.smartergridsolutions.com

Essential Engineering Intelligence

33
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Smart Grid in Europe Presentation, IET Power in Unity Conference.

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Smarter Grid Solutions' Development Director, Prof Graham Ault, chaired the first day of the IET's Power in Unity: A Whole System Approach conference, held in London, 16-17 October 2013. He led the conference's Smart Grid stream.

In his conference presentation Graham discusses the European smart grid landscape and the major European efforts on coordination, stimulus and standardisation. He reviews the European Electric Grid Initiative and the Smart Grid Architecture Model (SGAM).

More details on the conference can be found at http://conferences.theiet.org/power-unity/

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Smart Grid in Europe Presentation, IET Power in Unity Conference.

  1. 1. Smart Grid in Europe Graham Ault Smarter Grid Solutions London 16th October 2013 Essential Engineering Intelligence 1
  2. 2. Overview  European smart grid landscape:    Vision and roadmap: European Electric Grid Initiative (EEGI) Standardisation and development: Smart Grid Architecture Model (SGAM) Whole system smart grid implications:    Ireland United Kingdom Belgium Essential Engineering Intelligence 2
  3. 3. The European Smart Grid Landscape EERA CIGRE CENELEC ENTSO-E ETP SmartGrids CIRED EURELECTRIC CEER/ACER EDSO4SG EU/EC ERA-NET Essential Engineering Intelligence 3
  4. 4. European Electricity Grid Initiative (EEGI)  ‘Research & Innovation Roadmap’ and ‘Implementation Plan’  Key challenges:    http://www.smartgrids.eu/European -Electricity-Grid-Initiative    Development of renewable generation at transmission level Implementing new network infrastructures Transition from aging fossil-fuelled plant to small residential PV and large scale wind Power electronics for generation and grid Transmission-Distribution interface issues Grid supporting market development Essential Engineering Intelligence 4
  5. 5. ‘System of Systems’ Essential Engineering Intelligence 5
  6. 6. EEGI: Innovation Roll-Out Essential Engineering Intelligence 6
  7. 7. Research and Innovation Plan Essential Engineering Intelligence 7
  8. 8. Smart Grid Architecture Model (SGAM)  Standardisation framework requested as EU directive:      Means to communicate in a common view/language about system context with industry, customers and regulators Integration of various existing state-of-the-art approaches into one model with additional European aspects Methods to serve as a basis to analyse and evaluate alternative implementations of an architecture Support for planning for transition from an existing legacy architecture to a new smart grid-driven architecture Criteria for properly assessing conformance with identified standards and given interoperability requirements. Essential Engineering Intelligence 8
  9. 9. Smart Grid Architecture Model Essential Engineering Intelligence 9
  10. 10. Example: DER Reactive Power Control Essential Engineering Intelligence 10
  11. 11. SGAM: Use Case Mapping Essential Engineering Intelligence 11
  12. 12. SGAM: Component Layer Essential Engineering Intelligence 12
  13. 13. SGAM: Business Layer Essential Engineering Intelligence 13
  14. 14. SGAM: Functional layer and design Essential Engineering Intelligence 14
  15. 15. SGAM: Business  Information Layer Essential Engineering Intelligence 15
  16. 16. SGAM: Information Layer Essential Engineering Intelligence 16
