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YOGA AND HEALTH
PRESENTED BY….
RIYA SARKAR
[D-160]
INTRODUCTION
 Yoga is a group of physical, mental, and spiritual practices or
disciplines which originated in ancient India.
 The term "Yoga" in the Western world often denotes a modern form of
hatha yoga and yoga as exercise, consisting largely of the postures or
asanas.
 The practice of yoga has been thought to date back to pre-vedic Indian
traditions; possibly in the Indus valley civilization around 3000 BCE.
 Yoga is one of the six Āstika (orthodox) schools of Hindu philosophical
traditions., which has its own epistemology, ontology and metaphysics,
and is closely related to Hindu Samkhya philosophy.
HISTORY
 Yoga is mentioned in the Rigveda and also referenced in the Upanishads.
Although, yoga most likely developed as a systematic study around the
5th and 6th centuries BCE.
 The chronology of earliest texts describing yoga-practices is unclear,
varyingly credited to the Upanishads. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali gained
prominence in the west in the 20th century after being introduced by
Swami Vivekananda.
 Hatha yoga texts began to emerge sometime between the 9th and 11th
century.
 Outside India, it has developed into a posture-based physical fitness,
stress-relief and relaxation technique. Yoga in Indian traditions, however,
is more than physical exercise; it has a meditative and spiritual core.
Etymology
 The Sanskrit noun yoga is derived from the sanskrit root yuj "to attach,
join, harness, yoke". In the context of yoga sutras, the word Yoga means
Union.
 the chief aim of the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, was "uniting" the human
spirit with the Divine spirit. In the Sutras, the root yuj samādhau (to
concentrate) is considered by traditional commentators as the correct
etymology.
 According to Pāṇini and Dasgupta the term yoga can be derived from
either of two roots, yujir yoga (to yoke) or yuj samādhau ("to concentrate").
 Someone who practices yoga or follows the yoga philosophy with a high
level of commitment is called a yogi or yogini.
TYPES OF YOGA
THE TREE
OF YOGA.
POPULAR YOGAS
 HATHA YOGA
 VINYASA YOGA
 ASHTANGA YOGA
 POWER YOGA
 BIKRAM YOGA
 JIVAMUKTI YOGA
 IYENGAR YOGA
 ANUSARA YOGA
 SIVANANDA YOGA
 VINIYOGA
 KUNDALINI YOGA
 YIN YOGA
 RESTORATIVE YOGA
Yoga is more than poses
 Breathing practices, known as pranayama
 Meditation techniques
 Chanting
 Visualization exercises
 Study of yoga philosophy
 Selfless service such as volunteer work, known as karma yoga
 Moral precepts against stealing, lying, doing harm to yourself and others
When people in the West hear the word yoga, they usually think of
the stretching and strengthening poses known as asana, which are
the primary focus of most yoga classes. But asana is only one
aspect of a multidimensional system that includes:
Benefits of Yoga
 Improves your flexibility
 Builds muscle strength
 Perfects your posture
 Protects your spine
 Betters your bone health
 Gives your lungs room to breathe
 Gives you peace of mind
 Increases your self-esteem
 Increases your self-esteem
 Gives you inner strength
 Prevents cartilage and joint breakdown
 Prevents IBS and other digestive problems
 Increases your blood flow
 Ups your heart rate
 Drops your blood pressure
 Regulates your adrenal glands
 Makes you happier
 Founds a healthy lifestyle
 Lowers blood sugar
 Helps you focus
 Relaxes your system
 Improves your balance
 Maintains your nervous system
 Releases tension in your limbs
 Helps you sleep deeper
 Drains your lymphs and boosts immunity
 Boosts your immune system functionality
LIMITATIONS
 Yoga is generally safe for most people. But you may
need to avoid some yoga poses or modify poses if you:
 Are pregnant
 Have high blood pressure
 Have glaucoma
 Have sciatica
CONCLUSION
 Yoga is a spiritual tradition that began in India about 5,000 years ago. The
practice of yoga is compatible with any religion, as well as atheism.
 Many of the yoga traditions believe that the practices of yoga lead to
union of a person with his or her true nature, or with God or the universe.
 From a yogic perspective, the mind, and its ceaseless internal monologue,
is the source of suffering.
 The various yoga practices serve to calm the mind. From a wellspring of
relaxed concentration-the hallmark of yoga-comes inner peace,
heightened creativity, and awareness of our essential nature.
