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Learning tough English words for GRE & CAT: 10 Revolutionary Ways for full proof learning By S. Joshi  shivgan3@yahoo.com Jan 2011 http://onlineclasses.nanotechbiz.org/
Contents of Plan Existing Problems  Scientific base and backing of the concept Introduction to the 10 pointer for learning words Applicability for various individuals Application with examples Conclusion Future scopes and developments
Introduction to the Problem	 Human minds inherent capability to memorize is limited due to many factors Mind tends to forget things when stress Multiple revision of the words is needed Words accurate meaning tough to learn, only a shade is remembered Limitation of human mind as it creates negative emotions hindering development
Applicability  Depends on individual Some news freak will learn words applicable in news well Some other would prefer using images.google.com Some prefer using them in facebook tag lines Documentaries “The Brain Our Universe Within Episode” Barrons 4000 words, Nova 4000 words, Arun Sharma CAT 4000 words, GMAT 1500 words
Science of Memorization Brain uses threads to capture information The more threat we give the brain the higher chances it that the information is retained Revision makes the ties stronger Therefore it is advisable to give brain many threads to retain the word
10 Pointer technique Thesaurus / category using Encarta dictionary  (install) Roots, which are mostly from roman, Greek, Latin, italic etc Mnemonics mnemonicdictionary.com Image for reach word images.google.com Recent news of each word to increase your general knowledge as well, using news news.google.com Hindi word for the same / Hebrew word using shabdkosh.com XXX linkages Linking of word to your friend or known person Tag line of the word which you can use to your face book facebook.com and more interesting ways
Thesaurus / category using Encarta dictionary  Grouping words in vast category Examples of big category  Ranking of categorize Various ways to categorize like music, kitchen, party, subjects etc covert = secret, clandestine, underground, concealed, hidden, furtive, undercover, surreptitious, veiled, hush-hush (informal)  rapture: ecstasy, euphoria, bliss, delight, joy, heaven, elation  vindictive= spiteful, malicious, mean, cruel, hurtful, nasty, unkind, malevolent  Unforgiving: unforgiving, revengeful, rancorous, vengeful, implacable (formal), resentful, ruthless, merciless, pitiless, bitter  Purge: elimination, removal, eradication, expulsion
Roots, which are mostly from roman, Greek, Latin, italic etc Most of words are derived from Greek and Roman mythologies which lays the foundation of modern world Example of Prefix: be = over, thoroughly bedaub = smear, befuddle is to confuse somebody; olig = few oligarchy = government by few Idyll= experience of serene happiness [Late 16th century. Via Latin idyllium "pastoral poem" < Greek eidullion "small picture" <eidos "form"]
Where did these roots come from All these roots comes from Europe Geek is a over two thousand Romans are around 500 years old Greek Gods Milton's text like Paradise lost Trojan War vigilant = [15th century. < Latin vigilant-, present participle of vigilare "keep awake" < vigil "awake, alert"]
Mnemonics mnemonicdictionary.com This works sometimes Example: Panegyric = (Tag: ) pane(pain) + gyric (lyrics) = If someone takes pain and writes lyrics then he will get PRAISED!!! (Tag: ) palpable..divide it like..PALP(SOUNDS LIKE PULP)+ABLE.....after touching the PULP of fruit ITS OBVIOUS THAT every one would be ABLE TO PERCEIVE whether THE FRUIT is fresh or not. Disquisition= its like dis +quisition(means question)......when someone questions u.......u need to give explanations...EX:-enquiry... Hireling = (Tag: hire - ing) When you hire a person, he works only for money. Imbecile = (Tag: ) sounds like IMBALANCE....a person having imbalance in his mind is a stupid person....
