Catalan education system

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  • Brussels, 3rd March 2010 Europe 2020: Commission proposes new economic strategy in Europe. The European Commission has launched today the Europe 2020 Strategy to go out of the crisis and prepare EU economy for the next decade. The Commission identifies three key drivers for growth, to be implemented through concrete actions at EU and national levels: smart growth (fostering knowledge, innovation, education and digital society), sustainable growth (making our production more resource efficient while boosting our competitiveness) and inclusive growth (raising participation in the labour market, the acquisition of skills and the fight against poverty). This battle for growth and jobs requires ownership at top political level and mobilisation from all actors across Europe. Five targets are set which define where the EU should be by 2020 and against which progress can be tracked. President Barroso said, "Europe 2020 is about what we need to do today and tomorrow to get the EU economy back on track. The crisis has exposed fundamental issues and unsustainable trends that we can not ignore any longer. Europe has a growth deficit which is putting our future at risk. We must decisively tackle our weaknesses and exploit our many strengths. We need to build a new economic model based on knowledge, low-carbon economy and high employment levels. This battle requires mobilisation of all actors across Europe." First of all, Europe must learn the lessons from the global economic and financial crisis. Our economies are intrinsically linked. No Member State can address global challenges effectively by acting in isolation. We are stronger when we work together, and a successful exit therefore depends on close economic policy coordination. Failure to do so could result in a "lost decade" of relative decline, permanently damaged growth and structurally high levels of unemployment. The Europe 2020 Strategy therefore sets out a vision for Europe's social market economy over the next decade, and rests on three interlocking and mutually reinforcing priority areas: Smart growth, developing an economy based on knowledge and innovation; Sustainable growth, promoting a low-carbon, resource-efficient and competitive economy; and Inclusive growth, fostering a high-employment economy delivering social and territorial cohesion. Progress towards these objectives will be measured against five representative headline EU-level targets, which Member States will be asked to translate into national targets reflecting starting points: 75 % of the population aged 20-64 should be employed. 3% of the EU's GDP should be invested in R&D. The "20/20/20" climate/energy targets should be met. The share of early school leavers should be under 10% and at least 40% of the younger generation should have a degree or diploma. . 20 million less people should be at risk of poverty. In order to meet the targets, the Commission proposes a Europe 2020 agenda consisting of a series of flagship initiatives. Implementing these initiatives is a shared priority, and action will be required at all levels: EU-level organisations, Member States, local and regional authorities. Innovation union - re-focussing R&D and innovation policy on major challenges, while closing the gap between science and market to turn inventions into products. As an example, the Community Patent could save companies 289€ million each year. Youth on the move - enhancing the quality and international attractiveness of Europe's higher education system by promoting student and young professional mobility. As a concrete action, vacancies in all Member States should be more accessible through out Europe and professional qualifications and experience properly recognised. A digital agenda for Europe - delivering sustainable economic and social benefits from a Digital Single Market based on ultra fast internet. All Europeans should have access to high speed internet by 2013. Resource-efficient Europe - supporting the shift towards a resource efficient and low-carbon economy. Europe should stick to its 2020 targets in terms of energy production, efficiency and consumption. This would result in €60 billion less in oil and gas imports by 2020. An industrial policy for green growth – helping the EU's industrial base to be competitive in the post-crisis world, promoting entrepreneurship and developing new skills. This would create millions of new jobs ; An agenda for new skills and jobs – creating the conditions for modernising labour markets, with a view to raising employment levels and ensuring the sustainability of our social models, while baby-boomers retire ; and European platform against poverty - ensuring economic, social and territorial cohesion by helping the poor and socially excluded and enabling them to play an active part in society.  The ambition of Europe 2020 means that leadership and accountability must be taken to a new level. The Commission invites Heads of State and Government to take ownership for this new Strategy and endorse it at the Spring European Council. The role of the European Parliament will also be enhanced. The governance methods will be reinforced to ensure that commitments are translated into effective action on the ground. The Commission will monitor progress. Reporting and evaluation under both Europe 2020 and the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) will be carried out simultaneously (while remaining distinct instruments) to improve coherence. This will allow both strategies to pursue similar reform objectives while remaining as separate instruments. Further information :   http:// ec . europa . eu /eu2020/ index _en. htm Ref: http:// europa . eu / rapid /pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/10/225&format=HTML&aged=0&lg=es&guiLanguage=en
  • Jorge Wagensberg ac
  • Catalan education system

    1. 1. Learning spaces:for growing and living together@NewsNeusDra. Neus Lorenzo i Galésnlorenzo@xtec.catEducational Policies in CataloniaBarcelona, March 2013Ref: https://fbcdn-sphotos-e-a.akamaihd.net/hphotos-ak-prn1/521953_365649436874735_862622492_n.jpg
    2. 2. ContentWhere?Short introduction: the Catalan education systemWhat?Exploring concepts and tendenciesWhy?Reflecting on present and future with some dataHow?Interaction for collective knowledge building… and then what?Questions and Starting point
    3. 3. Why?Where?What? How?History doesn’t happen to us...We actively build it every day!Neus Lorenzo
    4. 4. Catalonia, a Mediterranean regionwith a long historyhttp://i269.photobucket.com/albums/jj49/Stirpes_Net/mapas/CatalanEmpire.jpgExpansion: XIV-XV century
    5. 5. Catalan educational policies focus on…Inclusion:Consolidating social cohesionwith inclusive education, andenriching citizenship in diversity.ESPRONCEDA SchoolCompetencies:Providing citizens in newgenerations with the necessarycompetencies for employability,sustainability and flexibility to facefuture unexpected challenges.
