SlideShare a Scribd company logo
26.10.2013
1
The Faculty of Psychology, Education Department
Professor Dr. Kari Smith
What is Learning?
How can we support it?
Kari Smith
Outline of my talk
What is learning?
Learning processes- cognitive
Self regulation
Goal setting
Learning processes- affective
Motivation
Self-efficacy
How can assessment support learning
Teaching for the future
Conclusions- by wise people
Kari Smith
When do you know that you
are learning?
How can you define your own
learning?
Please share a significant
learning experience with
somebody else.
Learning Conceptions of Learning
Learning as the intake of information
(knowledge is fixed, transmitted from the
teacher to the learner)
Learning as knowledge building (knowledge is
personal, to be constructed by the learner.
Learner is responsible. Teacher is a coach.
Learning as utilizing knowledge
Kari Smith
Kari Smith
Theories of learning
•Behaviorist (small unities, hierarchy,
knowledge can be measured)
•Cognitive- constructive (individual, learning
strategies, meta-cognition, knowledge is
constructed by the learner)
•Socio- cultural (interactive, dialogue, learning
together with others, knowledge is constructed
in dialogues with others)
Kari Smith
foundation
Construction of knowledge
Instruction as a
construction site
on which students
build on what they
already know.
(Biggs, 1999)
26.10.2013
2
Kari Smith
Self-regulated learning
Three phases:
1. forethoughts
• Goals, expectations, strategy planning,
assessment of own competence
2.performance, volitional control
• during the learning activity, choice of
strategies
3.Reflection
• Critical analyses and evaluation
This can be
learned!
Zimmerman, 2000 Kari Smith
Goal setting
Goal setting means creating a dissonance
between the current competence and a wanted
future competence.
When learners are goal oriented, want to achieve
a goal, the dissonance is experienced as a
positive dissatisfaction with the current
competence which motivates goal oriented
actions (Robinson, 2007)
Goals learners set:
Performance
goals- getting
the highest
grade
Learning goals
- understanding,
doing something
better
Pintrich, 2002.
Kari Smith Kari Smith
Goals in learning situations:
•Pleasure
•Grades
•Certificate
•Educational opportunities
•Job opportunities
•Self-respect
•Social acceptance
Price paid in:
•Time
•Effort
•Money
•Frustration
•Boredom
•Failure
If the price is too
high, learners do
not pay!
Kari Smith
Students can only achieve a learning goal if they
understand that goal and can assess what they
need to achieve it (Sadler, 1989; Black and Wiliam,
2006).
Learners become actively involved in deciding
assessment approaches, developing
assessment criteria, rubrics, and are invited
to assess their own work as well as that of
their peers.
There is a change of focus from the
final goal (but not forgotten) to the
process needed to achieve the goal.
Kari Smith
Learning processes
cognitive
affectiv
problem
crises
Handles the
crisis
Gives up
26.10.2013
3
Kari Smith
Create optimal learning situations
1. Clear, concrete goals
2.Ongoing feedback and feed forward
3.Optimal balance between competence
and challenge (positive dissatisfaction,
optimal dissonance)
4. Remove distractive factors
5. Clear rules
Chiszentmihalyi, 1997, Knoop, 2002 Kari Smith
Motivation
Motivation is the driving force to all activity!
Motivation is the price w are willing to pay to
achieve a goal!
The more attractive a goal, the higher the
price we are ready to pay.
Myth: All motivation is a pleasant feeling!
Kari Smith
Motivation – a complex concept
Internal motivation requries:
1. Autonomy
• Self being the reason for action
• Free choice (without pressure)
• Real action alternatives
2.Competence
• General competent in meeting with the environment
• Competent related to a certain domain
3.Belonging
• Acceptance
• Safety
Deci & Ryan, 2000
Kari Smith
External motivation
1. Pressure- reward
2.Avoid self-determined sanctions
• Guilt, shame
• pride, self-respect
3.Identification
• Usefulness
• Value
• Instrument to achieve something
Deci & Ryan, 2000
Kari Smith
Motivaton
Has do with intentions and actions.
Motivation produces.
Maarten Vansteenkiste, Leuven says:
Motivation is to explain why you do what you
do.
Are you pressed into it (controlled)?
Have you chosen to do it (autonomy)?
Kari Smith
Self-efficacy is "the belief in one’s capabilities to
organize and execute the courses of action required
to manage prospective situations."
In other words, self-efficacy is a person’s belief in
his or her ability to succeed in a particular situation. .
Self-efficacy (Bandura, 1977)
26.10.2013
4
Kari Smith
Students who believe in their own abilty to do a
specific task, meet challenges and work harder and
longer to succeed.
Self-efficacy is related to:
• Previous experiences with similar taks
• By observing others
• Support from significant others
• A clear understanding of the task
• A clear understanding of what is needed
to succeed
Kari Smith
All learners need to have realistic goals
•Feeling of mastery (self-efficacy)
•Experience success
•Proceed
•Be challenged
•Feel they are trusted
All this must be real, not empty words
Kari Smith
learners
A
b
c
documentation
Assessment of
documentation
(related to personal and
general goals)
Next step in the
learning process
Collecting
documentation
Analysis of
documentationDeciding on the
next move
jointly with the
learner
Activating the next
step
Harlen, 2000
Process of learning and assessment
Kari Smith
Feed…..
Assessment supporting learning
Where am I going? Feed up
How am I doing? Feed back
What is the next step? Feed forward
Hattie &
Timperley,
2007
Understanding mistakes:
• ’Slips’?
• Misconception/understanding?
• Lack of understandling?
Need to be dealt
with differently
Bennett, 2009

