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Presentacion Festival Agua Viva Canarias - Atun rojo


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Presentación realizada en el Festival AguaViva Canarias sobre el uso de mediadas espaciales para la protección del atún rojo / Presentation on the use of spatial measures for the protection of bluefin tuna at the AquaViva Canarias Festival

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Presentacion Festival Agua Viva Canarias - Atun rojo

  1. 1. Use of Spatial Tools for the Recovery of Bluefin Tuna Aguaviva Canarias Las Palmas, 13 June 2007 Sebastián Losada
  2. 2. Overfishing is impossible “ I say it is impossible, not merely to exhaust them [fisheries] but even noticeably to lessen their number by means now used for their capture. For the last three hundred years fishing has gone on… and although enormous quantities of fish have been caught, there are no indications of exhaustion.” (L.Z Joncas, Canadian Ministry of Agriculture, 1885).
  3. 3. The bluefin tuna fishery Unanimity amongst s scientists about high risk of collapse of the stock. At least 50,000 t/yr of s bluefin tuna have been caught in previous years. Big involvement of EU s fleets in illegal catches.
  4. 4. ICCAT Scientific Committee (SCRS, 2006) 90000 7000 80000 Spawning Biomass (mt) 6000 70000 5000 60000 Yield (mt) 4000 50000 40000 3000 30000 2000 20000 1000 10000 0 0 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 YEAR YEAR 1.4 600000 1.2 500000 Recruitment (Age 1) F (Fully Selected) 1.0 400000 0.8 300000 0.6 200000 0.4 100000 0.2 0.0 0 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 YEAR YEAR
  5. 5. ICCAT Scientific Committee (SCRS, 2006) Current fishing is expected to drive the s spawning per recruit relative to virgin levels (%SPR), and thus the spawning stock biomass, to very low levels. Current fishing mortality is more than 3 times s the level which would permit the stock to stabilize at the MSY level. This combination of high F and low SPR is s considered to result in a high risk of fisheries and stock collapse.
  6. 6. A recovery plan for bluefin tuna?
  7. 7. Very little has changed through the new 'recovery plan' Same fishing capacity. s Catch potential 3.5 times the level advised by scientists (WWF, 2008)... and increasing. Same farming capacity. s New control measures not s complied with. Unsustainable quota twice s the level recommended by scientists.
  8. 8. EU Amnesty to illegal fishing by EU vessels EU fleets are highly s involved in illegal catches. EU regulations allow the EU s to make countries “pay back” their over harvest. The EU opposed the s creation of a WG to identify those responsible for illegal catches.
  9. 9. Use of spotter planes by EU flagged vessels
  10. 10. Eleven airplanes operating from Lampedusa Greenpeace has obtained documentation (available upon request) showing that at least 11 different spotter planes have been operating in June 2007 from the Italian airport of Lampedusa.
  11. 11. Spotter planes owned by tuna associations? According to documentation Greenpeace has got access to, spotter planes I-RRPG, I-AGSD and I-OBSW seem to belong to Associazione de Produttori Tonnieri del Tirreno / Grupo Severion Gallo. This ownership was officially declared to the Italian authorities.
  12. 12. ICCAT Circular #1823/06: Information submitted by the EC on illegal fishing
  13. 13. Dossier Photos Medisamak “De palangriers non enregistrés à l'ICCAT Pèchant en Mer Méditerranée”
  14. 14. ICCAT Circular #1823/06 Photo evidences
  15. 15. Transhipments The purse seiner Vergine del Rosario and the Panama flagged reefer Daniela while transhiping bluefin tuna on 11 June 2007.
  16. 16. Reasons for new approaches Decreasing capacity will take some time... if it s does not even increase more in the short term. CPs to RFMOs are failing to fullfil their obligations. s New control measures are clearly not been s complied with. International fisheries management is completely s failing in the Mediterranean.
  17. 17. Avoiding the collapse of bluefin tuna Seasonal closure in May s and June. Effective protection of s spawning grounds. Avoiding the catch of s juvenile tuna.
  18. 18. A tuna sanctuary in the Balearic Islands: a joint proposal by WWF and Greenpeace
  19. 19. A tuna sanctuary in the Balearic Islands: a joint proposal by WWF and Greenpeace The waters S of the Balearic Archipelago are perfect s candidates to establish the first sanctuary for the protection of spawning BFT. BFT egg densities reach the highest levels ever s recorded in the whole of the Mediterranean basin. Catches in the area have decreased in recent years: s Spanish and French purse seiners captured about 15,000 t in 1995, and only 2,270 t in 2006. The area is outstanding for the reproduction of s virtually all tuna species occurring in the Mediterranean. Legal challenges: ICCAT, HSMRs. s
  20. 20. To finalise... Traditional fisheries management is failing and new s tools must be put in place. Considerations over the positive effects of spacial s tools to preserve the whole ecosystem. Wider benefits of these areas should be explored: s tuna sanctuary / maps of risk /...