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CIRCULAR ECONOMY
Because Nature Knows No Waste
2
• Waste Management & Circular Economy
•
• Indian Regulations that Support Circular
Economy & Holistic Waste Management
• Our Work on the Ground through Zero
Waste customer
c
What is
Circular Economy?
We strive to ensure zero
waste ends up at a landfill
by recovering value from
waste.
3
4
Solid Waste Regulatory & Policy framework
National level
The Environment Protection Act, 1986
Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016
Plastic Waste Management Rules,
2016
National level
Guidelines for segregation, collection and disposal of plastic
waste
Guidelines for preparation of EPR plan
Guidelines for disposal of Non-recyclable fraction (Multi-
layered) plastic waste
Guidelines for coprocessing of plastic waste in cement kilns
Guidelines for disposal of thermoset plastic waste including
SMC and FRP
Guidelines for management of sanitary waste
Guidelines for disposal of legacy waste
Guidelines for provision of buffer zone
State level
State specific laws and rules
State level Solid waste management policy and
strategy
State level solid waste management plan
State level plastic ban
Specific SPCB guidelines and direction on
management of solid waste
ULB/Gram Panchayat level
Municipal Acts/Panchayati Raj
regulations
ULB/ panchayat level solid waste
management byelaws
ULB level guidelines/ notifications
5
Duties & responsibilities of Bulk Waste
Generators
Segregation of waste at source
into three categories namely
Biodegradable waste, Non-
biodegradable waste and
Domestic Hazardous waste
including Sanitary waste.
Ensure collection of
segregated waste in
separate streams &
handover recyclable
material to either the
authorised waste pickers
or the authorised
recyclers.
Process bio-degradable waste within the
premises as far as possible. In case there is
a space constraint handover the
biodegradable waste to the authorized
agency for its processing at the authorized
end-destination.
The residual waste shall be given to
the waste collectors or agency as
directed by the local body
Pay user fees as per the
prescribed byelaws
Segregation of waste
• Segregation at source is the bedrock of
the entire solid waste management
system and therefore, a critical focus
area:
• Segregation at source into at least three
streams:
• biodegradable (wet/organic)
waste ,
• non-biodegradable (dry) waste
and
• domestic hazardous wastes
(including sanitary waste)
Wet Waste Management
 Part on-site composting,
part- biogas
 Biogas is used as bio-diesel
 On-site biogas plant to
be installed at the RMZ
premises
Features
Processing of
recyclable non-
biodegradable waste
Secondary storage
facilities and Material
Recovery Facility (MRF)
Decentralised units dedicated for
aggregation and secondary sorting
of non-biodegradable waste
Integration of the informal sector.
Recycling Units
Segregated recyclable waste shall
be given to authorised recycling
units.
Recycling units shall comply with
applicable laws and applicable
standards for recycling of plastics
9
Processing of non-recyclable dry waste
• Non-recyclable waste having calorific value of 1500 Kcal/kg or more: generating energy
either through refuse derived fuel (RDF)
• Industrial units located within 100 km from a RDF plant are required to replace at least
5% of their fuel requirement by RDF.
RefuseDerivedFuel(RDF
• Combustible waste fraction of
solid wastelike other than
chlorinated materials, in the
form of pellets or fluffs used as
a fuel
• Best suited industry to utilise
RDF as fuel is cement industry
Coprocessingincement
Kilns
• Use of non-biodegradable and
non recyclable solid waste
having calorific value
exceeding 1500k/cal as a
source of energy
WastetoEnergyPlants
• Use of non-recyclable solid
waste as raw material to
produce energy using various
technologies like plasma
pyrolysis, gasification,
incineration etc.
