Enhancing Partnership of Central Asian Countries in Combating Human Trafficking


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Central Asian Regional Dialogue for Enhancing Partnership of Central Asian Countries in Combating Trafficking in Persons as a Consequence of Irregular Migration.

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Enhancing Partnership of Central Asian Countries in Combating Human Trafficking

  1. 1. Central Asian Regional Dialogue for Enhancing Partnership of Central Asian Countries in Combating Trafficking in Persons as a Consequence of Irregular Migration Final Recommendations 27 May 2011 Astana , Kazakhstan
  2. 2. <ul><li>Session 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention of Trafficking in Persons </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations : </li></ul><ul><li>To coordinate joint activities among the countries, for example, countries of origin (Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan) have to include notification of assistance provided and telephone numbers of anti-trafficking hotlines operated in the country of destination (Kazakhstan) into all information materials published for the general population and potential migrants ; </li></ul><ul><li>To install billboards and distribute brochures in national and Russian languages in the border check-points of Central Asian countries. Also to install the billboard in Kazakh, Uzbek, Kyrgyz and Russian languages at the border check-points of Kazakhstan ; </li></ul><ul><li>To develop a specific Mechanism of Referral of the victims of trafficking (VoTs) ; </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>To strengthen and to enhance co-operation between public organizations of Central Asian countries ; </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations for representatives of law enforcement agencies : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To monitor regularly the border check-points; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To make regular monitoring of private and state employment agencies recruiting people for work abroad. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Countries of origin and countries of destination have to arrange training courses of Russian Language Proficiency for potential and current migrants ; </li></ul><ul><li>To install counter trafficking information poster in each carriage of railroad trains, and in public places along the travelling routes of migrants. It is recommended that the awareness raising efforts cover the popular routes of migration ;  </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Countries should publish joint information materials in partnership with each other, e.g. migration services of Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan could publish joint counter trafficking information materials and distribute these information materials in the public places where migrants gather ; </li></ul><ul><li>To invite mass media to raise public awareness in order to cover as much population as possible. It is recommended that each Central Asian government produces a video Public Service Announcement (PSA) and broadcasts it regularly on TV, in the airports and in other crowded places. Being a country of destination, Kazakhstan is recommended to broadcast the PSA translated into all languages of Central Asia ; </li></ul><ul><li>To publish in mass media the cases of suppression and prosecution of human trafficking and punishment of traffickers ; </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>To adopt the law on legalization of migration in Kazakhstan as the country of origin and destination of trafficking in persons ; </li></ul><ul><li>To conduct legal consultations on radio with the audience in format “Questions and Answers” ; </li></ul><ul><li>The Governments shall provide for money to compensate the translation services for migrants if translation of documents related to visa and/or legal stay in the country of destination is required; </li></ul><ul><li>To place outreach workers at the border check-points with proficiency in minimum several Central Asian languages, so that they provided information in simple words to all those crossing the border ;  </li></ul><ul><li>To enhance and strengthen the coordination of work between the law enforcement agencies and non-government organizations ; </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>To recommend introduction of a single national hotline number in the countries of Central Asia; </li></ul><ul><li>To create data base for law enforcement agencies in order to share information about employment agencies and other business entities which often break migration, labour and anti-trafficking legislation; </li></ul><ul><li>To arrange information share of law enforcement engaged in counter trafficking in Central Asia ; </li></ul><ul><li>To create a coordination network (website) of Central Asian countries. </li></ul><ul><li>To urge road and river transport authorities to make a strict control of observance of the rules of international passenger transportations (eg. check ID while selling the tickets ) . </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Session 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Assistance to Victims of Trafficking </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations : </li></ul><ul><li>It is necessary to work with police and migration services. They should clearly understand who is the victim of trafficking (VoT) and what are the