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Hospital Pharmacy and Community Pharmacy.pdf

Defination of Hospital Pharmacy and Community Pharmcy , Responsibilities, Benefits, Drawbacks of Community and Hospital Pharmacy.

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Nagpur college of Pharmacy
Wanadongri, Hingna Road, Nagpur -441110
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Technological University, Lonere.
Hospital Pharmacy and Community Pharmacy
By- Ms. Khushabu Katekar
B Pharm Final year
Guided by- Ms. Nilima Sakarkar
Assistant Professor
Hospital Pharmacy
Definition : Pharmacy in hospitals is a subspecialty of
pharmacy that supports health, wellbeing, and the
prevention of disease by dealing with the treatment of
patients and medicines.
Hospitals Pharmacy's Responsibilities
A variety of services are provided by the hospital pharmacy to guarantee the safe and efficient use
of medicines, which makes it an essential part of the healthcare system.
The following are the main duties of a hospital pharmaceuticals:
 Medication The administration: Accurately and efficiently administer patients' prescribed
medicines inside the hospital.
 Medicines Administration: Work together with medical professionals to effectively handle
medicines.
 Health therapy: Provide patients with information and guidance regarding the medicines they
are taking, including how to take them correctly, possible side effects, and possible connection to
other drugs.
 In addition to: Make specific drugs according to the needs of each patient, such as sterile
compounds, paediatric products, or intravenous solutions.
• vcare patients.
 These services include working with healthcare teams, taking part in patient care rounds, and
providing clinical interventions that optimize pharmaceutical therapy.
 Pharmaceutical Safety: Put procedures in place to improve medication safety, such as
handling drug remembers, keeping an eye out for adverse drug answers, and eliminating errors.
 Inventories Control: Keep prescriptions in an orderly, safe inventory to ensure proper stock
levels and reduce wastage.
 Dosage Medication Monitoring involves To maximize dosage and avoid toxic relationships,
track patients' drug levels, particularly for drugs with limited therapeutic ranges.
 with pharmacokinetic experts to modify drug schedules according to specific patient
characteristics, such as the liver or renal functions.
 Consult Assurance of Quality: To guarantee the safety, efficacy, and value of drugs supplied in medical
facilities, put quality control procedures in place.
 Innovation Collaboration: To improve efficiency in medicine shipment, tracking, and record-keeping,
make use of automation and technological systems.
 Cooperation with Healthcare Teamwork: To support an integrated approach to patient medication,
interact actively with nurses, physicians, and other healthcare professionals.
 Accident Medication Services: Give individuals receiving hospitals speedy access to the required drugs in
an emergency, providing prompt attention and support.
 Drug Knowledge Assistance: Supply updated drug information, including dosage, relationships and
treatment guidelines, to healthcare professionals.
Institutional Medication Benefits
• Hospital pharmacies help the health care system in a number of ways.
 Patient protection: Minimizes the chance of medication mistakes and problems by ensuring
proper monitoring of drugs and distribution.
 Professional Support: By offering treatments and drug optimization, clinical pharmacies help
optimize patient outcomes.
 Accessibility: Provides both inpatients and outpatients with simple access to a variety of
medications, promoting prompt and efficient treatment.
 Diverse Cooperation: Promotes a multidisciplinary approach by collaborating with other
healthcare providers to bring pharmacy knowledge into decisions about patient care.
 Training and Therapy: Gives counseling and educational services, enabling patients learn
about and effectively regulate their medicines.
 Pharmaceutical leadership: oversees choosing, dosage, and tracking of medicines in order to
improve the overall level of treatment for patients.
 Emergencies Assistance: Assists with serious and urgent medical needs by quickly delivering
the drugs needed in situations of emergencies.
 Developments in medical treatment and medical expertise are facilitated by advancements in
science and technology, which also supports clinical trials and research efforts.
 Developing efficient inventory control eliminates the possibility of medication shortage by
guaranteeing sufficient stock levels.
 Specialty Products: Provides a range of specialty pharmacy services to satisfy a variety of patients,
includes compounding, and radiological pharmacies, and home infusion.
 Commitment Support: Enables individuals adhere to their a prescription regimen by providing simple
directions, functioning as a reminder, and solving any issues or difficulties they may run into.
 Cost control: By maximising the use of medicines, cutting out needless drug buying decisions, and
minimizing medication-related problems it helps give patients healthcare at a low cost.
 Continuum of Care: Supports seamless shifts from inpatient and outpatient services, maintaining
participants' continued access to their medications.
The drawbacks of pharmacy facilities in hospitals
Hospital pharmacies supply numerous advantages yet they could also have some drawbacks.
 Pharmaceutical Mistakes: Despite security precautions, medication mistakes continue to be
likely and may result in detrimental effects on individuals or induce complications.
