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INSPIRE and Land Use 
The need for real harmonised 
data about urban plans 
Piergiorgio 
Cipriano
Is there any… 
data about urban plans ? 
… need for real harmonised
We need 
interoperability 
between spatial 
plans at different 
hierarchical levels 
- VERTICAL -
We need interoperability between spatial plans 
of different authorities and sectors 
- HORIZONTAL -
Vico and Camerata, 2011, “Spatial Planning and Interoperability”, 
http://inspire.ec.europa.eu/events/conferences/inspire_2011/presentations/202.pdf
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l2vC6-tecZg
Is there any… 
data about urban plans ? 
… need for real harmonised 
Yes, definitely. 
In Europe and even more in Italy !
This excerpt is from the Urban Plan of Torino (my borntown) 
http://www.comune.torino.it/geoportale/prg/cms/images/pdf/tav.1_1_5000/f05acor.pdf
… while this screenshot is taken from the interactive urban map of Bologna 
http://pscmappeonline.comune.bologna.it/pscmappeonline/main
… in Regione Emilia-Romagna, where a data specification has been defined 
http://territorio.regione.emilia-romagna.it/urbanistica-ed-edilizia/temi/piani-urbanistici-comunali/allegati/modello-dati-dinterscambio/ 
at_download/file/Formato_di_scambio_PSC_2011.pdf
… and where plans from different municipalities can be browsed online 
https://servizimoka.regione.emilia-romagna.it/appFlex/PSC_Flex.html
The same functionalities are also available in Regione Lombardia … 
http://www.cartografia.regione.lombardia.it/viewer20/index.jsp?configserviceurl=configmisurc.xml&srsWkid=32632#
… or Regione Sardegna, where the Regional Plan is available 
http://webgis2.regione.sardegna.it/sardegnamappe_ppr/
In Piemonte, data are freely available as KML, to be browsed in GE … 
http://www.provincia.torino.gov.it/territorio/sezioni/urbanistica/d_strumenti_ol/atlante_dinamico
… like in the case of Provincia di Roma 
http://www.dati.gov.it/catalog/dataset/provincia-di-roma_mosaico-prg-piano-regolatore-generale
unfortunately… 
… data are not harmonised 
and there is a lot of mixture 
at semantic level !
Have you ever heard about the INSPIRE Directive? 
30%
INSPIRE lays down general rules to establish an 
infrastructure for spatial information in Europe 
INSPIRE define 34 spatial data themes in three annexes 
ranging from cadastre parcels, to buildings, addresses, 
hydrography, transport network, and … (planned) land use 
The INSPIRE directive legally binds public institutions which 
hold or own data related to the 34 spatial annex themes to 
make their data accessible in accordance with the INSPIRE 
specifications 
If your data is related to INSPIRE, the Directive asks you to 
publish it as view and download service for the purpose of 
reuse, as well as to provide metadata for discovery 
purposes
http://inspire.ec.europa.eu/index.cfm
Do you know that INSPIRE defined Rules and 
Technical Specifications for “Planned land use” 
data? 
10%
Member States shall ensure that all newly 
collected and extensively restructured spatial 
data sets and the corresponding spatial data 
services are available in conformity with the 
implementing rules […] 
Spatial data sets shall be made available in 
conformity with the implementing rules either 
through the adaptation of existing spatial data 
sets or through the transformation services 
referred to point (d) of Article 11(1).
http://inspire.ec.europa.eu/index.cfm/pageid/44
http://tinyurl.com/krh329m
In the context of INSPIRE, sharing land use information 
supports the requirements common in spatial planning. 
The spatial plans established at the various levels of 
administration need to be supported by other spatial plans 
made by public authorities at different levels or even with 
spatial plans across the border of a nation. 
Different zoning elements across borders can have a great 
influence on each other.
COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1253/2013 
of 21 October 2013 
amending Regulation (EU) No 1089/2010 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC as 
regards interoperability of spatial data sets and services 
(5) “planned land use” means spatial plans, defined by 
spatial planning authorities, depicting the possible 
utilization of the land in the future.
Land Use is itself split up into two different types: 
1. The Existing Land Use (current land use in the above 
definition), which objectively depicts the use and 
functions of a territory as it has been and effectively still is 
in real life. 
2. The Planned Land Use or PLU (future planned land use in 
the above definition), which corresponds to spatial 
plans, defined by spatial planning authorities, depicting 
the possible utilization of the land in the future. Planned 
land use is regulated by spatial planning documents 
elaborated at various levels of administration. Land Use 
regulation over a geographical area is in general 
composed of an overall strategic orientation, a textual 
regulation and a cartographic representation.
