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2016 Youth-Led Tech curriculum, 2.0 (final)

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Youth-Led Tech Curriculum

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2016 Youth-Led Tech curriculum, 2.0 (final)

  1. 1. Summer 2016 A technology mentoring program for youth ages 13-18, located in three Chicago neighborhoods: Austin, North Lawndale, and Roseland, and serving the Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center. Designed to teach technology in the context of the needs and priorities of young people.
  2. 2. Contents Contents...............................................................................................................................2 Day 1: Introduction to Wordpress................................................... 14 Sign-in.......................................................................................................................14 Mood Check/Icebreaker Question..........................................................................14 Break.........................................................................................................................15 Lunch.........................................................................................................................16 Black Magic .............................................................................................................16 Intro to WordPress....................................................................................................16 Break.........................................................................................................................16 Leadership Compass ..............................................................................................16 .................................................................................................................................17 Leadership Share out ..............................................................................................18 Reflection..................................................................................................................18 Sign Out.....................................................................................................................18 WordPress Glossary of Terms............................................................................................18 Day 2: Word Press Themes, Team Building, and Group Norms.........21 Sign-in.......................................................................................................................11 Mood Check/Icebreaker Question..........................................................................11 Tennis Ball Name Game..........................................................................................11 Group Norms............................................................................................................11 Break.........................................................................................................................11 Blanket Name Game................................................................................................11 Lunch.........................................................................................................................11 Rock Paper Scissors Tournament...........................................................................11 Intro to WordPress Themes.....................................................................................11 Browse Themes........................................................................................................11 Search Themes ........................................................................................................11 Preview Themes.......................................................................................................11 Theme Features ......................................................................................................11 Share out from different youth................................................................................11 Break.........................................................................................................................11 Theme Creation (Analog).........................................................................................11 Telephone Charades ...............................................................................................11 Play-by-play...............................................................................................................11 Debrief .....................................................................................................................11 Reflection .................................................................................................................11 Sign Out.....................................................................................................................11 Day 3: Community Asset and Deficit Lists, Power of Youth Voice, Wordpress Dashboard, and Professionalism (Branding)..................22 Sign-in.......................................................................................................................22 Mood Check/Icebreaker Question..........................................................................22 Honey if you Love Me…............................................................................................22 2
  3. 3. Balloon Tower...........................................................................................................23 Play-by-Play...............................................................................................................23 Debrief .....................................................................................................................23 Break.........................................................................................................................24 Asset & Deficit List ..................................................................................................24 Lunch.........................................................................................................................24 Asset Deficit List (Continued)..................................................................................24 Overview....................................................................................................................24 Intro to WordPress Dashboard................................................................................25 Music and Movement Break (Select two youth leaders per week).......................25 Reflection .................................................................................................................27 Sign Out.....................................................................................................................27 Day 4: Careers, Job Readiness, and Professionalism .....................27 Sign-in.......................................................................................................................27 Mood Check/Icebreaker Question..........................................................................27 My vision for my life and career…...........................................................................28 Break.........................................................................................................................29 Music and Movement Break...................................................................................30 Activity.......................................................................................................................30 Goals and Vision Sharing.........................................................................................30 Reflection .................................................................................................................31 Sign Out.....................................................................................................................31 Day 5: Minefields and Guest Speakers...........................................31 Sign-in.......................................................................................................................31 Mood Check/Icebreaker Question..........................................................................31 Where the Wind Blows ............................................................................................31 Play-by-play...............................................................................................................31 Debrief .....................................................................................................................32 Minefield...................................................................................................................32 Play-by-Play...............................................................................................................32 Add a Twist................................................................................................................33 Facilitation Notes.....................................................................................................33 Debrief .....................................................................................................................33 Break.........................................................................................................................33 Guest Speaker Prep.................................................................................................33 Lunch.........................................................................................................................34 Guest Speaker..........................................................................................................34 Break ........................................................................................................................34 Guest Speaker..........................................................................................................34 Reflection .................................................................................................................34 Sign Out.....................................................................................................................34 Day 6: Wordpress Posting & How the Internet Works.......................34 Sign-in.......................................................................................................................34 Mood Check/Icebreaker Question..........................................................................34 Confusion! ................................................................................................................34 3