  17. 17. SGAM: Communications layer and options Essential Engineering Intelligence 17
  18. 18. Ireland: Wind power voltage support Paul Cuffe, Paul Smith, Andrew Keane  Large distribution connected wind power portfolio  Erosion of ‘traditional’ generation voltage support capability  Exploration of aggregated resource capability of wind power from DSO to TSO network  Need to integrate results into transmission planning Essential Engineering Intelligence 18
  19. 19. Reactive support from Distributed Wind Generation Cuffe, P: ‘Reactive Power From Distributed Generators: Characterisation And Utilisation Of The Resource’, PhD Thesis, 2013. Essential Engineering Intelligence 19
  20. 20. Wind power voltage support (Qnet) here     Each generator locally maximising reactive power Dispatch active power to minimize total reactive support Minimize reactive power injection into transmission system: min (Qnet) Find the worst combination of active power flows that may align to hinder reactive power provision Essential Engineering Intelligence 20
  21. 21. Essential Engineering Intelligence
  22. 22. Capability with enhanced LDC Essential Engineering Intelligence
  23. 23. United Kingdom Accelerating Renewable Connections (ARC)   Scottish Power Distribution £8M+ LCNF T2 Project Aims to offer faster, more economic DG connections via:  A new connections process;  The use of smart interventions to accelerate connections – Active Network Management and other Technologies; and  ANM-enabling GSPs approaching capacity ahead of need. Essential Engineering Intelligence 23
  24. 24. ANM-enabled Grid Supply Point ANM-enabled Grid Supply Point ANM-enabled Grid Supply Point Essential Engineering Intelligence 24
  25. 25. Circuit Rating: Summer: 90MVA Spring/Autumn: 100MVA Winter: 110MVA Circuit Rating: Summer: 90MVA Spring/Autumn: 100MVA Winter: 110MVA 132/33kV 60MVA 132/33kV 60MVA Export Capacity Exceeded during low demand/max output GSP Overload Tripping Scheme Wind Farm A 48 MW Wind Farm B 62.5 MW Max Demand: 36.5MW Min Demand: ~10MW New EFW 27.5MW Essential Engineering Intelligence 25
  26. 26. Reinforcement Options Circuit Rating: Summer: 90MVA Spring/Autumn: 100MVA Winter: 110MVA Circuit Rating: Summer: 90MVA Spring/Autumn: 100MVA Winter: 110MVA 132/33kV 90MVA 132/33kV 90MVA Transformer Replacement GSP Overload Tripping Scheme Wind Farm A 48 MW Wind Farm B 62.5 MW New EFW 27.5MW Max Demand: 36.5MW Min Demand: ~10MW Essential Engineering Intelligence 26
  27. 27. Reinforcement Options Circuit Rating: Summer: 160MVA Circuit Rating: Summer: 160MVA 132/33kV 60MVA 132/33kV 60MVA GSP A Board Wind Farm B 62.5 MW 50% Existing Demand 132/33kV 90MVA Additional Transformers + Reinforcement of 132kV GSP B Board Wind Farm A 48MW New EFW 27.5MW 50% Existing Demand Essential Engineering Intelligence 27
  28. 28. Circuit Rating: Summer: 90MVA Spring/Autumn: 100MVA Winter: 110MVA Circuit Rating: Summer: 90MVA Spring/Autumn: 100MVA Winter: 110MVA ANM Alternative 132/33kV 60MVA 132/33kV 60MVA DNP3/ICCP DNP3 Existing Comms GSP DNP3 Overload Tripping Scheme Wind Farm A 48 MW Wind Farm B 62.5 MW Max Demand: 36.5MW Min Demand: ~10MW New EFW 27.5MW Essential Engineering Intelligence 28
  29. 29. ARC – Challenges at the DNO/TO/SO Boundary      Multiple Stakeholders New Commercial Agreements Understanding the impact on system security Understanding the visibility required by the SO New Planning/Operational Planning tools required Essential Engineering Intelligence 29