indications of VoTs. It is necessary to have common criteria for identification of VoTs for NGOs, police and migration services , so National Referral Mechanism shall be developed and adopted in Central Asian countries where this mechanism is lacking ( recommendation overlaps with para.3 of Sessions 1 ) ; </li></ul><ul><li>Countries of destination have to consider the issue of compensations to VoTs whatever type of exploitation ; </li></ul><ul><li>To introduce the principle of “Non Deportation” for migrants – victims of exploitation ; </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>To invite IOM staff as trainers to the Training Center of the Ministry of Interiors of Kazakhstan , and to invite representatives of law enforcement agencies of Central Asian countries for trainings to the Center; </li></ul><ul><li>To develop standard operational procedures (SOPs) for outreach workers – training for outreach workers, exchange of experience ; </li></ul><ul><li>To strengthen mechanisms for rendering assistance, in particular – the system of VoTs referral ; </li></ul><ul><li>All those providing services to VoTs shall follow the victim-centered and human rights based approach. Service providers shall be sensitive to the individual. There must be coordination and understanding of what trafficking victim is and where to refer ; </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>To develop SOPs on psychological approach to the VoT for all stakeholders . Interviews shall be conducted in partnership with VoTs and with account their psychological condition. Psychologist shall be hired as a staff of law enforcement agencies ; </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate social partnership shall be built in the countries of origin. This will, first of all, require the preventive work. Workers of law enforcement agencies, migration, labour, social agencies, etc. shall know that VoTs should get assistance from each of them ; </li></ul><ul><li>To form positive perception of a VoT ; </li></ul><ul><li>Important: Official representative (lawyer) of VoTs shall proceed from the very moment of first interview ; </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>It is necessary to draft Identification Guideline for Border Service and Customs . Guidelines of General Prosecutor’s Office may serve as an example ; </li></ul><ul><li>To develop the following : when the VoT was identified in the country of destination and she/he is repatriated home, she/he shall bring evidences with her/him ; </li></ul><ul><li>To use experience of other countries with regard to relief of VoTs from criminal liability given their consent to cooperate with law enforcement agencies ; </li></ul><ul><li>To provide law enforcement agencies with the list of local organizations providing services to VoTs ; </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Law enforcement agencies shall develop mechanism to speed up and catalyse the work with letters, requests, inquiries, etc on VoTs ; </li></ul><ul><li>It is possible to introduce the practice of compensation to VoT from the confiscated assets of her/his trafficker ; </li></ul><ul><li>To consider for the countries of origin the possibility to include in the national budgets the line for VoT’s repatriation and documentation costs ; </li></ul><ul><li>To open branches, consulates or representations of the countries of origin in the regions of countries of destination in order to enhance the provision of direct assistance to victims ; </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>To focus on international expertise and development of proposals for improvement of legislation , regulating the status of the VoT in order to expand opportunities for rendering assistance during prejudicial inquiry and judicial proceedings ; </li></ul><ul><li>To review anti-trafficking legislation and improve it with focus on protection of VoTs ; </li></ul><ul><li>To ensure support and protection of VoTs in the system of criminal justice . </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Session 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Prosecution of Traffickers </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations : </li></ul><ul><li>To analyze information got from VoTs with the aim to identify the channels of human trafficking in the region ; </li></ul><ul><li>To strengthen partnership of law enforcement agencies for implementation of joint efforts to combat traffickers in the countries of origin ; </li></ul><ul><li>To invite NGOs to take part in operations of migration services in order to identify VoTs within irregular migrants ; </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>To consider possibility of signing agreements between regional (oblast) branch of General Prosecutor’s Office and regional (oblast) Police Department ( eg. Almatinskaya and Tashentskaya oblasts) ; </li></ul><ul><li>To develop standard claim form ( minimum information package ) to verify cases of human trafficking ; </li></ul><ul><li>Law enforcement shall not just respond to claims of VoTs, but verify information claimed by NGOs, mass media ; </li></ul><ul><li>During criminal investigation on human trafficking in the country of origin LEAs should send records to the law enforcement agencies of country of destination where exploitation took place ; </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>To consider the possibility to establish a regional data base of cases of human trafficking ; </li></ul><ul><li>To consider the possibility to