Planned Land Use (PLU) is not requiring complexity. 
Four spatial object types: 
- Official document 
- Spatial Plan 
- Zoning element 
- Supplementary regulation 
One of the pillars is HILUCS 
(Hierarchical INSPIRE Land Use Classification System) 
Potentially 100,000 local governments (spatial plans) 
to conform to INSPIRE “PLU” specifications: 
- by 2015 all new datasets 
- by 2020 all datasets
Example (Czech Republic) 
Sumperk 
Local classification 
HILUCS 
Source: Franco Vico, 2012, L'interoperabilità per la pianificazione territoriale
Example (Czech Republic) 
Olomuc 
Local classification HILUCS 
Source: Franco Vico, 2012, L'interoperabilità per la pianificazione territoriale
http://www.gmes-geoland.info/fileadmin/geoland2/redakteur/pdf/News___Events/Events/14_INSPIRE_UrbanAtlas_Salge_g2- 
Forum.pdf
http://www.gmes-geoland.info/fileadmin/geoland2/redakteur/pdf/News___Events/Events/14_INSPIRE_UrbanAtlas_Salge_g2- 
Forum.pdf
Primary Production 
Agricolture 
Commercial agricolture production 
Farming infrastructure 
Agricolture production for own consumption 
Forestry 
Forestrry based on short rotation 
Forestry based on intermediate or long rotation 
Forestry based on continuous covers 
Mining & Quarrying 
Mining of energy producing material 
Mining of metal ores 
Other mining and quarrying 
Aquaculture & Fishing 
Aquaculture 
Professional fishing 
Other Primary Production 
Hunting 
Management of migratory animals 
Picking of natural products
Secondary Production 
Raw Industry 
Textile products 
Wood and wood based products 
Pulp paper and paper products 
Coke refined petroleum products and nuclear fuel 
Chemicals, chemical products and man made fibers 
Basic metals and fabricate metals 
Non-metallic mineral products 
Other raw materials 
Heavy End Production Industry 
Machinery 
Vehicles and transport equipment 
Other heavy end products 
Light End Product Industry 
Food, beverage and tobacco products 
Clothes and leather 
Publishing and printing 
Electrical and optical equipment 
Other light end products 
Energy Production 
Nuclear based 
Fossil fuel 
Biomass 
Renewable
Tertiary Production 
Commercial Services 
Wholesale and retail trade and repair of vehicles and personal goods 
Real estate services 
Accommodation and food services 
Other commercial services 
Financial Professional and Information Services 
Financial and insurance services 
Professional technical and scientific services 
Information and communication services 
Administrative and support services 
Other financial professional and information services 
Community Services 
Public administration, defence and social security services 
Educational services 
Health and social services 
Religious services 
Other community services 
Cultural Entertainment and Recreational Services 
Cultural services 
Entertainment services 
Sports infrastructure 
Open air recreational areas 
Other recreational services 
Other Tertiary Services
Transport Networks, Logistics and Utilities 
Transport Networks 
Road transport 
Railway transport 
Air transport 
Water transport 
Other transport network 
Logistical and Storage 
Utilities 
Electricity, gas and thermal power distribution services 
Water and sewage infrastructure 
Waste treatment 
Other utilities
Residential Use 
Permanent Residential Use 
Residential Use with other compatible uses 
Other Residential Use 
Other Uses 
Transitional Areas 
Abandoned Areas 
Natural Areas not in other economic use 
Land areas not in other economic use 
Water areas not in other economic use 
Areas where Any Use is allowed 
Areas without Any specified Planned Use 
Not Known Use
… ever heard about the NACE classification? 
http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/ramon/nomenclatures/index.cfm?TargetUrl=LST_NOM_DTL&StrNom=NAC 
E_REV2&StrLanguageCode=EN
So … what shall we do ? 
Simple: Public Administrations shall* start working 
on providing Planned Land Use data harmonised 
to INSPIRE. 
That means to “map” and “transform” their own 
data into INSPIRE structured dataset. 
Many software solutions already exist, both open 
source and proprietary. 