More Related Content

What's hot

Addressing challenges of qualitative education
Addressing challenges of qualitative educationAddressing challenges of qualitative education
Addressing challenges of qualitative education
Adabara
 
Building student motivation
Building student motivationBuilding student motivation
Building student motivation
brandymeetze
 
The interview
The interviewThe interview
The interview
Dmitry Boltushenko
 
Motivation presentation
Motivation presentationMotivation presentation
Motivation presentation
Carlo Magno
 
Philosophy of leadership 4
Philosophy of leadership 4Philosophy of leadership 4
Philosophy of leadership 4
Dr. Ernie Walker
 
Jeremy L. Mc Neal
Jeremy L. Mc NealJeremy L. Mc Neal
Jeremy L. Mc Neal
Pablo Andrés Castro López
 
Cl
ClCl
The discipline of teams
The discipline of teamsThe discipline of teams
The discipline of teams
Mohsin Abbas
 
Show Me Conference, 2009
Show Me Conference, 2009Show Me Conference, 2009
Show Me Conference, 2009
merlene.gilb
 
School as a learning organization
School as a learning organizationSchool as a learning organization
School as a learning organization
Khendruk Choda
 
Leader ship laws
Leader ship lawsLeader ship laws
Leader ship laws
Muralidharan M
 
Presentation Coaching 2
Presentation  Coaching 2Presentation  Coaching 2
Presentation Coaching 2
guestba4516a
 
Philosophy of leadership 2
Philosophy of leadership 2Philosophy of leadership 2
Philosophy of leadership 2
Dr. Ernie Walker
 
A Mindset for School Improvement
A Mindset for School ImprovementA Mindset for School Improvement
A Mindset for School Improvement
Dodge City Public Schools
 
mgmt wkshp 2
mgmt wkshp 2mgmt wkshp 2
mgmt wkshp 2
elizabethp1066
 
Development plan guidebook
Development plan guidebookDevelopment plan guidebook
Development plan guidebook
Confidential
 
Teaching Character & Leadership Using Gamification
Teaching Character & Leadership Using GamificationTeaching Character & Leadership Using Gamification
Teaching Character & Leadership Using Gamification
Classcraft
 
Understandingand Increasing Student Motivation I 1
Understandingand Increasing Student Motivation I 1Understandingand Increasing Student Motivation I 1
Understandingand Increasing Student Motivation I 1
guestfdf6ea
 
Mentoring Builds Leadership Skills and Teacher Effectiveness
Mentoring Builds Leadership Skills and Teacher EffectivenessMentoring Builds Leadership Skills and Teacher Effectiveness
Mentoring Builds Leadership Skills and Teacher Effectiveness
ohedconnectforsuccess
 
Problem management
Problem managementProblem management
Problem management
shivamagarwal223
 

What's hot (20)

Addressing challenges of qualitative education
Addressing challenges of qualitative educationAddressing challenges of qualitative education
Addressing challenges of qualitative education
 
Building student motivation
Building student motivationBuilding student motivation
Building student motivation
 
The interview
The interviewThe interview
The interview
 
Motivation presentation
Motivation presentationMotivation presentation
Motivation presentation
 
Philosophy of leadership 4
Philosophy of leadership 4Philosophy of leadership 4
Philosophy of leadership 4
 
Jeremy L. Mc Neal
Jeremy L. Mc NealJeremy L. Mc Neal
Jeremy L. Mc Neal
 
Cl
ClCl
Cl
 
The discipline of teams
The discipline of teamsThe discipline of teams
The discipline of teams
 
Show Me Conference, 2009
Show Me Conference, 2009Show Me Conference, 2009
Show Me Conference, 2009
 
School as a learning organization
School as a learning organizationSchool as a learning organization
School as a learning organization
 
Leader ship laws
Leader ship lawsLeader ship laws
Leader ship laws
 
Presentation Coaching 2
Presentation  Coaching 2Presentation  Coaching 2
Presentation Coaching 2
 