  4. 4. Play-by-play...............................................................................................................35 Introduction to How the Web Works.......................................................................35 Part One: The History of the Internet......................................................................35 Activity: Address Numbers ......................................................................................36 About DNS ................................................................................................................36 Web Hosting..............................................................................................................37 Break.........................................................................................................................37 Two Thumbs and a Lie.............................................................................................37 Play-by-Play...............................................................................................................37 Lunch.........................................................................................................................38 Line Up......................................................................................................................38 Typing Club...............................................................................................................38 Music and Movement Break (Select Two Student Leaders Weekly)....................39 Creating Content .....................................................................................................39 Debrief with group:...................................................................................................39 Activity.......................................................................................................................39 Create a Post............................................................................................................39 Reflection .................................................................................................................40 Sign Out.....................................................................................................................40 Day 7: Can’t See, Can’t Hear, Can’t Speak.....................................40 Sign-in.......................................................................................................................40 Mood Check/Icebreaker Question..........................................................................40 Concentric Circles.....................................................................................................40 Play-by-play...............................................................................................................40 Sample questions: ...................................................................................................41 Can’t See, Can’t Hear, Can’t Speak........................................................................41 Set up: ......................................................................................................................41 Play-by-play...............................................................................................................42 Debrief......................................................................................................................42 Break.........................................................................................................................43 Lunch.........................................................................................................................43 Zip Zap Zop...............................................................................................................43 Typing Club...............................................................................................................43 Break.........................................................................................................................43 Creating Content......................................................................................................43 The power of hashtags.............................................................................................44 Reflection .................................................................................................................44 Sign Out.....................................................................................................................44 Day 8: Adding Media to WordPress.................................................44 Sign-in.......................................................................................................................44 Mood Check/Icebreaker Question..........................................................................44 Crossword Game......................................................................................................45 Power of the Youth Voice.........................................................................................45 Break.........................................................................................................................45 Mingle........................................................................................................................45 4
  5. 5. Lunch.........................................................................................................................46 Hamburger Hot Dog.................................................................................................46 Play-by-play...............................................................................................................46 Typing Club...............................................................................................................46 Music and Movement Break...................................................................................46 Creating Content......................................................................................................47 Creating Content......................................................................................................47 Reflection .................................................................................................................47 Sign Out.....................................................................................................................47 Day 9: Is the Internet Down? ........................................................47 Sign-in.......................................................................................................................48 Mood Check/Icebreaker Question..........................................................................48 Group statues ..........................................................................................................48 Arts and Crafts to Show Inequality .........................................................................49 Lunch.........................................................................................................................49 Partner Tag...............................................................................................................49 Play-by-play...............................................................................................................50 Typing Club...............................................................................................................50 Music and Movement Break...................................................................................50 Is the internet down? (From the Humboldt Park Crew).........................................50 Don’t ping me, bro....................................................................................................50 Extra..........................................................................................................................55 Listen Up!..................................................................................................................55 Debrief .....................................................................................................................56 Thunder Tweet Reflection........................................................................................56 Sign Out.....................................................................................................................57 Day 10: Social Media Do’s and Don’ts, YLT Policy, Wordpress and Young Entrepreneurs I................................................................... 58 Sign-in.......................................................................................................................58 Mood Check/Icebreaker Question..........................................................................59 Cabana People Storm..............................................................................................59 Social Media Policy for YLT Program Participants..................................................59 Questions to ask?.....................................................................................................59 Top 10 Mistakes Teens* Make on Social Media...................................................59 What is Cyber Bullying (5-7 min. conversation)......................................................60 Break.........................................................................................................................60 Vegetable Showdown...............................................................................................60 Lunch.........................................................................................................................60 Shake it Out..............................................................................................................60 Typing Club...............................................................................................................61 Music and Movement Break...................................................................................61 Young Entrepreneurs ..........................................................................................61 Create Google doc of their replies and share via Slack.........................................61 Thunder Props Reflection........................................................................................61 Sign out.....................................................................................................................62 5
  6. 6. Day 11: Young Entrepreneurs II ....................................................62 Sign-in.......................................................................................................................62 Mood Check/Icebreaker Question..........................................................................62 Sell Me......................................................................................................................62 Teachers Explain: (5 min) .......................................................................................63 Lunch.........................................................................................................................63 What Kind of Animal.................................................................................................63 Typing Club...............................................................................................................63 Music and Movement Break...................................................................................64 Young Entrepreneurs...............................................................................................64 WordPress.................................................................................................................64 Thunder Props reflection.........................................................................................64 Sign out.....................................................................................................................64 Day 12: Job Readiness, Interviewing, Resumes, and Custom Links in Wordpress..................................................................................... 65 Sign-in.......................................................................................................................65 Mood Check/Icebreaker Question..........................................................................65 Instructors.................................................................................................................65 Lunch.........................................................................................................................66 Typing Club...............................................................................................................66 Adding custom links to WordPress .........................................................................67 Thunder Props reflection.........................................................................................67 Sign out.....................................................................................................................68 Day 13: Job Readiness, Interviews, and Typing Skills......................68 Sign-in.......................................................................................................................68 Mood Check/Icebreaker Question..........................................................................68 Job Interest and Completing On-Line Job Applications..........................................68 Lunch.........................................................................................................................69 Let Me in the Circle (20 minutes)............................................................................69 Typing club................................................................................................................70 Break.........................................................................................................................70 Thunder Props Reflection........................................................................................71 Sign Out.....................................................................................................................71 Day 14: Learning to Interview Others ............................................72 Sign-in.......................................................................................................................72 Mood Check/Icebreaker Question..........................................................................72 Fairy Tale Name Game.............................................................................................72 Interviewing...............................................................................................................73 Dig Deeper................................................................................................................73 Question Creation.....................................................................................................74 Practice Interviews...................................................................................................74 Lunch.........................................................................................................................74 Instant Speech Challenge........................................................................................74 Typing Club...............................................................................................................74 6
