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Keyboarding in the Primary Grades (YTO Series)

A discussion starter on keyboarding in the Primary Grades - provides research quotes, links to keyboarding games, etc. Part of the "Your Thoughts On..." series. YOu can add your thoughts on each slide here or in Voicethread:

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Keyboarding in the Primary Grades (YTO Series)

  1. 1. Y T O n….. Keyboarding in the Primary Grades houghts our
  2. 2. Student writing develops faster through word processing because it facilitates the review and revision learning process. Zeitz, 2008
  3. 3. … .only a small proportion of classroom teachers have any formal preparation for teaching keyboarding (Sormunen, 1991). Zeitz, 2008 -
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  5. 5. Everyone seems to agree that keyboard familiarization is in order, but whether to stop there or to teach touch typing to elementary school students is controversial. Shuller, 1989
  6. 6. “ Learning key location requires a sequential introduction of the keys along with a great deal of repetition and reinforcement to develop the kinesthetic memory traces leading to keyboarding automaticity.” Zeitz, 2008 -
  7. 7. ..five and six year olds who are unfamiliar with keyboards can compose more quickly and easily on computers than by hand (Wetzel, 1985). Shuller, 1989
  8. 8. [Typing] efficiency is expanded if keyboarders type short letter clusters and words as single units instead of groups of individual letters (e.g., er, ing, the, my) Zeitz, 2008 -
  9. 9. FOUR 30-minute lessons are all it takes for early elementary students to learn the letters on the keyboard and correct finger use. Each lesson can be split into two 15-minute lessons Students learn all 26 letters of the alphabet in one quick easy lesson. Practice lessons are given on the software that helps students develop speed and accuracy. In less than 5 hours they students can be typing 20 wpm. Almena Method Nail It Now Method Students learn jingles to aid in memorizing key location
  10. 10. Gertner and Norman (1984) have observed that the main advantage of touch typing is in copying Shuller, 1989
  11. 11. ‘ Take the pencil out of the process’ – especially for children with ASD. Leslie Broun, 2009,
  12. 12. <ul><li>Teach K-2 students to: </li></ul><ul><li>Use left hand right hand correctly. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the shift key to capitalize. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the space bar between words. (reinforce 1 space) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the space bar after punctuation. (1 space after periods) </li></ul></ul>What are your Primary Keyboarding Expectations?
  13. 13. Elementary students need to be able to type at least as fast as they can write by hand to avoid interfering with their writing process Shuller, 1989
  14. 14. Fry (1987) has proposed that schools eliminate the teaching of cursive writing and substitute keyboarding. Shuller, 1989
  15. 15. Early introduction reduces bad habit development and provides additional benefits that include improvements in spelling, writing, and reading comprehension. Zeitz, 2008 -
  16. 16. There is no empirical evidence to substantiate the claim that teaching touch typing to students who first learned to type without proper fingering techniques is very difficult or impossible Shuller, 1989
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  18. 18. Utah State -
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  22. 22. Barracuda
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  24. 24. Other Resources