Philosophy of leadership 2
Philosophy of leadership 2Philosophy of leadership 2
Philosophy of leadership 2
 
A Mindset for School Improvement
A Mindset for School ImprovementA Mindset for School Improvement
A Mindset for School Improvement
 
mgmt wkshp 2
mgmt wkshp 2mgmt wkshp 2
mgmt wkshp 2
 
Development plan guidebook
Development plan guidebookDevelopment plan guidebook
Development plan guidebook
 
Teaching Character & Leadership Using Gamification
Teaching Character & Leadership Using GamificationTeaching Character & Leadership Using Gamification
Teaching Character & Leadership Using Gamification
 
Understandingand Increasing Student Motivation I 1
Understandingand Increasing Student Motivation I 1Understandingand Increasing Student Motivation I 1
Understandingand Increasing Student Motivation I 1
 
Mentoring Builds Leadership Skills and Teacher Effectiveness
Mentoring Builds Leadership Skills and Teacher EffectivenessMentoring Builds Leadership Skills and Teacher Effectiveness
Mentoring Builds Leadership Skills and Teacher Effectiveness
 
Problem management
Problem managementProblem management
Problem management
 

Similar to What is Learning? How can we support it? Professor Dr. Kari Smith University of Bergen, Norway

What is learning and how to support it? prof. Kari Smith
What is learning and how to support it? prof. Kari Smith What is learning and how to support it? prof. Kari Smith
What is learning and how to support it? prof. Kari Smith
João Paulo Proença
 
Day 2 presentation what is assessment
Day 2 presentation what is assessmentDay 2 presentation what is assessment
Day 2 presentation what is assessment
M Taylor
 
Day 3 presesntation morning
Day 3 presesntation morningDay 3 presesntation morning
Day 3 presesntation morning
M Taylor
 
Mindsets for Personalized Learning
Mindsets for Personalized LearningMindsets for Personalized Learning
Mindsets for Personalized Learning
Dominic Church
 
Day 2 presentation what is assessment
Day 2 presentation what is assessmentDay 2 presentation what is assessment
Day 2 presentation what is assessment
M Taylor
 
Intersections Between Your Domain and SAIL - May 1, 2018 "Learning Everywhere...
Intersections Between Your Domain and SAIL - May 1, 2018 "Learning Everywhere...Intersections Between Your Domain and SAIL - May 1, 2018 "Learning Everywhere...
Intersections Between Your Domain and SAIL - May 1, 2018 "Learning Everywhere...
NortheasternSAIL
 
Motivation ppr edm703
Motivation ppr edm703Motivation ppr edm703
Motivation ppr edm703
Ain Manan
 
Intersections Between Your Domain and SAIL - May 1, 2018 "Learning Everywhere...
Intersections Between Your Domain and SAIL - May 1, 2018 "Learning Everywhere...Intersections Between Your Domain and SAIL - May 1, 2018 "Learning Everywhere...
Intersections Between Your Domain and SAIL - May 1, 2018 "Learning Everywhere...
NortheasternSAIL
 
Motivating disengaged students w solution tree symbol taping
Motivating disengaged students w solution tree symbol tapingMotivating disengaged students w solution tree symbol taping
Motivating disengaged students w solution tree symbol taping
Ali Ahsan
 
Intro to SAIL - May 1, 2018 "Learning Everywhere" Conference
Intro to SAIL - May 1, 2018 "Learning Everywhere" ConferenceIntro to SAIL - May 1, 2018 "Learning Everywhere" Conference
Intro to SAIL - May 1, 2018 "Learning Everywhere" Conference
NortheasternSAIL
 
Emotional intelligence competencies
Emotional intelligence competenciesEmotional intelligence competencies
Emotional intelligence competencies
Ruwan Kannangara
 
Seminar on self directed learning
Seminar on self directed learningSeminar on self directed learning
Seminar on self directed learning
Mary Magdaline Damera
 
Seminar on self directed learning
Seminar on self directed learningSeminar on self directed learning
Seminar on self directed learning
Mary Magdaline Damera
 
Experiential education and community building
Experiential education and community buildingExperiential education and community building
Experiential education and community building
adityamv88
 
Use of learning
Use of learningUse of learning
Use of learning
Muhammad Sohaib Afzaal
 
Formative Assessment - Bear Creek Elementary August 28th, 2013
Formative Assessment - Bear Creek Elementary August 28th, 2013Formative Assessment - Bear Creek Elementary August 28th, 2013
Formative Assessment - Bear Creek Elementary August 28th, 2013
Jonathan Vervaet
 
Six prinicples
Six prinicplesSix prinicples
Six prinicples
shaunallison
 
Assessment.simple explanation
Assessment.simple explanationAssessment.simple explanation
Self Assessment
Self AssessmentSelf Assessment
Self Assessment
iBATEFL.COM
 