  7. 7. Break.........................................................................................................................75 Interviews..................................................................................................................75 Elbow Tag..................................................................................................................75 Thunder Props Reflection........................................................................................75 Sign out.....................................................................................................................76 Instant Speech Topics........................................................................................................76 Day 15: Interview Practice and Sketch to Ideate.............................76 Sign-in.......................................................................................................................77 Mood Check/Icebreaker Question..........................................................................77 Dragon Race.............................................................................................................77 Interview Practice.....................................................................................................77 Capture Findings .....................................................................................................77 Define the Problem Statement ..............................................................................78 Sketch to Ideation....................................................................................................78 Share Solutions and Capture Feedback ..............................................................78 About Testing............................................................................................................78 Lunch.........................................................................................................................78 Instant Speech Challenge........................................................................................78 Typing Club...............................................................................................................79 Break.........................................................................................................................79 Ships and Sailors......................................................................................................79 WordPress Updates..................................................................................................80 Thunder Props Reflection........................................................................................80 Sign out.....................................................................................................................80 Instant Speech Topics........................................................................................................84 Day 16: New Solutions................................................................... 85 Sign-in.......................................................................................................................85 Mood Check/Icebreaker Question..........................................................................85 Help Tag....................................................................................................................85 Interview Practice Continued ..................................................................................85 Reflect and Generate a New Solution.....................................................................85 Test............................................................................................................................86 Lunch.........................................................................................................................86 Research Corner.......................................................................................................86 Typing Club...............................................................................................................87 Break.........................................................................................................................87 Everybody’s It!...........................................................................................................87 WordPress Updates..................................................................................................87 Thunder Props reflection.........................................................................................87 Sign out.....................................................................................................................88 Day 17: How Might We?................................................................. 88 Sign-in.......................................................................................................................88 Mood Check/Icebreaker Question..........................................................................88 Honey If You Love Me ..............................................................................................88 ..................................................................................................................................89 7
  8. 8. How Might We?.........................................................................................................89 Play-by-Play...............................................................................................................89 Synthesize.................................................................................................................90 Lunch.........................................................................................................................90 Research Corner.......................................................................................................90 Typing Club...............................................................................................................90 Break.........................................................................................................................90 Ninja Time: For Hemlock .........................................................................................90 A Ninja needs to get to the jail before the facilitator says, “Alarm” in order to free the captured Ninjas. If the Ninja gets back to base before they are tagged they are safe.....................................................................................................................91 WordPress Updates..................................................................................................91 Thunder Props Reflection........................................................................................91 Sign out.....................................................................................................................92 Day 19: App Design + Creation......................................................92 Sign-in.......................................................................................................................92 Mood Check/Icebreaker Question..........................................................................93 Song Battle...............................................................................................................93 Week 4 Overview......................................................................................................93 Red Light, Yellow Light, Green Light........................................................................94 Mobile Design 101 — App Ideation with Public Art................................................94 Lunch.........................................................................................................................95 Rock Paper Scissors Tournament...........................................................................95 Typing Club...............................................................................................................95 Break.........................................................................................................................95 Design Challenge: Public Art App! ......................................................................95 Thunder Props Reflection........................................................................................96 Sign out.....................................................................................................................97 Day 20: I Have a Dream................................................................. 97 Sign-in.......................................................................................................................97 Mood Check/Icebreaker Question..........................................................................97 Assassin ...................................................................................................................97 Introduce App Inventor.............................................................................................98 Students Build Their First App: I Have a Dream.....................................................98 Lunch.........................................................................................................................99 Blind Tag...................................................................................................................99 Typing Club...............................................................................................................99 Break.........................................................................................................................99 Thunder Props Reflection......................................................................................100 Sign out...................................................................................................................100 Day 21: App Inventor Basics........................................................101 Sign-in.....................................................................................................................101 Mood Check/Icebreaker Question........................................................................101 Screamer ...............................................................................................................101 App Inventor Basics...............................................................................................101 8