 The load and Strain: excessive workloads, especially within overcrowded or inadequate
settings, may bring about stress in addition to fatigue among chemists and co-workers.
 Less Accessible for Outpatient care: Compared to neighborhood drug stores, pharmacy
locations in hospitals may be harder for outpatients to visit, and may affect accessibility for
certain individuals.
• Cost and Budgetary Restraints: Budget restraints might limit the resources pharmacies in
hospitals have at their destruction, making it more difficult for them to make investments in
cutting-edge equipment or more space.
 Patient Volume: A high patient volume may put more strain on pharmacy staff, which could
reduce the quantity of time offered for one-on-one consultations with patients.
 Regulatory Compliance: It might be difficult to comply with changing pharmaceuticals
guidelines and regulation; thereby requiring for ongoing training and adaptation.
 Technological Costs: Small or impoverished hospitals might face challenges with finances
when implementing and maintaining sophisticated technologies.
 Staffing Shortages: The efficacy and quality of pharmacy services may be impacted by a shortage of
competent pharmacy workers, which may have an impact on service delivery.
 Restricted Operating Hours: Patients who need prescription medications after normal business hours may
be affected by the facility pharmacy' limited hours of operations.
 Patient Security Concerns: As technology is more and more integrated into pharmacy processes, concerns
regarding privacy may surface in the management of patient information.
 Disruptions in the Pharmaceutical Logistics: These could be having a consequence on the distribution of
pharmaceuticals, causing shortages and potential difficulties in assisting patients.
Community Pharmacy
Definition: Community Pharmacy is a local pharmacy
that works directly with locals.
Community Pharmacy's Responsibilities
Community pharmacies provide a range of goods and services to their neighboring towns and
cities. These are a few of their main duties:
 Medication The dispensing: Pharmacists ensure that patients acquire the right medications
in appropriate amounts by fulfilling prescriptions issued by healthcare providers.
 Without a prescription (OTC) Drugs: They offer a broad range of over-the-counter drugs,
dietary supplements, and healthcare-related items.
 Immunizations and Health Screening: By providing vaccinations and health screenings,
many pharmacists support preventative health initiatives.
 Medicines Treatment Administration: Pharmacists support the management of
complicated drug schedules, guaranteeing correct administration and commitment to
prescribed courses of action.
 Health Education: To spread awareness and healthy living, pharmacies can conduct
educational seminars on a range of health-related subjects.
 Partnership with Healthcare Providers: To improve customer care and medication
administration, they frequently work in partnership with physicians and other healthcare
experts.
 Access to crucial Medicine in an Emergency: Pharmacies offer important pharmaceuticals
for use in emergencies or beyond regular business hours at healthcare facilities.
Community Pharmacies Benefits
Community pharmacy have a number of benefits that improve people's quality of life and that of
their societies:
 Accessibility: People don't have to go far to get prescribed medications and medical supplies
from local pharmacies because they are easy to find.
 Timely Medication Dispensing: They facilitate immediate care for a range of medical issues
by offering quick and easy access to prescribed drugs.
 Individualized Counseling: Pharmacists offer patients individualized counseling to make
sure they comprehend the medication they are receiving, any possible adverse effects, and the
significance of following treatment regimens.
 Health Promotion: By providing health services including screenings, vaccinations, and educational
initiatives, pharmacies support wellness and preventive healthcare.
 Easy of use Community pharmacies are an acceptable choice for people with busy lifestyles or those in
need of emergency care because of their longer hours and frequent locations close to residential areas.
 Over-the-Counter goods: People can manage minor diseases and preserve general health by having access
to a range of over-the-counter drugs, supplements, and healthcare products.
 Emergency Services: While other medical institutions can be closed during an emergency, pharmacies are
vital in ensuring that people have the ability to obtain necessary supplies and drugs.
The drawbacks of local drug stores
 Reduced Consultation Time: Because of the large number of shoppers, pharmacists may not
always have enough time for in-depth discussions, which could lower the normal level of
patient education.
 Workload Pressure: Community pharmacies frequently deal with heavy workloads, which
may trigger anxiety and fatigue and lower service quality.
 Challenges related to insurance and administration: Handling insurance claims and
administrative requests can take a lot of time, taking time away from providing direct patient
treatment.
 Challenging Market: The profitability and capacity to invest in services of community
pharmacies may be negatively affected by competition from big-box stores or internet
retailers.
 Restricted Practice: Community pharmacists may not be able to make a complete
contribution to healthcare because of regulations that limit the range of services they can offer.
 Variable Service Quality: Depending on variables like staffing levels and administrative
procedures, service quality might differ significantly between various community pharmacies.