Questions of Character Survey Results
Questions of Character Survey ResultsQuestions of Character Survey Results
Questions of Character Survey Results
Sarah Virgo
 

Similar to What is Learning? How can we support it? Professor Dr. Kari Smith University of Bergen, Norway (20)

What is learning and how to support it? prof. Kari Smith
What is learning and how to support it? prof. Kari Smith What is learning and how to support it? prof. Kari Smith
What is learning and how to support it? prof. Kari Smith
 
Day 2 presentation what is assessment
Day 2 presentation what is assessmentDay 2 presentation what is assessment
Day 2 presentation what is assessment
 
Day 3 presesntation morning
Day 3 presesntation morningDay 3 presesntation morning
Day 3 presesntation morning
 
Mindsets for Personalized Learning
Mindsets for Personalized LearningMindsets for Personalized Learning
Mindsets for Personalized Learning
 
Day 2 presentation what is assessment
Day 2 presentation what is assessmentDay 2 presentation what is assessment
Day 2 presentation what is assessment
 
Intersections Between Your Domain and SAIL - May 1, 2018 "Learning Everywhere...
Intersections Between Your Domain and SAIL - May 1, 2018 "Learning Everywhere...Intersections Between Your Domain and SAIL - May 1, 2018 "Learning Everywhere...
Intersections Between Your Domain and SAIL - May 1, 2018 "Learning Everywhere...
 
Motivation ppr edm703
Motivation ppr edm703Motivation ppr edm703
Motivation ppr edm703
 
Intersections Between Your Domain and SAIL - May 1, 2018 "Learning Everywhere...
Intersections Between Your Domain and SAIL - May 1, 2018 "Learning Everywhere...Intersections Between Your Domain and SAIL - May 1, 2018 "Learning Everywhere...
Intersections Between Your Domain and SAIL - May 1, 2018 "Learning Everywhere...
 
Motivating disengaged students w solution tree symbol taping
Motivating disengaged students w solution tree symbol tapingMotivating disengaged students w solution tree symbol taping
Motivating disengaged students w solution tree symbol taping
 
Intro to SAIL - May 1, 2018 "Learning Everywhere" Conference
Intro to SAIL - May 1, 2018 "Learning Everywhere" ConferenceIntro to SAIL - May 1, 2018 "Learning Everywhere" Conference
Intro to SAIL - May 1, 2018 "Learning Everywhere" Conference
 
Emotional intelligence competencies
Emotional intelligence competenciesEmotional intelligence competencies
Emotional intelligence competencies
 
Seminar on self directed learning
Seminar on self directed learningSeminar on self directed learning
Seminar on self directed learning
 
Seminar on self directed learning
Seminar on self directed learningSeminar on self directed learning
Seminar on self directed learning
 
Experiential education and community building
Experiential education and community buildingExperiential education and community building
Experiential education and community building
 
Use of learning
Use of learningUse of learning
Use of learning
 
Formative Assessment - Bear Creek Elementary August 28th, 2013
Formative Assessment - Bear Creek Elementary August 28th, 2013Formative Assessment - Bear Creek Elementary August 28th, 2013
Formative Assessment - Bear Creek Elementary August 28th, 2013
 
Six prinicples
Six prinicplesSix prinicples
Six prinicples
 
Assessment.simple explanation
Assessment.simple explanationAssessment.simple explanation
Assessment.simple explanation
 
Self Assessment
Self AssessmentSelf Assessment
Self Assessment
 
Questions of Character Survey Results
Questions of Character Survey ResultsQuestions of Character Survey Results
Questions of Character Survey Results
 

More from Slamit

Descobrir Leituras para ler o Mundo” – Filosofia para Crianças
Descobrir Leituras para ler o Mundo” – Filosofia para CriançasDescobrir Leituras para ler o Mundo” – Filosofia para Crianças
Descobrir Leituras para ler o Mundo” – Filosofia para Crianças
Slamit
 
Histórias da Ajudaris - I Encontro de Bibliotecas Escolares do concelho do Se...
Histórias da Ajudaris - I Encontro de Bibliotecas Escolares do concelho do Se...Histórias da Ajudaris - I Encontro de Bibliotecas Escolares do concelho do Se...
Histórias da Ajudaris - I Encontro de Bibliotecas Escolares do concelho do Se...
Slamit
 
Encontros documentais de Vila do Rei 2019- Apresentação do projeto READ ON
Encontros documentais de Vila do Rei 2019- Apresentação do projeto READ ON Encontros documentais de Vila do Rei 2019- Apresentação do projeto READ ON
Encontros documentais de Vila do Rei 2019- Apresentação do projeto READ ON
Slamit
 
Evaluation – the first step of change Slamit 3 Course, 19th - 25th October 20...
Evaluation – the first step of change Slamit 3 Course, 19th - 25th October 20...Evaluation – the first step of change Slamit 3 Course, 19th - 25th October 20...
Evaluation – the first step of change Slamit 3 Course, 19th - 25th October 20...
Slamit
 