    6. 6. Androulla VASSILIOU:Commissioner Education, Culture, Multilingualism YouthPriorities: José Manuel Barroso, president of the UE.European priorities: Strategies 2020New aims at the European Union (2009)Reactivating economy and competitivelyFighting for social cohesion, against poverty and unemploymentReinforce European citizenship and social participationLooking for a sustainable Europe improving ecologyProviding citizens with security and common spaces in EuropeSource : http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/09/1837&format=HTML&aged=0&language=ES&guiLanguage=en
    7. 7. European targets 2020:social indicators•75 % of the population aged 20-64 should be employed.•3% of the EUs GDP should be invested in R&D.•The "20/20/20" climate/energy targets should be met. (i.e.reduce 20% greenhouse gas emissions, increase 20% renewableenergy consumption, achieve a 20% increase in energy efficiency).•The share of early school leavers should be under 10% and atleast 40% of the younger generation should have a degree ordiploma.•20 million less people should be at risk of poverty.Ref: http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/10/225&format=HTML&aged=0&lg=es&guiLanguage=en
    8. 8. Common aim EU 2020Secondary graduated students, increasing2001-2010
    9. 9. PIB & maths results in PISA+ Money doesn’t mean + score•http://www.pisa.oecd.org/findDocument/0,2350,en_32252351_32235731_1_119669_1_1_1,00.html•http://www.pisa.oecd.org/pages/0,2966,en_32252351_32235907_1_1_1_1_1,00.htmlResults in education according to the invested capitalbudget- & investmentScore(mathsresults)
    10. 10. Why?Where?What? How?
    11. 11. Investing plurilingual in communication skillinterculturalityinteractionparticipationlearningconviventialitycollaborationworkingenterpreneurshipimplicatiom
    12. 12. Individual commitment to a group effort- that is what makes a team work,a society work, a civilization work.Vince LombardiBehaviourism Structuralism Constructivism ConnectivismFocus on Sciencedesign, Positivism,Empiric analysisFocus onLinguistics,Form. & Function.Focus onPsycholinguistics,EvolutionismFocus onSociolinguisticsNeuro-SciencesIvan P. Pavlov, B. F.Skinner, AlbertBandura, Ed. LeeThorndike,;John B WatsonFerdinand Saussure,Roman Jacobson,Claude Lévy-Straus,Herbert Spencer,Talcott Parson,Jean Piaget,Lew S. Vygotsky,eromeBruner, JLaurence Kohlberg,Egan KieranHoward Gardner ,George SiemensStephen DownesSugata MitraMark JohnsonLakoff. GeorgeTurning farmingsocieties intoIndustrial economyTurning IndustrialSocieties intomultinationalCapitalismMultinational econ.,growing into aWorldwidetransnationaleconomyVirtual economy,networking in a hyper-connected world, tosocial awarenessConnectivityCommitment
    13. 13. The Catalan Education SystemUEE HGVET Vocational trainingMG VET Vocational trainingSecondary EducationPrimary EducationPre-school EducationEducation System StructureUniversityAgeNon-Compulsory Education Compulsory EducationMGVET- Medium Grade Vocational Education and Training SGP- Social Guarantee ProgrammeHGVET- Higher Grade Vocational Education and Training UEE- University Entrance ExaminationBaccalaureate SGP- Social Adaptation95,5 %
    14. 14. Chart D1.2a. Instruction tim e per subject as a percentage of total compulsory instruction tim e for 9-11 year-olds (2007)Percentage of intended instruction time devoted to various subject areas within the total compulsory curriculum1. Includes 11-year-olds only.2. For 9-10 year-olds, social studies is included in science.3. German as a language of instruction is included in "Reading, w riting and literature" in addition to the mother tongue Luxemburgish.4. Includes 10-11 year-old0%20%40%60%80%100%Netherlands1FranceMexicoHungaryIrelandGreeceRussianFederationCzechRepublic2DenmarkNorwayLuxembourg3AustriaSwedenEnglandSpainBelgium(Fl.)EstoniaFinlandGermanyKoreaJapanTurkeyIsraelSloveniaIcelandPortugal4ChileAustraliaReading, writing and literature M athematics ScienceM odern foreign languages Other compulsory core curriculum Compulsory flexible curriculumRef: http://www.oecd.org/document/24/0,3343,en_2649_39263238_43586328_1_1_1_1,00.htmlReadingLanguagesScienceMaths
