Jesus offers Freedom and LifeO Jesus, a faithful Jew, went to services on the SabbathO At one such service, he announced that he was the promised fulfillment of God’s WordO Jesus’ followers, or disciples, shared his message with othersO Right before he returned to heaven, Jesus asked His apostles to go out and spread the Good News
Apostles TodayO The successors of the apostles are today’s bishopsO Saint Peter was given the job of leading Jesus’ disciplesO The Pope is Saint Peter’s successor who leads all of the followers of Christ today
Catholic Church Organization Pope Benedict XVI Cardinals Generals of Orders Archbishops Abbots Bishops Priests, Nuns, Sisters, Monks Monsignors and Priests Deacons and Laity
The PopeO Successor of Saint PeterO Elected by the College of CardinalsO There have been 265 popes since the beginning of the Catholic Church
CardinalsO In ancient times, the Cardinals were the priests of Rome, but eventually became appointed by the Pope so that there would be cardinals from all the areas of the world were the Church existedO They sometimes run dioceses or they work for the Pope in RomeO The elect the Pope when there is need of a new one
Bishops and ArchbishopsO A bishop or archbishop runs a diocese or geographical division of the Church.O Are priestsO Archbishops run archdiocese, it is a honorary title with no additional duties or powersO The priests of the archdiocese or diocese report directly to their bishop or archbishop
PriestsO Are ordained by bishops or cardinals(or in special cases, the Pope himself)O Before ordination, they attend 6 or more years of Seminary (after college) trainingO Can run or work in a parish or work for the archdiocese/diocese in some capacityO Monsignor is a title of honor for great service by a priest
DeaconsO Can be single or married Laymen who decide to serve the church in a ministerial capacityO They cannot say mass or hear confessions or anoint the sick, they can witness marriages (outside of mass) or baptize and may read the Gospel and say the homily at massO They can assist at massO They must take several years of classes to prepare(not as much as a priest, though)O They promise to remain celibate if their spouse should die
Directors or General Directors O Sometimes God calls people to serve the church outside of the parish system, so they ask the Pope to start a new order or they join one that is already established O These religious priests and nuns are members of specific orders like: Sisters of Mercy or of Saint Joseph, Trinitarians, Jesuits and Franciscans O The leaders of these orders are called General Directors O They are under the direction of the Pope
Religious PriestsO These members of orders can have many jobs: O Running schools O Running hospitals O Running parishes
Religious Sisters and NunsO They also work in hospitals, schools and parishes.O They have a specific charism or mission, such as working with a specific ethnic group, working with the poor, aiding the sick or education.O Nuns are cloistered and spend a life in seclusion and prayer.O Sisters are those who live and work in the world at large as part of their ministry.
MonksO They can be priests or deacons (who have taken the sacrament of holy orders) or brothers(who haven’t ) who have a specific mission and live in a monastery.O They can be cloistered like some nuns are
Jesus Heals and ForgivesO By coming into the world and dying on the Cross, Jesus healed our broken relationship with GodO He also gave the apostles(his priests) the power to forgive sinsO As Catholics we experience this forgiveness in the Sacrament of Reconciliation
ReconciliationO You should go as often as possible; but you must go at least once during Lent and once during AdventO You should not receive the Eucharist if you have mortal sin on your soul and haven’t been to confession
Mortal and Venial SinO Mortal sins are grave sins that break one of the ten commandments and completely rid your soul of grace. One must willingly choose it and understand that it is a sin.O Venial sins are less grave than mortal and reduce the amount of grace in your soul, but don’t completely empty it of grace.
Examples: Mortal VenialO Murder O Fights, argumentsO Theft O Ruining belongingsO Perjury, slander O Minor lies, gossipO Adultery O Cheating at a game;O Receiving Eucharist when you’ve test committed a mortal sin
Making a good confessionO You must confess all your sins. (Confession) O Really take time to examine your conscience O The more often you go, the easier it will be to confessO You must be sorry for them. (Contrition) O Know your Act of Contrition O Keep your prayer life going to know your soul betterO You must complete your penance. (Satisfaction) O Do it as soon as possible, so you don’t forget.
