ENDORSING PARTNERS

What makes a city liveable?
Implications for next
generation
Infrastructure services
www.isngi.org

Th...
What makes a city liveable?
Joanne Leach
University of Birmingham
2 October 2013
This presentation
•
•
•
•

About us
City Description Framework
Envisioning a future liveable UK city
City Analysis Methodo...
Liveable Cities

Transforming the Engineering of Cities
to deliver Societal and Planetary Wellbeing
• Engineering and Phys...
Liveable Cities

Our focus is on an 80% carbon-reduced, resourcesecure UK city in which wellbeing is optimised
• How do UK...
Liveable Cities

While this process is conceptually straightforward, the
implementation of change relies upon a fit to the...
Thought starters

Infrastructure underpins urban liveability
• What do we mean by liveability?
• What do we mean by infras...
Liveable Cities

Our focus is on an 80% carbon-reduced, resourcesecure UK city in which wellbeing is optimised
• How do UK...
Today

Three UK case studies + international case studies
• Birmingham – largest local authority in Europe
• Lancaster – a...
City Description Framework
Future Liveability

Emergence versus control

Vision components
To be a low carbon city, providing the highest possible
re...
Vision + aims

To be a low carbon city, providing the highest possible
resource security with the highest wellbeing whilst...
Vision + aims

To be a low carbon city, providing the highest possible
resource security with the highest wellbeing whilst...
Aim + objectives

Minimising operational and embodied carbon
• Minimise energy use from carbon fuels
• Minimise water use ...
Aim + objectives

Minimising operational and embodied carbon
• Minimise energy use from carbon fuels
• Minimise water use ...
Objective + measures

Use of low carbon and low impact materials

Use of renewable resources on all residential new
builds...
Applicability

How a city / local authority might use the City
Description Framework and City Analysis Methodology
Roadmap
Liveable Cities

Our focus is on an 80% carbon-reduced, resourcesecure UK city in which wellbeing is optimised
• How do UK...
Liveable Cities

Our focus is on an 80% carbon-reduced, resourcesecure UK city in which wellbeing is optimised
• How do UK...
SMART International Symposium for Next Generation Infrastructure: What makes a city liveable? Implications for next-genera...
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SMART International Symposium for Next Generation Infrastructure: What makes a city liveable? Implications for next-generation infrastructure services

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A presentation conducted by Mrs Joanne Leach, University of Birmingham.
Presented on Wednesday the 2nd of October 2013.

Infrastructure forms the framework within which modern societies operate both at the physical and social level. It
includes (amongst others) digital, green and social infrastructures, emergency services and food networks as well as water, energy, waste and transport. In 2012 Liveable Cities, a 5-year research programme, combining the Universities of Birmingham, Lancaster, Southampton and UCL, was established to identify and test radical engineering interventions that will lead to liveable cities of the future (low carbon, resource secure cities in which societal wellbeing is prioritised). This paper presents a discussion of what comprises a truly liveable city and how it might be achieved. It presents the City Analysis Framework, a technique for the analysis of city operations that establishes a hierarchy of needs relevant to successfully achieving a liveable city. The results reflect the changing perceptions and importance of infrastructure
and how proposed changes can radically alter people’s lifestyle and wellbeing.

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SMART International Symposium for Next Generation Infrastructure: What makes a city liveable? Implications for next-generation infrastructure services