Yoga and health ppt

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Yoga and health ppt

  • 1. YOGA AND HEALTH PRESENTED BY…. RIYA SARKAR [D-160]
  • 2. INTRODUCTION  Yoga is a group of physical, mental, and spiritual practices or disciplines which originated in ancient India.  The term "Yoga" in the Western world often denotes a modern form of hatha yoga and yoga as exercise, consisting largely of the postures or asanas.  The practice of yoga has been thought to date back to pre-vedic Indian traditions; possibly in the Indus valley civilization around 3000 BCE.  Yoga is one of the six Āstika (orthodox) schools of Hindu philosophical traditions., which has its own epistemology, ontology and metaphysics, and is closely related to Hindu Samkhya philosophy.
  • 3. HISTORY  Yoga is mentioned in the Rigveda and also referenced in the Upanishads. Although, yoga most likely developed as a systematic study around the 5th and 6th centuries BCE.  The chronology of earliest texts describing yoga-practices is unclear, varyingly credited to the Upanishads. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali gained prominence in the west in the 20th century after being introduced by Swami Vivekananda.  Hatha yoga texts began to emerge sometime between the 9th and 11th century.  Outside India, it has developed into a posture-based physical fitness, stress-relief and relaxation technique. Yoga in Indian traditions, however, is more than physical exercise; it has a meditative and spiritual core.
  • 4. Etymology  The Sanskrit noun yoga is derived from the sanskrit root yuj "to attach, join, harness, yoke". In the context of yoga sutras, the word Yoga means Union.  the chief aim of the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, was "uniting" the human spirit with the Divine spirit. In the Sutras, the root yuj samādhau (to concentrate) is considered by traditional commentators as the correct etymology.  According to Pāṇini and Dasgupta the term yoga can be derived from either of two roots, yujir yoga (to yoke) or yuj samādhau ("to concentrate").  Someone who practices yoga or follows the yoga philosophy with a high level of commitment is called a yogi or yogini.
  • 7. POPULAR YOGAS  HATHA YOGA  VINYASA YOGA  ASHTANGA YOGA  POWER YOGA  BIKRAM YOGA  JIVAMUKTI YOGA  IYENGAR YOGA  ANUSARA YOGA  SIVANANDA YOGA  VINIYOGA  KUNDALINI YOGA  YIN YOGA  RESTORATIVE YOGA
  • 8. Yoga is more than poses  Breathing practices, known as pranayama  Meditation techniques  Chanting  Visualization exercises  Study of yoga philosophy  Selfless service such as volunteer work, known as karma yoga  Moral precepts against stealing, lying, doing harm to yourself and others When people in the West hear the word yoga, they usually think of the stretching and strengthening poses known as asana, which are the primary focus of most yoga classes. But asana is only one aspect of a multidimensional system that includes:
  • 9. Benefits of Yoga  Improves your flexibility  Builds muscle strength  Perfects your posture  Protects your spine  Betters your bone health  Gives your lungs room to breathe  Gives you peace of mind  Increases your self-esteem  Increases your self-esteem  Gives you inner strength  Prevents cartilage and joint breakdown  Prevents IBS and other digestive problems
  • 10.  Increases your blood flow  Ups your heart rate  Drops your blood pressure  Regulates your adrenal glands  Makes you happier  Founds a healthy lifestyle  Lowers blood sugar  Helps you focus  Relaxes your system  Improves your balance  Maintains your nervous system  Releases tension in your limbs  Helps you sleep deeper  Drains your lymphs and boosts immunity  Boosts your immune system functionality
  • 11. LIMITATIONS  Yoga is generally safe for most people. But you may need to avoid some yoga poses or modify poses if you:  Are pregnant  Have high blood pressure  Have glaucoma  Have sciatica
  • 12. CONCLUSION  Yoga is a spiritual tradition that began in India about 5,000 years ago. The practice of yoga is compatible with any religion, as well as atheism.  Many of the yoga traditions believe that the practices of yoga lead to union of a person with his or her true nature, or with God or the universe.  From a yogic perspective, the mind, and its ceaseless internal monologue, is the source of suffering.  The various yoga practices serve to calm the mind. From a wellspring of relaxed concentration-the hallmark of yoga-comes inner peace, heightened creativity, and awareness of our essential nature.