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The Pennsylvania Gazette                                        ILLUSTRATED WEEKLY NEWSPAPER  Est. 1754                   ...
The            Constitutional             ConventionChapter 2, Sec. 4
Independence    HallPhiladelphia
Who’s Who at the Convention?• All states EXCEPT… Rhode Island• Only 55 of the 74 delegates attended • 7 were former govern...
GeorgeWashingtonwas chosenas theconvention’spresident.
Called the“Father of theConstitution”because thebasic plan forgovernmentwas his idea.James Madison    fourth President of ...
Gouverneur   Morris  wrote thefinal draft of     theConstitution.                 Handmade oil painting reproduction of   ...
He took an active lead in debates.  Benjamin Franklin (age 81)
Rules
Rules
Rules
Rules
CONSENSUS on basic issues:• Limited government• Representative government• Separation of powers(three branches)• Limit sta...
VIRGINIA PLAN      NEW JERSEY PLAN        GREAT COMPROMISE
- Three (3) branches of government:  legislative, judicial, and strong  executive- bicameral legislature = lower house  el...
NEW JERSEY PLAN- a weak executive    = executive could appoint       national judiciary- keep the unicameral legislature  ...
“GREAT”
A bicameral legislature!
LOWER HOUSE       UPPER HOUSEHouse of           Senate Representatives                    two votes perbased on       ...
ONE executive leader!(judges picked by Executive)
Source: http://www.cyberlearning-world.com/nhhs/amrev/comptoon.jpg
Other COMPROMISESThe Three-Fifths CompromiseEach slave counted as 3/5 of a person,OR 5 slaves equal 3 people!
Other COMPROMISES: Commerce and Slave Trade      Compromise  Agreed not to ban the slave  trade until 1808 and forbidCongr...
Why Compromise on     Slavery?- The Northern states were   outlawing slavery.- The Southern states would  never agree to t...
RATIFICATIONFederalists             Anti-Federalists(FOR)                        (AGAINST)- mainly merchants      - mainly...
Our New GovernmentMarch 4, 1789- Federal Hall, New York City, temporary capital- 22 senators and 59 representatives electe...
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The constitutional convention revised

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The constitutional convention revised

  1. 1. The Pennsylvania Gazette ILLUSTRATED WEEKLY NEWSPAPER Est. 1754 September 1786 Priceless CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION!Shays .George AnnapolisRebellion: Washington: Convention:A Weak Back to Attack Onward to Since 1785, formerGovernment. President Philadelphia!After an economic Washington has been ..Although all 13depression hit acting as a liaison colonies were invited toMassachusetts Farmer’s between attend, only delegateshard, the State Supreme representatives of from five statesCourt refused to issue an Maryland and his attended. Among theinjunction against the home state of delegates was Alexanderforeclosures on the Virginia. Differences Hamilton of New York,farms. 1200 angry men, over who convinced theunder the direction of currencies, import convention that nothingformer Revolutionary duties, and short of a new designWar captain, Daniel navigation were for government wasShays, advanced on the among the most needed. It was decidedfederal arsenal. While contentious. As a to meet at Independencethe uprising was result of these Hall in Philadelphia ineventually quelled, the meetings, it was May 1787.need for a stronger decided that ALL 13central government was colonies should meetnot. in Annapolis to Source: http://www.cqpress.com/incontext/constitution/docs/constitutional_law.html discuss these
  2. 2. The Constitutional ConventionChapter 2, Sec. 4
  3. 3. Independence HallPhiladelphia
  4. 4. Who’s Who at the Convention?• All states EXCEPT… Rhode Island• Only 55 of the 74 delegates attended • 7 were former governors • 39 served in the Confederation Congress • 8 signed the Declaration of Independence • 6 signed the Articles of Confederation
  5. 5. GeorgeWashingtonwas chosenas theconvention’spresident.
  6. 6. Called the“Father of theConstitution”because thebasic plan forgovernmentwas his idea.James Madison fourth President of the United States (1809–1817)
  7. 7. Gouverneur Morris wrote thefinal draft of theConstitution. Handmade oil painting reproduction of Portrait Gouverneur Morris (1752-1816), a painting by Alonzo Chappel.
  8. 8. He took an active lead in debates. Benjamin Franklin (age 81)
  9. 9. Rules
  10. 10. Rules
  11. 11. Rules
  12. 12. Rules
  13. 13. CONSENSUS on basic issues:• Limited government• Representative government• Separation of powers(three branches)• Limit states rights to coin money• Strengthen the national government
  14. 14. VIRGINIA PLAN NEW JERSEY PLAN GREAT COMPROMISE
  15. 15. - Three (3) branches of government: legislative, judicial, and strong executive- bicameral legislature = lower house elected by the people, upper house picked by the lower house- favored large states
  16. 16. NEW JERSEY PLAN- a weak executive = executive could appoint national judiciary- keep the unicameral legislature = one vote for each state = congress could collect taxes and regulate trade- favored small states
  17. 17. “GREAT”
  18. 18. A bicameral legislature!
  19. 19. LOWER HOUSE UPPER HOUSEHouse of  Senate Representatives  two votes perbased on state (equal) population
  20. 20. ONE executive leader!(judges picked by Executive)
  21. 21. Source: http://www.cyberlearning-world.com/nhhs/amrev/comptoon.jpg
  22. 22. Other COMPROMISESThe Three-Fifths CompromiseEach slave counted as 3/5 of a person,OR 5 slaves equal 3 people!
  23. 23. Other COMPROMISES: Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise Agreed not to ban the slave trade until 1808 and forbidCongress to impose export taxes
  24. 24. Why Compromise on Slavery?- The Northern states were outlawing slavery.- The Southern states would never agree to the Constitution if it were outlawed!
  25. 25. RATIFICATIONFederalists Anti-Federalists(FOR) (AGAINST)- mainly merchants - mainly farmers and others in the and laborers cities and coastal regions - feared a strong national- argued that without government a strong national government, - Lacked a “Bill anarchy would of Rights” occur
  26. 26. Our New GovernmentMarch 4, 1789- Federal Hall, New York City, temporary capital- 22 senators and 59 representatives electedApril 30, 1789- George Washington, took oath as first president- John Adams, elected vice-president

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