IAS Lecture 5 at Civil Services Study Centre at Administrative Training Institute, Kolkata

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IAS Lecture 5 at Civil Services Study Centre at Administrative Training Institute, Kolkata

  1. 1. Best and most authentic book for Civil Service Preparation to be available in the market from 15 April, 2014 23/02/2014 Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in2
  2. 2. Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in 23/02/20143
  3. 3. Concepts Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in 23/02/20144
  4. 4. Some Important Demographic Concepts Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in 23/02/20145
  5. 5. Some Important Demographic Concepts Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in 23/02/20146
  6. 6. Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in 23/02/20147
  7. 7. This book is available at all leading bookstore, on Flipkart and Amazon India—Just look at the list of authors. 23/02/2014 Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in8
  8. 8. Census 2011 Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in 23/02/20149
  9. 9. Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in 23/02/201410 36
  10. 10. Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in 23/02/201411
  11. 11. This book is available at all leading bookstore, on Flipkart and Amazon India—Just look at the list of authors. 23/02/2014 Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in12
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  14. 14. Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in 23/02/201415
  15. 15. Best and most authentic book for Civil Service Preparation to be available in the market from 15 April, 2014 23/02/2014 Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in16
  16. 16. Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in 23/02/201417
  17. 17. Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in 23/02/201418
  18. 18. This book is available at all leading bookstore, on Flipkart and Amazon India—Just look at the list of authors. 23/02/2014 Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in19
  19. 19. Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in 23/02/201420
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  23. 23. Best and most authentic book for Civil Service Preparation to be available in the market from 15 April, 2014 23/02/2014 Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in24
  24. 24. 23/02/2014Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in25
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  26. 26. This book is available at all leading bookstore, on Flipkart and Amazon India—Just look at the list of authors. 23/02/2014 Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in27
  27. 27. 23/02/2014Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in28
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  30. 30. 23/02/2014Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in31
  31. 31. This book is available at all leading bookstore, on Flipkart and Amazon India—Just look at the list of authors. 23/02/2014 Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in32
  32. 32. 23/02/2014Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in33
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  34. 34. Best and most authentic book for Civil Service Preparation to be available in the market from 15 April, 2014 23/02/2014 Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in35
  35. 35. 23/02/2014Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in36
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  38. 38. This book is available at all leading bookstore, on Flipkart and Amazon India—Just look at the list of authors. 23/02/2014 Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in39
  39. 39. 23/02/2014 Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in40
  40. 40. 23/02/2014Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in41  In the next two / three decades, India’s population will grow and large bulk of this increase will be between the ages of 15 and 64, the so-called “working age” population.  The proportion of working age population in the age group of 15-64 years in total population was 62.9 per cent in 2006 but is expected to rise to 68.4 per cent in 2026.  An increase in the working age ratio can raise the rate of economic growth, and hence confer a “demographic dividend.”
  41. 41. This book is available at all leading bookstore, on Flipkart and Amazon India—Just look at the list of authors. 23/02/2014 Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in42
  42. 42. 23/02/2014Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in43  People of working age are on average more productive than those outside this age group.  Also, because workers save while dependants do not, a bulge in the working age ratio contributes to higher savings rates, increasing the domestic resources available for productive investment.  For actual tapping of the “demographic dividend”, it is necessary not only to ensure proper health care but also a major emphasis on skill development and encouragement of labour intensive industries.
  43. 43. Scholarly and Newspaper Articles on Census 2011 23/02/2014Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in44  http://www.livemint.com/Opinion/gRW40zspiwWncN 0sbwR1rJ/A-new-India-in-census-data.html  http://www.livemint.com/Home- Page/K4tZrsU3Y8LOFVysMSlAzI/A-new-India-but- old-worries-persist.html  http://www.livemint.com/Politics/zavbXY5w5oq6nB6v FcXarL/Kolkata-sees-dip-in-population-suburbs- register-an-increase.html  http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/2014-lok- sabha-polls-will-see-most-firsttime- voters/article5710633.ece  http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/features/brandl ine/india-moves-ahead/article5634959.ece
  44. 44. This book is available at all leading bookstore, on Flipkart and Amazon India—Just look at the list of authors. 23/02/2014 Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in45
  45. 45. Demography and Development: Preliminary Interpretations of the 2011 Census By K Navaneetham and A Dharmalingam, Economic & Political Weekly, April 16, 2011 23/02/2014Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in46  The provisional population figures of the 2011 Census do suggest that India‘s population growth is finally slowing down.  Although the total population size exceeded most projections, the growth rate has slowed compared to the 1990s.  This is largely due to further declines in fertility throughout the 2000s in the populous states in northern India.  However, it will be a few more decades before the ―momentum effect‖ arising from past high fertility runs its course.  The more than expected increase in population size