  9. 9. The Designer .........................................................................................................101 Blocks.....................................................................................................................102 Designer: Set up the components .......................................................................102 Lunch......................................................................................................................105 Avoiding 21.............................................................................................................105 Typing club..............................................................................................................105 Break.......................................................................................................................106 Blocks: Let’s Program............................................................................................106 Navigating the List: The Index...............................................................................108 Connect the Rest...................................................................................................109 Almost Done! However, let’s play some music… ................................................110 Now Test Your App! ...............................................................................................110 Thunder Props Reflection......................................................................................110 Sign out...................................................................................................................111 Day 22: Setting up App Inventor II...............................................114 Sign-in.....................................................................................................................114 Mood Check/Icebreaker Question........................................................................114 Balloon Bop ...........................................................................................................114 Setting Up App Inventor II .....................................................................................114 Option One – RECOMMENDED.............................................................................115 ................................................................................................................................115 Option Two..............................................................................................................115 ................................................................................................................................115 Option Three...........................................................................................................115 App DIY...................................................................................................................116 Lunch......................................................................................................................116 Eye Run...................................................................................................................116 Typing Club.............................................................................................................116 Break.......................................................................................................................117 Thunder Props Reflection......................................................................................117 Sign out...................................................................................................................117 Day 23: Introduction to Graphic Design........................................120 Sign-in.....................................................................................................................120 Mood Check/Icebreaker Question........................................................................120 Introduction to Graphic Design.............................................................................120 Description.............................................................................................................120 Lunch......................................................................................................................120 Final Products........................................................................................................120 Thunder Props Reflection......................................................................................121 Sign out...................................................................................................................121 Day 24: Setting up App Inventor II...............................................121 Sign-in.....................................................................................................................122 Mood Check/Icebreaker Question........................................................................122 Balloon Bop ...........................................................................................................122 Setting Up App Inventor II .....................................................................................122 9
  10. 10. Option One - RECOMMENDED...............................................................................123 Option Two..............................................................................................................123 ................................................................................................................................123 Option Three...........................................................................................................123 App DIY...................................................................................................................124 Lunch......................................................................................................................124 Eye Run...................................................................................................................124 Typing Club.............................................................................................................124 Break.......................................................................................................................125 Thunder Props Reflection......................................................................................125 Sign out...................................................................................................................125 Day 25: Introduction to Graphic Design........................................128 Sign-in.....................................................................................................................128 Mood Check/Icebreaker Question........................................................................128 Introduction to Graphic Design.............................................................................128 Description.............................................................................................................128 Organization...........................................................................................................128 Lunch......................................................................................................................129 Final Products........................................................................................................129 Thunder Props Reflection......................................................................................129 Sign out...................................................................................................................129 Day 26: Making a Game............................................................... 130 Sign-in.....................................................................................................................130 Mood Check/Icebreaker Question........................................................................130 Song Battle.............................................................................................................130 Week 6 Overview....................................................................................................131 Survey.....................................................................................................................131 Collection of Games...............................................................................................131 Pong – Your First Game! .......................................................................................132 How do we want the game to work? ...................................................................132 Next up, how will the game be played?................................................................132 Finally, when a player loses, how will the game wrap up? Once again, there are a few different options: ............................................................................................133 Now that we’ve listed out how the game should function, we’ll explore the components needed. ........................................................................................133 Notifier Component................................................................................................133 Canvas Component ..............................................................................................133 Image Sprite Component ...................................................................................133 Good Coding Practices .........................................................................................133 Building your Blocks ............................................................................................134 Test it out! ............................................................................................................135 Lunch......................................................................................................................136 Rock Paper Scissors Tournament.........................................................................136 Typing Club.............................................................................................................136 Break.......................................................................................................................136 10
  11. 11. 11 10:00 AM Sign-in Use the online attendance sheet to mark students as present and note any issues. 10:05 AM Mood Check/Icebreaker Question It’s important to start every session with an opening activity, such as a Mood Check-in, where students state their mood on a scale of 1- 10. We often pair this with an icebreaker question that each student answers. 10:15 AM Tennis Ball Name Game Students will get to know each other’s names and practice teamwork. This is a great activity to do when your group is still newly formed. Play-by-Play 1. Have students stand in a circle (the facilitator should join as well). 2. Explain that you are going to throw a ball to someone - pick someone out & ask their name, then say: "Hi Freddy, my name is James...here you go!" and gently throw a ball to Freddy. 3. After Freddy catches it, explain that he should thank you and say your name ("Thank you James"), pick someone else and repeat the process ("Hi X, my name is Freddy...here you go!” and so on. The goal is for everyone to get the ball thrown to them once and then back to the first person. 4. The goal of Round 2 is to repeat Round 1 but this time without asking what someone’s name is. If someone forgets a person’s name, the group has to start again from the beginning until they can do it without mistakes. Remind students to thank the person they got the ball from and introduce themselves to the person they are throwing it to. They should follow the exact same order as Round 1. Have the group celebrate their success when they successfully complete the goal. 5. Challenge the group to complete the same goal as round 2 but this time with speed. How fast do they think they can do it? 30 seconds? Have the group celebrate their success when they successfully complete the goal. 6. Challenge the group to go even faster. After the first ball has passed through a few hands, take out a second ball and continue the process (there are now two balls being “juggled.”) Continue to add balls to the process. (A group of 12 can usually handle 4 to 6 quite well.) 11:00 AM Group Norms This is a critical activity recommended for all groups at the beginning of the program or class. Norms are a way for students to express their voices, and serve as an anchor of how members of the group should treat one another throughout the duration of the program or class. Play-by-Play 1. Ask students if they can define norms, or if they have ever set norms for a group. Discuss. 2. If students are stuck, explain that norms help set the way
