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Zeolite
Structure & Performance of
Thermoplastic Based Composite with
Zeolite Filler
Hebatalrahman
Dr.eng Consultant in material science
ABSTRACT
In these work, new nano and micro thermoplastic based composite is prepared
with zeolite filler, The method involves using zeolite in powder form, the
preparation of zeolite powder from ores by crushing it into small - sized
granules. The characteristics of the zeolite powder are determined. The
physical properties and chemical composition (XRD) are evaluated before
impeding it into the thermoplastic. Thermoplastics powder are added to the
zeolite powder as granules in different sizes, The particles sizes ranging from
the size of a millimeter to nanometer. The manufacturing quality parameters
are optimized at volume percentages of filler in the range 20 to 25 % ,
composite material is formed into molds. New Composite material is
characterized by easy deformation into different shapes beside machine
ability. The characteristics of new composite such as SEM, EDX,FTIR in
absorption and transmission mode are evaluated and compared with the
standard characteristics of Zeolite ores. The performance and characteristics
of the new composite are completely different. The new composite is hard,
solid and does not absorb water. The work end with list of recommendation
about the new field and expected application of Zeolite when using it as filler
in thermoplastic based micro and nano composites
INTRODUCTION
EXPERIMENTAL WORK
Materials (matrix)
 The matrix is polymethyl metha acrylate (PMMA).
Filler (Zeolite(
Hydrated aluminosilicate minerals
that contain alkali and alkaline-
earth metals.
 General properties of natural
zeolite in powder form
 non dusting
 hard and resistance to attrition
 non clouding in liquid due to
absence of clays
 good permeability
 high density
 high water retention
Chemical composition of natural
zeolite
X.ray analysis of the natural zeolite
Physical properties of natural zeolite in
powder form
Mixing & Sieving
The outcome of the two materials zeolite and PMMA
after grinding are collected the automatic sieve.
Automatic mixing for thermoplastic in the powder
form with different aspects ratio was done. The
amount of material required was calculated. The
mixture moves to the final drying and mixing phase
by laser irradiation. This is for guaranteeing the final
drying of the two mixtures.
Manufacturing process
 Plastic powders and natural zeolite were mixed together in the
solid state. The mixture is heated at the required temperature,
according to its components . Heating, compression and
cooling were done for heated mixture. The heating rate
depends on the type of the joining material, The heating rate
depends on the type of the joining material.
 Nano composite material is fabricated, the new composite
material is distinguished with the light weight and the ability to
endure scratch and damping capacity comparing with the
natural zeolite It is also liable for the easy formation and
distinctive with different colors and shapes. Figure (5) shows
The manufacturing steps
The manufacturing quality parameters
The manufacturing parameters were adjusted and the effect of temperature, pressure and
cooling rates were recorded. Design and test of the new system were evaluated. The
nano- composite material consists of poly methyl metha acrylate as matrix reinforced with
natural zeolite filler in powder form The manufacturing steps may be summarized in the
following steps:-
 1-Grinding of PMMA by electrical blinder-and control the grinding time to be less than 1.5
min to avoid temperature rise and agglomeration of particles after that use mesh < 300μm
diameter for sieving.
 2-Zeolite have used in powder form.
 3- Mixing of the two powders in multi speed mixture with continuous cooling to avoid
agglomeration of particles.
 4- Heating the empty mold which is lubricated by heavy oil.
 5- The mixture added to the hot mold
 6-Compress the mixture with (5:10 ton) hydraulic system with continuous heating and
pressing.
 7- Holding the compress and heating until the heat distributed uniformly
 8- Cooling the mold with water JET.
 9- Extract the final product by pressing.
The manufacturing steps
Measurements
 Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)
 Energy dispersive X-ray “ EDX”
 FTIR spectroscopic Analysis
 XRD
RESULTS & DISCUSSION
The final products of new composite
material
The new green composite material with natural
zeolite filler has morphology and properties
completely different from the natural zeolite.
comparison between new composite
material and natural zeolite.
SEM
EDX analysis of the new composite
material with zeolite filler
FTIR absorption spectrum
Composite Natural zeolite
FTIR transmission spectrum
Composite Natural Zeolite
CONCLUSIONS
 The rising concern towards environmental issues and, on the other hand, the
need for more versatile polymer-based materials has led to increasing interest
about polymer composites filled with natural-organic fillers.
 The new composite material has properties completely different from natural
zeolite, it does not interact or absorb water ,compact, dimensionally stable
with high resistance to wear and compression.
 The manufacturing parameters such as temperature, pressure, heating and
cooling rates play significant role in the new characteristics created in
thermoplastic based composite reinforced with natural zeolite filler.
 The new composite can be further environment-friendly when the polymer
matrix is biodegradable and comes from renewable sources as well
 There are several natural substances which are not degradable and renewable,
such as zeolites, that are the right solution to environmental remediation.
 Future prospects are wide ranging, especially in the field of functionalized
nano green composite materials for environmental remediation using very
economical systems.
 The development of new economic manufacturing method for manufacturing
of green composite material create new materials with superior
characteristics.
