Figures of SpeechSimile, Metaphors, Idioms and Hyperbole
Simile• Comparisons using like or as• Examples: – Her eyes twinkled like stars. – He fights like a lion. – He runs like a cheetah. – She is cute like a rose.
Metaphor• Comparison of two things where you say that one thing IS another. Where a metaphor asserts the two objects in the comparison are identical on the point of comparison, a simile merely asserts a similarity. – She is a gem. – All the world’s a stage. – He showered her with gifts. Giving is dropping from above. – The event was clouded over by protests. Protests are an intrusion of light. – My memory is a little foggy. Memory is a visible object.
Idioms• Figures of speech that use words in unusual ways• Examples: – You should keep an eye out for it. – The early bird gets the worm. – The devil is in the details. – He kicked the bucket.
Hyperbole• Exaggerations in speech that are not meant to be taken literally• Examples: – The bag weighed a ton. – She had a fit. – That drives me crazy. – I am so hungry I could eat a horse. – I have a million things to do.