  12. 12. Financial Literacy ..................................................................................................136 Thunder Props Reflection......................................................................................136 Sign out...................................................................................................................137 Day 27: Moving the Paddles........................................................137 Sign-in.....................................................................................................................138 Mood Check/Icebreaker Question........................................................................138 Where the Wind Blows...........................................................................................138 Summer Celebration..............................................................................................138 You are invited to the Youth-Led Tech Celebration Ceremony. Details as follows: ................................................................................................................................139 Survey.....................................................................................................................139 Collection of Games II – Making the Paddles move............................................139 Making the Paddles Move ..................................................................................139 Setting Up the Paddle Condition .....................................................................140 Adding the Notifier ...............................................................................................141 Test it out! .............................................................................................................142 Lunch......................................................................................................................142 Two Truths and a Lie..............................................................................................143 Typing Club.............................................................................................................143 Break.......................................................................................................................143 Financial Literacy ..................................................................................................143 Allow youth to develop their games......................................................................143 Thunder Props Reflection......................................................................................144 Sign out...................................................................................................................144 Day 28: Making the Ball Bounce..................................................145 Sign-in.....................................................................................................................145 Mood Check/Icebreaker Question........................................................................145 Whoosh...................................................................................................................145 Making the Ball Bounce........................................................................................146 Test it out! ..............................................................................................................148 Bouncing the Ball off the Paddles ......................................................................148 Test it out!...............................................................................................................149 Lunch......................................................................................................................149 Focus Count .........................................................................................................149 Typing Club.............................................................................................................149 Break.......................................................................................................................149 Financial Literacy ..................................................................................................149 Allow youth to develop their games......................................................................150 Thunder Props Reflection......................................................................................150 Sign out...................................................................................................................150 Day 29: End of Summer Affirmations............................................150 Sign-in.....................................................................................................................150 Mood Check/Icebreaker Question........................................................................151 Ultimate Ninja.........................................................................................................151 Requirements.........................................................................................................151 12
  13. 13. Objective.................................................................................................................151 Finishing the Games..............................................................................................152 Lunch......................................................................................................................152 Bippity Boppity Boo................................................................................................152 Typing Club.............................................................................................................152 Break.......................................................................................................................152 Financial Literacy ..................................................................................................152 Allow youth to develop their games......................................................................153 End of Summer Affirmations.................................................................................153 Sign out...................................................................................................................153 13
  14. 14. Day 1: Introduction to Wordpress Content Goals: Youth will be introduced to the Power of Youth Voice, examine their community, and be introduced to WordPress. Leadership Goals: Defining traits of a leader, Team-building activities with a focus on collaboration Materials: Leadership Compass, WordPress Glossary 10:00 AM Sign-in Use the online attendance sheet to mark students as present and note any issues. 10:05 AM Mood Check/Icebreaker Question It’s important to start every session with an opening activity, such as a Mood Check-in, where students state their mood on a scale of 1-10. We often pair this with an icebreaker question that each student answers. 10:15 AM Leadership Activity Bouncing Brandon 1. Have the students get into a circle. Give participants the following directions. 2. The first person in the circle will have to say their name and an adjective that begins with the first letter of their first name, and make a movement to go with the adjective used. For example, Brandon says “Bouncing Brandon” and he bounces. 3. The next player has to repeat the first person’s name, adjective, and movement, and then add their own name, adjective, and movement. 14
  15. 15. 4. The third player has to do the two players before them and their own; the fourth has to do the three players before them, and so on, until the final person in the circle has to do all of the names, adjectives, and movements. 5. When facilitating, really encourage the students to do the movements (or make the noise—if someone picks as their adjective “Barking Brandon”, for example). It makes the game much more fun. 6. If you have a large group or don’t have much time, have each student just do the two people in front of them (person 4 does 2 and 3; person 5 does 3 and 4, etc…) 10:45 AM Song Battle Groups of students have to sing as many songs they can with a specific word in it. 1. Put students in even groups. Give students the following directions: • You will be assigned a word. • Groups will go one at a time. • Your group must write down as many songs as you know with that word in it, and when time is up, you must sing the line of the song with that word in it. • Whichever team can come up with the most songs is the winner. 2. At the beginning of each round, give a word that is commonly used in songs (love, boy, girl, baby, man, sunshine, rock, dance, hot, etc…). 3. Once you have told them the word, immediately begin the timer. 4. Count how many unique songs the team can come up with in one minute. That number is their score. 5. Give the next group another word and repeat. Continue this with each group for a few rounds and then determine the winner. 11:30 AM Break 11:45 AM Goal Setting PLAY BY PLAY 1. Distribute copies of the Goal Setting worksheet to each student. Have students take 15 minutes to fill out the Goal Setting 15
  16. 16. worksheet. Play music or let students listen to music to make this activity more fun. 2. When students finish setting their goals, have volunteers share examples of some of their goals. 3. At the end, the facilitator will collect the Goal Setting worksheets. 12:00 PM Lunch 1:00 PM Black Magic Overview Students try to guess the Black Magic riddle. Play-by-Play 1. Choose one student to be your assistant. Take that student outside of the classroom and tell them the trick. Leave them outside of the class. 2. Tell the rest of the class that you have telepathy, and you just passed on your skill to your apprentice. Have the class pick an object while the apprentice is out of the room. 3. When the apprentice comes back in, point at objects until the apprentice correctly guesses the item. 4. If a student thinks he has it, have him go outside and pick an object for them to identif so the rest of the students can continue playing. 1:15 PM Intro to WordPress Play video https://ithemes.com/tutorials/what-is-wordpress/ 1. Pass out WordPress Glossary. 2. Pass out three index cards per youth. 3. Ask youth to write down three blogs that they like. 4. Share out a couple. 5. On the second index card write down five things they like about the blogs. 6. All different youths to share blog selections with the group. Youth will setup their own WordPress and explore examples of WordPress sites. 2:00 PM Break 2:20 PM Leadership Compass This is a great exercise to help participants identify their own (and other’s) distinct leadership styles. It also demonstrates how different kinds of leadership styles enhance the effectiveness of the group. 16
  17. 17. Prep: Leadership Compass (See attachment) Set-Up: Before doing this exercise, prepare four pieces of flip chart paper with a direction at the top and characteristics for that leadership type listed. Do not post these until you have read the characteristics later in this exercise. Play-by-play 1. Introduce the Leadership Compass Exercise. You can use the following text to introduce this exercise: 2. A leadership group is almost like an organization. Each of us contributes in different ways to the success of our group and to the culture of our group. The people who are involved in the leadership group all have different skills that contribute to the success of the whole group. Although we may have a fairly good idea of what each other’s skills and abilities are, we may not know too much about each other. This exercise is a way to finding out more about each other and more about how to work with different people that make up a complete leadership group. 3. An organization, not unlike our group, needs all different types of people to be complete. I am going to describe four types of people. As I do, please listen and be honest with yourself about which description fits you best. 4. Of course, we can’t really say that everyone in the world fits into one of these types, and many of us may feel that we have characteristics of several of these types. However, please pick one which holds some truth for you and go to that area. 5. Now, read the characteristics of each leadership type (north, south, east, and west) and post the flip chart paper with the characteristics as you have completed reading each. 6. When you have finished reading off all four, ask the students to move to the leadership direction that best represents them. Give them a few seconds to have fun with the novelty of this before moving on. You might want to ask them to compare notes with each other like birth order, astrological signs, etc. What do they find that they have in common? 7. Now ask them during the next 10 minutes to answer three questions as a group. They will be expected to report back to the whole group at the end of the exercise: 1. What we like most about being a North, South, East, and West is? 2. What we need the most help with is? 3. The best way for you to work with us is? 8. After 10 minutes, have the group stay in their positions and 17