Participants presentations, Ilda Ribeiros Portugal - 2nd RECIPE ERASMUS+ Cour...
Participants presentations, Ilda Ribeiros Portugal - 2nd RECIPE ERASMUS+ Cour...Participants presentations, Ilda Ribeiros Portugal - 2nd RECIPE ERASMUS+ Cour...
Participants presentations, Ilda Ribeiros Portugal - 2nd RECIPE ERASMUS+ Cour...
Slamit
 
‘School Libraries - preferred futures’ Key-note speach by Dr. Ross Todd, Ass...
‘School Libraries - preferred futures’  Key-note speach by Dr. Ross Todd, Ass...‘School Libraries - preferred futures’  Key-note speach by Dr. Ross Todd, Ass...
‘School Libraries - preferred futures’ Key-note speach by Dr. Ross Todd, Ass...
Slamit
 
The Learning Centre of Skovvangskolen by Helge Hansen & Jesper Holtoug - 2009
The Learning Centre of Skovvangskolen by Helge Hansen & Jesper Holtoug - 2009 The Learning Centre of Skovvangskolen by Helge Hansen & Jesper Holtoug - 2009
The Learning Centre of Skovvangskolen by Helge Hansen & Jesper Holtoug - 2009
Slamit
 
”Building Capacity for Life Long Learning”, Andreas Holvik, PPS, Karmoy, Norway
”Building Capacity for Life Long Learning”, Andreas Holvik, PPS, Karmoy, Norway”Building Capacity for Life Long Learning”, Andreas Holvik, PPS, Karmoy, Norway
”Building Capacity for Life Long Learning”, Andreas Holvik, PPS, Karmoy, Norway
Slamit
 
School libraries – and learning What are the challenges? Associate professor ...
School libraries – and learning What are the challenges? Associate professor ...School libraries – and learning What are the challenges? Associate professor ...
School libraries – and learning What are the challenges? Associate professor ...
Slamit
 
School libraries in a European Worldwide context: Trends, competences, needs ...
School libraries in a European Worldwide context: Trends, competences, needs ...School libraries in a European Worldwide context: Trends, competences, needs ...
School libraries in a European Worldwide context: Trends, competences, needs ...
Slamit
 
Slamit7 Course program: An ERASMUS+ In service training Course
Slamit7 Course program: An ERASMUS+ In service training CourseSlamit7 Course program: An ERASMUS+ In service training Course
Slamit7 Course program: An ERASMUS+ In service training Course
Slamit
 
Slamit7: An ERASMUS+ Course
Slamit7: An ERASMUS+ Course  Slamit7: An ERASMUS+ Course
Slamit7: An ERASMUS+ Course
Slamit
 
The school librarian as educational innovator and supporter -new technology a...
The school librarian as educational innovator and supporter -new technology a...The school librarian as educational innovator and supporter -new technology a...
The school librarian as educational innovator and supporter -new technology a...
Slamit
 
From School library to learning centre to… What are the challenges in the fut...
From School library to learning centre to… What are the challenges in the fut...From School library to learning centre to… What are the challenges in the fut...
From School library to learning centre to… What are the challenges in the fut...
Slamit
 
The school library in the 21st century - C. C. Rasmussen
The school library in the 21st century - C. C. RasmussenThe school library in the 21st century - C. C. Rasmussen
The school library in the 21st century - C. C. Rasmussen
Slamit
 
Web 2.0 The challenge for schools & the school library
Web 2.0 The challenge for schools & the school libraryWeb 2.0 The challenge for schools & the school library
Web 2.0 The challenge for schools & the school library
Slamit
 
From School Libraries to Learning Centres
From School Libraries to Learning Centres From School Libraries to Learning Centres
From School Libraries to Learning Centres
Slamit
 

More from Slamit (17)

Descobrir Leituras para ler o Mundo” – Filosofia para Crianças
Descobrir Leituras para ler o Mundo” – Filosofia para CriançasDescobrir Leituras para ler o Mundo” – Filosofia para Crianças
Descobrir Leituras para ler o Mundo” – Filosofia para Crianças
 
Histórias da Ajudaris - I Encontro de Bibliotecas Escolares do concelho do Se...
Histórias da Ajudaris - I Encontro de Bibliotecas Escolares do concelho do Se...Histórias da Ajudaris - I Encontro de Bibliotecas Escolares do concelho do Se...
Histórias da Ajudaris - I Encontro de Bibliotecas Escolares do concelho do Se...
 
