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Whither the Web?
Three decades later…what’s next?
Hi
• aka BigBlueHat
• Solutions Architect at John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
• Co-Editor of the W3C Web Annotation Data Model & Vocabulary
• Co-Chair of the W3C JSON-LD Working Group
• Co-Editor of the ARIA Annotations spec (draft!)
• Contributor to the W3C Web Publishing Working Group
• Core Committer at Apache Annotator
Information
Management
a very brief history…of why I care
Vannevar
Bush
Memex – circa 1945
• “We seem to be worse off than before — for we can
enormously extend the record; yet even in its
present bulk we can hardly consult it.”
• “One cannot hope thus to equal the speed and
flexibility with which the mind follows an
associative trail, but it should be possible to beat the
mind decisively in regard to the permanence and
clarity of the items resurrected from storage.”
• Wholly new forms of encyclopedias will appear,
ready made with a mesh of associative trails
running through them, ready to be dropped into the
memex and there amplified.
The
Mechanical
Encyclopedia
Invented by Angela
Ruiz Robles in 1949
A “read only” memex
Dr. Douglas C.
Engelbart
Mother of All Demos
& Acronyms
• Mother of All Demos – the
mouse, keyboard(s), video
conferencing, hypertext
• DKR – Dynamic Knowledge
Repository
• OHS – Open Hyperdocument
System
• CoDIAK – the Concurrent
Development, Integration, and
Application of Knowledge
• NLS – oNLine System
Frode Hegland
(and friends)
• Future of Text
• Demo@50
• HyperKnowledge
 Web Annotation, JSON-LD
• Jrnl
 Journal from NLS/Augment
Ted Nelson
Words
• Hypertext and Hypermedia in 1963
• Transclusion
• Virtuality
• Intertwingularity (in Literary Machines)
• Docuverse
Inventions
(some of them)
Project Xandadu ZigZag
Sir Tim
Berners-Lee
Information
Management:
a proposal
circa 1989
Semantic
Web
published May 2001
Linked Data
image from lod-cloud.net
Solid
Core Concepts
Egocentric Architecture
Personal, mental augmentation
Self-centered storage
Networked collaboration
Cross (organizational) boundary linking
Co-edited knowledge web/graph
New types of content and
communication
Intertwingled data, content, annotations
Interdependent content vs.
resilient (lack of) retrieval
Transclusion vs. 404
Greater human flourishing through (easy) information access and
retrieval
Document
Centrism
No apps; No brands; “Pure” content
Easily creatable
Uniquely identifiable
Quickly retrievable
Cross-organizationally distributable
Intertwingled-able
What’s in the way?
“Presumably man's spirit should be elevated if he can
better review his shady past and analyze more
completely and objectively his present problems. He
has built a civilization so complex that he needs to
mechanize his records more fully if he is to push his
experiment to its logical conclusion and not merely
become bogged down part way there by overtaxing his
limited memory.”
– Vannevar Bush
Vannevar Bush’s parting warning
“The applications of science … may yet allow him
truly to encompass the great record and to grow in the
wisdom of race experience. He may perish in conflict
before he learns to wield that record for his true good.
Yet, in the application of science to the needs and
desires of man, it would seem to be a singularly
unfortunate stage at which to terminate the process,
or to lose hope as to the outcome.”
– Vannevar Bush
What’s next?
• Collaboration!
 Apache Annotator
 W3C Open Annotation CG
 Annotating All Knowledge
• More Egocentric Architecture
 Solid
 ActivityPub
 Web Annotation Protocol
 Atom/RSS
• Web Annotation for interop
• Build the memex you want to see in
the world.
Thanks!
bigbluehat.com
GitHub | Twitter

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Whither the web

  • 1. Whither the Web? Three decades later…what’s next?
  • 2. Hi • aka BigBlueHat • Solutions Architect at John Wiley & Sons, Inc. • Co-Editor of the W3C Web Annotation Data Model & Vocabulary • Co-Chair of the W3C JSON-LD Working Group • Co-Editor of the ARIA Annotations spec (draft!) • Contributor to the W3C Web Publishing Working Group • Core Committer at Apache Annotator
  • 3. Information Management a very brief history…of why I care
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  • 6. Memex – circa 1945 • “We seem to be worse off than before — for we can enormously extend the record; yet even in its present bulk we can hardly consult it.” • “One cannot hope thus to equal the speed and flexibility with which the mind follows an associative trail, but it should be possible to beat the mind decisively in regard to the permanence and clarity of the items resurrected from storage.” • Wholly new forms of encyclopedias will appear, ready made with a mesh of associative trails running through them, ready to be dropped into the memex and there amplified.
  • 7. The Mechanical Encyclopedia Invented by Angela Ruiz Robles in 1949 A “read only” memex
  • 9. Mother of All Demos & Acronyms • Mother of All Demos – the mouse, keyboard(s), video conferencing, hypertext • DKR – Dynamic Knowledge Repository • OHS – Open Hyperdocument System • CoDIAK – the Concurrent Development, Integration, and Application of Knowledge • NLS – oNLine System
  • 10. Frode Hegland (and friends) • Future of Text • Demo@50 • HyperKnowledge  Web Annotation, JSON-LD • Jrnl  Journal from NLS/Augment
  • 12. Words • Hypertext and Hypermedia in 1963 • Transclusion • Virtuality • Intertwingularity (in Literary Machines) • Docuverse
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  • 18. Linked Data image from lod-cloud.net
  • 19. Solid
  • 20. Core Concepts Egocentric Architecture Personal, mental augmentation Self-centered storage Networked collaboration Cross (organizational) boundary linking Co-edited knowledge web/graph New types of content and communication Intertwingled data, content, annotations Interdependent content vs. resilient (lack of) retrieval Transclusion vs. 404 Greater human flourishing through (easy) information access and retrieval
  • 21. Document Centrism No apps; No brands; “Pure” content Easily creatable Uniquely identifiable Quickly retrievable Cross-organizationally distributable Intertwingled-able
  • 22. What’s in the way? “Presumably man's spirit should be elevated if he can better review his shady past and analyze more completely and objectively his present problems. He has built a civilization so complex that he needs to mechanize his records more fully if he is to push his experiment to its logical conclusion and not merely become bogged down part way there by overtaxing his limited memory.” – Vannevar Bush
  • 23. Vannevar Bush’s parting warning “The applications of science … may yet allow him truly to encompass the great record and to grow in the wisdom of race experience. He may perish in conflict before he learns to wield that record for his true good. Yet, in the application of science to the needs and desires of man, it would seem to be a singularly unfortunate stage at which to terminate the process, or to lose hope as to the outcome.” – Vannevar Bush
  • 24. What’s next? • Collaboration!  Apache Annotator  W3C Open Annotation CG  Annotating All Knowledge • More Egocentric Architecture  Solid  ActivityPub  Web Annotation Protocol  Atom/RSS • Web Annotation for interop • Build the memex you want to see in the world.

Editor's Notes

  1. July 1945
  2. “Solid empowers users and organizations to separate their data from the applications that use it. It allows people to look at the same data with different apps at the same time.” https://solid.inrupt.com/
  3. Presumably… Clearly no guarantee that great responsibility will naturally follow access to greater power Complex civilization is profitable Economics is the science of motivation “surveillance capitalism” “attention brokers” So bogged down, it’s hard to move forward