  46. 46. Demography and Development: Preliminary Interpretations of the 2011 Census By K Navaneetham and A Dharmalingam, Economic & Political Weekly, April 16, 2011 23/02/2014Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in47  Regional variation in growth rates is along the expected lines. Despite the narrowing of the north- south gap in growth rates, the most populous states have the inbuilt demographic momentum to run further away from the rest in population size. This means the centre of population gravity is likely to move towards further north in the decades to come with the attendant social, economic and political implications.  Although the population sex ratio has improved, the unexpected surprise was the deterioration in child sex ratios. Almost all the improvement in the population sex ratio seems to have resulted from an increase in survivorship among females aged seven and over.
  47. 47. This book is available at all leading bookstore, on Flipkart and Amazon India—Just look at the list of authors. 23/02/2014 Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in48
  48. 48. Demography and Development: Preliminary Interpretations of the 2011 Census By K Navaneetham and A Dharmalingam, Economic & Political Weekly, April 16, 2011 23/02/2014 Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in49  With the exception of three states in the south, all the major states fared worse in under seven sex ratios during 2001-11 than in the previous decade. As special measures were taken to improve female undercount in the 2011 Census, the increasing masculinity in under seven sex ratios, particularly in the north, is likely to have been due to the widespread use of sex selective abortion and excess female mortality.  Long-term solution for eliminating discrimination against female children lies in bringing about transformative changes in social institutions and family. The continuous gains in female literacy over the last two decades are signs that far-reaching social changes are under way. How soon we succeed in controlling female gender bias depends largely on how fast the ―other half‖ achieves secondary education. Early 20th century experience from elsewhere shows that secondary education for all is essential for women‘s empowerment (Szreter and Fisher 2010). In women‘s empowerment lie the answers to India‘s population and development problems.
  49. 49. Best and most authentic book for Civil Service Preparation to be available in the market from 15 April, 2014 23/02/2014 Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in50
  50. 50. Conditions of SC/ST Households A Story of Unequal Improvement By R B Bhagat in EPW, October 12, 2013 23/02/2014Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in51  This article shows considerable progress in the well-being of people during the last decade as India kept on moving on the path of economic growth.  Although marginalised social groups like SCs, STs progressed significantly as reflected by the various indicators of living conditions and assets, the gap has widened between SCs and STs on the one hand and SC-STs and the rest on the other.  Also among the SCs and STs, the gap between STs with that of the SCs has widened in most of the indicators which shows SCs being more politically organised and assertive with the rise of
  51. 51. Conditions of SC/ST Households A Story of Unequal Improvement By R B Bhagat in EPW, October 12, 2013 23/02/2014Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in52  However, the same cannot be said with respect to ST communities.  There has been a clear regional pattern in level of human deprivation as states like Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh, Orissa, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh show one of the lowest levels of living conditions and assets for all the households in general and SC and ST households in particular.  In recent years, there has been a growing dissatisfaction with poverty alleviation, employment generation and social security programmes. Conditional cash transfer through the banking system is being considered.  Census data on the access to banking services throws light on this. For example, about 58% of the total households have access to banking services which goes down to 50% among SCs and 44% among STs.
  52. 52. This book is available at all leading bookstore, on Flipkart and Amazon India—Just look at the list of authors. 23/02/2014 Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in53
  53. 53. Emerging Pattern of Urbanisation in India By R B Bhagat, Economic & Political Weekly, August 20, 2011 23/02/2014Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in54  The declining trend in the urban popula-tion growth rate observed during the 1980s and 1990s was reversed at the national level, and the level of urbanisation increased faster during 2001-2011.  The urban population grew from 286 million in 2001 to 377 million in 2011 – an incre-ment of 91 million, which is larger than the rural population increment of 90.5 million for the first time since independ-ence.  A substantial increase in the urban population is due to a net rural-urban clas-sification and rural-to-urban migration.  A huge number of new towns emerged during the last decade, contributing significantly to the speeding up of urbanisation.  This has implications not only for providing urban infrastructure and civic amenities, but also for reproductive and child health services in urban areas.
  54. 54. Some Important Questions 23/02/2014Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in55 Q.1: ‗Census after every 10 years is an useless exercise‘. Do you agree? Express your views in 200 words. 10 Marks Q.2: Excessive population in a country is often regarded as a curse. Can you suggest some situations when population growth is beneficial for a country? Write in 200 words. 10 Marks Q. 3: What is demographic dividend? What do we need to do to reap the benefits of this demographic dividend? (200 words/10 Marks) Write answers to these questions and post it to FB Group page: Economic and Social Development in India or send by mail to:
  55. 55. Best and most authentic book for Civil Service Preparation to be available in the market from 15 April, 2014 23/02/2014 Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in56
  56. 56. 23/02/2014Subir Maitra/ATI-CSSC iasstudymat.blogspot.in57 You may visit my blog for my earlier lectures and study materials iasstudymat.blogspot.in You may also join FB Group ‗Economic and Social Development in India‘ created by me: https://www.facebook.com/groups/econo micandsocialdevelopment/ You may also write to me at: sm.ias.ati@gmail.com Or Call me +919051484147

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