Encontros documentais de Vila do Rei 2019- Apresentação do projeto READ ON
Encontros documentais de Vila do Rei 2019- Apresentação do projeto READ ON Encontros documentais de Vila do Rei 2019- Apresentação do projeto READ ON
Encontros documentais de Vila do Rei 2019- Apresentação do projeto READ ON
 
Evaluation – the first step of change Slamit 3 Course, 19th - 25th October 20...
Evaluation – the first step of change Slamit 3 Course, 19th - 25th October 20...Evaluation – the first step of change Slamit 3 Course, 19th - 25th October 20...
Evaluation – the first step of change Slamit 3 Course, 19th - 25th October 20...
 
Participants presentations, Ilda Ribeiros Portugal - 2nd RECIPE ERASMUS+ Cour...
Participants presentations, Ilda Ribeiros Portugal - 2nd RECIPE ERASMUS+ Cour...Participants presentations, Ilda Ribeiros Portugal - 2nd RECIPE ERASMUS+ Cour...
Participants presentations, Ilda Ribeiros Portugal - 2nd RECIPE ERASMUS+ Cour...
 
‘School Libraries - preferred futures’ Key-note speach by Dr. Ross Todd, Ass...
‘School Libraries - preferred futures’  Key-note speach by Dr. Ross Todd, Ass...‘School Libraries - preferred futures’  Key-note speach by Dr. Ross Todd, Ass...
‘School Libraries - preferred futures’ Key-note speach by Dr. Ross Todd, Ass...
 
The Learning Centre of Skovvangskolen by Helge Hansen & Jesper Holtoug - 2009
The Learning Centre of Skovvangskolen by Helge Hansen & Jesper Holtoug - 2009 The Learning Centre of Skovvangskolen by Helge Hansen & Jesper Holtoug - 2009
The Learning Centre of Skovvangskolen by Helge Hansen & Jesper Holtoug - 2009
 
”Building Capacity for Life Long Learning”, Andreas Holvik, PPS, Karmoy, Norway
”Building Capacity for Life Long Learning”, Andreas Holvik, PPS, Karmoy, Norway”Building Capacity for Life Long Learning”, Andreas Holvik, PPS, Karmoy, Norway
”Building Capacity for Life Long Learning”, Andreas Holvik, PPS, Karmoy, Norway
 
School libraries – and learning What are the challenges? Associate professor ...
School libraries – and learning What are the challenges? Associate professor ...School libraries – and learning What are the challenges? Associate professor ...
School libraries – and learning What are the challenges? Associate professor ...
 
School libraries in a European Worldwide context: Trends, competences, needs ...
School libraries in a European Worldwide context: Trends, competences, needs ...School libraries in a European Worldwide context: Trends, competences, needs ...
School libraries in a European Worldwide context: Trends, competences, needs ...
 
Slamit7 Course program: An ERASMUS+ In service training Course
Slamit7 Course program: An ERASMUS+ In service training CourseSlamit7 Course program: An ERASMUS+ In service training Course
Slamit7 Course program: An ERASMUS+ In service training Course
 
Slamit7: An ERASMUS+ Course
Slamit7: An ERASMUS+ Course  Slamit7: An ERASMUS+ Course
Slamit7: An ERASMUS+ Course
 
The school librarian as educational innovator and supporter -new technology a...
The school librarian as educational innovator and supporter -new technology a...The school librarian as educational innovator and supporter -new technology a...
The school librarian as educational innovator and supporter -new technology a...
 
From School library to learning centre to… What are the challenges in the fut...
From School library to learning centre to… What are the challenges in the fut...From School library to learning centre to… What are the challenges in the fut...
From School library to learning centre to… What are the challenges in the fut...
 
The school library in the 21st century - C. C. Rasmussen
The school library in the 21st century - C. C. RasmussenThe school library in the 21st century - C. C. Rasmussen
The school library in the 21st century - C. C. Rasmussen
 
Web 2.0 The challenge for schools & the school library
Web 2.0 The challenge for schools & the school libraryWeb 2.0 The challenge for schools & the school library
Web 2.0 The challenge for schools & the school library
 
From School Libraries to Learning Centres
From School Libraries to Learning Centres From School Libraries to Learning Centres
From School Libraries to Learning Centres
 

Recently uploaded

Your Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective Upskilling
Your Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective UpskillingYour Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective Upskilling
Your Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective Upskilling
Excellence Foundation for South Sudan
 
writing about opinions about Australia the movie
writing about opinions about Australia the moviewriting about opinions about Australia the movie
writing about opinions about Australia the movie
Nicholas Montgomery
 
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptxC1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
mulvey2
 
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdfWalmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
TechSoup
 
Executive Directors Chat Leveraging AI for Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion
Executive Directors Chat  Leveraging AI for Diversity, Equity, and InclusionExecutive Directors Chat  Leveraging AI for Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion
Executive Directors Chat Leveraging AI for Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion
TechSoup
 
