Figures of SpeechSimile, Metaphors, Idioms and         Hyperbole
Simile• Comparisons using like or as• Examples:  – Her eyes twinkled like stars.  – He fights like a lion.  – He runs like...
Metaphor• Comparison of two things where you say that one thing IS  another. Where a metaphor asserts the two objects in t...
Idioms• Figures of speech that use words in unusual  ways• Examples:  – You should keep an eye out for it.  – The early bi...
Hyperbole• Exaggerations in speech that are not meant to  be taken literally• Examples:  – The bag weighed a ton.  – She h...
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Figures of speech

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Figures of speech

  1. 1. Figures of SpeechSimile, Metaphors, Idioms and Hyperbole
  2. 2. Simile• Comparisons using like or as• Examples: – Her eyes twinkled like stars. – He fights like a lion. – He runs like a cheetah. – She is cute like a rose.
  3. 3. Metaphor• Comparison of two things where you say that one thing IS another. Where a metaphor asserts the two objects in the comparison are identical on the point of comparison, a simile merely asserts a similarity. – She is a gem. – All the world’s a stage. – He showered her with gifts. Giving is dropping from above. – The event was clouded over by protests. Protests are an intrusion of light. – My memory is a little foggy. Memory is a visible object.
  4. 4. Idioms• Figures of speech that use words in unusual ways• Examples: – You should keep an eye out for it. – The early bird gets the worm. – The devil is in the details. – He kicked the bucket.
  5. 5. Hyperbole• Exaggerations in speech that are not meant to be taken literally• Examples: – The bag weighed a ton. – She had a fit. – That drives me crazy. – I am so hungry I could eat a horse. – I have a million things to do.

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