Image for reach word images.google.com blizzard tarantula
Image for reach word images.google.com nugget grimace splice  dove (symbol of peace)
morsel
Recent news using news news.google.com Recent news of each word to increase your general knowledge as well, using news news.google.com This will increase your knowledge about economics and other areas
Hindi word for the same / Hebrew word using shabdkosh.com Panegyric = v गुणगाथा, गुणगान (m) Throttle= टेंटुआ दबाना, गला घोंटना Tonsure = मुण्डन, मुंडित भाग Ordain= विधिवत् पादरी बनाना Ordnance= तोपखाना (m) Motif = नमूना (m)
XXX Not recommended
Facebook or Orkut or Twitter Tag line of the word which you can use to your face book facebook.com Use facebook notes to add the tag lines for future revision
Linking of word to your friend or known person Link to someone whom you know
Examples of Otiose Otiose: Latin otiosus "at leisure, idle" Category: futile, ineffectual, useless, impractical, ineffective, hopeless News item: Duffy, as it may be otiose to relate, is a singer from Wales. Her first album sold a considerable number of copies. Her second finds her in tandem with ... Mnemonics for otiose(Tag: ) O T use...of trivial use i.e useless....
Horde Category: crowd, throng, mass, gang, group, pack (dogs), flock, multitude, host  Mid-16th century. Directly or via French and German < Polish horda < Turkish ordu "camp, army“] (Tag: ) well it sounds like herd......which we know is a term used for a group , so for a crowd of people , its horde
Archipelago 1. islands: a group or chain of islands (often used in place names)  2. sea with islands: an area of sea with many islands द्वीप-समूह (Hindi)
Tutelage instruction, guidance, teaching, coaching, expert hand, wing [Early 17th century. < Latin tutela "guardianship" < tut-, past participle oftueri "watch over"] संरक्षण (m) संरक्षता (Mnemonics ) TUTELAGE, concentrate on the first part of the word TUTE meaning a kind of TUTOR, who KEEPS A WATCH ON YOU, a GUARDIAN.
Shades Parable vs Fable vs Allegory  Shades of difference
601 you needs to know	 About the book Categories using genre Same language words Like all words on Greek Gods All words from war based people Style of learning
Use Wiki Example of wiki http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horse_gait
The song with most GRE Word http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i7W8Cl-whCU James Blunt: Out of my Mind
References 600 words you need to know GRE Barron’s & Nova Arun Sharma CAT verbal
Conclusion Methodologies to learn words has been explored in much details Example and application are shown Books in this regard are covered

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Words: Presentation of the online free class Awa: Presentation of the online free class GRE GMAT

  • 1. Learning tough English words for GRE & CAT: 10 Revolutionary Ways for full proof learning By S. Joshi shivgan3@yahoo.com Jan 2011 http://onlineclasses.nanotechbiz.org/
  • 2. Contents of Plan Existing Problems Scientific base and backing of the concept Introduction to the 10 pointer for learning words Applicability for various individuals Application with examples Conclusion Future scopes and developments
  • 3. Introduction to the Problem Human minds inherent capability to memorize is limited due to many factors Mind tends to forget things when stress Multiple revision of the words is needed Words accurate meaning tough to learn, only a shade is remembered Limitation of human mind as it creates negative emotions hindering development
  • 4. Applicability Depends on individual Some news freak will learn words applicable in news well Some other would prefer using images.google.com Some prefer using them in facebook tag lines Documentaries “The Brain Our Universe Within Episode” Barrons 4000 words, Nova 4000 words, Arun Sharma CAT 4000 words, GMAT 1500 words
  • 5. Science of Memorization Brain uses threads to capture information The more threat we give the brain the higher chances it that the information is retained Revision makes the ties stronger Therefore it is advisable to give brain many threads to retain the word
  • 6. 10 Pointer technique Thesaurus / category using Encarta dictionary (install) Roots, which are mostly from roman, Greek, Latin, italic etc Mnemonics mnemonicdictionary.com Image for reach word images.google.com Recent news of each word to increase your general knowledge as well, using news news.google.com Hindi word for the same / Hebrew word using shabdkosh.com XXX linkages Linking of word to your friend or known person Tag line of the word which you can use to your face book facebook.com and more interesting ways