  30. 30. Belgium: East Loop Comblain 62 MVA 70.360 62 MVA 70.359 84 MVA 0.9 km 298 AMS 30 MVA 10 MVA 20 MVA T2A 3.9 km 93 AMS 11 MVA 15.7 kV 15.47 Bütgenbach 20 MVA 41 MVA T2 15.7 kV 9.6 km 93 AMS 70.329 T1 110 MVA T4 300 MVA T1 T3 20 MVA Amel Brume 380 kV 90 MVA 33 MVA 7.3 km 148 AMS 70.330 41 MVA 13 MVA 13 MVA 70.325 160 MVA T2 Overloaded circuit (N-1) 20 MVA 48 MVA 70.328 (55 MVA) 60 MVA T11 T1 Essential Engineering Intelligence T2 T1 22 MVA 40 MVA 40 MVA T3 15.8 kV Out of service planned on 2015 15.1 km 148 AMS 15.8 kV 18.5 km 148 AMS Cierreux 20 MVA 12 MVA T2 15.6 kV 510 MVA 0.3 km 2x 298 AMS 48 MVA 70.327 (55 MVA) 220.504 22 km 1000 AluPRC 97 MVA 70.363 27.5 km 2x 298 AMS 220.504 510 MVA T1 14 MVA St Vith Brume 220 kV Villeroux 220 kV 18 MVA T2B 0.8 km 2x 298 AMS Hydroelectric Switch (disconnector) Circuit breaker 15.8 kV HY 2.5 MVA 70.332 T1 East Loop T3 10 MVA Stephanshof Trois-Ponts Legend 10.1 km 93 AMS Coo T2 6 kV HY 70.331 84 MVA 6.9 km 298 AMS 70.350 16.5 km 182 AMS T1 18 MVA 41 MVA 62 MVA Bronrome Rimière http://www.cired.net/publications/cired2011/part1/paper s/CIRED2011_0316_final.pdf Pepinster Beverce 70.362 HY 70.360 24.1 km 182 AMS Romsée 220 kV 36 MVA 6.4 km 48 Cu 70.351 T8 Soiron 15.6 kV 11.2 km 93 AMS 41 MVA 70.349 HY 5 MVA Bomal Romsée 70 kV 10.3 km 182 AMS 13 MVA T1 6 kV 4.5 km 182 AMS 13 MVA Heid de Goreux 70 kV T2 127 MVA  DG growth creating bidirectional flows creating congestion on Trans (70kV) and Dist (15kV) networks  TSO and DSO collaboration and data exchange required to safeguard system  Active Network Management proposed TurboJet IBV 18 MVA 25 MVA 6 kV Houffalize 70 kV Spanolux 8.4 MVA 30
  31. 31. Belgium: East Loop Comblain 62 MVA 70.360 62 MVA 70.359 84 MVA 0.9 km 298 AMS 30 MVA 10 MVA 20 MVA T2A 3.9 km 93 AMS 11 MVA 15.7 kV 15.47 Bütgenbach 20 MVA 41 MVA T2 15.7 kV 9.6 km 93 AMS 70.329 T1 110 MVA T4 300 MVA T1 T3 20 MVA Amel Brume 380 kV 90 MVA 33 MVA 7.3 km 148 AMS 70.330 41 MVA 13 MVA 13 MVA 70.325 160 MVA T2 Overloaded circuit (N-1) 20 MVA 48 MVA 70.328 (55 MVA) 60 MVA T11 T1 T2 T1 22 MVA 40 MVA 40 MVA T3 15.8 kV Out of service planned on 2015 15.1 km 148 AMS 15.8 kV 18.5 km 148 AMS Cierreux 20 MVA 12 MVA T2 15.6 kV 510 MVA 0.3 km 2x 298 AMS 48 MVA 70.327 (55 MVA) 220.504 22 km 1000 AluPRC 97 MVA 70.363 27.5 km 2x 298 AMS 220.504 510 MVA T1 14 MVA St Vith Brume 220 kV Villeroux 220 kV 18 MVA T2B 0.8 km 2x 298 AMS Hydroelectric Switch (disconnector) Circuit breaker 15.8 kV HY 2.5 MVA 70.332 T1 East Loop T3 10 MVA Stephanshof Trois-Ponts Legend 10.1 km 93 AMS Coo Rimière T2 6 kV HY 70.331 84 MVA 6.9 km 298 AMS 16.5 km 182 AMS T1 18 MVA 41 MVA 62 MVA Bronrome 70.350 Pepinster Beverce 70.362 HY 70.360 24.1 km 182 AMS Romsée 220 kV 36 MVA 6.4 km 48 Cu 70.351 T8 Soiron 15.6 kV 11.2 km 93 AMS 41 MVA 70.349 HY 5 MVA Bomal Romsée 70 kV 10.3 km 182 AMS 13 MVA T1 6 kV 4.5 km 182 AMS 13 MVA Heid de Goreux 70 kV T2 127 MVA  TSO takes lead in calculating constraint actions  Control link planned between DSO and TSO SCADA systems.  Grid Code changes required  Market and regulation changes identified  Commercial arrangements required: TSO, DSO, DG TurboJet IBV 18 MVA 25 MVA 6 kV Houffalize 70 kV Spanolux 8.4 MVA Essential Engineering Intelligence 31
  32. 32. Summary  Major European efforts on coordination, stimulus and standardisation  Clear market statements of need (e.g. EEGI)  Tools to underpin innovation and integration are promising (e.g. SGAM)  Real smart grid initiatives provide clear indications of whole system approaches spanning the physical system and across multiple actors Essential Engineering Intelligence 32
  33. 33. www.smartergridsolutions.com Essential Engineering Intelligence 33

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