 Emphasis on Sales: Certain community pharmacies may place a higher priority on sales than
patient care, which could have an impact on the advice given to clients.
Thank you.

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Hospital Pharmacy and Community Pharmacy.pdf

  • 1. Nagpur college of Pharmacy Wanadongri, Hingna Road, Nagpur -441110 Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Technological University, Lonere. Hospital Pharmacy and Community Pharmacy By- Ms. Khushabu Katekar B Pharm Final year Guided by- Ms. Nilima Sakarkar Assistant Professor
  • 2. Hospital Pharmacy Definition : Pharmacy in hospitals is a subspecialty of pharmacy that supports health, wellbeing, and the prevention of disease by dealing with the treatment of patients and medicines.
  • 3. Hospitals Pharmacy's Responsibilities A variety of services are provided by the hospital pharmacy to guarantee the safe and efficient use of medicines, which makes it an essential part of the healthcare system. The following are the main duties of a hospital pharmaceuticals:  Medication The administration: Accurately and efficiently administer patients' prescribed medicines inside the hospital.  Medicines Administration: Work together with medical professionals to effectively handle medicines.  Health therapy: Provide patients with information and guidance regarding the medicines they are taking, including how to take them correctly, possible side effects, and possible connection to other drugs.  In addition to: Make specific drugs according to the needs of each patient, such as sterile compounds, paediatric products, or intravenous solutions.
  • 4. • vcare patients.  These services include working with healthcare teams, taking part in patient care rounds, and providing clinical interventions that optimize pharmaceutical therapy.  Pharmaceutical Safety: Put procedures in place to improve medication safety, such as handling drug remembers, keeping an eye out for adverse drug answers, and eliminating errors.  Inventories Control: Keep prescriptions in an orderly, safe inventory to ensure proper stock levels and reduce wastage.  Dosage Medication Monitoring involves To maximize dosage and avoid toxic relationships, track patients' drug levels, particularly for drugs with limited therapeutic ranges.  with pharmacokinetic experts to modify drug schedules according to specific patient characteristics, such as the liver or renal functions.
  • 5.  Consult Assurance of Quality: To guarantee the safety, efficacy, and value of drugs supplied in medical facilities, put quality control procedures in place.  Innovation Collaboration: To improve efficiency in medicine shipment, tracking, and record-keeping, make use of automation and technological systems.  Cooperation with Healthcare Teamwork: To support an integrated approach to patient medication, interact actively with nurses, physicians, and other healthcare professionals.  Accident Medication Services: Give individuals receiving hospitals speedy access to the required drugs in an emergency, providing prompt attention and support.  Drug Knowledge Assistance: Supply updated drug information, including dosage, relationships and treatment guidelines, to healthcare professionals.
  • 6. Institutional Medication Benefits • Hospital pharmacies help the health care system in a number of ways.  Patient protection: Minimizes the chance of medication mistakes and problems by ensuring proper monitoring of drugs and distribution.  Professional Support: By offering treatments and drug optimization, clinical pharmacies help optimize patient outcomes.  Accessibility: Provides both inpatients and outpatients with simple access to a variety of medications, promoting prompt and efficient treatment.  Diverse Cooperation: Promotes a multidisciplinary approach by collaborating with other healthcare providers to bring pharmacy knowledge into decisions about patient care.
  • 7.  Training and Therapy: Gives counseling and educational services, enabling patients learn about and effectively regulate their medicines.  Pharmaceutical leadership: oversees choosing, dosage, and tracking of medicines in order to improve the overall level of treatment for patients.  Emergencies Assistance: Assists with serious and urgent medical needs by quickly delivering the drugs needed in situations of emergencies.  Developments in medical treatment and medical expertise are facilitated by advancements in science and technology, which also supports clinical trials and research efforts.  Developing efficient inventory control eliminates the possibility of medication shortage by guaranteeing sufficient stock levels.
  • 8.  Specialty Products: Provides a range of specialty pharmacy services to satisfy a variety of patients, includes compounding, and radiological pharmacies, and home infusion.  Commitment Support: Enables individuals adhere to their a prescription regimen by providing simple directions, functioning as a reminder, and solving any issues or difficulties they may run into.  Cost control: By maximising the use of medicines, cutting out needless drug buying decisions, and minimizing medication-related problems it helps give patients healthcare at a low cost.  Continuum of Care: Supports seamless shifts from inpatient and outpatient services, maintaining participants' continued access to their medications.
