Tools You Have


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Tools You Have

  1. 1. Tools You Have and Tools to Try: AT Features of Common Software that Any Teacher Can Use to Support Students
  2. 2. Why look at tools you have? <ul><li>Assistive Technology in the era of Universal Design for Learning (UDL) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More and more products are designed with needs of varied users/learners in mind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You need tools to meet the needs of more and more diverse learners in your classroom. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. You have tools to help your learners access the curriculum <ul><li>Assistive technologies will always have a role in the education of learners with disabilities, and UDL will not eliminate the need for personal assistive devices. </li></ul><ul><li>UDL curriculum materials assume diverse learner profiles, and therefore are designed with flexibility as their keystone. </li></ul>
  4. 4. You have tools that are flexible <ul><li>The cornerstone of UDL is flexibility. UDL leverages the inherent flexibility of digital media to support individualized learning. </li></ul><ul><li>You have access to digital media every day. </li></ul>
  5. 5. You have tools that are research validated. <ul><li>“ Text Transformations” are technology tools that alter or add to the features of printed text </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Findings from an expansive survey of the peer-reviewed literature between 1980 and 2002, conducted in K-12 education settings, addressing the use of technology transformations to help overcome curriculum barriers that impede access to the general curriculum. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National Center on Accessing the General Curriclum </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Why look at tools you have ? <ul><li>“ The least complex solution that will remove barriers to achievement should be the first consideration.” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ 10 Things Everyone Needs to Know About Assistive Technology in Schools in 2005”, Joy Zabala </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Your own data on the effectiveness of tools you have is an important step in the AT assessment process, and can point the team to other tools needed by a particular student. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Tools available to teachers <ul><li>Operating System tools </li></ul><ul><li>Word Processors </li></ul><ul><li>Talking Text </li></ul><ul><li>Web Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Tools to try (at no cost to you) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Operating System Accessibility Tools <ul><li>Allow adjustments for visual, auditory, and motor needs, as well as personal preferences </li></ul><ul><li>Windows XP: Accessibility Options </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Start, Control Panel, Accessibility Options </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Start, All Programs, Accessibility, Accessibility Wizard </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mac OS 10: Universal Access </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Apple menu, system preferences, Universal Access </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Window XP: “Accessibility Options”
  10. 10. Mac OS 10: “Universal Access”
  11. 11. How to learn more… <ul><li>Accessibility Options </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Universal Access </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  12. 12. Word Processors <ul><li>Most commonly available is Microsoft Word , but many of the same features apply to Appleworks, Word Perfect, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Research validated </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to manipulate text in various ways is beneficial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive impact of writing/editing on overall writing quality and fluency </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Text manipulation <ul><li>Font : Format- font </li></ul><ul><li>Font Color : Format- font- color (or use Formatting Toolbar) </li></ul><ul><li>Word spacing : Edit-Find- (replace space with 2 spaces) </li></ul><ul><li>Line Spacing : Format- Line spacing </li></ul><ul><li>Character Spacing – Format- font </li></ul><ul><li>Highlighting – Option on Formatting Toolbar </li></ul><ul><li>Background Color – Format - Background </li></ul><ul><li>Zoom – Go to View – Zoom – choose % </li></ul>
  14. 14. Auto Summarize: Looks for keywords in document Can produce a summary or abstract <ul><li>Good for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-reading for meaning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Post-reading to self-test or summarize </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does well with reports, articles, scientific papers; not as well on fiction, correspondence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How to: </li></ul><ul><li>Tools-auto summarize </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Choose size of summary (in %) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Layout of summary </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Add Comments <ul><li>Good for: </li></ul><ul><li>Providing built-in support or prompts to students </li></ul><ul><li>Peer reviewing </li></ul><ul><li>Student “notes-to self” </li></ul><ul><li>Adding “Voice comments” to documents </li></ul><ul><li>How to: </li></ul><ul><li>Click on location for comment and go to Insert- comment </li></ul><ul><li>Or, use icons in reviewing toolbar </li></ul>Looks like this!