Maximum Resource Recovery through Decentralized Systems
Our Story from Bangalore
Our Solutions
Recycled Products
Extended Producer
Responsibility
Zero Waste Program
Waste Management
Zero Waste Events
Consultancy
Plastic
E-Waste
Stationery
Textile
Construction Material
Zero Waste Program
Saahas Zero Waste won the Swachh
Bharat Award 2018 for this program
Multiple Waste
Streams Handled
Non-hazardous dry
waste
Sanitary waste
E-waste
Organic waste
Legal Compliance
Compliance with all
environmental laws
Compliance with all
labour laws
Construction &
demolition waste
Transparent
Operations
Data tracking- MIS, IoT
weighing scales, GPS
tracked vehicles
Completely digitised
financial transactions
Signed contracts with
all partners
All staff on payroll
Biometric attendance
tracking of staff
Customised Solutions
Decentralised
solutions
Direct to Destination
model
Hybrid
Hub and spoke model
PCB authorised
recyclers, formal
players
BBMP authorised end
destination
PCB authorised
recycler
PCB authorised bio-
methanation plant
BBMP authorised end
destination
Authorised End
Destinations
Decentralised MRF
10,000 Sqft10 MTPD
2 shifts per day
200 Kg per staff
per shift
India’s Planet Healers by Discovery Channel
14
16%
48%
34%
2%
Negative Value Material
Low Value Material
Medium Value Material
High Value Material
Economics of Dry Waste
The pie chart gives a good indication of the economics of
dry waste generated in apartment complexes.
 In a formal system, when waste is sorted into 25+
categories, 100% resource recovery is possible.
 However, this requires investment in terms of labour,
finances, infrastructure for channelization of different
waste streams to appropriate processing destinations.
 Over 98% of the waste received from apartments, were
either negative, low or medium value. This means that
when sold to recyclers, the revenue would not meet the
costs of formal collection, transportation and
processing.
 In addition, certain negative value waste requires
payment to the end-destinations such as cement plants
for proper processing
• The segregated waste is collected and bought to the Waste Management unit that
is managed by a site supervisor and five field staff.
• The unit has the capacity of 300 kgs wet waste and 400kgs dry waste
Composting wet waste at IIMB
Zero Waste Program Clients
each one with an operating model customised
to their individual needs.
80 clients 6 formats 4 cities
17
c
SDG Commitment
By 2021
SZW will divert 150 tonnes of
solid waste/day from landfills
Environmental Impact
53 tonnes of waste diverted
from landfills every day
3 million litres of water saved
every year
4500 tonnes CO2 emissions
averted every month
200,000 trees saved every
year via recycling of paper
SDG Impact
18
c
Social Impact
By 2021
SZW will provide dignified
livelihood to 800 people from
lower socio-economic groups
250 people employed
from lower socio-economic
groups
Gender equality &
equal growth opportunities
Formalization of waste
management & inclusion of
informal workers
SDG Impact
SDG Commitment

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Zero Waste Residences through Resource Recovery & Circular Economy

  • 2. 2 • Waste Management & Circular Economy • • Indian Regulations that Support Circular Economy & Holistic Waste Management • Our Work on the Ground through Zero Waste customer
  • 3. c What is Circular Economy? We strive to ensure zero waste ends up at a landfill by recovering value from waste. 3
  • 4. 4 Solid Waste Regulatory & Policy framework National level The Environment Protection Act, 1986 Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016 Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016 National level Guidelines for segregation, collection and disposal of plastic waste Guidelines for preparation of EPR plan Guidelines for disposal of Non-recyclable fraction (Multi- layered) plastic waste Guidelines for coprocessing of plastic waste in cement kilns Guidelines for disposal of thermoset plastic waste including SMC and FRP Guidelines for management of sanitary waste Guidelines for disposal of legacy waste Guidelines for provision of buffer zone State level State specific laws and rules State level Solid waste management policy and strategy State level solid waste management plan State level plastic ban Specific SPCB guidelines and direction on management of solid waste ULB/Gram Panchayat level Municipal Acts/Panchayati Raj regulations ULB/ panchayat level solid waste management byelaws ULB level guidelines/ notifications
  • 5. 5 Duties & responsibilities of Bulk Waste Generators Segregation of waste at source into three categories namely Biodegradable waste, Non- biodegradable waste and Domestic Hazardous waste including Sanitary waste. Ensure collection of segregated waste in separate streams & handover recyclable material to either the authorised waste pickers or the authorised recyclers. Process bio-degradable waste within the premises as far as possible. In case there is a space constraint handover the biodegradable waste to the authorized agency for its processing at the authorized end-destination. The residual waste shall be given to the waste collectors or agency as directed by the local body Pay user fees as per the prescribed byelaws