  18. 18. report back to each other. Debrief Debrief by making a few observations or posing a few questions. 1. Did you notice how we all have different skills that could contribute to the success of the whole? How would that work on a project? 2. How did it feel to be with a group of people that acted/thought like you? 3. Did you learn something new about each other? 4. Do you have a new appreciation for someone in the room? 3:00 PM Leadership Share out ● Pass out leadership goal worksheets to students ● Students will make an action plan to meet their leadership goals by the end of summer (three concrete examples) ● Have students get into pairs ● Each student should review her/his partner’s goals and create three more activities to help their partner reach their goal ● Collect leadership goals and file 3:45 PM Reflection 3:55 PM Sign Out Make sure every student is present. WordPress Glossary of Terms Akismet: Software built into WordPress.com that automatically filters incoming comments to detect and remove spam. Archives: The past history of blog posts. In addition, a widget that displays links to older blog posts, sorted by month and year. Avatar: Small image or graphic displayed next to usernames in the comments section of a WordPress.com blog. Users can customize their avatar by using Gravatar.com, which connects automatically with WordPress.com. Blogroll: Collection of links that point to external websites recommended by a blog owner. The links reside in the sidebar and can lead to any type of website, not just blogs. Category: A method for logically organizing WordPress posts. Categories represent high-level, general classifications. Each WordPress post requires that a minimum of 18
  19. 19. one category be assigned to it. Categories are more general than tags. Subcategories can be created via a parent/child relationship between categories. CMS: Content Management System. Any software platform that makes it simpler for users to publish, organizes, and manages information on the Internet. WordPress is a CMS. Comments: Section of a page or post in which site visitors can share their thoughts and ideas about the content and can reply to what other commenters have said; configured in the Discussion Settings screen. Custom Menu: Customized set of links that serve as a navigational menu for a blog or static website. Submenu items can be created via the parent/child relationship. Dashboard: Set of management screens used to configure and maintain a WordPress site. Also known as the “back-end” of a WordPress site. Geotag: Optional feature in which a geographic location can be associated with a particular post. If used, the location appears at the bottom of the post. Media Library: Repository of images, videos, audio files, and documents uploaded to a WordPress site. The media library helps organize and manage large numbers of media files. The free version of WordPress does not allow uploading of audio or video files. More Tag: A WordPress-specific tag that can be inserted into a post to break the content into two sections. Only the first section will appear on the blog home page, requiring the visitor to click the link to read the full article. Open Source: A platform of software development in which anyone can contribute to the modification and improvement of the product. The source code is published publicly and anyone is free to use, change, or distribute it. WordPress is an open- source product. Page: A method of content creation in WordPress. Pages generally have static content and do not have dates or times associated with them. Unlike posts, pages cannot have categories and tags assigned to them. Permalink: The full URL of a WordPress post or page. It is automatically assigned when the post or page is created, but it can be manually edited via the Edit Post / Edit Page screen. Plugin: A set of codes that “plugs in” to a WordPress site that adds some functionality or capability. It is available only in the self-hosted version of WordPress, not on WordPress.com sites. 19
  20. 20. Poll: Feature in which a site owner can solicit feedback from readers in the form of voting on several pre-defined options. Feedback section of the Dashboard: To enable polls, a WordPress.com user must first set up an account with Polldaddy. Post: The main unit of content creation in WordPress. Each post is a blog- style entry with its own title. Each post has a date and time associated with it and posts are generally displayed in reverse chronological order (most recent on top) on the home page. Categories and tags can be assigned to posts. Publicize: Feature in which a site owner can post links to posts on other social media sites, such as Facebook and Twitter. Links are available for posts but not for pages, configured in the Sharing Settings screen. Screen Options: Drop-down tab on most Dashboard screens which lets the site owner select which modules appear on the screen. The available modules differ for each Dashboard screen. Sharing Buttons: A set of graphical links usually at the bottom of a page or post that allows visitors to post a link to the site on social networking sites or other WordPress sites. Shortlink: A short and convenient URL that automatically redirects to the full URL of a WordPress post or page. Accessed from the Edit Post / Edit Page screen. Sidebar: An optional vertical column of content composed of individual widgets that displays on a WordPress site. Can be located to the right or the left of the main content column, or even on both sides. Site Title: The name of a blog. In WordPress, this title generally displays prominently at the top of the site. The site title is set in the General Settings screen. Static Site: Website that, unlike a blog, has a fixed home page and prominent navigation menu. Which page appears as the home page is configured on the Reading Settings screen. Tag: An important keyword or term that helps describes the content of a post. Though not required for each post, site owners are encouraged to apply tags, as they assist both visitors and search engines to determine the subject matter of a post. Tags are more specific in nature than categories. Tag Cloud: Visual representation of the tags applied in a site’s history of posts. The 20
  21. 21. most used tags appear nearer the center of the “cloud” and in larger font size. Lesser-used tags remain on the periphery and in smaller fonts. The Tag Cloud widget gives visitors an instant idea of what a blog is about. Tagline: Optional sentence or short phrase that further explains what a blog or site is about, and generally displays prominently near the Site Title. The tagline is set in the General Settings screen. Theme: A set of graphics, colors, layouts, and fonts that can be applied to a WordPress site to change the visual presentation of the same underlying content. Each theme has its own features and limitations. Some themes in WordPress are free and some require paying a fee. Widget: A tool or application that can be placed into the sidebar to display customized content on a site. Widgets can be added, rearranged, or removed from the sidebar via a drag-and-drop interface in the WordPress dashboard. WordPress.com: A version of WordPress that includes free hosting, backup, and maintenance. Bloggers can set up a new site quickly and easily on this platform, though it lacks some of the powerful features of the self-hosted version. WordPress.org: Self-hosted version of WordPress in which the site owner is responsible for installing, configuring, maintaining, and backing up the site. Though the software platform is still free, the site owner is responsible for paying for web hosting and domain registration fees. This version of WordPress is more versatile and contains more features than WordPress.com Day 2: Word Press Themes, Team Building, and Group Norms Content Goals: Youth will be introduced to the Power of Youth Voice, examine their community, and be introduced to WordPress. Leadership Goals: Defining traits of a leader and team-building activities with a focus on collaboration. Materials: Bed sheet or blanket (Large cloth students can’t see through), Construction paper, markers, glue sticks, magazines, newspapers. 21
  22. 22. Day 3: Community Asset and Deficit Lists, Power of Youth Voice, Wordpress Dashboard, and Professionalism (Branding) Content Goals: Youth will be introduced to the Power of Youth Voice, examine their community, introduced to professionalism, and WordPress. Leadership Goals: Defining traits of a leader, team-building activities with a focus on collaboration, and explore the meaning of company culture, considerations for developing a professional image, and how personal appearance affects the outcome of future job opportunities. Materials: Bag of balloons, masking tape, timer, chart paper, markers 10:00 AM Sign-in Use the online attendance sheet to mark students as present and note any issues. 10:05 AM Mood Check/Icebreaker Question It’s important to start every session with an opening activity, such as a Mood Check-in, where students state their mood on a scale of 1- 10. We often pair this with an icebreaker question that each student answers. 10:15 AM Honey if you Love Me… Students will try to make each other laugh with a silly request Play-by-Play 1. Everyone is standing in a circle with a volunteer standing in the middle. 2. The volunteer picks a person of his or her choice, walks over to them, looks at them deep in the eye, and says "Honey, if you love me, would you please, please smile?" 3. The recipient of this proposal simply replies "Honey, I love you, but I just can’t smile." 4. That’s easy - except that the recipient CANNOT SMILE, smirk, turn up the corners of their mouth, or snicker. 5. The volunteer in the middle can’t touch the recipient in any way- but can do anything else. 22
  23. 23. 6. The volunteer continues until someone smiles, and then trade’s places with the person who finally smiles. 11:00 AM Balloon Tower Teams try to build the highest tower using balloons, masking tape, and some physical restrictions. Play-by-Play 1. Divide participants into teams, three to four people per group. 2. Have each group move to an open area of the room. 3. Explain that each team’s objective is to build the highest tower in 10 minutes (or some other time limit). The catch, however, team members must work in silence. If anyone is caught talking, their team must start over. 4. Hand each team 15 deflated balloons and a roll of masking tape. Then set a timer, and let the groups begin building. 5. Partway into the activity, you can add more challenges such as: • Each person can only use one hand. • Each person must use their non-dominant hand. • Only one person in the group can speak. 6. If groups begin running out of balloons, distribute more too each group, but make sure you distribute evenly. 7. When time is up, have students step away from their towers, and see which group’s tower is the tallest one standing! Debrief Possible debrief questions include: • How difficult did you find this activity? Was it frustrating? Easy? • To what extent did you depend on your team members in order to succeed? How did you work together to build the tower? Would your interaction have been different had you been able to use both hands? • How did your group react whenever the cards fell? What sort of response was the most productive (in other words, helped your group get closer to reaching your goal)? • In real life, we often face metaphoric falling towers. Did anyone ever have an experience in which they had to use 23
