ENDORSING PARTNERS

Evaluation of accessibility
measures in practitioner policy and their
effectiveness in non-metropolita...
ISNGI 2013 – Paper Presentation

Evaluation of accessibility
measures in practitioner
policy and their effectiveness
in no...
Problem: Lack of Strategic Vision
• Inadequate provision of transport
infrastructure in urban development
• Geographic and...
Holiday traffic congestion
on the Princes Highway,
Albion Park Rail
(source: Illawarra Mercury online)

Crowded train plat...
What single
indicator can be
used to evaluate
connectivity?
Accessibility
‘The variety of opportunities provided
to people through efficient arrangement
of land use and various modes...
Accessibility – performance measure
• Good accessibility: target areas to intensify
land-use
• Poor accessibility: identif...
Defining Accessibility
• Discussed in abundance throughout
literature dating back to 1950s
• Generally consistent definiti...
Integration of Theory and Policy
• Lack of effective integration between theory
and land use planning practice
• ‘Positive...
Sutherland Shire Council – Accessibility
Maps commissioned by Sydney Alliance
ARRB Accessibility Metric (AAM)
Opportunities

Travel Modes

Jobs for employment

Car

Enrolment for school

Public Transp...
Accessibility - Non-Metropolitan
Areas
• Focus in literature & policy tends to be
towards major metropolitan areas
• Non-m...
Conclusions
• Accessibility has been widely explored in
existing literature
• Further work required to better integrate
th...
Further Research
• Investigate accessibility in a case-study of a
non-metropolitan area
• Ideally recommend a unified perf...
Acknowledgements
• Professor Pascal Perez, Research Director SMART Infrastructure Facility
• Dr Andrew Sense, Director - L...
SMART International Symposium for Next Generation Infrastructure: Evaluation of accessibility  measures in practitioner po...
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SMART International Symposium for Next Generation Infrastructure: Evaluation of accessibility measures in practitioner policy and their effectiveness in non-metropolitan areas

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A presentation conducted by Mr Brett Williams, Transport Engineer, Shoalhaven City Council. Presented on Thursday the 3rd of October 2013.

Various accessibility metrics exist to explore the performance of transport by quantifying the opportunities available at a particular, discrete location and the available
means to travel both to and from these opportunities. In Australia there is currently no consistent performance measure used by regulatory authorities to evaluate accessibility in order to inform land-use planning decisions. Considering the widespread availability and usage of strategic transport modelling software, a unified accessibility metric would benefit practitioners when planning for future infrastructure needs. Furthermore, the
development of accessibility metrics tends to focus on metropolitan areas without exploring their effectiveness in regional and rural areas, where public transport, walking and cycling opportunities are limited due to lower population densities and wider disaggregation of localities. This paper provides a review of the existing literature on accessibility performance measures, and identifies areas
of potential research on transport accessibility in non-metropolitan areas, with the aim to improve the planning and delivery of future infrastructure needs in an optimised and sustainable manner.

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SMART International Symposium for Next Generation Infrastructure: Evaluation of accessibility measures in practitioner policy and their effectiveness in non-metropolitan areas

  1. 1. ENDORSING PARTNERS Evaluation of accessibility measures in practitioner policy and their effectiveness in non-metropolitan areas The following are confirmed contributors to the business and policy dialogue in Sydney: • Rick Sawers (National Australia Bank) • Nick Greiner (Chairman (Infrastructure NSW) Monday, 30th September 2013: Business & policy Dialogue Tuesday 1 October to Thursday, Dialogue 3rd October: Academic and Policy Presented by: Mr Brett Williams, Transport Engineer, Shoalhaven City Council www.isngi.org www.isngi.org
  2. 2. ISNGI 2013 – Paper Presentation Evaluation of accessibility measures in practitioner policy and their effectiveness in non-metropolitan areas Presented by: Brett Williams (Transport Engineer, Shoalhaven City Council)
  3. 3. Problem: Lack of Strategic Vision • Inadequate provision of transport infrastructure in urban development • Geographic and historical legacies • Inefficient connectivity between land use and transport systems
  4. 4. Holiday traffic congestion on the Princes Highway, Albion Park Rail (source: Illawarra Mercury online) Crowded train platform in Sydney (source: Sydney Morning Herald online)
  5. 5. What single indicator can be used to evaluate connectivity?
  6. 6. Accessibility ‘The variety of opportunities provided to people through efficient arrangement of land use and various modes of transport.’ Source: Austroads Application of Accessibility Measures
  7. 7. Accessibility – performance measure • Good accessibility: target areas to intensify land-use • Poor accessibility: identify areas requiring improvement • No unified accessibility measure available for Australian practitioners
  8. 8. Defining Accessibility • Discussed in abundance throughout literature dating back to 1950s • Generally consistent definition however potential for confusion e.g. ‘access’ and ‘accessibility’ • ‘Remoteness’ – reciprocal of accessibility
  9. 9. Integration of Theory and Policy • Lack of effective integration between theory and land use planning practice • ‘Positive’ versus ‘Normative’ accessibility • Examples of accessibility in practice:  Sutherland Shire Council mapped Accessibility Index  Sydney Alliance development of maps to explore public transport inequality
  10. 10. Sutherland Shire Council – Accessibility
  11. 11. Maps commissioned by Sydney Alliance
  12. 12. ARRB Accessibility Metric (AAM) Opportunities Travel Modes Jobs for employment Car Enrolment for school Public Transport Workers in the retail industry Walk Workers in the recreation industry Cycle
  13. 13. Accessibility - Non-Metropolitan Areas • Focus in literature & policy tends to be towards major metropolitan areas • Non-metropolitan areas:  Public transport, walking & cycling opportunities limited  Lower population densities  Wider disaggregation of localities
  14. 14. Conclusions • Accessibility has been widely explored in existing literature • Further work required to better integrate theoretical transport accessibility into policy • Lack of detailed studies into nonmetropolitan areas
  15. 15. Further Research • Investigate accessibility in a case-study of a non-metropolitan area • Ideally recommend a unified performance measure to be used consistently across jurisdictions • Incorporate analysis into SMART Infrastructure Dashboard
  16. 16. Acknowledgements • Professor Pascal Perez, Research Director SMART Infrastructure Facility • Dr Andrew Sense, Director - Local Government Research and Practice Development Consortium • Shoalhaven City Council

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