Main Java[All of the Base Concepts}.docx
Main Java[All of the Base Concepts}.docxMain Java[All of the Base Concepts}.docx
Main Java[All of the Base Concepts}.docx
adhitya5119
 
Pengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptx
Pengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptxPengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptx
Pengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptx
Fajar Baskoro
 
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP ModuleHow to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
Celine George
 
RPMS TEMPLATE FOR SCHOOL YEAR 2023-2024 FOR TEACHER 1 TO TEACHER 3
RPMS TEMPLATE FOR SCHOOL YEAR 2023-2024 FOR TEACHER 1 TO TEACHER 3RPMS TEMPLATE FOR SCHOOL YEAR 2023-2024 FOR TEACHER 1 TO TEACHER 3
RPMS TEMPLATE FOR SCHOOL YEAR 2023-2024 FOR TEACHER 1 TO TEACHER 3
IreneSebastianRueco1
 
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdfLiberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
WaniBasim
 
LAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UP
LAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UPLAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UP
LAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UP
RAHUL
 
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
heathfieldcps1
 
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdfANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
Priyankaranawat4
 
Life upper-Intermediate B2 Workbook for student
Life upper-Intermediate B2 Workbook for studentLife upper-Intermediate B2 Workbook for student
Life upper-Intermediate B2 Workbook for student
NgcHiNguyn25
 
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movieFilm vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Nicholas Montgomery
 
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collectionThe Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
Israel Genealogy Research Association
 
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
National Information Standards Organization (NISO)
 
Digital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental Design
Digital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental DesignDigital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental Design
Digital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental Design
amberjdewit93
 
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
GeorgeMilliken2
 
Exploiting Artificial Intelligence for Empowering Researchers and Faculty, In...
Exploiting Artificial Intelligence for Empowering Researchers and Faculty, In...Exploiting Artificial Intelligence for Empowering Researchers and Faculty, In...
Exploiting Artificial Intelligence for Empowering Researchers and Faculty, In...
Dr. Vinod Kumar Kanvaria
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Your Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective Upskilling
Your Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective UpskillingYour Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective Upskilling
Your Skill Boost Masterclass: Strategies for Effective Upskilling
 
writing about opinions about Australia the movie
writing about opinions about Australia the moviewriting about opinions about Australia the movie
writing about opinions about Australia the movie
 
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptxC1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
 
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdfWalmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
 
Executive Directors Chat Leveraging AI for Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion
Executive Directors Chat  Leveraging AI for Diversity, Equity, and InclusionExecutive Directors Chat  Leveraging AI for Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion
Executive Directors Chat Leveraging AI for Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion
 
Main Java[All of the Base Concepts}.docx
Main Java[All of the Base Concepts}.docxMain Java[All of the Base Concepts}.docx
Main Java[All of the Base Concepts}.docx
 
Pengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptx
Pengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptxPengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptx
Pengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptx
 
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP ModuleHow to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
 
RPMS TEMPLATE FOR SCHOOL YEAR 2023-2024 FOR TEACHER 1 TO TEACHER 3
RPMS TEMPLATE FOR SCHOOL YEAR 2023-2024 FOR TEACHER 1 TO TEACHER 3RPMS TEMPLATE FOR SCHOOL YEAR 2023-2024 FOR TEACHER 1 TO TEACHER 3
RPMS TEMPLATE FOR SCHOOL YEAR 2023-2024 FOR TEACHER 1 TO TEACHER 3
 
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdfLiberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
 
LAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UP
LAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UPLAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UP
LAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UP
 
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
 
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdfANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
ANATOMY AND BIOMECHANICS OF HIP JOINT.pdf
 
Life upper-Intermediate B2 Workbook for student
Life upper-Intermediate B2 Workbook for studentLife upper-Intermediate B2 Workbook for student
Life upper-Intermediate B2 Workbook for student
 
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movieFilm vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
 
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collectionThe Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
The Diamonds of 2023-2024 in the IGRA collection
 
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
 
Digital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental Design
Digital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental DesignDigital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental Design
Digital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental Design
 
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
What is Digital Literacy? A guest blog from Andy McLaughlin, University of Ab...
 
Exploiting Artificial Intelligence for Empowering Researchers and Faculty, In...
Exploiting Artificial Intelligence for Empowering Researchers and Faculty, In...Exploiting Artificial Intelligence for Empowering Researchers and Faculty, In...
Exploiting Artificial Intelligence for Empowering Researchers and Faculty, In...
 