* INSPIRE Implementing Rules are legally binding
Source: Franceschi S., 2013, “Workflow: INSPIRE Planned Land Use for the Trento Province”, 
http://blog.dhpanel.eu/2013/06/29/workflow-inspire-planned-land-use-for-the-trento-province/
http://www.safe.com/solutions/for-initiatives/inspire/
Sinergis is one of the major Geo-ICT 
companies in Italy … 
6 locations 
+70 staff 
+350 customers 
10mln€
… part of Dedagroup ICT Network …
… and partner of the following
smart urban services based on open 
standards to support energy efficiency of 
buildings 
open data hub for data distribution on 
“underground” and “green energy” 
eEnvironmental services for advanced 
applications within INSPIRE 
3D CityGML models for solar energy potential 
assessment and noise mapping & simulation 
www.sunshineproject.eu 
www.geosmartcity.eu 
www.eenvplus.eu 
www.iscopeproject.net
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1qpPDBNaS5E
Thanks for your 
attention Piergiorgio 
Cipriano 
piergiorgio.cipriano@sinergis.it 
www.sinergis.it 
@Siner_GIS

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INSPIRE and Land Use - The need for real harmonised data about urban plans

  • 1. INSPIRE and Land Use The need for real harmonised data about urban plans Piergiorgio Cipriano
  • 2. Is there any… data about urban plans ? … need for real harmonised
  • 3. We need interoperability between spatial plans at different hierarchical levels - VERTICAL -
  • 4. We need interoperability between spatial plans of different authorities and sectors - HORIZONTAL -
  • 5. Vico and Camerata, 2011, “Spatial Planning and Interoperability”, http://inspire.ec.europa.eu/events/conferences/inspire_2011/presentations/202.pdf
  • 7. Is there any… data about urban plans ? … need for real harmonised Yes, definitely. In Europe and even more in Italy !
  • 8. This excerpt is from the Urban Plan of Torino (my borntown) http://www.comune.torino.it/geoportale/prg/cms/images/pdf/tav.1_1_5000/f05acor.pdf
  • 9. … while this screenshot is taken from the interactive urban map of Bologna http://pscmappeonline.comune.bologna.it/pscmappeonline/main
  • 10. … in Regione Emilia-Romagna, where a data specification has been defined http://territorio.regione.emilia-romagna.it/urbanistica-ed-edilizia/temi/piani-urbanistici-comunali/allegati/modello-dati-dinterscambio/ at_download/file/Formato_di_scambio_PSC_2011.pdf
  • 11. … and where plans from different municipalities can be browsed online https://servizimoka.regione.emilia-romagna.it/appFlex/PSC_Flex.html
  • 12. The same functionalities are also available in Regione Lombardia … http://www.cartografia.regione.lombardia.it/viewer20/index.jsp?configserviceurl=configmisurc.xml&srsWkid=32632#
  • 13. … or Regione Sardegna, where the Regional Plan is available http://webgis2.regione.sardegna.it/sardegnamappe_ppr/
  • 14. In Piemonte, data are freely available as KML, to be browsed in GE … http://www.provincia.torino.gov.it/territorio/sezioni/urbanistica/d_strumenti_ol/atlante_dinamico
  • 15. … like in the case of Provincia di Roma http://www.dati.gov.it/catalog/dataset/provincia-di-roma_mosaico-prg-piano-regolatore-generale
  • 16. unfortunately… … data are not harmonised and there is a lot of mixture at semantic level !
  • 17. Have you ever heard about the INSPIRE Directive? 30%
  • 18. INSPIRE lays down general rules to establish an infrastructure for spatial information in Europe INSPIRE define 34 spatial data themes in three annexes ranging from cadastre parcels, to buildings, addresses, hydrography, transport network, and … (planned) land use The INSPIRE directive legally binds public institutions which hold or own data related to the 34 spatial annex themes to make their data accessible in accordance with the INSPIRE specifications If your data is related to INSPIRE, the Directive asks you to publish it as view and download service for the purpose of reuse, as well as to provide metadata for discovery purposes
  • 20. Do you know that INSPIRE defined Rules and Technical Specifications for “Planned land use” data? 10%
  • 21. Member States shall ensure that all newly collected and extensively restructured spatial data sets and the corresponding spatial data services are available in conformity with the implementing rules […] Spatial data sets shall be made available in conformity with the implementing rules either through the adaptation of existing spatial data sets or through the transformation services referred to point (d) of Article 11(1).
  • 24. In the context of INSPIRE, sharing land use information supports the requirements common in spatial planning. The spatial plans established at the various levels of administration need to be supported by other spatial plans made by public authorities at different levels or even with spatial plans across the border of a nation. Different zoning elements across borders can have a great influence on each other.
  • 25. COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1253/2013 of 21 October 2013 amending Regulation (EU) No 1089/2010 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC as regards interoperability of spatial data sets and services (5) “planned land use” means spatial plans, defined by spatial planning authorities, depicting the possible utilization of the land in the future.