    15. 15. Version 1 - Last updated: 19-Aug-2009Chart D1.2b. Instruction time per subject as a percentage of total compulsory instruction time for 12-14 year-olds (2007)Percentage of intended instruction time devoted to various subject areas within the total compulsory curriculum1. For 13-14 year-olds, arts is included in non-compulsory curriculum.2. German as a language of instruction is included in "Reading, w riting and literature" in addition to the mother tongue Luxemburgish.3. Includes 12-13 year-olds only.Countries are r0%20%40%60%80%100%Ireland1SwedenLuxembourg2Italy3DenmarkNorwayTurkeyHungaryFranceSpainBelgium(Fr.)3RussianFederationMexicoEstoniaIsraelGermanyIcelandBelgium(Fl.)ChileAustriaFinlandSloveniaKoreaGreeceCzechRepublicEnglandPortugalJapanAustraliaReading, writing and literature M athematics ScienceM odern foreign languages Other compulsory core curriculum Compulsory flexible curriculumRef: http://www.oecd.org/document/24/0,3343,en_2649_39263238_43586328_1_1_1_1,00.htmlReadingLanguagesScienceMaths
    16. 16. Chart D1.1. Total number of intended instruction hours in public institutions betw een the ages of 7 and 14 (2007)Countries are ranked in ascending order of total number of intended instruction hours.Source: OECD. Table D1.1. See Annex 3 for notes (www.oecd.org/edu/eag2009 ).0 1 000 2 000 3 000 4 000 5 000 6 000 7 000 8 000 9 000 10 000ChileItalyNetherlandsAustraliaBelgium (Fr.)FranceMexicoIsraelIrelandGreeceEnglandPortugalBelgium (Fl.)TurkeySpainAustriaLuxembourgCzech RepublicIcelandDenmarkJapanGermanyHungaryNorw ayKoreaSw edenRussian FederationSloveniaFinlandEstoniaTotal number of intended instruction hoursAges 7 to 8 Ages 9 to 11 Ages 12 to 14Ref: http://www.oecd.org/document/24/0,3343,en_2649_39263238_43586328_1_1_1_1,00.html
    17. 17. Time & achivement: Reading, PISA 2009Ref: Sistemas fuertes y reformadores exitosos en la educaciónOrientaciones de PISA para las Islas Canarias, Españahttp://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/53/54/49882415.pdftimeachivement
    18. 18. Time and achivement: Maths, PISA 2009timeachivement
    19. 19. Time and achivement: Science, PISA 2009timeachivement
    20. 20. Community building: intercultural dialogueInner frontiers are the onesthat really separate usreading, speaking, writing, listening, interactingcommunicating in many languagessharing, negotiating, networking, bridging the gapDealing with diversityforempowering with rights and duties
    21. 21. Catalan society: the plurilingual growthFamilySchoolFriendsWorkSocietyMediaEnvironmentFamily L.Environmental L.School L.Professional L.International L.
    22. 22. Co-responsibilitybetween schooland municipal authoritiesAttitudinalSchool ProjectAttitudinalSchool ProjectSocial dimensionaction-plansSocial dimensionaction-plansInclusive schoolInclusive schoolMain educational strategiesInitialInitial ImmersionImmersionclassroomclassroomCulturalCulturalenvironment planenvironment planLinguisticProjectLinguisticProjectCatalanCLIL, ICTNetworking
    23. 23. Networking•Diversity•Autonomy•Plurilingualism•European LLP
    24. 24. Learning, communicating, and sharingin formal, informal and non formal education
    25. 25. Difficult times, lots of cut outs...… we need not only resources,but knowing how to use them properly
    26. 26. Why?Where?What? How?Language diversity isa human beings’ treasure:It enriches thinking, creatingand understanding the world.
