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Developing a Global Digital Accessibility Policy: What’s Going On Around the World?

A case study on digital accessibility policy and legislation in 5 selected countries, and implications on accessibility policy-making by globally active organisations. Presented at A11yBos 2014 on 10 May, based on a paper given at W4A2014

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Developing a Global Digital
Accessibility Policy: What’s Going
On Around the World?
David Sloan @sloandr
Sarah Horton @gradualclearing
What we plan to do
• Present a case study looking at the findability
and nature of global digital accessibility policy
and legislation
• Consider implications for organizations
working globally
• More details in our blog post on global policy
What we ask you to do
• Contribute your own experiences
• Ask us questions
• Share the session
A global view of accessibility
Image credit: Wikipedia
Accessibility policy challenges for large
organizations
• Different types of digital product and service
– Growth by acquisition
• Different processes
• Scattered expertise and awareness of accessibility
• Different territories, different local/market
requirements
Relevant Global Policies
Ad

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Developing a Global Digital Accessibility Policy: What’s Going On Around the World?

  • 1. Developing a Global Digital Accessibility Policy: What’s Going On Around the World? David Sloan @sloandr Sarah Horton @gradualclearing
  • 2. What we plan to do • Present a case study looking at the findability and nature of global digital accessibility policy and legislation • Consider implications for organizations working globally • More details in our blog post on global policy
  • 3. What we ask you to do • Contribute your own experiences • Ask us questions • Share the session
  • 4. A global view of accessibility Image credit: Wikipedia
  • 5. Accessibility policy challenges for large organizations • Different types of digital product and service – Growth by acquisition • Different processes • Scattered expertise and awareness of accessibility • Different territories, different local/market requirements
  • 7. UN CRPD • The UN Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities (UN CRPD, 2008) • Coverage includes: – Focus on universal design – Accessibility of public information, communication systems and mass- media – Rights to access to digital educational content – Rights to access culturally significant digital content • Digital progress monitored annually by G3ict
  • 8. Marrakesh Treaty • The Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired or Otherwise Print Disabled (2013) – Provides for exceptions to copyright legislation to allow people with print disabilities to receive accessible versions of copyrighted content
  • 9. A sample of digital accessibility legislation and policy Image credit: Wikipedia
  • 10. Territories covered • Four economically significant territories: Brazil, China, India, South Africa • Australia selected as a baseline of a mature legislative environment for digital accessibility
  • 11. Approach • Opportunistic research strategy • We looked at: – Ratification of UN CRPD and Marrakesh Treaty – Existence, availability and nature of legislation, and policy relating to digital accessibility
  • 12. Findings • All territories have ratified the UN CRPD • But status and evolution of disability rights legislation and supporting documentation is inconsistent • Digital accessibility advocacy and outreach efforts in all territories – evidence particularly in Brazil and India
  • 13. National web accessibility standards Standard Scope Notes AUS WCAG 2 AA Govt and non-gov Specified in DDA guidance from Human Rights Commission BRA eMAG 3.0 Gov (similar to WCAG 2 AA, but with some differences) CHN None found – but some do exist ? Reference WCAG 2 IND Guidelines for Indian Government Web sites Gov Accessibility requirements equivalent to WCAG 2 A. India also has a National Policy on Electronic Accessibility (2013) RSA None found n/a
  • 14. Copyright and accessibility • Australia, Brazil, China and India have signed the Marrakesh Treaty – no ratification yet • All territories have copyright legislation – Brazil and India have some provisions for the rights of people with disabilities to receive accessible versions
  • 15. Some things for organizations to consider • Slow convergence in nature of national policies, much vagueness still exists in disability equality legislation • Diverse definitions of and attitude to disability • But potential trend towards focus on print disability
  • 16. Some things for organizations to consider • Prominence of WCAG 2 (and absence of other WAI guidelines…) • Dominance of HTML as output format • Some caution over relying on PDF as digital content format
  • 17. Some things for organizations to consider • The need for capacity (legal and technical) to monitor global trends and events in legislation and standards • Recognize and incorporate accessibility as a part of internationalization and localization efforts
  • 18. Acknowledgements • We thank Pearson Global for their support in funding this research study.