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Digital Inclusive Practice in Learning and Teaching


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An introduction to technology for inclusive education - motivation and key principles of digital resource authoring. This presentation was given on 25 March 2013, as part of the Teach @ Dundee induction event for new teaching staff at Dundee University.

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Digital Inclusive Practice in Learning and Teaching

  1. 1. Digital Inclusive Practice in Learning and Teaching David Sloan @sloandr 25th March 2013 Teach @ Dundee,Photo credit: Flickr user @NathanaelB Academic Induction 2012/13399530443/
  2. 2. Digital Inclusive Practice?• Motivations for inclusive e-learning – The who and why – Focus mainly on disability• Key principles of inclusive e-learning design – Applicable to Web, document design, PowerPoint…• Resources to support you David Sloan, 25 March 2013 2
  4. 4. Information and communication technology as an enabler David Sloan, 25 March 2013 4
  5. 5. Inclusive ICT needs thoughtful design and implementation David Sloan, 25 March 2013 5
  6. 6. The importance of inclusive ICT design and use• Enhance quality of the learning experience• Improve efficiency of teaching delivery and maintenance• Make learning experiences available to a wider audience...earning social and financial capital?• Oh – and there are legal obligations David Sloan, 25 March 2013 6
  7. 7. Focus of ICT inclusion?Disability Situational impairmentVision Small screen Black and white printoutHearing No headphones Quiet – or noisy – environmentMobility/dexterity Touchscreen Small keyboard Wearing gloves No mouseCognitive English as a second language Multi-tasking Tired, hungover… David Sloan, 25 March 2013 7
  8. 8. Assistive technology and inclusive design1. Assistive technology is hardware or software used by a disabled person…2. Inclusive design is authoring digital resources such that AT can do its job of enabling access and Photo credit: Flickr user @visualpunch supporting interaction /visualpunch/5201363064/ David Sloan, 25 March 2013 8
  10. 10. Inclusive digital documents and semantic structureRepresentingdocument structure –headings, lists, tablesetc – gives meaningfulstructural informationthat can be used byassistive technology David Sloan, 25 March 2013 10
  11. 11. Accommodating visual impairment• Providing text alternatives for graphical content – Audio description for video• Not relying on position or appearance of content when referring to it• Supporting flexibility in text resizing• Suitable contrast between text and background colour David Sloan, 25 March 2013 11
  12. 12. Accommodating hearing impairment• Captions for video• Reducing contrast between background and foreground audio• Providing signed translations of audio content David Sloan, 25 March 2013 12
  13. 13. Accommodating mobility impairment• Make it possible to interact with a digital resource without requiring use of the mouse• Reducing demand for fine mouse control – Clicking/double clicking on small links, buttons etc – Complex drop-down menu structures• Use headings, in-page links to make navigation more efficient• Making it obvious when a link has focus David Sloan, 25 March 2013 13
  14. 14. Accommodating cognitive impairment• Consistency in design – Layout, appearance, terms used• Making digital content understandable to the target audience – Appropriate language – Supporting text to speech – Designing for dyslexia – left justified text, line spacing, off- white background• Illustrating text with appropriate diagrams, images, video, animation David Sloan, 25 March 2013 14
  15. 15. More tips: accessibility in a lunchtime accessibility-in-a-lunchtime David Sloan, 25 March 2013 15
  16. 16. 3 SUPPORT @DUNDEE IN DIGITALINCLUSION David Sloan 25 March 2013 16
  17. 17. Some tools for digital resource authoring• MS Office – for learning resource authoring• Blackboard/MyDundee – for distributing e-learning resources• Additional learning technologies (e.g. Turning Point, QuestionMark Perception)• WordPress - for blogging• Terminal4 – the University’s web content management system (wCMS)• All can be used – with care - to create inclusive resources David Sloan, 25 March 2013 17
  18. 18. Digital inclusion help @Dundee• Suggestions for using ICT to overcome barriers present in the physical world• Awareness and familiarity with best practice in inclusive digital resource design – How to use existing resources to optimise accessibility of e-learning resources• Evaluation of existing and prospective e-learning resources for accessibility and usability• Defining accessibility and usability requirements for procured resources David Sloan, 25 March 2013 18
  19. 19. Web Accessibility Service @DundeeUniv • Providing advice to staff on accessibility issues • Accessible authoring techniques • Evaluation and fixing issues • Advice on procurement • Training – Staff Development, Generic Skills, Graduate Certificate • Web site: and David Sloan, 25 March 2013 19
  20. 20. ICS Disability Specialist• Advice on supporting use of assistive technology in the University• Alternative Formats project: – Supporting people with print disabilities by providing content in non-text formats – Training on accessible document creation David Sloan, 25 March 2013 20
  21. 21. Contact detailsDavid Sloan (Web Accessibility Service) 01382 385598 twitter: @sloandrAndy McMahon (ICS Disability Support) David Sloan, 25 March 2013 21