Jesus Calls Us to FaithO While on earth, Christ drew all sorts of people to ChristO The stories of healing (physical and spiritual) are found throughout the New Testament
Jesus’ HealingsO The miracle stories of the New Testament can be separated into several different categories, each of which is significantly different from the others. Within each category, however, most of the stories have certain formal similarities:O Individual Narratives of Specific Miracles (and associated controversies): O Exorcisms (casting out demons and unclean spirits) O Healing Miracles (healing physical illnesses & impairments) O Restoration Miracles (raising the dead; restoring to life) O Nature Miracles (feeding multitudes, calming storms, etc.)
ExorcismsO Jesus drives out an evil spirit from a man who was in the synagogue in Capernaum; the evil spirit recognizes Jesus and cries out, "What do you want with us, Jesus of Nazareth? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are—the Holy One of God." Before departing with a shriek, the evil spirit shakes the man violently. The witnesses to this event respond in amazement that Jesus has authority over evil spirits.O Jesus heals the Gerasene demoniac. Jesus exorcism begins before he actually meets the demonized man: because he has sensed its presence, Jesus has been commanding the demon to come out of the man. In response, when Jesus does come face to face with the demoniac, the demon within him is agitated and cries out in alarm "What do you want with me, Jesus, son of the Most High God? Swear to God that you wont torture me." It is then revealed that the demon is actually many demons, called legion (a unit of the Roman army consisting of up to 6,000 men). Jesus allows the demons to enter into a herd of pigs, which then rushes into the Sea of Galilee.O Jesus heals a Syrian Phoenician womans daughter who is possessed by an unclean spirit. He does so reluctantly because he explains to her that he has come to bring deliverance to the Jews, insofar as the benefits of the Kingdom of God belong to them.O Jesus exorcizes a boy after his disciples tried unsuccessfully to do so. The evil spirit causes the boy to be deaf and dumb and sometimes tries to harm him by throwing him into fire or water. Before it departs, the spirit throws the boy to the ground, and witnesses think that he is dead. Jesus explains that this type of demon only comes out with prayer.O Mary Magdalene is described as one out of whom Jesus cast seven demons.O Jesus heals or exorcizes a crippled woman on the Sabbath in a synagogue. The spirit has caused her not to be able to stand erect for eighteen years.O Jesus heals dumb man who was demonized; some Pharisees accuse him of driving out demons by the prince of demons.
Healings/Physical Healing Simon Peters Mother-in-law Cleansing a Leper Healing a Centurions Servant Healing a Paralytic Restoring a Mans Withered Hand Healing a Womans Hemorrhage Restoring Sight to Two Blind Men Healing a Syro-Phoenician Girl Healing a Deaf Mute Giving Sight to a Blind Man at Bethsaida Restoring a Woman Crippled for Eighteen Years Healing a Man with Dropsy Cleansing Ten Men of Leprosy Giving Sight to a Blind Man (or 2 Men) at Jericho Healing a Royal Officials Son at Cana Healing a Man at the Pool of Bethesda in Jerusalem Giving Sight to a Man Blind since Birth Healing a Slaves Severed Ear
RestorationsRaising from the Dead a Widows Son at NainRaising from the Dead the Daughter of JairusRaising Lazarus of Bethany from the Dead
Nature MiraclesCatching Unusually Many Fish in the Sea of GalileeStilling a Storm on the Sea of GalileeFeeding Five Thousand PeopleWalking on the WaterFeeding Four Thousand PeopleFinding a Coin in the Mouth of a FishCursing a Fig Tree near BethanyTurning Water into Wine at a Wedding in CanaCatching Numerous Fish at the Sea of Tiberias
Jesus Shows God’s Power and LoveO In addition to the Sacrament of Penance, Christ also instituted the Sacrament of Anointing of the SickO Anointing of the Sick can only be administered by a priestO It is used to commends those who are ill to the suffering and glorified Lord, that he may raise them up and save them and to contribute to the good of the People of God by freely uniting themselves to the Passion and death of Christ.O
How the Sacrament is Administered…O It is given to those who are about to have serious operations, the sick and the dying.O It can take place along with Reconciliation and Viaticum(Eucharist).O It can take place anywhere (home, hospital, at the scene of an accident, etc.)O It can be given many timesO Anytime a person is in danger for their lives; it should be requested