  • 6. Segregation of waste • Segregation at source is the bedrock of the entire solid waste management system and therefore, a critical focus area: • Segregation at source into at least three streams: • biodegradable (wet/organic) waste , • non-biodegradable (dry) waste and • domestic hazardous wastes (including sanitary waste)
  • 7. Wet Waste Management  Part on-site composting, part- biogas  Biogas is used as bio-diesel  On-site biogas plant to be installed at the RMZ premises Features
  • 8. Processing of recyclable non- biodegradable waste Secondary storage facilities and Material Recovery Facility (MRF) Decentralised units dedicated for aggregation and secondary sorting of non-biodegradable waste Integration of the informal sector. Recycling Units Segregated recyclable waste shall be given to authorised recycling units. Recycling units shall comply with applicable laws and applicable standards for recycling of plastics
  • 9. 9 Processing of non-recyclable dry waste • Non-recyclable waste having calorific value of 1500 Kcal/kg or more: generating energy either through refuse derived fuel (RDF) • Industrial units located within 100 km from a RDF plant are required to replace at least 5% of their fuel requirement by RDF. RefuseDerivedFuel(RDF • Combustible waste fraction of solid wastelike other than chlorinated materials, in the form of pellets or fluffs used as a fuel • Best suited industry to utilise RDF as fuel is cement industry Coprocessingincement Kilns • Use of non-biodegradable and non recyclable solid waste having calorific value exceeding 1500k/cal as a source of energy WastetoEnergyPlants • Use of non-recyclable solid waste as raw material to produce energy using various technologies like plasma pyrolysis, gasification, incineration etc.
  • 10. Maximum Resource Recovery through Decentralized Systems Our Story from Bangalore
  • 11. Our Solutions Recycled Products Extended Producer Responsibility Zero Waste Program Waste Management Zero Waste Events Consultancy Plastic E-Waste Stationery Textile Construction Material
  • 12. Zero Waste Program Saahas Zero Waste won the Swachh Bharat Award 2018 for this program Multiple Waste Streams Handled Non-hazardous dry waste Sanitary waste E-waste Organic waste Legal Compliance Compliance with all environmental laws Compliance with all labour laws Construction & demolition waste Transparent Operations Data tracking- MIS, IoT weighing scales, GPS tracked vehicles Completely digitised financial transactions Signed contracts with all partners All staff on payroll Biometric attendance tracking of staff Customised Solutions Decentralised solutions Direct to Destination model Hybrid Hub and spoke model PCB authorised recyclers, formal players BBMP authorised end destination PCB authorised recycler PCB authorised bio- methanation plant BBMP authorised end destination Authorised End Destinations
  • 13. Decentralised MRF 10,000 Sqft10 MTPD 2 shifts per day 200 Kg per staff per shift India’s Planet Healers by Discovery Channel
  • 14. 14 16% 48% 34% 2% Negative Value Material Low Value Material Medium Value Material High Value Material Economics of Dry Waste The pie chart gives a good indication of the economics of dry waste generated in apartment complexes.  In a formal system, when waste is sorted into 25+ categories, 100% resource recovery is possible.  However, this requires investment in terms of labour, finances, infrastructure for channelization of different waste streams to appropriate processing destinations.  Over 98% of the waste received from apartments, were either negative, low or medium value. This means that when sold to recyclers, the revenue would not meet the costs of formal collection, transportation and processing.  In addition, certain negative value waste requires payment to the end-destinations such as cement plants for proper processing
  • 15. • The segregated waste is collected and bought to the Waste Management unit that is managed by a site supervisor and five field staff. • The unit has the capacity of 300 kgs wet waste and 400kgs dry waste Composting wet waste at IIMB
  • 16. Zero Waste Program Clients each one with an operating model customised to their individual needs. 80 clients 6 formats 4 cities
  • 17. 17 c SDG Commitment By 2021 SZW will divert 150 tonnes of solid waste/day from landfills Environmental Impact 53 tonnes of waste diverted from landfills every day 3 million litres of water saved every year 4500 tonnes CO2 emissions averted every month 200,000 trees saved every year via recycling of paper SDG Impact
  • 18. 18 c Social Impact By 2021 SZW will provide dignified livelihood to 800 people from lower socio-economic groups 250 people employed from lower socio-economic groups Gender equality & equal growth opportunities Formalization of waste management & inclusion of informal workers SDG Impact SDG Commitment