  24. 24. good teamwork and leadership in order to overcome a frustrating situation? Can anyone think of a possible situation? 11:30 AM Break 11:45 AM Asset & Deficit List 1. Facilitator should explore the definitions of assets and deficits. Are these definitions positives or negatives? 2. On the board (chart paper) the facilitator will create a chart with three columns: one for examples, one for assets, and one for deficits. Giving the example of Pizza students will list the assets and deficits of Pizza. Have students list the other examples and record the assets and deficits of each on the sheet. 12 NOON Lunch 1:00 PM Asset Deficit List (Continued) Overview 1. Ask two students to recap what is an asset and a deficit 2. Have students get into groups of three to four team members. 3. Distribute a sheet of butcher paper and markers to each group. Each group should quickly assign a recorder, who will put a plus sign (+) over one half of the sheet and a minus sign (-) over the other half. Explain to students that they will be making a list of the assets and the deficits in their community. Make sure students know what an asset and a deficit are. Facilitation Tip: Rather than asking students “Does everyone know what an asset and a deficit are?” ask for a volunteer to explain an asset and a deficit. It’s rare that a student will admit that they don’t know what something means! As students are working, walk around the room and make sure that each group is making progress. If they are struggling, the following questions may help them brainstorm: 1. Questions to ask about assets: a. What are the strengths of your neighborhood? 24
  25. 25. b. Who are the positive people? c. What good things or events happen here? 2. Questions to ask about deficits: a. What do community members struggle with every day? b. What do young people struggle with every day? c. What do parents struggle with every day? 3. Explain that the student’s word press site will focus on an asset or a deficit that they choose. 4. They can either highlight a positive aspect of their community or they can raise awareness to a deficit in their community 5. If they choose to raise awareness they must think of a call to action to turn the deficit into an asset 6. If more than one student picks the same topic encourage them to work in a group and as a group design a WordPress site and call to action 1:45 PM Break 2:00 PM Intro to WordPress Dashboard 1. Play video https://ithemes.com/tutorials/wordpress- dashboard/ 2. Have students log on to their WordPress site. 3. Let students group up based on project theme and look at each other’s theme and site. 4. Students should provide feedback to other members in their group. 5. Students should share their analog theme’s with each other. 6. Have students suggest two ways for their team or partner to achieve their desired goal. 2:50 PM Music and Movement Break (Select two youth leaders per week) 3:00 PM Intro to Professionalism/Branding 1. Explore students’ perspectives on how what you wear and the way you look affects what you think, feel, how you act or behave, and the way others react or respond to you. 2. Discuss with students how appearance is connected to values, and professional image, and give or take away from one’s self-esteem. 3. Discuss what a professional image (branding) is, and how to develop it over time. • Who are you? • What do you want the world to see? • What do people see when they look at your physical self? 25
  26. 26. • How do people perceive your written communication? • How true are you to your brand? 4. Review professional rules on communicating by phone, email, text, and other social media outlets. How is it different from communication with friends? 5. Understand why it is important to know the company’s culture, policies, and what is an acceptable dress code? Learn the culture through research on the company/institutions’ website, site visits to the location (observe the people) conduct informational interviews in person or by phone (ask questions). 6. Dialogue on how hygiene impacts career success (examples -Facial hair, nails, scent/fragrance, jewelry, body piercings, and tattoos). What to do with body piercings and tattoos? 3:30 PM Activities • Perception Exercise: Instructor will role play experiences of how others perceive people who are inappropriately dressed at work or school. Request the help of two students. (3-5 minutes) • Students will work in groups of fours to develop two lists: 1) Appropriate clothes for the work and school environments; 2) Inappropriate clothes for the work and school environment. Each group will present their lists to the larger group, and compare similarities and differences. Wrap-up/Debrief questions: Ask the participants to reflect on the following questions throughout the summer: • What professional image do you want to project? • How will your choice of outer appearance, garments; and style of communication reflect your image? • How will you use electronics in professional settings? • Reflecting on the lesson and discussion what are some professional image goals you want to work on? How will you implement this task? Resources: www.byui.edu/.../Admin_Offices/Advising/PowerOfPersonalAppearance.p df https://www.careereducation.columbia.edu/resources/tipsheets/s 26
  27. 27. kills-professional-image http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/creating-a-positive-professional-image 3:45 PM Reflection This is the time to ask for youth input and evaluate sessions. Reflection can also be some kind of affirming activity where students congratulate or complement each other on their contributions to the group. 3:55 PM Sign Out Account for all youth. Day 4: Careers, Job Readiness, and Professionalism Content Goals: Youth will learn how to set career goals, develop job readiness skills, and professional etiquette in the work place. Leadership Goals: Building self-confident to pursue career goals, grow in challenged areas, and practice professionalism. Materials: Writing pens, standard paper, poster board, timer, chart paper, and markers 10:00 AM Sign-in Use the online attendance sheet to mark students as present and note any issues. 10:05 AM Mood Check/Icebreaker Question It’s important to start every session with an opening activity, such as a Mood Check-in, where students state their mood on a scale of 1-10. We often pair this with an icebreaker question that each student answers. 10:15 Play-by-Play: Body Part Musical Chairs 1. The class will form two circles of chairs with the chairs facing outward. Remove one chair. 2. A volunteer will prepared to start the music. 27
  28. 28. 3. When the music starts everyone must walk around the chairs (again it is fun if you make them jog). 4. When the music stops, a caller yells out a body part. 5. Then everyone races to touch that body part to a chair, one person per chair only. 6. If they touch a chair before the body part is called, they are out. The one person who doesn't get a chair is also out. 7. To speed it up, you can remove more chairs. 8. We usually start out simple - nose, hair, left elbow, etc. but towards the end we get more complicated - your bare feet, someone else's left hand (they must grab one of the people who are already out). 9. The object is to be the last one left. 10:45 Break 11:00 My vision for my life and career… Students will learn the meaning of a vision board and create one of their own. Play-by-Play Vision Board Activity 1. Instructors will show students their own Vision Board (2-3 min) 2. Instructors will explain the importance of creating a vision board and explains that students will create one to visualize their goals. (5-10 min) 3. Instructors will guide students through these steps: (20-30 min) Step 1: Go through magazines and tear the images from them. No gluing yet! Just let yourself have lots of fun looking through magazines and pulling out pictures or words or headlines that strike your fancy. Have fun with it. Make a big pile of images and phrases and words. Step 2: Go through the images and begin to lay your favorites on the board. Eliminate any images that no longer feel right. This step is where your intuition comes in. As you lay the pictures on the board, you’ll get a sense how the board should be laid out. For instance, you might assign a theme to each corner of the board. Health, Job, Spirituality, Relationships, for instance, or it may just be that the images want to go all over the place; or you might want to fold the board into a book that tells a story. At my retreats, I’ve seen women come up with wildly creative ways to present a vision board. Step 3: Glue everything onto the board. Add writing if you want. You can paint on it, or write words with markers. 28
  29. 29. Step 4: (optional, but powerful) Leave space in the very center of the vision board for a fantastic photo of yourself where you look radiant and happy. Paste yourself in the center of your board. Step 5: Hang your vision board in a place where you will see it often. 11:45 Break Noon Lunch 1:00 PM Dreams + Action = Goal Setting Start the session with broad and specific questions. • Ask the group: - What is a dream? - Has anyone ever asked you what do you want to be when you grow up? If so, what was your answer? - Has your answer changed or stayed the same? • Give them time to share their thoughts on each question. • Explain why dreams and goals are important. • Discuss the difference between dreams versus goals. Goal Setting 101 Teach participants strategies for writing effective goals • State again how dream + action steps + a target date = Goal. • Explain how goals provide direction and a sense of accomplishment they define your growth and development. • Demonstrate how to clearly define a challenge you are facing. What issue, problem, or desire are you trying to change or achieve? • Discuss why it is very important to write down your goal, action steps, and target date; and post them in places where you can see them daily (Example – on your wall, in your journal). • Use positive, action-oriented words with confidence. - I can and I will in your goal statement and with your action steps Read your goal every day. Stretch your abilities. Four key questions to ask yourself before setting goals 1. Challenge Why do I want it? Define the desire or challenge 29
  30. 30. facing you. 2. Goal What do I want? Write down the goal you want to achieve. 3. Action Steps How will I get it? Your specific action plan to reach your goal. 4. Target Dates When do I want it? The completion date to reach your goal. Create SMART Goals https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1GGHNO_qmAqN8QB 0y2fYoEir1zQlURgDGKs-KsvVTUj0/edit#slide=id.p4 Give a written example on how to write simple SMART Goals Make sure your example includes: Specific What is my goal? Example – I will save money for college. Measurable How much? Example – I will save $5000.00 for college. Attainable Ask the questions: How will I do this? What is my plan? Realistic Ask the question: Knowing what I know, is this a good idea? Is this goal something I can do based on resources, and the time I have to do it? What will I need to do to make this happen? Timely When will I complete my goal? Example – My goal is to save $5000.00 for college by my high school graduation (2020). 1:30 PM Music and Movement Break 1:45 PM Activity Create and Share SMART Goals, Vision Board (continues). • Students will work independently to create two or more goals, • Each student must identify at least one personal and one career goal. Update vision boards. 2:45 PM Break 3:00 PM Goals and Vision Sharing Students will return to the group to share their goals and vision. 30
