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The Importance of Being Open: What Player Tracking Data Can Say About NBA Field Goal Shooting

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The Importance of Being Open:What Player Tracking Data Says About NBA Field Goal Shooting,[object Object],Sandy Weil,[object Object],SportsmetriciansConsulting,[object Object],Sandy.Weil@Sportsmetricians.com,[object Object],Raw Play-by-Play and Player Tracking Data provided by STATS, LLC,[object Object]
What is Player Tracking Data?,[object Object],Only the closest thing to the Data Holy Grail for basketball (and other sports) analysis,[object Object],Computer vision cameras capture video and data,[object Object],Three cameras per half court allows for true 3D object tracking,[object Object],Complex algorithms extract X,Y,Z positioning data of all objects on the court (players, referees, ball), 25 times per second,[object Object],Available exclusively from STATS, LLC,[object Object]
What do we learn?,[object Object],After controlling for shot type, shot distance, player historical norms, and defender proximity:,[object Object],[object Object]
Field goal shooting percentage drops by 1% for every 1.5 feet from the basket
A quick catch-and-shoot has value on top of its influence on defender proximity
NBA offensive / defensive positioning is an efficient market for space

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The Importance of Being Open: What Player Tracking Data Can Say About NBA Field Goal Shooting

  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4. Field goal shooting percentage drops by 1% for every 1.5 feet from the basket
  • 5. A quick catch-and-shoot has value on top of its influence on defender proximity
  • 6. NBA offensive / defensive positioning is an efficient market for space
  • 7.
  • 8.
  • 9.
  • 10.
  • 11.
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14.
  • 15.
  • 16.
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  • 18.
  • 19.
  • 20.
  • 21.
  • 22.
  • 23.
  • 24.
  • 25.
  • 26.
  • 27.
  • 28.
  • 29.
  • 30.
  • 31. Perhaps these new variables act as a proxy for how long the defender has been close…?
  • 32. Nope: including how much farther away the defenders were 1 second earlier does not knock out these results
  • 33.
  • 34.
  • 35.
  • 36.
  • 37.
  • 38.
  • 39.
  • 40.
  • 41.
  • 42.
  • 43.
  • 44.
  • 45.
  • 46. Field goal shooting percentage drops by 1% for every 1.5 feet from the basket
  • 47. A quick catch-and-shoot has value on top of its influence on defender proximity
  • 48. NBA offensive / defensive positioning is an efficient market for space
  • 49.
  • 51.

Editor's Notes

  1. -- Events with potentially biased shot clock resets: FGMade (not in last two minutes), Off Reb (air ball?), certain events that have a possible reset to 14 seconds,
  2. Value of the quicker double team: for every foot farther away that the second defender was away, adds about 0.5% to the FG Pct.
  3. Value of the quicker double team: for every foot farther away that the second defender was away, adds about 0.5% to the FG Pct.
  4. Value of the quicker double team: for every foot farther away that the second defender was away, adds about 0.5% to the FG Pct.
  5. Value of the quicker double team: for every foot farther away that the second defender was away, adds about 0.5% to the FG Pct.