4.1

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4.1

  1. 1. The History of the Modern Periodic Table
  2. 2. Johann Dobereiner Model of triads In 1829, classified elements into groups of three, which he called triads. Elements in a triad had similar chemical properties &orderly physical properties. ex. Cl, Br, I and Ca, Sr, Ba
  3. 3. John Newlands Law of Octaves In 1863, he suggested that elements be arranged in “octaves” because he noticed (after arranging the elements in order of increasing atomic mass) that certain properties repeated every 8th element.
  4. 4. John Newlands Law of Octaves Newlands' claim to see a repeating pattern was not accepted. His classification of the elements was rejected for publication by the Chemical Society.
  5. 5. Dmitri Mendeleev In 1869 he published a table of the elements organized by increasing atomic mass.
  6. 6. Lothar Meyer At the same time as Mendeleev, he published his own table of the elements organized by increasing atomic mass.
  7. 7. Elements known at this time
  8. 8. <ul><li>Both Mendeleev and Meyer arranged the elements in order of increasing atomic mass. </li></ul><ul><li>Both left vacant spaces where unknown elements should fit. </li></ul>So why is Mendeleev called the “father of the modern periodic table” and not Meyer, or both?
  9. 9. <ul><li>Stated that if the atomic weight of an element caused it to be placed in the wrong group, then the weight must be wrong. (He corrected the atomic masses of Be, In, and U) </li></ul><ul><li>Used his table to predict the physical properties of three elements that were yet unknown. </li></ul>Mendeleev...
  10. 10. After the discovery of these unknown elements between 1874 and 1885, and the fact that Mendeleev’s predictions for Sc, Ga, & Ge were amazingly close to the actual values, his table was generally accepted.
  11. 11. Henry Moseley In 1913, through his work with X-rays, he determined the actual nuclear charge (atomic number) of the elements*. He rearranged the elements in order of increasing atomic number.
  12. 12. Glenn T. Seaborg After co-discovering 10 new elements, in 1944 he moved 14 elements out of the main body of the periodic table to their current location below the Lanthanide series. These became known as the Actinide series.
  13. 13. Glenn T. Seaborg He is the only person to have an element named after him while still alive.
  14. 14. Periodic Table Geography
  15. 15. The horizontal rows of the periodic table are called PERIODS.
  16. 16. The vertical columns of the periodic table are called GROUPS , or FAMILIES. The elements in any group of the periodic table have similar physical and chemical properties!
  17. 17. Periodic Law When elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic number, there is a periodic pattern in their physical and chemical properties.
  18. 18. Alkali Metals
  19. 19. Alkaline Earth Metals
  20. 20. Transition Metals
  21. 21. InnerTransition Metals These elements are also called the rare-earth elements.
  22. 22. Halogens
  23. 23. Noble Gases
  24. 24. The s and p block elements are called REPRESENTATIVE ELEMENTS.

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