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121 Week 7 Chapter 11 Respiratory

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121 Week 7 Chapter 11 Respiratory

  1. 1. Respiratory System
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Identify anatomy and physiology of the respiratory system </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize common symptoms of the respiratory system </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize common laboratory and diagnostic tests for diseases of the respiratory system </li></ul><ul><li>Differentiate various diseases of the respiratory system </li></ul><ul><li>Specific diseases covered in class Chronic Bronchitis Asthma Pneumonia Tuberculosis Legionnaire’s disease </li></ul>
  3. 3. Objective # 1 A & P
  4. 4. Objective #2 Common Symptoms <ul><li>Breathing irregularities (dyspnea, tachypnea, wheezing) </li></ul><ul><li>Coughs (dry, productive) </li></ul><ul><li>Cyanosis </li></ul><ul><li>Fever </li></ul><ul><li>Chest pain </li></ul><ul><li>Weakness </li></ul>
  5. 5. Objective #3 Common Lab and Diagnostic Tests <ul><li>Pulmonary function tests Arterial blood gases </li></ul><ul><li>Pulse oximetry Radiograph, CT, MRI </li></ul><ul><li>Bronchoscopy Thoracentesis </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear (V/Q) lung scan Culture & Sensitivity tests </li></ul>
  6. 6. Chronic Bronchitis <ul><li>Inflammation of the bronchial mucous membrane </li></ul><ul><li>Caused by cigarette smoking, exposure to dust </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic productive cough, edema, cyanosis, tachypnea </li></ul><ul><li>Productive cough that exists 3 months a year for 2 years </li></ul><ul><li>Symptomatic treatment </li></ul><ul><li>May lead to COPD </li></ul>
  7. 7. Asthma <ul><li>Recurrent attacks of labored breathing with wheezing and bronchiole spasms </li></ul><ul><li>Pt. displays dyspnea, tachypnea </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnosed by PE, Hx, PFT </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment: with medications </li></ul>
  8. 8. Asthma
  9. 9. Pneumonia <ul><li>Acute inflammation of respiratory bronchioles, alveolar, ducts & sacs (inflammation of lungs themselves) </li></ul><ul><li>6 th leading cause of death </li></ul><ul><li>Caused by variety of microorganisms </li></ul><ul><li>Pt. displays cough, sputum production, pleuritic chest pain, fever </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnosed by chest x-ray, sputum, blood cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment depends on etiology </li></ul>
  10. 10. Tuberculosis
  11. 11. Legionnaire’s Disease <ul><li>“ Some say it was radiation. Some say there was acid on the microphone. Some say a combination that turned their hearts to stone. But whatever it was, it drove them to their knees. Oh, Legionnaire’s disease.” </li></ul><ul><li>Bob Dylan 1981 </li></ul>

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