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Scholarly Communication

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Interdisciplinary Research Series at Arkansas Tech University

Published in: Education
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Scholarly Communication

  1. 1. Scholarly Communication & the Impact of the Institutional Repository September 21, 2018 Sherry Tinerella, Arkansas Tech, Interdisciplinary Research Series
  2. 2. First Scientific Journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 1665 http://rstl.royalsocietypublishin g.org/content/1/1/0.2.full.pdf+ html
  3. 3. 19th Century 1814 steam powered cylinder increased the speed of publishing – illustration: Wikipedia • Technology improved • Morrill Act • Public Education H.E. • Increase in Research
  4. 4. https://blogs.loc.gov/loc/2007/10/beep-beep- beep-beep/edwin-marcus-sputnik-cartoon-2/ Mid-20th Century • Sputnik • Increased support for research • Increased funding • Formation of the NSF
  5. 5. University presses & learned societies turning work over to commercial publishers -> 1979 American Council of Learned Societies –shout out to stakeholders to be mindful of what’s going on. 1980s- First discussions about electronic publishing (Fjallbrant) 1960s 1970s 1980s
  6. 6. http://southernlibrarianship.icaap.org/content/v09n03/mcguigan_g01.html Faculty/Scholars & Students Need new research available Research funded by institution or government Produce research Academic Journal Publishers Take researcher’s work Publish Peer Review Reading Done by faculty/scholars for publishers Academic Libraries Pay exuberant subscription fees for access to this research
  7. 7. 1986 – 2003 215% price increase in journal fees while consumer price index rose only 68% (Albert) 2011 Elsevier – the biggest academic- journal publisher $1.2 billion profit Profit margins of 37% (greater than Google or Apple) By the Numbers Research libraries spent 2.7 times more for serials in 1998 to 1999 than in 1985 – 1986 for 6% less titles (Albert) 2008 STM segment 19 billion Top 10 publishers = 43% of the revenue North America 60% of market (McGuigan G.S. & Russell)
  8. 8. https://www.library.pitt.edu/subscriptions University of Pittsburgh: University Library System Up to 91,000 by 2015 Ulrich’s Pitt ULS
  9. 9. Association of Research Libraries A division of the American Library Association http://www.arl.org/storage/documents/expenditure-trends.pdf
  10. 10. Scholarly Publishing Crisis – Unsustainable • Steadily increasing costs – All disciplines • 11.3% annually since 1963 (1997) • 83% increase between 1990 - 1995 • Declining or stagnant budgets • Serials 58% of budget in ARL libraries Library involvement • Cut titles • Form consortia for better pricing • Formation of the Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC) (Tinerella, 1999) 1990s – The Crisis in Scholarly Publishing
  11. 11. Image credit: Dave Simonds The Economist (2012) https://www.economist.com/leaders/2012/04/14/open-sesame Open the Gates
  12. 12. Open Access • 1991 with arXiv – e-print service – sciences Coalition for Networked Information • 1990 founded by ARL & Educause – promote digital information technology to advance scholarship SPARC • 1998 formed by ARL open advocacy
  13. 13. Action by Groups of Librarians • Promote open access • Advocate through legislation • Open Education Resources • Track big deal cancelations • Alternative business models
  14. 14. Meanwhile… A whole lot of shakin’ goin’ on Innovations Everywhere: • Web-based sharing • Copyright • Business models • Academic libraries • Hacks
  15. 15. https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-05968-3 Newest Tools: Unpaywall Microsoft Academic Search
  16. 16. Coming Soon to Arkansas Tech: Digital Commons
  17. 17. Things to Think About How does this information affect you? Do you want to be part of the change? How can your librarian assist you? http://libguides.atu.edu/scholarlycommunication

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