Drugs for Gastrointestinal, Respiratory and Musculoskeletal Disorders<br />
Objectives<br />Identify common symptoms of gastrointestinal , respiratory and musculoskeletal systems<br />Recall classif...
Gastrointestinal Disorders/Medications<br />Common Symptoms of Gastrointestinal Disorders<br />Loss of appetite & weight l...
Drugs Used for Gastric Disorders<br />Antacids<br />Mucosal protectants<br />Antibiotics<br />Antisecretory agents<br />An...
Other Gastrointestinal Drugs<br />Pancreatic enzyme replacements<br />Gallbladder treatment<br />Drugs for emesis<br />Lax...
Alternative Treatment - Probiotics<br />Helpful microorganism groups: Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium<br />Used to promo...
Respiratory Conditions/Medications<br />Common Symptoms of Respiratory System Disorders<br />Pain (in respiratory tract)<b...
Drugs Used for Respiratory Disorders<br />Antihistamines<br />Decongestants<br />Glucocorticoids<br />Antitussives: Opioid...
Musculoskeletal Conditions/Medications<br />Common Symptoms of Musculoskeletal System Disorders<br />Inflammation<br />Red...
Musculoskeletal Pain<br />Pain is the chief symptom of most musculoskeletal disorders. The pain may be mild or severe, loc...
Anaphylaxis (Anaphylactic Shock)<br />Severe adverse reaction; medical emergency<br />Potentially fatal<br />Symptoms incl...
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Drugs for gastrointestinal, respiratory and muscular disorders

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Drugs for gastrointestinal, respiratory and muscular disorders

  1. 1. Drugs for Gastrointestinal, Respiratory and Musculoskeletal Disorders<br />
  2. 2. Objectives<br />Identify common symptoms of gastrointestinal , respiratory and musculoskeletal systems<br />Recall classifications of medications used for gastric disorders<br />Explain how probiotics work<br />Recall classifications of medications used for respiratory disorders<br />Recall classifications of medications used for musculoskeletal disorders<br />Identify signs of anaphylaxis<br />
  3. 3. Gastrointestinal Disorders/Medications<br />Common Symptoms of Gastrointestinal Disorders<br />Loss of appetite & weight loss<br />Abdominal pain<br />Nausea & vomiting<br />Change in bowel habits (diarrhea, constipation)<br />Flatulence<br />Blood or mucus in feces<br />Fever<br />Heartburn, indigestion, difficulty swallowing<br />Diaphoresis<br />Gastrointestinal Medication Actions<br />Increase or decrease function of GI tract by changing muscle tone, and change secretions of or into GI tract<br />Increase or decrease rate of peristalsis<br />Replace enzyme deficiencies<br />
  4. 4. Drugs Used for Gastric Disorders<br />Antacids<br />Mucosal protectants<br />Antibiotics<br />Antisecretory agents<br />Antispasmodics<br />Prokinetic agents<br />
  5. 5. Other Gastrointestinal Drugs<br />Pancreatic enzyme replacements<br />Gallbladder treatment<br />Drugs for emesis<br />Laxatives and Cathartics<br />Antidiarrheal agents<br />Anti-inflammatory agents (ulcerative colitis)<br />
  6. 6. Alternative Treatment - Probiotics<br />Helpful microorganism groups: Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium<br />Used to promote digestive health by helping to regulate movement of food through the intestines<br />
  7. 7. Respiratory Conditions/Medications<br />Common Symptoms of Respiratory System Disorders<br />Pain (in respiratory tract)<br />Difficulty breathing (dyspnea, wheezing, rales)<br />Acute or chronic cough<br />Dysphonia<br />Fatigue and malaise<br />Chills, fever, headaches<br />Hemoptosis and epistaxis<br />Respiratory Medication Actions<br />Vascular dilation and contraction of smooth muscles of the bronchial tree (vasodilator)<br />Vasoconstriction of mucous membranes (vasoconstrictor)<br />Suppress symptoms of allergic rhinitis (antihistamine)<br />Elevate cough threshold & suppress cough (antitussives)<br />
  8. 8. Drugs Used for Respiratory Disorders<br />Antihistamines<br />Decongestants<br />Glucocorticoids<br />Antitussives: Opioid and Nonopioid cough suppressants<br />Inhalation Medications<br />
  9. 9. Musculoskeletal Conditions/Medications<br />Common Symptoms of Musculoskeletal System Disorders<br />Inflammation<br />Redness<br />Decreased range of motion.<br />Loss of function<br />Tingling<br />Numbness<br />Stiffness<br />Pain/tenderness<br />Muscle weakness<br />Fatigue<br />Decreased grip strength<br />Musculoskeletal Medication Actions<br />Muscle Relaxants<br />Steroids<br />Salicylates<br />NSAIDS<br />
  10. 10. Musculoskeletal Pain<br />Pain is the chief symptom of most musculoskeletal disorders. The pain may be mild or severe, local or widespread (diffuse). Although pain may be acute and short-lived, as is the case with most injuries, pain may be ongoing with chronic illnesses, such as rheumatoid arthritis.<br />Dangers of NSAIDS<br />
  11. 11. Anaphylaxis (Anaphylactic Shock)<br />Severe adverse reaction; medical emergency<br />Potentially fatal<br />Symptoms include hives, reddened skin, bronchospasm, elevated blood pressure followed by drop in blood pressure, cyanosis, dyspnea, vascular collapse, loss of consciousness, cardiac arrhythmias and cardiac arrest. <br />

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