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DISASTER MANAGEMENT.pptx

Disaster management/ emergency management slide for educational purpose. All the topic related to disaster, its phases and management stages are mentioned in this slide.

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Class Presentation On :-
:- Priyanshu Anand
CONTENTS :-
• INTRODUCTION
• DEFINITION
• TYPES
• PRINCIPLES
• EPIDEMIOLOGICAL FRAMEWORK
• PHASES OF DISASTER
• DISASTER MANAGEMENT PRIORITIES
• NURSES ROLE
• PHASES OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT
INTRODUCTION :-
• Disaster means that any occurrence that
causes damage, ecological disruption, loss of
human life or deterioration of health and
health services on a scale sufficient to warrant
and extraordinary response from outside the
affected community or area (WHO 1995)
DEFINITION :-
• Disaster management (or emergency
management) is the creation of plans through
which communities reduce vulnerability to
hazards and cope with disasters.
TYPES OF DISASTER :-
Disasters can be natural or man-made.
• Natural disasters :-include droughts,
earthquakes, tsunamis, forest fires, landslides
and mudslides, blizzards, hurricanes,
tornadoes, floods and volcanic disruptions.
• Man-made disasters :- includes hazardous substance
accidents (e.g., chemicals, toxic gases), radiologic
accidents, dam failures, resource shortage (e.g., food,
electricity and water), structural fire and explosions
and domestic disturbances (e.g., terrorism, bombing
and riots), Bioterrorism. Explosions ▫ Fires, Toxic
materials, Pollution, Civil unrest (e.g., riots,
demonstrations), Terrorists’ attacks ▫ Throughout
history natural and man-made disasters have disrupted
food and water supplies and. salutation causing
communicable diseases, injury, illness and death.