  • 26. Land Use is itself split up into two different types: 1. The Existing Land Use (current land use in the above definition), which objectively depicts the use and functions of a territory as it has been and effectively still is in real life. 2. The Planned Land Use or PLU (future planned land use in the above definition), which corresponds to spatial plans, defined by spatial planning authorities, depicting the possible utilization of the land in the future. Planned land use is regulated by spatial planning documents elaborated at various levels of administration. Land Use regulation over a geographical area is in general composed of an overall strategic orientation, a textual regulation and a cartographic representation.
  • 27. Planned Land Use (PLU) is not requiring complexity. Four spatial object types: - Official document - Spatial Plan - Zoning element - Supplementary regulation One of the pillars is HILUCS (Hierarchical INSPIRE Land Use Classification System) Potentially 100,000 local governments (spatial plans) to conform to INSPIRE “PLU” specifications: - by 2015 all new datasets - by 2020 all datasets
  • 28. Example (Czech Republic) Sumperk Local classification HILUCS Source: Franco Vico, 2012, L'interoperabilità per la pianificazione territoriale
  • 29. Example (Czech Republic) Olomuc Local classification HILUCS Source: Franco Vico, 2012, L'interoperabilità per la pianificazione territoriale
  • 32. Primary Production Agricolture Commercial agricolture production Farming infrastructure Agricolture production for own consumption Forestry Forestrry based on short rotation Forestry based on intermediate or long rotation Forestry based on continuous covers Mining & Quarrying Mining of energy producing material Mining of metal ores Other mining and quarrying Aquaculture & Fishing Aquaculture Professional fishing Other Primary Production Hunting Management of migratory animals Picking of natural products
  • 33. Secondary Production Raw Industry Textile products Wood and wood based products Pulp paper and paper products Coke refined petroleum products and nuclear fuel Chemicals, chemical products and man made fibers Basic metals and fabricate metals Non-metallic mineral products Other raw materials Heavy End Production Industry Machinery Vehicles and transport equipment Other heavy end products Light End Product Industry Food, beverage and tobacco products Clothes and leather Publishing and printing Electrical and optical equipment Other light end products Energy Production Nuclear based Fossil fuel Biomass Renewable
  • 34. Tertiary Production Commercial Services Wholesale and retail trade and repair of vehicles and personal goods Real estate services Accommodation and food services Other commercial services Financial Professional and Information Services Financial and insurance services Professional technical and scientific services Information and communication services Administrative and support services Other financial professional and information services Community Services Public administration, defence and social security services Educational services Health and social services Religious services Other community services Cultural Entertainment and Recreational Services Cultural services Entertainment services Sports infrastructure Open air recreational areas Other recreational services Other Tertiary Services
  • 35. Transport Networks, Logistics and Utilities Transport Networks Road transport Railway transport Air transport Water transport Other transport network Logistical and Storage Utilities Electricity, gas and thermal power distribution services Water and sewage infrastructure Waste treatment Other utilities
  • 36. Residential Use Permanent Residential Use Residential Use with other compatible uses Other Residential Use Other Uses Transitional Areas Abandoned Areas Natural Areas not in other economic use Land areas not in other economic use Water areas not in other economic use Areas where Any Use is allowed Areas without Any specified Planned Use Not Known Use
  • 37. … ever heard about the NACE classification? http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/ramon/nomenclatures/index.cfm?TargetUrl=LST_NOM_DTL&StrNom=NAC E_REV2&StrLanguageCode=EN
  • 38. So … what shall we do ? Simple: Public Administrations shall* start working on providing Planned Land Use data harmonised to INSPIRE. That means to “map” and “transform” their own data into INSPIRE structured dataset. Many software solutions already exist, both open source and proprietary. * INSPIRE Implementing Rules are legally binding
  • 39. Source: Franceschi S., 2013, “Workflow: INSPIRE Planned Land Use for the Trento Province”, http://blog.dhpanel.eu/2013/06/29/workflow-inspire-planned-land-use-for-the-trento-province/
  • 41. Sinergis is one of the major Geo-ICT companies in Italy … 6 locations +70 staff +350 customers 10mln€
  • 42. … part of Dedagroup ICT Network …
  • 43. … and partner of the following
  • 44. smart urban services based on open standards to support energy efficiency of buildings open data hub for data distribution on “underground” and “green energy” eEnvironmental services for advanced applications within INSPIRE 3D CityGML models for solar energy potential assessment and noise mapping & simulation www.sunshineproject.eu www.geosmartcity.eu www.eenvplus.eu www.iscopeproject.net
  • 46. Thanks for your attention Piergiorgio Cipriano piergiorgio.cipriano@sinergis.it www.sinergis.it @Siner_GIS

Editor's Notes

  1. INSPIRE Land Use DS
  2. INSPIRE Land Use DS