  • 7. Thesaurus / category using Encarta dictionary Grouping words in vast category Examples of big category Ranking of categorize Various ways to categorize like music, kitchen, party, subjects etc covert = secret, clandestine, underground, concealed, hidden, furtive, undercover, surreptitious, veiled, hush-hush (informal) rapture: ecstasy, euphoria, bliss, delight, joy, heaven, elation vindictive= spiteful, malicious, mean, cruel, hurtful, nasty, unkind, malevolent Unforgiving: unforgiving, revengeful, rancorous, vengeful, implacable (formal), resentful, ruthless, merciless, pitiless, bitter Purge: elimination, removal, eradication, expulsion
  • 8. Roots, which are mostly from roman, Greek, Latin, italic etc Most of words are derived from Greek and Roman mythologies which lays the foundation of modern world Example of Prefix: be = over, thoroughly bedaub = smear, befuddle is to confuse somebody; olig = few oligarchy = government by few Idyll= experience of serene happiness [Late 16th century. Via Latin idyllium "pastoral poem" < Greek eidullion "small picture" <eidos "form"]
  • 9. Where did these roots come from All these roots comes from Europe Geek is a over two thousand Romans are around 500 years old Greek Gods Milton's text like Paradise lost Trojan War vigilant = [15th century. < Latin vigilant-, present participle of vigilare "keep awake" < vigil "awake, alert"]
  • 10. Mnemonics mnemonicdictionary.com This works sometimes Example: Panegyric = (Tag: ) pane(pain) + gyric (lyrics) = If someone takes pain and writes lyrics then he will get PRAISED!!! (Tag: ) palpable..divide it like..PALP(SOUNDS LIKE PULP)+ABLE.....after touching the PULP of fruit ITS OBVIOUS THAT every one would be ABLE TO PERCEIVE whether THE FRUIT is fresh or not. Disquisition= its like dis +quisition(means question)......when someone questions u.......u need to give explanations...EX:-enquiry... Hireling = (Tag: hire - ing) When you hire a person, he works only for money. Imbecile = (Tag: ) sounds like IMBALANCE....a person having imbalance in his mind is a stupid person....
  • 11. Image for reach word images.google.com blizzard tarantula
  • 12. Image for reach word images.google.com nugget grimace splice dove (symbol of peace)
  • 14. Recent news using news news.google.com Recent news of each word to increase your general knowledge as well, using news news.google.com This will increase your knowledge about economics and other areas
  • 15. Hindi word for the same / Hebrew word using shabdkosh.com Panegyric = v गुणगाथा, गुणगान (m) Throttle= टेंटुआ दबाना, गला घोंटना Tonsure = मुण्डन, मुंडित भाग Ordain= विधिवत् पादरी बनाना Ordnance= तोपखाना (m) Motif = नमूना (m)
  • 17. Facebook or Orkut or Twitter Tag line of the word which you can use to your face book facebook.com Use facebook notes to add the tag lines for future revision
  • 18. Linking of word to your friend or known person Link to someone whom you know
  • 19. Examples of Otiose Otiose: Latin otiosus "at leisure, idle" Category: futile, ineffectual, useless, impractical, ineffective, hopeless News item: Duffy, as it may be otiose to relate, is a singer from Wales. Her first album sold a considerable number of copies. Her second finds her in tandem with ... Mnemonics for otiose(Tag: ) O T use...of trivial use i.e useless....
  • 20. Horde Category: crowd, throng, mass, gang, group, pack (dogs), flock, multitude, host Mid-16th century. Directly or via French and German < Polish horda < Turkish ordu "camp, army“] (Tag: ) well it sounds like herd......which we know is a term used for a group , so for a crowd of people , its horde
  • 21. Archipelago 1. islands: a group or chain of islands (often used in place names) 2. sea with islands: an area of sea with many islands द्वीप-समूह (Hindi)
  • 22. Tutelage instruction, guidance, teaching, coaching, expert hand, wing [Early 17th century. < Latin tutela "guardianship" < tut-, past participle oftueri "watch over"] संरक्षण (m) संरक्षता (Mnemonics ) TUTELAGE, concentrate on the first part of the word TUTE meaning a kind of TUTOR, who KEEPS A WATCH ON YOU, a GUARDIAN.
  • 23. Shades Parable vs Fable vs Allegory Shades of difference
  • 24. 601 you needs to know About the book Categories using genre Same language words Like all words on Greek Gods All words from war based people Style of learning
  • 25. Use Wiki Example of wiki http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horse_gait
  • 26. The song with most GRE Word http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i7W8Cl-whCU James Blunt: Out of my Mind
  • 27. References 600 words you need to know GRE Barron’s & Nova Arun Sharma CAT verbal
  • 28. Conclusion Methodologies to learn words has been explored in much details Example and application are shown Books in this regard are covered