  • 9. The drawbacks of pharmacy facilities in hospitals Hospital pharmacies supply numerous advantages yet they could also have some drawbacks.  Pharmaceutical Mistakes: Despite security precautions, medication mistakes continue to be likely and may result in detrimental effects on individuals or induce complications.  The load and Strain: excessive workloads, especially within overcrowded or inadequate settings, may bring about stress in addition to fatigue among chemists and co-workers.  Less Accessible for Outpatient care: Compared to neighborhood drug stores, pharmacy locations in hospitals may be harder for outpatients to visit, and may affect accessibility for certain individuals.
  • 10. • Cost and Budgetary Restraints: Budget restraints might limit the resources pharmacies in hospitals have at their destruction, making it more difficult for them to make investments in cutting-edge equipment or more space.  Patient Volume: A high patient volume may put more strain on pharmacy staff, which could reduce the quantity of time offered for one-on-one consultations with patients.  Regulatory Compliance: It might be difficult to comply with changing pharmaceuticals guidelines and regulation; thereby requiring for ongoing training and adaptation.  Technological Costs: Small or impoverished hospitals might face challenges with finances when implementing and maintaining sophisticated technologies.
  • 11.  Staffing Shortages: The efficacy and quality of pharmacy services may be impacted by a shortage of competent pharmacy workers, which may have an impact on service delivery.  Restricted Operating Hours: Patients who need prescription medications after normal business hours may be affected by the facility pharmacy' limited hours of operations.  Patient Security Concerns: As technology is more and more integrated into pharmacy processes, concerns regarding privacy may surface in the management of patient information.  Disruptions in the Pharmaceutical Logistics: These could be having a consequence on the distribution of pharmaceuticals, causing shortages and potential difficulties in assisting patients.
  • 12. Community Pharmacy Definition: Community Pharmacy is a local pharmacy that works directly with locals.
  • 13. Community Pharmacy's Responsibilities Community pharmacies provide a range of goods and services to their neighboring towns and cities. These are a few of their main duties:  Medication The dispensing: Pharmacists ensure that patients acquire the right medications in appropriate amounts by fulfilling prescriptions issued by healthcare providers.  Without a prescription (OTC) Drugs: They offer a broad range of over-the-counter drugs, dietary supplements, and healthcare-related items.  Immunizations and Health Screening: By providing vaccinations and health screenings, many pharmacists support preventative health initiatives.
  • 14.  Medicines Treatment Administration: Pharmacists support the management of complicated drug schedules, guaranteeing correct administration and commitment to prescribed courses of action.  Health Education: To spread awareness and healthy living, pharmacies can conduct educational seminars on a range of health-related subjects.  Partnership with Healthcare Providers: To improve customer care and medication administration, they frequently work in partnership with physicians and other healthcare experts.  Access to crucial Medicine in an Emergency: Pharmacies offer important pharmaceuticals for use in emergencies or beyond regular business hours at healthcare facilities.
  • 15. Community Pharmacies Benefits Community pharmacy have a number of benefits that improve people's quality of life and that of their societies:  Accessibility: People don't have to go far to get prescribed medications and medical supplies from local pharmacies because they are easy to find.  Timely Medication Dispensing: They facilitate immediate care for a range of medical issues by offering quick and easy access to prescribed drugs.  Individualized Counseling: Pharmacists offer patients individualized counseling to make sure they comprehend the medication they are receiving, any possible adverse effects, and the significance of following treatment regimens.
  • 16.  Health Promotion: By providing health services including screenings, vaccinations, and educational initiatives, pharmacies support wellness and preventive healthcare.  Easy of use Community pharmacies are an acceptable choice for people with busy lifestyles or those in need of emergency care because of their longer hours and frequent locations close to residential areas.  Over-the-Counter goods: People can manage minor diseases and preserve general health by having access to a range of over-the-counter drugs, supplements, and healthcare products.  Emergency Services: While other medical institutions can be closed during an emergency, pharmacies are vital in ensuring that people have the ability to obtain necessary supplies and drugs.
  • 17. The drawbacks of local drug stores  Reduced Consultation Time: Because of the large number of shoppers, pharmacists may not always have enough time for in-depth discussions, which could lower the normal level of patient education.  Workload Pressure: Community pharmacies frequently deal with heavy workloads, which may trigger anxiety and fatigue and lower service quality.  Challenges related to insurance and administration: Handling insurance claims and administrative requests can take a lot of time, taking time away from providing direct patient treatment.
  • 18.  Challenging Market: The profitability and capacity to invest in services of community pharmacies may be negatively affected by competition from big-box stores or internet retailers.  Restricted Practice: Community pharmacists may not be able to make a complete contribution to healthcare because of regulations that limit the range of services they can offer.  Variable Service Quality: Depending on variables like staffing levels and administrative procedures, service quality might differ significantly between various community pharmacies.  Emphasis on Sales: Certain community pharmacies may place a higher priority on sales than patient care, which could have an impact on the advice given to clients.