RECOMMENDATION
 The mechanical , chemical and electrical
characteristics of the new composite material
with zeolite filler should be studied to identify
all possible applications of the new green
composite.
Zeolite

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Zeolite

  • 2. Structure & Performance of Thermoplastic Based Composite with Zeolite Filler Hebatalrahman Dr.eng Consultant in material science
  • 3. ABSTRACT In these work, new nano and micro thermoplastic based composite is prepared with zeolite filler, The method involves using zeolite in powder form, the preparation of zeolite powder from ores by crushing it into small - sized granules. The characteristics of the zeolite powder are determined. The physical properties and chemical composition (XRD) are evaluated before impeding it into the thermoplastic. Thermoplastics powder are added to the zeolite powder as granules in different sizes, The particles sizes ranging from the size of a millimeter to nanometer. The manufacturing quality parameters are optimized at volume percentages of filler in the range 20 to 25 % , composite material is formed into molds. New Composite material is characterized by easy deformation into different shapes beside machine ability. The characteristics of new composite such as SEM, EDX,FTIR in absorption and transmission mode are evaluated and compared with the standard characteristics of Zeolite ores. The performance and characteristics of the new composite are completely different. The new composite is hard, solid and does not absorb water. The work end with list of recommendation about the new field and expected application of Zeolite when using it as filler in thermoplastic based micro and nano composites
  • 6. Materials (matrix)  The matrix is polymethyl metha acrylate (PMMA).
  • 7. Filler (Zeolite( Hydrated aluminosilicate minerals that contain alkali and alkaline- earth metals.  General properties of natural zeolite in powder form  non dusting  hard and resistance to attrition  non clouding in liquid due to absence of clays  good permeability  high density  high water retention
  • 8. Chemical composition of natural zeolite X.ray analysis of the natural zeolite
  • 9. Physical properties of natural zeolite in powder form
  • 10. Mixing & Sieving The outcome of the two materials zeolite and PMMA after grinding are collected the automatic sieve. Automatic mixing for thermoplastic in the powder form with different aspects ratio was done. The amount of material required was calculated. The mixture moves to the final drying and mixing phase by laser irradiation. This is for guaranteeing the final drying of the two mixtures.
  • 11. Manufacturing process  Plastic powders and natural zeolite were mixed together in the solid state. The mixture is heated at the required temperature, according to its components . Heating, compression and cooling were done for heated mixture. The heating rate depends on the type of the joining material, The heating rate depends on the type of the joining material.  Nano composite material is fabricated, the new composite material is distinguished with the light weight and the ability to endure scratch and damping capacity comparing with the natural zeolite It is also liable for the easy formation and distinctive with different colors and shapes. Figure (5) shows The manufacturing steps
  • 12. The manufacturing quality parameters The manufacturing parameters were adjusted and the effect of temperature, pressure and cooling rates were recorded. Design and test of the new system were evaluated. The nano- composite material consists of poly methyl metha acrylate as matrix reinforced with natural zeolite filler in powder form The manufacturing steps may be summarized in the following steps:-  1-Grinding of PMMA by electrical blinder-and control the grinding time to be less than 1.5 min to avoid temperature rise and agglomeration of particles after that use mesh < 300μm diameter for sieving.  2-Zeolite have used in powder form.  3- Mixing of the two powders in multi speed mixture with continuous cooling to avoid agglomeration of particles.  4- Heating the empty mold which is lubricated by heavy oil.  5- The mixture added to the hot mold  6-Compress the mixture with (5:10 ton) hydraulic system with continuous heating and pressing.  7- Holding the compress and heating until the heat distributed uniformly  8- Cooling the mold with water JET.  9- Extract the final product by pressing.
  • 14. Measurements  Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)  Energy dispersive X-ray “ EDX”  FTIR spectroscopic Analysis  XRD
  • 16. The final products of new composite material The new green composite material with natural zeolite filler has morphology and properties completely different from the natural zeolite.
  • 17. comparison between new composite material and natural zeolite.
  • 18. SEM
  • 19. EDX analysis of the new composite material with zeolite filler
  • 22. CONCLUSIONS  The rising concern towards environmental issues and, on the other hand, the need for more versatile polymer-based materials has led to increasing interest about polymer composites filled with natural-organic fillers.  The new composite material has properties completely different from natural zeolite, it does not interact or absorb water ,compact, dimensionally stable with high resistance to wear and compression.  The manufacturing parameters such as temperature, pressure, heating and cooling rates play significant role in the new characteristics created in thermoplastic based composite reinforced with natural zeolite filler.  The new composite can be further environment-friendly when the polymer matrix is biodegradable and comes from renewable sources as well  There are several natural substances which are not degradable and renewable, such as zeolites, that are the right solution to environmental remediation.  Future prospects are wide ranging, especially in the field of functionalized nano green composite materials for environmental remediation using very economical systems.  The development of new economic manufacturing method for manufacturing of green composite material create new materials with superior characteristics.
  • 23. RECOMMENDATION  The mechanical , chemical and electrical characteristics of the new composite material with zeolite filler should be studied to identify all possible applications of the new green composite.