What is Learning? How can we support it? Professor Dr. Kari Smith University of Bergen, Norway

  • 1. 26.10.2013 1 The Faculty of Psychology, Education Department Professor Dr. Kari Smith What is Learning? How can we support it? Kari Smith Outline of my talk What is learning? Learning processes- cognitive Self regulation Goal setting Learning processes- affective Motivation Self-efficacy How can assessment support learning Teaching for the future Conclusions- by wise people Kari Smith When do you know that you are learning? How can you define your own learning? Please share a significant learning experience with somebody else. Learning Conceptions of Learning Learning as the intake of information (knowledge is fixed, transmitted from the teacher to the learner) Learning as knowledge building (knowledge is personal, to be constructed by the learner. Learner is responsible. Teacher is a coach. Learning as utilizing knowledge Kari Smith Kari Smith Theories of learning •Behaviorist (small unities, hierarchy, knowledge can be measured) •Cognitive- constructive (individual, learning strategies, meta-cognition, knowledge is constructed by the learner) •Socio- cultural (interactive, dialogue, learning together with others, knowledge is constructed in dialogues with others) Kari Smith foundation Construction of knowledge Instruction as a construction site on which students build on what they already know. (Biggs, 1999)
  • 2. 26.10.2013 2 Kari Smith Self-regulated learning Three phases: 1. forethoughts • Goals, expectations, strategy planning, assessment of own competence 2.performance, volitional control • during the learning activity, choice of strategies 3.Reflection • Critical analyses and evaluation This can be learned! Zimmerman, 2000 Kari Smith Goal setting Goal setting means creating a dissonance between the current competence and a wanted future competence. When learners are goal oriented, want to achieve a goal, the dissonance is experienced as a positive dissatisfaction with the current competence which motivates goal oriented actions (Robinson, 2007) Goals learners set: Performance goals- getting the highest grade Learning goals - understanding, doing something better Pintrich, 2002. Kari Smith Kari Smith Goals in learning situations: •Pleasure •Grades •Certificate •Educational opportunities •Job opportunities •Self-respect •Social acceptance Price paid in: •Time •Effort •Money •Frustration •Boredom •Failure If the price is too high, learners do not pay! Kari Smith Students can only achieve a learning goal if they understand that goal and can assess what they need to achieve it (Sadler, 1989; Black and Wiliam, 2006). Learners become actively involved in deciding assessment approaches, developing assessment criteria, rubrics, and are invited to assess their own work as well as that of their peers. There is a change of focus from the final goal (but not forgotten) to the process needed to achieve the goal. Kari Smith Learning processes cognitive affectiv problem crises Handles the crisis Gives up
  • 3. 26.10.2013 3 Kari Smith Create optimal learning situations 1. Clear, concrete goals 2.Ongoing feedback and feed forward 3.Optimal balance between competence and challenge (positive dissatisfaction, optimal dissonance) 4. Remove distractive factors 5. Clear rules Chiszentmihalyi, 1997, Knoop, 2002 Kari Smith Motivation Motivation is the driving force to all activity! Motivation is the price w are willing to pay to achieve a goal! The more attractive a goal, the higher the price we are ready to pay. Myth: All motivation is a pleasant feeling! Kari Smith Motivation – a complex concept Internal motivation requries: 1. Autonomy • Self being the reason for action • Free choice (without pressure) • Real action alternatives 2.Competence • General competent in meeting with the environment • Competent related to a certain domain 3.Belonging • Acceptance • Safety Deci & Ryan, 2000 Kari Smith External motivation 1. Pressure- reward 2.Avoid self-determined sanctions • Guilt, shame • pride, self-respect 3.Identification • Usefulness • Value • Instrument to achieve something Deci & Ryan, 2000 Kari Smith Motivaton Has do with intentions and actions. Motivation produces. Maarten Vansteenkiste, Leuven says: Motivation is to explain why you do what you do. Are you pressed into it (controlled)? Have you chosen to do it (autonomy)? Kari Smith Self-efficacy is "the belief in one’s capabilities to organize and execute the courses of action required to manage prospective situations." In other words, self-efficacy is a person’s belief in his or her ability to succeed in a particular situation. . Self-efficacy (Bandura, 1977)
  • 4. 26.10.2013 4 Kari Smith Students who believe in their own abilty to do a specific task, meet challenges and work harder and longer to succeed. Self-efficacy is related to: • Previous experiences with similar taks • By observing others • Support from significant others • A clear understanding of the task • A clear understanding of what is needed to succeed Kari Smith All learners need to have realistic goals •Feeling of mastery (self-efficacy) •Experience success •Proceed •Be challenged •Feel they are trusted All this must be real, not empty words Kari Smith learners A b c documentation Assessment of documentation (related to personal and general goals) Next step in the learning process Collecting documentation Analysis of documentationDeciding on the next move jointly with the learner Activating the next step Harlen, 2000 Process of learning and assessment Kari Smith Feed….. Assessment supporting learning Where am I going? Feed up How am I doing? Feed back What is the next step? Feed forward Hattie & Timperley, 2007 Understanding mistakes: • ’Slips’? • Misconception/understanding? • Lack of understandling? Need to be dealt with differently Bennett, 2009