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DISASTER MANAGEMENT.pptx

  • 1. Class Presentation On :- :- Priyanshu Anand
  • 2. CONTENTS :- • INTRODUCTION • DEFINITION • TYPES • PRINCIPLES • EPIDEMIOLOGICAL FRAMEWORK • PHASES OF DISASTER • DISASTER MANAGEMENT PRIORITIES • NURSES ROLE • PHASES OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT
  • 3. INTRODUCTION :- • Disaster means that any occurrence that causes damage, ecological disruption, loss of human life or deterioration of health and health services on a scale sufficient to warrant and extraordinary response from outside the affected community or area (WHO 1995)
  • 4. DEFINITION :- • Disaster management (or emergency management) is the creation of plans through which communities reduce vulnerability to hazards and cope with disasters.
  • 5. TYPES OF DISASTER :- Disasters can be natural or man-made. • Natural disasters :-include droughts, earthquakes, tsunamis, forest fires, landslides and mudslides, blizzards, hurricanes, tornadoes, floods and volcanic disruptions.
  • 6. • Man-made disasters :- includes hazardous substance accidents (e.g., chemicals, toxic gases), radiologic accidents, dam failures, resource shortage (e.g., food, electricity and water), structural fire and explosions and domestic disturbances (e.g., terrorism, bombing and riots), Bioterrorism. Explosions ▫ Fires, Toxic materials, Pollution, Civil unrest (e.g., riots, demonstrations), Terrorists’ attacks ▫ Throughout history natural and man-made disasters have disrupted food and water supplies and. salutation causing communicable diseases, injury, illness and death.
  • 7. PRINCIPLES OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT :- (Grab and Eng 1995) • Prevent the occurrence of the disaster whenever possible. • Minimize the number of casualties if the disaster cannot be prevented. • Prevent further casualties from occurring after the initial impact of the disaster. • Rescue the victims.
  • 8. • Provide first aid to the injured. • Evacuate the injured to medical facilities. • Provide definitive medical care. • Promote reconstruction of lives.
  • 9. EPIDEMIOLOGICAL FRAME WORK :- DISASTER AGENT ENVIRONMENT HOST
  • 10. DISASTER AGENT • Primary agents include falling buildings, heat, wind, rising water and smoke. • Secondary agents include bacteria and viruses that produce contamination or infection after the primary agent has caused injury or destruction. HOST • Human kind (Age, sex, immunization status, pre- existing health, degree of mobility, emotional stability).
  • 11. ENVIRONMENT • PHYSICAL FACTORS include the weather conditions, availability of food and water and the functioning of utilities such as electricity and telephone service. • CHEMICAL FACTOR include leakage of stored chemicals into the air, soil, ground water or food supplies. • BIOLOGICAL FACTORS include contaminated water, improper waste disposal, insect or rodent proliferation, improper food storage, or lack of refrigeration owing to interrupted electrical services.
  • 12. • SOCIAL FACTORS are those that contribute to the individual's social support systems, loss of family members, changes in roles, religious beliefs, social factors to be examine after disaster. • PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS distress of victim to the disaster site.
  • 13. PHASES OF DISASTER :- • Pre-Impact Phase :- It is the initial phase of the disaster, warning is given prior to the actual occurrence, Emergency centers are opened , Communication , radio and television, community must be educated. • Impact Phase :- This occurs at the time of disaster, The impact phase continues until the threat of further destructions has passed and the emergency plan is in effect. Emergency Operation Center (EOC) has been established. physical and psychological support
  • 14. • Post impact Phase:- Recovery beings during the emergency phase and end with the return of normal community order and functioning. For persons in then impact area this phase may last a lifetime (e.g., victims of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima).
  • 15. DISASTER MANAGEMENT PRIORITIES:- TRIAGE (categorizing) • Red - most urgent, first priority • Yellow - urgent, second priority • Green - third priority • Black - dying dead
  • 16. RED - MOST URGENT, FIRST PRIORITY • Life-threatening injuries such as Shock, chest wounds, internal hemorrhage, head injuries producing increased loss of consciousness, partial-or full-thickness burns over 20% to 60% of the body surface, and chest pain. • Poor chance of survival
  • 17. YELLOW - URGENT, SECOND PRIORITY • Injuries with systemic effects and complications but yet not in shock , withstand 30 to 60-minut • Category include multiple fractures, open fractures, spinal injuries, large lacerations; partial- or full- thickness burns over 10% to 20% of the body surface, and medical emergencies such as diabetic coma, insulin shock; and epileptic seizure, observed closely
  • 18. GREEN- THIRD-PRIORITY • Minimal injuries unaccompanied by systemic complications • Wait several hours for treatment • Closed fractures, minor burns, minor lacerations, sprains, contusions, and abrasions. BLACK -DYING OR DEAD • Hopelessly injured patients or dead victims • Would not survive under the best of circumstances.
  • 19. NURSES ROLES :- • To assess the community and their needs. • To provide psychological and emotional support to the people in need. • To make available treatment for victims and their families. • To arrange rehabilitation services for client and families.
  • 20. PHASES OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT :- MITIGATION: • Working with local, state and federal agencies in identifying disaster risks and developing disaster prevention strategies through extensive public education in disaster prevention and readiness. • To plan effectively for disaster prevention the nurse needs to have community assessment information, including knowledge of community resources (e.g., emergency services, hospitals, and clinics), community health personnel (e.g., nurses, doctors, pharmacists, emergency medical teams, dentists, and volunteers), community government officials, and local industry.
  • 21. PREPAREDNESS • PERSONAL PREPAREDNESS: stress and conflict among disaster workers • PROFESSIONAL PREPAREDNESS: license, equipment, personal equipment, such as a stethoscope, a flashlight and extra batteries, Cash, Warm clothing and a heavy jacket (or weather-appropriate clothing), Record-keeping materials, Pocket-sized reference books • COMMUNITY PREPAREDNESS: participation.
  • 22. RESPONSE • Your safety and well-being in an emergency depend on how prepared you are and on how you respond to a crisis. • By being able to act responsibly and safely, you will be able to protect yourself, your family and others around you.
  • 23. RECOVERY • During the recovery period, you must take care of yourself and others to prevent stress related illness and excessive financial burdens. • During recovery, you should also consider things to do that would lessen (mitigate) the effects of future disasters.