introduce punishment for consumers of services of VoTs in the countries of destination ; </li></ul><ul><li>It is necessary to explore the issue of compensation to VoTs in the countries of destination ; </li></ul><ul><li>To provide NGOs with access to detention centers to identify VoTs in the countries of destination ; </li></ul><ul><li>To exchange information quarterly on number of anti-trafficking criminal investigations in the countries of Central Asian region . </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>To strengthen the system of coordination and information exchange between Ministry of Interior and border services at the regional level ; </li></ul><ul><li>To improve the electronic system of coordination and information exchange among the law enforcement agencies (LEA) at the regional level ; </li></ul><ul><li>To provide assistance for international trips of LEA officers to participate in joint investigations of crimes of human trafficking ; </li></ul><ul><li>To provide assistance for international trips of LEA officers to share intelligence and other information with LEA of destination countries in order to jointly conduct activities on prosecution of all participants of international organized criminal group and to block VoTs supply channels . </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Session 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Cooperation for Counteracting Trafficking in Persons </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations : </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing of Central Asian regional body for counteracting trafficking in persons consisting of representatives of governments and public non-governmental organizations : </li></ul><ul><li>To establish Regional Central Asian Coordination Center consisting of public and government organizations. To hold meetings of the Center by rotation of CA countries. To consider the possibility to extend the scope of this Center, so that it counteracted not just the human trafficking, but in general, the organized crime ; </li></ul><ul><li>In this regard, to review the international practices of establishment and functioning of regional bodies on counteracting organized crime ; </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Each delegation shall explore at its level the possibility to establish the Regional Central Asian Coordination Center consisting of public and government organizations for counteracting organized crime ; </li></ul><ul><li>To create National Working Groups (NWGs) to discuss and prepare the establishment of the Regional Central Asian Coordination Center consisting of public and government organizations for counteracting organized crime . Outputs and conclusions of the NWGs shall be delivered to the General Prosecutor’s Office of the Republic of Kazakhstan ( Astana ) or IOM ; </li></ul><ul><li>To establish the Counter Trafficking Experts Data Base: </li></ul><ul><li>To strengthen the NGO-partners network of IOM ; </li></ul><ul><li>To strengthen direct interaction of government agencies and non-government organizations ; </li></ul><ul><li>Countries shall establish an Expert Public Council at the national level . </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Developing a regional agreement of the countries of Central Asia on counteracting trafficking in persons </li></ul><ul><li>There is an Agreement on Co-operation between the CIS Prosecutor General’s Offices in the Fight against Trafficking in Persons, Organs and Human Tissues , signed in Astana in 2009. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Increasing cooperation of law enforcement bodies through the joint trainings of officers on combating trafficking in persons : </li></ul><ul><li>The Karaganda Training Center for Counteracting Irregular Migration and Trafficking in Persons of the Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Kazakhstan ( KTC ) may be a regional Central Asian anti-trafficking trainings service provider to do the following : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To upgrade the junior staff of law enforcement agencies (LEA) engaged in fight against human trafficking ; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To train the skills of applying the regional norms of international law ; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To conduct trainings for LEA officers , border officers, judges, prosecutors . </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>There shall be an exchange of NGO Trainers ( to do this it is necessary to standardize approaches, to introduce the uniform system , definitions etc .) </li></ul><ul><li>To conduct meetings-dialogues ; </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching staff (professors) of KTC shall serve as visiting trainers and come to CA countries to conduct trainings in the field ; </li></ul><ul><li>To arrange Training of Counter Trafficking Trainers in the KTC ; </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>To institutionalize training of counter trafficking specialists ; </li></ul><ul><li>To apply the technologies of KTC’s On-line Distant Counter Trafficking Trainings for Central Asian countries ; </li></ul><ul><li>To prepare the Guideline for Counter Trafficking Teaching ; </li></ul><ul><li>Upon arrival home each delegation shall make analysis of how LEAs assume to establish the regional Central Asian counter-trafficking co-operation ; </li></ul><ul><li>To create library resources on counteracting human trafficking . </li></ul>