    27. 27. Overview of EU policiesin the field of MultilingualimsThe EU provides support for language learningbecause:• it can help build communities between individuals andnations, and is essential for living together in amultilingual and multicultural Europe• businesses need multilingual staff to be able to tradeeffectively across Europe• the language industry – translation and interpretation,language teaching, language technologies etc. – isone of the fastest growing areas of the economy.http://europa.eu/pol/mult/index_en.htm
    28. 28. Working skills in labour markets in the 21st c.Expert KnowledgeExpert KnowledgeComplex CommunicationComplex CommunicationHandicraft and artHandicraft and artCognitive RoutineCognitive RoutineTasksTasksManual RoutineManual RoutineTasksTasksCommunicationKnowledge
    29. 29. Unemployment rates (2007-2012)
    30. 30. Youth population 16-20 NEET(NINIs 2009)
    31. 31. European programmesRef: http://www.eesc.europa.eu/resources/toolip/img/2011/04/12/seven_pix.jpg
    32. 32. Language: evolving conceptsSubject at schoolLinguisticsLearning strategy andcommunication toolPsychologySociocultural contextand participation spaceSociology
    33. 33. Culture, adaptating the environment...Biodiversity, adaptating to environment...http://boscovstravel.files.wordpress.com/2011/05/vietnamfarm-copyright1.jphttp://static.hdw.eweb4.com/media/thumbs/1/56/550747.jpghttp://imgc.artprintimages.com/images/art-print/hellier-gavin-colourful-sailboats-on-jolly-beach-antigua-leeward-islands-west-indies-caribbean_i-G-38-3830-XJ6YF00Z.jpg
    34. 34. There are 5500/6000 languages in the worldOnly 20% have a state = policy suportSource: « Halte à la mort des langues » Claude HagègeWhen a language disappears,a whole culture vanishes, with its unique,collective, unrepeateble view of reality.80 % are minority languages75% are threatened or extinguishingIn 100 years more than 2500may vanish and disappear
    35. 35. TWITTER MESSAGESLANGUAGE USAGE IN TWITTER Ref: Eric Fischer http://bigthink.com/ideas/41004Europa is multilingual…Are European citizens plurilingual?
    36. 36. Learning several languagesdevelops more competent citizensPlurilingualKnowledgeCommunicationskillsInterculturalDialogueCompetencies for a shared future- team working- networking- bridging cultural gaps- flexibility, plural criteria- critical thinking- innovation and entrepreneurship- personal learning autonomy- language learning ability,- mass media competences- creativity, artistic sensitivity- ... … …KnowledgeAttitudesProcedures
    37. 37. School results in Catalonia:PISA indicators 2006-2009reading maths scienceBut the Spanish average is still far from the European goals
    38. 38. Why?Where?What? How?
    39. 39. Changing focusSpeakingListeningReadingWritingInteractingSpellingPhoneticsVocabularyGrammar… ... …Content tasksProject workNetworking (ICT)Active LearningNegotiating, participatingLiving together … … …Learning(CLIL, ICT)Teaching
    40. 40. Language and communicative skillsSuperficial abilitiesL1SuperficialabilitiesL2CommunicationevidenceShared andtransversalcompetenciesPlurilingualskillsLanguage learninginterdependenciesTransversallanguage learningand culturaldevelopmentAdapted from Cummings, 1986 and Vicent Pascual 2007Language LearningNew learning consolidates previous learningand improves personal learning autonomySuperficial abilitiesL3
    41. 41. New education for new needs• Prioritizing reading• Basic learning skills• European programs• PISA exams• Strong ICT policy• Teacher trainning• School autonomy• Social networking
    42. 42. School should open to the worldRef: "Cours de philosophie a Paris", sXIV. Grandes chroniques de Francehttp://media-cache-ec5.pinterest.com/upload/218354281904946381_NqHDO6j4_c.jpgSocial dimension is out there!....Social dimension is out there!....
    43. 43. Augmented reality in expanding schools200620042001
    44. 44. know how & resources? sensitivity & complicitiesLooking for balance and sustainability
    45. 45. Maybe we are living uncertain times,but future is there: Let’s build it!
    46. 46. Moltes gràcies!
    47. 47. Learning languages to live together

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