  1. 1. ENDORSING PARTNERS What makes a city liveable? Implications for next generation Infrastructure services www.isngi.org The following are confirmed contributors to the business and policy dialogue in Sydney: • Rick Sawers (National Australia Bank) • Nick Greiner (Chairman (Infrastructure NSW) Monday, 30th September 2013: Business & policy Dialogue Tuesday 1 October to Thursday, 3rd October: Academic and Policy DialoguePresented by: Mrs Joanne Leach, University of Birmingham www.isngi.org
  2. 2. What makes a city liveable? Joanne Leach University of Birmingham 2 October 2013
  3. 3. This presentation • • • • About us City Description Framework Envisioning a future liveable UK city City Analysis Methodology
  4. 4. Liveable Cities Transforming the Engineering of Cities to deliver Societal and Planetary Wellbeing • Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) funded • UK consortium of four universities • Five year programme, starting in May 2012 • £6M • ~40 academic team members • ~80 stakeholder partners
  5. 5. Liveable Cities Our focus is on an 80% carbon-reduced, resourcesecure UK city in which wellbeing is optimised • How do UK cities function today? • How should a future liveable city function? • What is stopping us from achieving future liveability? • How can engineering overcome the barriers? o Innovative engineering solutions o Transforming engineering itself
  6. 6. Liveable Cities While this process is conceptually straightforward, the implementation of change relies upon a fit to the context, exogenous and endogenous influences and city capacity and capability, and faces many barriers, such as resistance to individual and societal behaviour change, political will to enact change in a climate of short-term electoral cycles, professional inertia, the capability and capacity to effect changes and the perceived risks associated with doing things differently. Nevertheless it has the potential to make explicit the opportunities and consequences of action or inaction.
  7. 7. Thought starters Infrastructure underpins urban liveability • What do we mean by liveability? • What do we mean by infrastructure? Complexity / reflexivity / managing risk (uncertainty) Opposing forces? • Project versus systems thinking • Emergence versus control • Rigid versus flexible / self-regulatory / adaptive • Infrastructure versus critical infrastructure Sustainability: economic, social and environmental
  8. 8. Liveable Cities Our focus is on an 80% carbon-reduced, resourcesecure UK city in which wellbeing is optimised • How do UK cities function today? • How should a future liveable city function? • What is stopping us from achieving future liveability? • How can engineering overcome the barriers? o Innovative engineering solutions o Transforming engineering itself
  9. 9. Today Three UK case studies + international case studies • Birmingham – largest local authority in Europe • Lancaster – ancient settlement to transition town • Southampton – port city • Vienna • Singapore • South America
  10. 10. City Description Framework
  11. 11. Future Liveability Emergence versus control Vision components To be a low carbon city, providing the highest possible resource security with the highest wellbeing whilst ensuring a quality environment, economic vitality and appropriate governance.
  12. 12. Vision + aims To be a low carbon city, providing the highest possible resource security with the highest wellbeing whilst ensuring a quality environment, economic vitality and appropriate governance. • • • • • • • Minimise operational and embodied carbon Maximise individual and community wellbeing Enhance biodiversity and ecosystem services Enhance the built environment Ensure economic vitality Ensure resource security Ensure appropriate governance
  13. 13. Vision + aims To be a low carbon city, providing the highest possible resource security with the highest wellbeing whilst ensuring a quality environment, economic vitality and appropriate governance. • • • • • • • Minimise operational and embodied carbon Maximise individual and community wellbeing Enhance biodiversity and ecosystem services Enhance the built environment Ensure economic vitality Ensure resource security Ensure appropriate governance
  14. 14. Aim + objectives Minimising operational and embodied carbon • Minimise energy use from carbon fuels • Minimise water use and maximise its reuse • Minimise waste produced and maximise its reuse and recycling • Optimise food supply chain • Minimise high carbon mobilities (transport) of people and objects (including food) • Use of low carbon and low impact materials • Use of low carbon resources • Conduct all activities in the lowest carbon way
  15. 15. Aim + objectives Minimising operational and embodied carbon • Minimise energy use from carbon fuels • Minimise water use and maximise its reuse • Minimise waste produced and maximise its reuse and recycling • Optimise food supply chain • Minimise high carbon mobilities (transport) of people and objects (including food) • Use of low carbon and low impact materials • Use of low carbon resources • Conduct all activities in the lowest carbon way
  16. 16. Objective + measures Use of low carbon and low impact materials Use of renewable resources on all residential new builds • Use of timber from renewable resources • Use of recycled aggregates • …
  17. 17. Applicability How a city / local authority might use the City Description Framework and City Analysis Methodology
  18. 18. Roadmap
  19. 19. Liveable Cities Our focus is on an 80% carbon-reduced, resourcesecure UK city in which wellbeing is optimised • How do UK cities function today? • How should a future liveable city function? • What is stopping us from achieving future liveability? • How can engineering overcome the barriers? o Innovative engineering solutions o Transforming engineering itself
  20. 20. Liveable Cities Our focus is on an 80% carbon-reduced, resourcesecure UK city in which wellbeing is optimised • How do UK cities function today? • How should a future liveable city function? • What is stopping us from achieving future liveability? • How can engineering overcome the barriers? o Innovative engineering solutions o Transforming engineering itself

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