  31. 31. • Each student reserves the right not to share deeply personal goals. Let them know it is okay. 3:45 PM Reflection This is the time to ask for youth input and evaluate sessions. Reflection can also be some kind of affirming activity where students congratulate or complement each other on their contributions to the group. 3:55 PM Sign Out Make sure all youth are in attendance. Day 5: Minefields and Guest Speakers Content Goals: Youth will be introduced to the Power of Youth Voice, examine their community, and be introduced to WordPress. Leadership Goals: Defining traits of a leader and team-building activities with a focus on collaboration Materials: 20 objects that can serve as “mines” (tennis ball cans, bowling pins, plastic cups, bottles or cans of pop, etc…), 1 blindfold (handkerchief) for each pair of students, notecards, pens, chart paper, and markers. 10:00 AM Sign-in Use the online attendance sheet to mark students as present and note any issues. 10:05 AM Mood Check/Icebreaker Question It’s important to start every session with an opening activity, such as a Mood Check-in, where students state their mood on a scale of 1- 10. We often pair this with an icebreaker question that each student answers. 10:15 AM Where the Wind Blows Where the Wind Blows serves two functions: (1) To build relationships, and (2) To get up, move around, and get energized. Play-by-play 1. Have everyone stand up and get into a tight circle so there 31
  32. 32. are no empty spaces. 2. Explain that whoever is in the middle is the “wind.” The middle person has to say “The wind blows for anyone who…” and then something about themselves that can also describe other people in the circle. Encourage participants to use a description that isn’t obvious just by looking. 3. As facilitator, make sure that the circle stays tight throughout the game and that energy stays high. Help out the middle person if they’re having trouble coming up with statements. • Example: The wind blows for anyone who has two or more siblings. • Example: The wind blows for everyone who lives in Humboldt Park. • Example: The wind blows for anyone who likes Beyoncé. 4. If the statement applies to you, then you have to move to another spot in the circle that just emptied. Whoever is left without a spot goes to the center of the circle and is the wind. Debrief 1. What’s one thing you had in common with someone? 2. What’s one thing you had in common with someone that you didn’t think you had anything in common with? 3. What’s one thing you didn’t have in common with someone you thought you would have had in common? 10:45 AM Minefield Students lead their blindfolded peers across a “minefield.” This activity will help develop trust and communication amongst the team members. The facilitator must create a concentrating and caring tone to start this exercise. Set Up: The room should be cleared of desks and chairs. A starting line and a finish line should be marked on the floor, and the “mines” should be scattered on the playing field. Play-by-Play 1. Have students pair up. In each pair, students should pick one student to be blindfolded, and another student to be the guide. 2. Give students three minutes to play their communication strategy before starting the course. 32
  33. 33. 3. The guide will be at the finish line, facing their blindfolded partner. They will have five minutes to guide their partner across the finish line. Have students switch roles and start again. 4. One person verbally guides his /her partners, whose eyes are covered by a blindfold or are closed. The students will alternate, so if there is any debate as to who will go first, assure them that they will both be blindfolded. Add a Twist • Scatter items throughout the course for the students to pick up • Create a penalty for hitting a “mine” • Have multiple students attempt to race across the “minefield” at the same time Facilitation Notes Some students may feel uneasy about being blindfolded-they can just close their eyes. In addition, this exercise can be used to build cohesion amongst the group, so you may want to pair the students strategically. Debrief After both students have made it across the minefield, reflect on activity with students using the following questions 1. How much did you trust your partner at the start of the activity (on a scale of 1-10)? 2. How much did you trust your partner at the end of the activity? 3. What is the difference between going alone and having a partner? 4. What ingredients are needed when trusting and working with someone else? 5. What did your partner do to help you feel safe and secure? 6. What could your partner have done to make you feel safe and secure? 7. What communication strategies worked best? 11:30 AM Break 11:45 AM Guest Speaker Prep 1. Allow students to go to the bathroom 2. Ask them to clean up their spaces (no food, drinks or trash) 33
  34. 34. 3. Make sure everyone has a pen and paper 4. Ask students to take out the questions that they created and keep them handy 12 NOON Lunch 1:15 PM Guest Speaker 2:00 PM Break 2:20 PM Guest Speaker 3:45 PM Reflection This is the time to ask for youth input and evaluate sessions. Reflection can also be some kind of affirming activity where students congratulate or complement each other on their contributions to the group. 3:55 PM Sign Out Make sure all youth are accounted for. Day 6: Wordpress Posting & How the Internet Works Content Goals: Youth will learn how to post a blog post on WordPress and learn how the Internet works. Leadership Goals: Teambuilding exercises will focus on team communication Materials: Confusion worksheet, pens, paper, markers, and a projector 10:00 AM Sign-in Use the online attendance sheet to mark students as present and note any issues. 10:05 AM Mood Check/Icebreaker Question It’s important to start every session with an opening activity, such as a Mood Check-in, where students state their mood on a scale of 1- 10. We often pair this with an icebreaker question that each student answers. 10:15 AM Confusion! 34
  35. 35. Students work on their communication and teambuilding skills by working on a set of tasks. Play-by-play 1. Hand each student a copy of the “Confusion!” handout. 2. Explain that students must go around and ask one another to complete the tasks listed on their handout, and then have their peers sign when they’ve completed the task. 3. Give students a time frame in which to complete this activity. The student who completes their “Confusion!” handout first may get a prize. 10:45 AM Introduction to How the Web Works This module will teach students the basics of how the web works including the concept of ‘The Cloud”, the World Wide Web, DNS/Web Addresses, and how content appears in the browser. Part One: The History of the Internet Let’s say you wrote a really cool song on your computer. Without the internet the song would just stay on your laptop. To share it, you’d have to have somebody come over and look at your laptop - or you’d have to download it onto a floppy disk (What they had before USBs) and physically carry it over. This is how computers used to work. And it was a bit of a problem for scientists trying to work collaboratively. Instead of shipping documents from universities on the east coast to the west coast, it would be a lot easier if one computer could just pick up a phone and call the other. This is exactly what they did. In 1965, a professor at MIT used a phone line to call up a computer at UCLA and send information back and forth. This was the first (very small) network. The government saw value with this and funded an experiment called ARPAnet. Computers from across the country were added to the network becoming a ‘web’ of computers. However, this network had a problem. It began to grow large enough to where one computer couldn’t find another specific computer. Imagine that you want to visit a friend’s house for the first time, but 35
  36. 36. there are no street numbers. You’d get lost pretty easily. To solve this, Vincent Cerf and Robert Kahn created the TCP/IP protocol. TCP/IP stands for Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol. It had four ground rules: 1. Each distinct network would have to stand on its own and no internal changes could be required to any such network to connect it to the Internet. 2. Communications would be on a best effort basis. If a packet (information) didn't make it to the final destination, it would shortly be sent again from the source. 3. Black boxes would be used to connect the networks; these would later be called gateways and routers. There would be no information retained by the gateways about the individual flows of packets passing through them, thereby keeping them simple and avoiding complicated adaptation and recovery from various failure modes. 4. There would be no global control at the operations level. Each device connected to the network an address called an IP Address. Activity: Address Numbers Everyone take out their phones or laptop. Google “What’s my IP address” Now, notice that if you’re not on the Wi-Fi your address is different from mine. Every internet connection has its own address. Every website also has an address too. Now, go into the address bar and enter 173.252.110.27 See, it really works - that’s Facebook’s address on the Internet About DNS The problem with the IP address is that nobody can remember all the numbers needed to get everywhere on the web. So, they developed services called “Domain Name Servers” that give addresses like 173.252.110.27 names like “Facebook.com” 36
  37. 37. DNS servers act like Google Maps for your computer. It works like this: 1. You tell your browser that you want to go to “mikvachallenge.org”. 2. Your computer calls up a DNS server to ask for directions to mikvachallenge.org. 3. The DNS servers looks through all the addresses in all of the internet and find: 67.202.93.0. 4. The DNS tells your browser where to find the site. Your browser then points itself to 67.202.93.0. 5. www.mikvachallenge.org pops up in your browser! Web Hosting The other problem with the early network is that those computers had to be on and connected all the time to work. It also became hard for a lot of people to try to access the same file on a single machine all at the same time. Could you imagine 500 people trying to call you at once? Doesn’t work that well. The people who were building the Internet needed a way to serve the information to a lot of people at once. The answer became dedicated computers that would ‘serve’ people information called servers. YouTube has hundreds of server room that hold thousands of cat videos. When you point your browser to the funny video of your choice, the server ‘serves’ your video to your web browser. Not everyone has to have a server room to host their websites. Expunge.io uses a service called “Amazon Web Services” to borrow their server. (Yes, you really can order everything from Amazon.” 11:30 AM Break 11:45 AM Two Thumbs and a Lie In this activity, students to get to know each other in a fun and challenging way. Play-by-Play 37
  38. 38. For large groups (e.g., 30+), it is best to split into smaller group sizes. Explain that in this activity each person must come up with two truths and a lie about themselves and then we will try to guess each other's lie. The goal is to: a) convince others that your lie is truth and vice versa. The second goal for participants will be to correctly guess other people's lies. 1. Allow approx. five – eight minutes for writing two truths & a lie a. This isn't easy for a lot of people - there will be some scribbling out, etc. b. The slower people will probably need to be urged along to "put anything you can think of" down. You will probably need to urge people along. 2. Gather together in a circle. Start with one person who reads their three statements aloud (to remind everyone). 3. Read the statements again, stopping to allow a vote for each one. e.g., "I am Turkish. Who thinks that this is a lie? [Vote] I am vegetarian. Who thinks that this is a lie? [Vote] I have a metal pin in my right leg. Who thinks that this is a lie? [Vote]. OK, my lie was "I am vegetarian."" The facilitator will need to help each person out, especially initially until the basic format is understood. The facilitator may add drama and reinforcement, etc. for correct guesses, tricky statements, etc. 12 NOON Lunch 1:00 PM Line Up Play-by-play 1. Ask students to get in a line. 2. Once they are in a line let them know that they now have to be completely quiet, no talking, no mouthing. 3. They have to rearrange the line so that the youngest person is in front of the line and the oldest person in the back of the line. 4. Give them three minutes to complete the activity. 1:15 PM Typing Club • Logon http://youthledtech.typingclub.com. • Allow youth to practice/develop their typing skills. • This could be a useful time for facilitators to catch up on 38

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