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Geography and indian life2


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Geography and indian life2

  1. 1. Geography andIndian Life {
  2. 2. PhysicalGeography {
  3. 3.  a large landmass that is part of a continent, but considered a separate region It includes Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal and most of Pakistan Used to be separate, but “crashed” into Asia, creating the mountainsIndia is a Subcontinent
  4. 4.  This collision created the Hindu Kush mountains and the Himalayas They are the highest mountains in the world The Ganges and Indus rivers are large rivers that provide silt for fertile land The Saraswati River was important in ancient times, but it dried up India is surrounded by the Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal Mountains and Waterways
  5. 5.  Tall mountains protect India from cold northern winds Temperatures are generally warm Monsoons occur in summer, bringing heavy rainfall Climate
  6. 6. Cities on the Indus {
  7. 7.  Settlement was similar to that of Sumer and Egypt They settled along the Indus and Saraswati River They grew crops, raised animals and made tools They traded with other areas and became so wealthy, they were able to build a great culture Early Inhabitants
  8. 8.  By 2500 BC great cities grew up At least 35,000 people lived in Mohenjo-Daro and Harrapa We call this civilization “Harrapan Civilization” It had planned cities that were built by architects Most homes had bathrooms and toilets They had underground sewers Great Cities
  9. 9. Harrapan Culture {
  10. 10.  No temples have been identified, but they have found baths used for rituals Religious objects found link them to Hindu beliefs The god Shiva’s likeness has been found among artifacts They have found a mother deity and that of a bullReligion
  11. 11.  Pictograph writing evidence found Area they settled was twice as big as Texas Used weights and measures Made statues from bronze and clay Gained wealth from agriculture and trade They traded ivory, beads and wood They believe trade began around 2370 BC Culture
  12. 12. The End of IndusValley Culture {
  13. 13.  A decline in building quality signaled a change in Indus Valley culture Scholars believe that: yearly floods and monsoons were unpredictable and rivers sometimes changed course Theses changes made it hard to grow crops In 1970 it was discovered that an earthquake changed the course of the Indus River and the drying of the Saraswati Environmental Change
  14. 14.  Cities broke up and changed locations Around 1500 BC nomads from the north Hindu Kush came into the valley and began to influence the culture Impacts and Influence