  16. 16. Highlighting Text <ul><li>Good for </li></ul><ul><li>Aiding recall of key information or vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Providing cues to return to text later for clarification </li></ul><ul><li>How to: </li></ul><ul><li>View-toolbars-formatting </li></ul><ul><li>When text is selected, clicking will highlight once. Otherwise, it is activated and click and drag over text will highlight . </li></ul>
  17. 17. Spelling & Grammar <ul><li>Right click on misspelled word-possible word choices appear </li></ul><ul><li>Right click on correctly spelled word to see choice for synonyms </li></ul><ul><li>Spelling/Grammar preferences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Readability statistics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Under Tools Options click Spelling & Grammar Tab </li></ul><ul><ul><li>26 fundamental rules </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Choose style of writing that Word grammar check will apply </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Spelling & Grammar <ul><li>Good for </li></ul><ul><li>Providing visual cues so student tries to fix spelling on his/her own </li></ul><ul><li>Providing possible word choices (appear with right click) or synonyms (right click on correctly spelled word). </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing Readability of text for students </li></ul><ul><li>How to: </li></ul><ul><li>Tools - Options , Spelling & Grammar Tab </li></ul><ul><ul><li>26 fundamental rules </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Choose style </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. “Replace” as a Spelling Tool <ul><li>Create abbreviations “on the spot” </li></ul><ul><li>When editing, replaced with the correct text. </li></ul><ul><li>For example, a student could type “pht” during class and then use the Replace function to change all of those entries to “photosynthesis ”. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Readability Statistics <ul><li>Option in Spellchecker </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flesch-Kincaid Reading Grade Level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading ease score </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li># of passive sentences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Text at higher reading level can be augmented with additional features such as images, guided notes, highlighting, or text-to-speech </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Equation Editor: Support for Math in Word <ul><li>Type equations into Word and Excel using Equation Editor which comes free with the products. </li></ul><ul><li>Recommended for Grades 4 and up; </li></ul><ul><li>Allows you to build equations by picking symbols from a toolbar, as well as by typing numbers and variables </li></ul>
  22. 22. More Resources on Word <ul><li> </li></ul>
  23. 23. Text-to-Speech <ul><li>Uses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tool for supporting comprehension </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proofreading tool in writing process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Listening to text/menus across apps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Listening to words that are difficult to decode, or to connected text above reading </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Availability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Built in to Mac OS 10 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Featured in some common applications and many “AT” apps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be added via software </li></ul></ul>Get headphones !
  24. 24. Text to Speech <ul><li>Mac OS 10 : Finder- system prefs-Speech- Spoken User Interface </li></ul><ul><li>Software Downloads for Windows : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Text Aloud ($29) at </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neurospeech IE Speaker (free), Word Speaker (purchase $12), or All-in-One Text to Voice ($29) at </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Text-to speech: Accessing the world of digital text <ul><li>Web Options: </li></ul><ul><li>Read the web with text-to-speech (Free E-text reader, with Multicolor highlighting </li></ul><ul><li>Copy and paste into any talking word processor (or Word)and benefit from manipulating size, color, spacing, even summarizing and embedded supports </li></ul>
  26. 26. Links to Digital Texts <ul><li>Digital Book Libraries (lists over 90 sites) </li></ul><ul><li>National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (extensive list of links) </li></ul><ul><li>Bibiomania (2000 classic texts) </li></ul>
  27. 28. Textbooks go digital <ul><li>Current offerings: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Audio CD versions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CD-based supplementary material </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National Instructional Material Accessibility Standard (NIMAS): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminate barriers to electronic textbooks </li></ul></ul>
  28. 29. Other Web Resources <ul><li>Math websites </li></ul><ul><li>National Library of Virtual Manipulatives http:// </li></ul><ul><li>Webmath </li></ul>
  29. 30. Tools to Try (at no cost to you) <ul><li>PaTTAN Short Term Loan </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  30. 31. Tools to Try (at no cost to you) PIAT:PA Technology Lending Library
  31. 32. Graphic Organizers “flexible and endless in application” <ul><li>Good for: </li></ul><ul><li>Generating ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing recall </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-reading device </li></ul><ul><li>Integrating old/new info </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching thinking strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Common Apps </li></ul><ul><li>Inspiration/Kidspiration </li></ul><ul><li>Word </li></ul><ul><li>PowerPoint </li></ul><ul><li>Writers Companion </li></ul><ul><li>Index of types and uses at </li></ul>
  32. 33. References <ul><li>WestEd’s Regional Technology in Education Consortium : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Handouts on “Technology Tips for Differentiated Instruction” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge Brief on Using Flexible Technology to Meet the Needs of Diverse Learners: What Teachers Can Do </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National Center on Accessing the General Curriculum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Text Transformations” by Nicole Strangman and Tracey Hall </li></ul></ul>
  33. 34. <ul><li>Castellani, J., and Jeffs, (2001). Emerging Reading and Writing Strategies Using Technology. Teaching Exceptional Children , 33(5), 60-67 </li></ul><ul><li>Zabala, J. (2005). 10 Things Everyone Needs to Know About Assistive Technology in Schools in 2005. Presented at the National Conference of the Assistive Technology Industry Association, Orland , FL. </li></ul>